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Omar Lizardo
University of California, Los Angeles
  1.  19
    The Hysteresis Effect: Theorizing Mismatch in Action.Michael Strand & Omar Lizardo - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (2):164-194.
    Widespread reliance on representationalist understandings commit social scientists to either partially or totally decouple belief from reality, limiting the domain of phenomena that can be treated by belief as an analytic concept. Developing the contrastive notion of practical belief, we introduce the hysteresis effect as a situational phenomenon involving the systematic production of agent-environment mismatches and argue for its placement as a central problem for the theory of action. Revealing the dynamic, embodied conservation of belief in the temporality of practice, (...)
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  2.  80
    The Cognitive Origins of Bourdieu's Habitus.Omar Lizardo - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (4):375–401.
    This paper aims to balance the conceptual reception of Bourdieu's sociology in the United States through a conceptual re-examination of the concept of Habitus. I retrace the intellectual lineage of the Habitus idea, showing it to have roots in Claude Levi-Strauss structural anthropology and in the developmental psychology of Jean Piaget, especially the latter's generalization of the idea of operations from mathematics to the study of practical, bodily-mediated cognition. One important payoff of this exercise is that the common misinterpretation of (...)
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  3.  21
    The Hysteresis Effect: Theorizing Mismatch in Action.Michael Strand & Omar Lizardo - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4).
    Widespread reliance on representationalist understandings commit social scientists to either partially or totally decouple belief from reality, limiting the domain of phenomena that can be treated by belief as an analytic concept. Developing the contrastive notion of practical belief, we introduce the hysteresis effect as a situational phenomenon involving the systematic production of agent-environment mismatches and argue for its placement as a central problem for the theory of action. Revealing the dynamic, embodied conservation of belief in the temporality of practice, (...)
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  4.  72
    "Mirror Neurons," Collective Objects and the Problem of Transmission: Reconsidering Stephen Turner's Critique of Practice Theory.Omar Lizardo - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):319–350.
    In this paper, I critically examine Stephen Turner's critique of practice theory in light of recent neurophysiological discoveries regarding the “mirror neuron system” in the pre-frontal mo-tor cortex of humans and other primates. I argue that two of Turner's strongest objections against the sociological version of the practice-theoretical account, the problem of transmission and the problem of sameness, are substantially undermined when examined from the perspective of re-cently systematized accounts of embodied learning and intersubjective action understanding in-spired by these developments. (...)
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  5.  83
    Beyond the Antinomies of Structure: Levi-Strauss, Giddens, Bourdieu, and Sewell. [REVIEW]Omar Lizardo - 2010 - Theory and Society 39 (6):651-688.
  6.  66
    Re‐Conceptualizing Abstract Conceptualization in Social Theory: The Case of the “Structure” Concept.Omar Lizardo - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (2):155-180.
    I this paper, I draw on recent research on the radically embodied and perceptual bases of conceptualization in linguistics and cognitive science to develop a new way of reading and evaluating abstract concepts in social theory. I call this approach Sociological Idea Analysis. I argue that, in contrast to the traditional view of abstract concepts, which conceives them as amodal “presuppositions” removed from experience, abstract concepts are irreducibly grounded in experience and partake of non-negotiable perceptual-symbolic features from which a non-propositional (...)
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  7.  15
    The Conceptual Bases of Metaphors of Dirt and Cleanliness in Moral and Non-Moral Reasoning.Omar Lizardo - 2012 - Cognitive Linguistics 23 (2).
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  8.  26
    Omnivorousness as the Bridging of Cultural Holes: A Measurement Strategy.Omar Lizardo - 2014 - Theory and Society 43 (3-4):395-419.
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  9.  4
    Max Weber’s Ideal Versus Material Interest Distinction Revisited.Dustin S. Stoltz & Omar Lizardo - 2018 - European Journal of Social Theory 21 (1):3-21.
    While Weber’s distinction between ‘ideal’ and ‘material’ interests is one of the most enduring aspects of his theoretical legacy, it has been subjected to little critical commentary. In this article, we revisit the theoretical legacy of interest-based explanation in social theory, with an eye to clarifying Weber’s place in this tradition. We then reconsider extant critical commentary on the ideal/material interest distinction, noting the primarily Parsonian rendering of Weber and the unproductive allegiance to ‘generic need’ readings of Weber’s action theory. (...)
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  10.  22
    Formalism , Behavioral Realism and the Interdisciplinary Challenge in Sociological Theory.Omar Lizardo - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (1):39-80.
    In this paper, I argue that recent sociological theory has become increasingly bifurcated into two mutually incompatible styles of theorizing that I label formalist and behavioral-realist. Formalism favors mathematization and proposes an instrumentalist ontology of abstract processes while behavioral-realist theory takes at its basis the "real" physical individual endowed with concrete biological, cognitive and neurophysiological capacities and constraints and attempts to derive the proper conceptualization of social behavior from that basis. Formalism tends to lead toward a conceptually independent sociology that (...)
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  11.  7
    For a Probabilistic Sociology: A History of Concept Formation with Pierre Bourdieu.Michael Strand & Omar Lizardo - 2022 - Theory and Society 51 (3):399-434.
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  12.  5
    Chance, Orientation, and Interpretation: Max Weber’s Neglected Probabilism and the Future of Social Theory.Michael Strand & Omar Lizardo - 2022 - Sociological Theory 40 (2):124-150.
    The image of Max Weber as an “interpretivist” cultural theorist of webs of significance that people use to cope with a meaningless world reigns largely unquestioned today. This article presents a different image of Weber’s sociology, where meaning does not transport actors over an abyss of meaninglessness but rather helps them navigate a world of Chance. Retrieving this concept from Weber’s late writings, we argue that the fundamental basis of the orders sociologists seek to understand is not chaos. Action is (...)
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  13.  33
    Deliberate Trust and Intuitive Faith: A Dual‐Process Model of Reliance.Dustin S. Stoltz & Omar Lizardo - 2018 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 48 (2):230-250.
    Drawing on the dual process framework from social and cognitive psychology, this paper reconciles two distinct conceptualizations of trust prevalent in the literature: “rational” calculative and irrational “affective” or normative. After critically reviewing previous attempts at reconciliation between these distinctions, we argue that the notion of trust as “reliance” is the higher order category of which “deliberate trust” and “intuitive faith” are subtypes. Our revised approach problematizes the conflation of epistemic uncertainty with phenomenological uncertainty while providing sound footing for a (...)
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  14.  22
    Schmaus’s Functionalist Approach to the Explanation of Social Facts: An Assessment and Critique.Omar Lizardo - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (4):453-492.
    In this paper, I provide a critical examination of Warren Schmaus’s recently systematized “functionalist” approach to the study of collective representations. I examine both the logical and the conceptual viability of Schmaus’s brand of “functionalism” and the relation between his rational reconstruction and philosophical critique of Durkheim and the latter’s original set of proposals. I conclude that, due to its reliance on certain problematic philosophical theses, Schmaus’s functionalism ultimately falls short of providing a coherent alternative to the Durkhemian position or (...)
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  15.  11
    Postmodernism and Globalization.Omar Lizardo & Michael Strand - 2009 - ProtoSociology 26:36-70.
    Interest in postmodernity has stagnated over the past decade and has come to be partially replaced by a concern with globalization. While the two terms are often considered to be divergent there is continuity as theoretical discourse transfers from one to the other. In what follows, we first distill the heuristic models employed by various knowledge-geographical traditions of social thought in conceptualizing postmodernism. We then transpose these models into recent debates on globalization. Globalization theory has become the provenance of British (...)
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  16.  10
    Book Review: Organs Without Bodies: On Deleuže and Consequences by Slavoj Žižek New York: Routledge, 2003 Reviewed by Omar Ližardo. [REVIEW]Omar Ližardo - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (4):142-146.
  17.  4
    Influence of Personal Preferences on Link Dynamics in Social Networks.Ashwin Bahulkar, Boleslaw K. Szymanski, Nitesh Chawla, Omar Lizardo & Kevin Chan - 2017 - Complexity:1-12.
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  18.  2
    Poe Yu-Ze Wan: Reframing the Social: Emergentist Systemism and Social Theory.Omar Lizardo - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (5):1295-1297.
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  19.  2
    Social Networks Through the Prism of Cognition.Radosław Michalski, Boleslaw K. Szymanski, Przemysław Kazienko, Christian Lebiere, Omar Lizardo & Marcin Kulisiewicz - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-13.
    Human relations are driven by social events—people interact, exchange information, share knowledge and emotions, and gather news from mass media. These events leave traces in human memory, the strength of which depends on cognitive factors such as emotions or attention span. Each trace continuously weakens over time unless another related event activity strengthens it. Here, we introduce a novel cognition-driven social network model that accounts for cognitive aspects of social perception. The model explicitly represents each social interaction as a trace (...)
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