Results for 'Ondřej Sládek'

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  1.  55
    Jan Mukařovský: The Semiology of Art.Ondřej Sládek - 2016 - Estetika 53 (2):184-235.
    An introduction to an English translation of Jan Mukařovský´s lecture The Semiology of Art. In this lecture Mukařovský, a Czech aesthetician, literary historian, theorist, and leading proponent of Czech structuralism, develops his interpretation of the semiotics of art from a detailed explanation of the basic functions of the artistic sign. He emphasizes the role of the aesthetic function, which is dominant but latently and potentially contained in all the other functions of the linguistic and the artistic sign. He then defines (...)
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  2.  14
    Daily and Trait Rumination: Diurnal Cortisol Patterns in Adolescent Girls.Lori M. Hilt, Michael R. Sladek, Leah D. Doane & Catherine B. Stroud - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1757-1767.
    Rumination is a maladaptive form of emotion regulation associated with psychopathology. Research with adults suggests that rumination covaries with diurnal cortisol rhythms, yet this has not been examined among adolescents. Here, we examine the day-to-day covariation between rumination and cortisol, and explore whether trait rumination is associated with alterations in diurnal cortisol rhythms among adolescent girls. Participants provided saliva samples 3 times per day over 3 days, along with daily reports of stress and rumination, questionnaires assessing trait rumination related to (...)
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  3.  15
    Daily Rumination About Stress, Sleep, and Diurnal Cortisol Activity.Michael R. Sladek, Leah D. Doane & Reagan S. Breitenstein - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):188-200.
    ABSTRACTRumination is an involuntary cognitive process theorized to prolong arousal and inhibit proper emotion regulation. Most available research has examined individual differences in cognitive d...
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  4. Fragmente der Hermetischen Philosophie in der Naturphilosophie der Neuzeit Historisch-Kritische Beiträge Zur Hermetisch-Alchemistischen Raum- Und Naturphilosophie Bei Giordano Bruno, Henry More and Goeth.Mirko Sladek, Giordano Bruno & Henry More - 1984
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  5.  1
    Ondřej Beran, "Living with Rules: Wittgensteinian Reflections on Normativity." Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Jakub Mácha - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (4):162-164.
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  6.  16
    August W. Sladek, Aus Sand Bauen. Troppentheorie Auf Schmaler Relatiomaler Basis. Ontologische, Epistemologische, darstellungstechniszheMöglichkeiten Und Troppenanalyse. [REVIEW]Jan Woleński - 2012 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):103-105.
  7. Sladek, Fr. P., O. E. S. A., Gott und die Welt. [REVIEW]E. Hartmann - 1942 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 55:235-236.
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  8.  2
    “Any Surrogate Mothers?” A Debate on Surrogacy in Internet Discussion Forums.Ondřej Doskočil - 2020 - Human Affairs 30 (1):10-26.
    Surrogacy has long been discussed in reproductive medicine. In the Czech Republic, surrogacy is not legally regulated. Because of this legal vacuum, there are no official procedures or organizations that openly deal with surrogacy. Potential surrogate mothers and applicants do not have many options for obtaining or sharing information. The only source is the Internet. Online forums are a popular tool for gaining information and contacts regarding surrogacy. The goal of this research was to use qualitative research methods to survey (...)
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  9.  10
    Misunderstanding the Talk of the Divine: Theodicy in the Wittgensteinian Tradition.Ondřej Beran - 2017 - Sophia 56 (2):183-205.
    The paper discusses the unique approach to the problem of evil employed by the Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion and ethics that is primarily represented by D. Z. Phillips. Unlike traditional solutions to the problem, Phillips’ solution consists in questioning its meaningfulness—he attacks the very ideas of God’s omnipotence, of His perfect goodness and of the need to ‘calculate’ God’s goodness against the evil within the world. A possible weakness of Phillips’ approach is his unreflected use of what he calls ‘our (...)
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  10.  5
    Perception, length of its duration, evaluation: Various authors, related observations.Ondřej Krátký - 2019 - Espes 8 (2):33-44.
    Recipients always perceive texts in a successive and linear way. Often, the recipient’s perception of the text only lasts until the text has fulfilled the expectations the recipient has of it. Being well aware of this, authors build texts based on their goals, aims, or preferences that either meaningfully fulfill the expectations of the recipient - according to the authors’ own knowledge, estimation, or presumptions - or, on the contrary, more or less intentionally violate these expectations. While the fulfillment of (...)
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  11.  6
    Love in the Absence of Judgment.Ondřej Beran - 2019 - Philosophy and Literature 43 (2):519-534.
    Love—for most of its theorists—involves thinking about certain further things that define what love is. Thus, according to some theories, love amounts to unconditional concern about the beloved’s well-being.1 Other theories, such as Troy Jollimore’s, suggest that love is a kind of appreciative response to the qualities of the beloved person.2 These viewpoints seem to require a particular kind of epistemic focus on the part of the lovers. You have to be clear about what promotes your beloved’s well-being; spare an (...)
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  12.  91
    Logic of Change, Change of Logic.Hans van Ditmarsch, Brian Hill & Ondrej Majer - 2009 - Synthese 171 (2):227 - 234.
  13.  35
    Wittgensteinian Perspectives on the Turing Test.Ondřej Beran - 2014 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (1):35-57.
    This paper discusses some difficulties in understanding the Turing test. It emphasizes the importance of distinguishing between conceptual and empirical perspectives and highlights the former as introducing more serious problems for the TT. Some objections against the Turingian framework stemming from the later Wittgenstein’s philosophy are exposed. The following serious problems are examined: 1) It considers a unique and exclusive criterion for thinking which amounts to their identification; 2) it misidentifies the relationship of speaking to thinking as that of a (...)
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  14.  8
    Agreement on Intrapartum Cardiotocogram Recordings Between Expert Obstetricians.Lukáš Hruban, Jiří Spilka, Václav Chudáček, Petr Janků, Michal Huptych, Miroslav Burša, Adam Hudec, Marian Kacerovský, Michal Koucký, Martin Procházka, Vladimír Korečko, Jan Seget'A., Ondřej Šimetka, Alena Měchurová & Lenka Lhotská - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (4):694-702.
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  15.  3
    Introduction au dossier thématique « Maurice Merleau-Ponty - Jan Patočka : un rendez-vous manqué ».Ondrej Svec & Jakub Capek - 2013 - Meta 5 (1):9-12.
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  16.  13
    Fuzzy Intensional Semantics.Libor Běhounek & Ondrej Majer - 2018 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 28 (4):348-388.
    The study of weighted structures is one of the important trends in recent computer science. The aim of the article is to provide a weighted, many-valued version of classical intensional semantics formalised in the framework of higher-order fuzzy logics. We illustrate the apparatus on several variants of fuzzy S5-style modalities. The formalism is applicable to a broad array of weighted intensional notions, including alethic, epistemic, or probabilistic modalities, generalised quantifiers, counterfactual conditionals, dynamic and non-monotonic logics, and some more.
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  17.  6
    Relevant Agents.Marta Bílková, Ondrej Majer, Michal Peliš & Greg Restall - 2010 - In Lev Beklemishev, Valentin Goranko & Valentin Shehtman (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 8. CSLI Publications. pp. 22-38.
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  18.  1
    Science, Knowledge and Understanding: Wittgenstein Between Phenomenology and Positivism.Ondřej Beran - 2019 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 8 (2):460-486.
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  19.  10
    Shall We Teachs Shall: A Systematic Step-By-Step Approach.Ondřej Klabal - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):119-139.
    The paper discusses the status of shall in today’s legal drafting and legal translation, and by presenting typologies by a number of authors briefly addresses the variety of meanings it is used to express, in both legislation and contracts. It introduces the “shall dilemma” faced by non-native legal translators working both from and into English. The dilemma consists in the discrepancy between the promiscuous and abundant use of shall in authentic as well as translated documents, on the one hand, and (...)
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  20.  6
    Towards Evaluation Games for Fuzzy Logics.Petr Cintula & Ondrej Majer - 2009 - In Ondrej Majer, Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Tero Tulenheimo (eds.), Games: Unifying Logic, Language, and Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 117--138.
  21.  9
    Krajina jako maska přírody: Estetika subverze versus estetika konformity.Vlastimil Zuska & Ondřej Dadejík - 2007 - Estetika 44 (1-4):28-44.
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  22.  3
    From Experience to Memory: On the Robustness of the Peak-and-End-Rule for Complex, Heterogeneous Experiences.Wim Strijbosch, Ondrej Mitas, Marnix van Gisbergen, Miruna Doicaru, John Gelissen & Marcel Bastiaansen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  23.  6
    "Give Me an Example": Peter Winch and Learning From the Particular.Ondřej Beran - 2018 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 7 (2):49-75.
    The text deals with the role of particular examples in our understanding, especially in the encounters with unfamiliar cases that may require us to expand our concepts. I try to show that Peter Winch’s reflections on the nature of understanding can provide the foundations for such an account. Understanding consists in a response informed by a background network of particular canonical examples. It is against this background that the distinction between appropriate differentiated reactions and misplaced ones makes sense. To accommodate (...)
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  24.  17
    An Attitude Towards an Artificial Soul? Responses to the “Nazi Chatbot”.Ondřej Beran - 2018 - Philosophical Investigations 41 (1):42-69.
    The article discusses the case of Microsoft's Twitter chatbot Tay that “turned into a Nazi” after less than 24 hours from its release on the Internet. The first section presents a brief recapitulation of Alan Turing's proposal for a test for artificial intelligence and the way it influenced subsequent discussions in the philosophy of mind. In the second section, I offer a few arguments appealing for caution regarding the identification of an accomplished chatbot as a thinking being. These are motivated (...)
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  25. Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic as a Sorting Problem.Petr Honzík, Pavel Kučera, Ondřej Hynčica & Václav Jirsík - unknown
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  26.  19
    Bůh jako vysvětlení: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism. [REVIEW]Ondřej Kočnar - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (1):115-118.
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  27.  1
    Relevant Agents.Marta Bílková, Ondrej Majer, Michal Peliš & Greg Restall - 2010 - In Marcus Kracht, Maarten de Rijke, Heinrich Wansing & Michael Zakharyaschev (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic. CSLI Publications. pp. 22-38.
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  28.  14
    Eliciting Uncertainties: A Two Structure Approach.Timothy Childers & Ondrej Majer - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (3):615-636.
    We recast subjective probabilities by rejecting behaviourist accounts of belief by explicitly distinguishing between judgements of uncertainty and expressions of those judgements. We argue that this entails rejecting that orderings of uncertainty be complete. This in turn leads naturally to several generalizations of the probability calculus. We define probability-like functions over incomplete algebras that reflect a subject’s incomplete judgements of uncertainty. These functions can be further generalized to inner and outer measures that reflect approximate elicitations.
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  29.  26
    Introduction.Jakub Čapek & Ondřej Švec - 2013 - Chiasmi International 15:23-24.
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  30.  26
    Suárez a Jeho Metafyzika.Ondřej Špaček - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (2):259-261.
    This paper is a book review of "Suárez a jeho metafyzika, Od pojmu jsoucna přes transcendentální jednotu k druhům transcendentální jednoty" by Daniel Heider.
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  31.  20
    Global Probability for Possible Worlds.Ondrej Majer - unknown
    In the majority of papers on probability in the framework of possible worlds the existence of a global probability distribution is taken for granted. The aim of the article is to discuss the epistemic aspect of this assumption in the connection to the status assigned to possible worlds. Two questions are discussed in particular: the justification of the global probability distribution and compatibility of the global probability assumption with the structure of the universe of the possible worlds.
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  32.  22
    School Culture at Risk of Political and Methodological Expropriation.Ondrej Kaščák, Branislav Pupala, Ivan Lukšík & Miroslava Lemešová - 2012 - Human Affairs 22 (4):524-538.
    The aim of this article is to problematize the concept of school culture both as a concept and as a subject of investigation. It deals with the historical roots of this concept and the fact that it is shrinking—a consequence of the managerial imperatives of effectiveness and accountability in education. School culture, in relation to the quality of schools and the quality of education, has become the subject of audits, arrived at through a developed network of standardisation in education, testing (...)
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  33.  18
    Filozofia a filozofi na prešporskej král'ovskej akadémii na prelome 19. a 20. storočia.Ondrej Mészáros - 2009 - Filozofia 64 (10).
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  34.  30
    Cardinal Invariants of Monotone and Porous Sets.Michael Hrušák & Ondřej Zindulka - 2012 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (1):159-173.
    A metric space (X, d) is monotone if there is a linear order < on X and a constant c such that d(x, y) ≤ c d(x, z) for all x < y < z in X. We investigate cardinal invariants of the σ-ideal Mon generated by monotone subsets of the plane. Since there is a strong connection between monotone sets in the plane and porous subsets of the line, plane and the Cantor set, cardinal invariants of these ideals are (...)
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  35.  28
    Interpreting Probability.Timothy Childers & Ondrej Majer - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (2):141-144.
  36.  21
    Introduction to the Special Issue Epistemic Aspects of Many-Valued Logics.Timothy Childers & Ondrej Majer - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (5):969-970.
    The papers in this special issue are based on presentations delivered at the conference Epistemic Aspects of Many-valued Logics, held at the Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, in Prague, 2010. All papers consequently revolve around the application of non-classical logical tools—mathematical fuzzy logic and/or probability theory—to epistemological issues.Timothy Williamson employs a modal epistemic logic enriched with probabilities to generalize an argument against the KK-principle. He argues that we can know a proposition even if (...)
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  37.  19
    Applying Statistical Methods in Knowledge Management of a Multiagent System.Michal Košinár–Ondřej Kohut - 2010 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 17 (2):201-216.
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  38. The Research and Teaching of Aesthetics in the Visegrad Countries: A Survey (Aesthetics in Central Europe).Ondřej Dadejík, Oliver Bakoš, Mária Valentová, Jana Sošková, Tomáš Hlobil, Jakub Stejskal, Piotr J. Przybysz, Monika Bokiniec & Zoltán Papp - 2009 - Estetika:203-218.
     
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  39.  16
    'Basic Color Categories' in the Language-Game Perspective.Ondřej Beran - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19 (4):423-443.
    In this paper I will discuss some interesting philosophical questions bound to color science, in its variant founded by Berlin and Kay’s linguistic and anthropological research. I will first refer to various criticisms, expressed by dissenting scientists. Further criticisms implied by a rather philosophical perspective will follow; a particular attention is paid to the question of synchronicity vs . diachronicity. The controversy about Berlin and Kay’s conception is paralleled by the development of Wittgenstein’s views on color that I will sketch (...)
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  40.  10
    An Analysis of the Creative Potential in Individual Regions of The Czech Republic.Ondřej Chwaszcz & Jitka Kloudová - 2013 - Creative and Knowledge Society 3 (1):17-27.
    Purpose of the article: Although the economic growth and society are two independent terms at the first sight, they are in fact closely connected and interact with each other. The main topic of this work is the creative economy, which is considered to be a part of growth theories. Thanks to the new approach, theorists supplement these theories with the demographic and the socio-cultural factor. First, the work establishes a comprehensive theoretical framework for economic growth. Furthermore, it analyses the representation (...)
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  41.  4
    Epistemic Erotetic Search Scenarios.Paweł Łupkowski, Ondrej Majer, Michal Peliš & Mariusz Urbański - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1.
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  42.  14
    Allen Carlson and Sheila Lintott (Eds): Nature, Aesthetics, and Environmentalism: From Beauty to Duty.Ondřej Dadejík - 2008 - Estetika 45 (2):235-242.
    A review of Allen Carlson‘s and Sheila Lintott‘s (eds) Nature, Aesthetics, and Environmentalism: From Beauty to Duty (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008, 458 pp. ISBN 9780231138864).
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  43.  8
    Logic of Change, Change of Logic.Hans Ditmarsch, Brian Hill & Ondrej Majer - 2009 - Synthese 171 (2):227-234.
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  44.  8
    Introduction.Jakub Čapek & Ondřej Švec - 2013 - Chiasmi International 15:21-22.
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  45.  14
    Interpretace znalosti v substrukturálních rámcích.Ondrej Majer & Michal Peliš - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20 (1):79-98.
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  46.  7
    Introduzione.Jakub Čapek & Ondřej Švec - 2013 - Chiasmi International 15:25-26.
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  47.  7
    The Comparison of Methods Suitable for the Analysis of the Creative Potential Illustrated on the Example of Slovakia.Ondřej Chwaszcz & Jitka Kloudová - 2012 - Creative and Knowledge Society 2 (1):7-22.
    Komparace metod využitelných v rámci analýzy kreativního potenciálu na příkladu Slovenské republiky.
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  48.  10
    Weak Partition Properties on Trees.Michael Hrušák, Petr Simon & Ondřej Zindulka - 2013 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 52 (5-6):543-567.
    We investigate the following weak Ramsey property of a cardinal κ: If χ is coloring of nodes of the tree κ <ω by countably many colors, call a tree ${T \subseteq \kappa^{ < \omega}}$ χ-homogeneous if the number of colors on each level of T is finite. Write ${\kappa \rightsquigarrow (\lambda)^{ < \omega}_{\omega}}$ to denote that for any such coloring there is a χ-homogeneous λ-branching tree of height ω. We prove, e.g., that if ${\kappa < \mathfrak{p}}$ or ${\kappa > \mathfrak{d}}$ (...)
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  49.  12
    Buttoning Up the Gold Collar — The Child in Neoliberal Visions of Early Education and Care.Ondrej Kaščák & Branislav Pupala - 2013 - Human Affairs 23 (2):319-337.
    This study refers to the discursive transformation in perceptions of preschool age children generated by central European Union policy on early childhood education and care. This policy is representative of the pervasion of contemporary entrepreneurial culture and curricula within preschool education. At the same time, the field is also starting to become subordinated to the neoliberal trend of economising the social. This study highlights the fact that, within discourses on the child, these trends are encouraging a particular conception of childhood (...)
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  50.  6
    Re-Negotiating an Ethics of Care in Kenyan Childhoods.Sonja Arndt, Marek Tesar, Branislav Pupala, Ondrej Kaščák & Tata Mbugua - 2016 - Human Affairs 26 (3).
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