Results for 'Omer Dror'

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  1.  10
    Professional Ethics of Psychologists and Physicians: Mortality, Confidentiality, and Sexuality in Israel.Simon Shimshon Rubin & Omer Dror - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):213 – 238.
    Clinical psychologists' and nonpsychiatric physicians' attitudes and behaviors in sexual and confidentiality boundary violations were examined. The 171 participants' responses were analyzed by profession, sex, and status (student, resident, professional) on semantic differential, boundary violation vignettes, and a version of Pope, Tabachnick, and Keith-Spiegel's (1987) ethical scale. Psychologists rated sexual boundary violation as more unethical than did physicians (p<.001). Rationale (p<.01) and timing (p<.001) influenced ratings. Psychologists reported fewer sexualized behaviors than physicians (p<05). Professional experience (p<.01) and sex (p<.05) were (...)
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  2.  24
    Ethics, Pandemics, and the Duty to Treat.Heidi Malm, Thomas May, Leslie P. Francis, Saad B. Omer, Daniel A. Salmon & Robert Hood - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):4 – 19.
    Numerous grounds have been offered for the view that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, including expressed consent, implied consent, special training, reciprocity (also called the social contract view), and professional oaths and codes. Quite often, however, these grounds are simply asserted without being adequately defended or without the defenses being critically evaluated. This essay aims to help remedy that problem by providing a critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of each of these five grounds for asserting that (...)
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  3.  3
    Deconstructing the “Two Factors”: The Historical Origins of the Schachter–Singer Theory of Emotions.Otniel E. Dror - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (1):7-16.
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  4.  7
    The Cannon–Bard Thalamic Theory of Emotions: A Brief Genealogy and Reappraisal.O. E. Dror - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):13-20.
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  5.  1
    Afterword: A Reflection on Feelings and the History of Science.Otniel E. Dror - 2009 - Isis 100 (4):848-851.
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  6. Distributed Cognition: Cognizing, Autonomy and the Turing Test.Stevan Harnad & Itiel Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):14.
    Some of the papers in this special issue distribute cognition between what is going on inside individual cognizers' heads and their outside worlds; others distribute cognition among different individual cognizers. Turing's criterion for cognition was individual, autonomous input/output capacity. It is not clear that distributed cognition could pass the Turing Test.
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  7.  39
    The Collapsing Choice Theory: Dissociating Choice and Judgment in Decision Making. [REVIEW]Jeffrey M. Stibel, Itiel E. Dror & Talia Ben-Zeev - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (2):149-179.
    Decision making theory in general, and mental models in particular, associate judgment and choice. Decision choice follows probability estimates and errors in choice derive mainly from errors in judgment. In the studies reported here we use the Monty Hall dilemma to illustrate that judgment and choice do not always go together, and that such a dissociation can lead to better decision-making. Specifically, we demonstrate that in certain decision problems, exceeding working memory limitations can actually improve decision choice. We show across (...)
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  8.  2
    Techniques of the Brain and the Paradox of Emotions, 1880–1930.Otniel E. Dror - 2001 - Science in Context 14 (4).
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  9.  11
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451.
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  10.  21
    On the D-N Model of Scientific Explanation.I. A. Omer - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (3):417-433.
    This paper discusses the D-N model of scientific explanation. It is suggested that explanation is a part of assertive discourse where certain principles must be observed. Then use is made of the relation between the informative content and logical content of a sentence (as shown, for instance, by Popper) to draw some of the conditions necessary for a sound model. It is claimed that the conditions of the model proposed in the present paper exhaust the insights of the papers in (...)
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  11.  2
    Is the Mind a Scientific Object of Study? Lessons From History.Otniel E. Dror - 2005 - In D. M. Johnson & C. E. Erneling (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oxford University Press. pp. 101.
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  12.  21
    The Global Capacity to Govern.Yeheskel Dror - 1982 - World Futures 18 (1):117-123.
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  13.  15
    Technology Enhanced Learning: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.Itiel E. Dror - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (2):215-223.
    Training is intimately connected with and dependent on the human cognitive system. Learning means that the cognitive system acquires information and stores it for further use. If these processes do not occur properly, then the learners will not initially acquire the information, and even if they do, then they will not be able to recall it later, or/and the information will not be utilised and behaviour will not be modified. Regardless whether the objective is learning new information , acquiring new (...)
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  14.  12
    De-Medicalizing the Medical Humanities.Otniel E. Dror - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (3):317-326.
    In this essay I argue that the integration of the humanities into ?medical humanities? has implicitly medicalized the humanities. This medicalization of the humanities suppresses those dimensions of the humanities that can most significantly contribute to medicine. I present my argument by studying the critical and crucial gap between the humanities as they are presented and taught in the context of medical schools, often as a set of skills, sensitivities, and competencies, and the humanities as they are experienced and lived (...)
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  15.  32
    Dynamic Reasoning and Time Pressure: Transition From Analytical Operations to Experiential Responses.Peter A. F. Fraser-Mackenzie & Itiel E. Dror - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):211-225.
    Based upon the Decision Field Theory (Busemeyer and Townsend 1993), we tested a model of dynamic reasoning to predict the effect of time pressure on analytical and experiential processing during decision-making. Forty-six participants were required to make investment decisions under four levels of time pressure. In each decision, participants were presented with experiential cues which were either congruent or incongruent with the analytical information. The congruent/incongruent conditions allowed us to examine how many decisions were based upon the experiential versus the (...)
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  16. The Affect of Experiment: The Turn to Emotions in Anglo-American Physiology, 1900-1940.Otniel E. Dror - 1999 - Isis 90 (2):205-237.
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  17.  2
    A Cognitive Neuroscience of Alzheimer's Disease: What Can Be Learned From Studies of Visual Imagery?S. M. Kosslyn & I. E. Dror - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Springer Verlag. pp. 49--59.
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  18.  36
    Perception is Far From Perfection: The Role of the Brain and Mind in Constructing Realities.Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):763-763.
    Dichotomizing perceptions, by those that have an objective reality and those that do not, is rejected. Perceptions are suggested to fall along a multidimensional continuum in which neither end is totally “pure.” At the extreme ends, perceptions neither have an objective reality without some subjectivity, nor, at the other end, even as hallucinations, are they totally dissociated from reality.
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  19.  10
    Pragmatics & Cognition.Marcelo Dascal, Jens Allwood, Benny Shanon, Stephen Stich, Yorick Wilks, Itiel Dror, Edson Françozo & Amir Horowitz - 1996 - Cognition 7:1.
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  20.  1
    Community and Activity Dimensions: Essentials for the Moral and Values Educator.Yuval Dror - 1993 - Journal of Moral Education 22 (2):125-137.
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  21.  12
    Call-for-Papers: Third Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology: Mechanicism and Autonomy: What Can Robotics Teach Us About Human Cognition and Action?Maria Eunice Q. Gonzalez, Willem Ed Haselager & Itiel Ed Dror - forthcoming - Pragmatics and Cognition.
  22.  10
    Better Deductive Explanation?I. A. Omer - 1983 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 14 (2):350-353.
    I argue that the reasonable quest of looking for, and the desirable end of having better explanation of particular events are not allowed for by the deductive account of explanation except by total replacement of one theory by another. The article is also a trivialization of the deductive conception of complete explanation.
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  23.  6
    Dissociating Choice and Judgment in Decision Making: The Collapsing Choice Theory.J. Stibel, I. Dror & Talia Ben-Zeev - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (2):149-179.
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  24.  4
    Distributed Cognition: Cognizing, Autonomy and the Turing Test.Stevan Harnad & Itiel E. Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):209-213.
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  25. Distributed Cognition. Special Issue of Pragmatics & Cognition 14: 2 (2006).Stevan Harnad & Itiel E. Dror - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):268.
  26.  15
    The Kibbutz Children's Society‐‐Ideal and Reality.Yuval Dror - 1995 - Journal of Moral Education 24 (3):273-288.
    Abstract This article examines the Kibbutz children's society as an ideal and as it is in reality. Following an account of the vision and theory of the children's society four case studies are reported. Two are historical: the local children's society founded in Kibbutz Ein Harod in 1924; and the attempt by Zisling of Ein Harod to found a national children's society on the basis of local models. The other two are contemporary and relate to studies in the early 1990s (...)
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  27.  7
    Applying Kass's Public Health Ethics Framework to Mandatory Health Care Worker Immunization: The Devil is in the Details.Saad B. Omer - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):55 - 57.
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  28.  7
    Más allá de la incertidumbre: lo inconcebible.Yehezkel Dror - 2002 - Polis 2.
    Se sostiene en este ensayo que los efectos combinados de los cambios radicales que afectan la dirección de la historia comprometen nuestra habilidad de reconocer patrones vigentes tanto en el pasado como en el futuro, reduciendo con ello las posibilidades de previsión y llevándonos ante la posibilidad de lo inconcebible. Frente a ello el autor propone ayudarnos con la imaginación, y colocar la "inconcebibilidad" en el centro de las consideraciones futuras.
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  29.  15
    The Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory: A Framework for the Science of Mind.Itiel Dror & Robin Thomas - 2004 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), Mind As a Scientific Object. Oxford University Press. pp. 283.
  30.  12
    Education for Work in the Kibbutz as a Means Towards Personal, Social and Learning Fulfilment.Mordecai Bar‐Lev & Yuval Dror - 1995 - Journal of Moral Education 24 (3):259-272.
    Abstract This article attempts to present education for work in the kibbutz, with regard to the most up to date international literature in the field. The first part explains how the ideals of the Jewish tradition, of Socialist Zionism and progressive education made education for work so central in the kibbutz. In the second part, the unique philosophical and practical approach to self?realisation in society and in study in the kibbutz is described. In the final part, the success of the (...)
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  31.  4
    Author Reply: Is Cannon’s Theory a “Centralized” Version of James's?O. E. Dror - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):48-49.
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  32.  5
    Counting the Affects: Discoursing in Numbers.Otniel Dror - 2001 - Social Research 68.
    In this essay, I examine the genealogy of the numeral transformation of emotions from its earliest beginnings in the late nineteenth century. My main thesis is that the historical encounter between emotion and number should not be viewed solely as a particular instantiation of more general trends in the development of objectifying, quantifying, or trust-building technologies. Rather, emotion-as-number provided an alternative medium for the circulation and expression of emotions in a culture that emphasized restraint. It also empowered the experimenter to (...)
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  33.  4
    Fifth Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology Cognitive Research in the Light of Technological Developments: Advances and New Challenges. [REVIEW]Boris M. Velichkovsky & Itiel Dror - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):1-2.
  34.  4
    Everyday Philosophy of the Turkish People in Stambul.A. Hilmi Ōmer - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (30):205 - 212.
    Until the very recent days of the Turkish Republic, when every effort is being made to adopt the ways of Western civilization, it has been the picturesque and wellnigh universal custom for shops to carry on their walls small placards, usually framed, and these placards have contained in beautiful Arabic writing verses from the Quran, traditions of Muhammed, rhymed and unrhymed sayings which have for generations been passed down from father to son. Coffee-houses, barber shops, booksellers, grocery stores, pharmacies, candy (...)
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  35.  3
    Matthias Scheutz, Computationalism New Directions.Itiel E. Dror & Ailsa E. Péron - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 12 (2):404-409.
  36.  1
    Vigilant Care: An Integrative Reformulation Regarding Parental Monitoring.Haim Omer, Shai Satran & Oren Driter - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (3):291-304.
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  37.  2
    Fourth Special Issue in the Series Cognition and Technology: Learning Technologies and Cognition. [REVIEW]Itiel E. Dror - 2007 - Pragmatics and Cognition 15 (2):227-228.
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  38.  3
    Ethics Support in Clinical Practice in Europe: Serbia and Montenegro.A. Omer - 2005 - Medicínska Etika a Bioetika: Časopis Ústavu Medicínskej Etiky a Bioetiky= Medical Ethics and Bioethics 11 (Suppl.).
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  39.  1
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451-457.
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  40.  1
    Can Wittgenstein Help Free the Mind From Rules?Itiel E. Dror & Marcelo Dascal - 1997 - In David Martel Johnson & Christina E. Erneling (eds.), The Future of the Cognitive Revolution. Oxford University Press. pp. 217.
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  41. Object Identification as a Function of Discriminability and Learning Presentations: The Effect of Stimulus Similarity and Canonical Frame Alignment on Aircraft Identification.Alan R. S. Ashworth & Itiel E. Dror - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (2):148-157.
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  42. Cognitive Technologies.M. Dascal & I. E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3).
     
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  43. Edward Shorter;, David Healy.Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness. Xii + 384 Pp., Illus., Index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. $45. [REVIEW]Otniel E. Dror - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):688-690.
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  44. Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Jonathan Crary.Otniel E. Dror - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):201-203.
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  45. Seeing the Blush : Feeling Emotions.Otniel E. Dror - 2011 - In Lorraine Daston & Elizabeth Lunbeck (eds.), Histories of Scientific Observation. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  46. Technology Enhanced Learning: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.Itiel E. Dror - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 16 (2):215-223.
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  47. The Cry of the Forgotten Stones.Atalia Omer - 2015 - Journal of Religious Ethics 43 (2):369-407.
    Based on extensive archival work, this essay assesses the contribution of a Palestinian liberation theology to a comprehensive view of peacebuilding that involves not only liberation from oppressive occupation but also a holistic vision and strategy for attaining just societal structures. Emerging out of the victim's viewpoint, a PLT is consistent with a multiperspectival approach to justice. It articulates a call for a holistic transformation of the interrelations between Jews and Palestinians, envisioning a just peace that must entail a re-framing (...)
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  48. Otsrot Ha-Torah: Sefirat Ha-ʻomer, 33 Ba-ʻomer, Shavuʻot: Penine Ḥokhmah U-Musar Be-Shiluv Maʻaśim U-Meshalim Mi-Gedole Ha-Dorot.Eliyahu Ḥayim Kohen - 2006 - Eliyahu Ḥayim Kohen.
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  49.  17
    Qal Wa- Omer and Theory of Massive-Parallel Proofs.Andrew Schumann - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (1):71-83.
    In this article, the author attempts to explicate the notion of the best known Talmudic inference rule called qal wa- omer. He claims that this rule assumes a massive-parallel deduction, and for formalizing it, he builds up a case of massive-parallel proof theory, the proof-theoretic cellular automata, where he draws conclusions without using axioms.
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  50. Pastor de Serrescuderio and MS Saint-Omer 239.William J. Courtenay - 1996 - Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 63:325-356.
    St. Omer MS 239 contains the unstudied Lectura of Pastor de Serrescuderio, OFM, who read the Sentences at Paris in 1332-33. The article traces his academic and ecclesiastical career from provincial minister in Provence to cardinal at Avignon, and includes the list of question titles from his Lectura.
     
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