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  1. Moral Uncertainty in Technomoral Change: Bridging the Explanatory Gap.Philip J. Nickel, Olya Kudina & Ibo van de Poel - manuscript
    This paper explores the role of moral uncertainty in explaining the morally disruptive character of new technologies. We argue that existing accounts of technomoral change do not fully explain its disruptiveness. This explanatory gap can be bridged by examining the epistemic dimensions of technomoral change, focusing on moral uncertainty and inquiry. To develop this account, we examine three historical cases: the introduction of the early pregnancy test, the contraception pill, and brain death. The resulting account highlights what we call “differential (...)
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  2.  6
    Ethics From Within: Google Glass, the Collingridge Dilemma, and the Mediated Value of Privacy.Peter-Paul Verbeek & Olya Kudina - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 44 (2):291-314.
    Following the “control dilemma” of Collingridge, influencing technological developments is easy when their implications are not yet manifest, yet once we know these implications, they are difficult to change. This article revisits the Collingridge dilemma in the context of contemporary ethics of technology, when technologies affect both society and the value frameworks we use to evaluate them. Early in its development, we do not know how a technology will affect the value frameworks from which it will be evaluated, while later, (...)
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  3.  11
    Accounting for the Moral Significance of Technology: Revisiting the Case of Non-Medical Sex Selection.Olya Kudina - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (1):75-85.
    This article explores the moral significance of technology, reviewing a microfluidic chip for sperm sorting and its use for non-medical sex selection. I explore how a specific material setting of this new iteration of pre-pregnancy sex selection technology—with a promised low cost, non-invasive nature and possibility to use at home—fosters new and exacerbates existing ethical concerns. I compare this new technology with the existing sex selection methods of sperm sorting and Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis. Current ethical and political debates on emerging (...)
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  4.  9
    Moral Uncertainty in Technomoral Change: Bridging the Explanatory Gap.Philip J. Nickel, Olya Kudina & Ibo van de Poel - 2022 - Perspectives on Science 30 (2):260-283.
    This paper explores the role of moral uncertainty in explaining the morally disruptive character of new technologies. We argue that existing accounts of technomoral change do not fully explain its disruptiveness. This explanatory gap can be bridged by examining the epistemic dimensions of technomoral change, focusing on moral uncertainty and inquiry. To develop this account, we examine three historical cases: the introduction of the early pregnancy test, the contraception pill, and brain death. The resulting account highlights what we call “differential (...)
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  5.  12
    What is morally at stake when using algorithms to make medical diagnoses? Expanding the discussion beyond risks and harms.Bas de Boer & Olya Kudina - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (5):245-266.
    In this paper, we examine the qualitative moral impact of machine learning-based clinical decision support systems in the process of medical diagnosis. To date, discussions about machine learning in this context have focused on problems that can be measured and assessed quantitatively, such as by estimating the extent of potential harm or calculating incurred risks. We maintain that such discussions neglect the qualitative moral impact of these technologies. Drawing on the philosophical approaches of technomoral change and technological mediation theory, which (...)
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  6.  6
    Co‐Designing Diagnosis: Towards a Responsible Integration of Machine Learning Decision‐Support Systems in Medical Diagnostics.Olya Kudina & Bas Boer - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):529-536.
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  7.  11
    “Alexa, Define Empowerment”: Voice Assistants at Home, Appropriation and Technoperformances.Olya Kudina & Mark Coeckelbergh - 2021 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.
    Purpose This paper aims to show how the production of meaning is a matter of people interacting with technologies, throughout their appropriation and in co-performances. The researchers rely on the case of household-based voice assistants that endorse speaking as a primary mode of interaction with technologies. By analyzing the ethical significance of voice assistants as co-producers of moral meaning intervening in the material and socio-cultural space of the home, the paper invites their informed and critical use as a form of (...)
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  8.  5
    Understanding Technology-Induced Value Change: A Pragmatist Proposal.Ibo van de Poel & Olya Kudina - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-24.
    We propose a pragmatist account of value change that helps to understand how and why values sometimes change due to technological developments. Inspired by John Dewey’s writings on value, we propose to understand values as evaluative devices that carry over from earlier experiences and that are to some extent shared in society. We discuss the various functions that values fulfil in moral inquiry and propose a conceptual framework that helps to understand value change as the interaction between three manifestations of (...)
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    “Alexa, Who Am I?”: Voice Assistants and Hermeneutic Lemniscate as the Technologically Mediated Sense-Making.Olya Kudina - 2021 - Human Studies 44 (2):233-253.
    In this paper, I argue that AI-powered voice assistants, just as all technologies, actively mediate our interpretative structures, including values. I show this by explaining the productive role of technologies in the way people make sense of themselves and those around them. More specifically, I rely on the hermeneutics of Gadamer and the material hermeneutics of Ihde to develop a hermeneutic lemniscate as a principle of technologically mediated sense-making. The lemniscate principle links people, technologies and the sociocultural world in the (...)
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  10.  2
    Regulating AI in Health Care: The Challenges of Informed User Engagement.Olya Kudina - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (5):6-7.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 51, Issue 5, Page 6-7, September‐October 2021.
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