Results for 'Ong Edison: Xiang'

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  1.  66
    Ontobull and BFOConvert: Web-Based Programs to Support Automatic Ontology Conversion.Ong Edison: Xiang, Zheng Jie, Barry Smith & He Yongqun - 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Biological Ontology and Biocreative 1747.
    When a widely reused ontology appears in a new version which is not compatible with older versions, the ontologies reusing it need to be updated accordingly. Ontobull has been developed to automatically update ontologies with new term IRI(s) and associated metadata to take account of such version changes. To use the Ontobull web interface a user is required to (i) upload one or more ontology OWL source files; (ii) input an ontology term IRI mapping; and (where needed) (iii) provide update (...)
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  2.  35
    CIDO: The Community-Based Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology.Yongqun He, Hong Yu, Edison Ong, Yang Wang, Yingtong Liu, Anthony Huffman, Hsin-hui Huang, Beverley John, Asiyah Yu Lin, Duncan William D., Sivaram Arabandi, Jiangan Xie, Junguk Hur, Xiaolin Yang, Luonan Chen, Gilbert S. Omenn, Brian Athey & Barry Smith - 2021 - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies (ICBO) and 10th Workshop on Ontologies and Data in Life Sciences (ODLS).
    Current COVID-19 pandemic and previous SARS/MERS outbreaks have caused a series of major crises to global public health. We must integrate the large and exponentially growing amount of heterogeneous coronavirus data to better understand coronaviruses and associated disease mechanisms, in the interest of developing effective and safe vaccines and drugs. Ontologies have emerged to play an important role in standard knowledge and data representation, integration, sharing, and analysis. We have initiated the development of the community-based Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology (CIDO). (...)
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  3.  90
    CIDO, a Community-Based Ontology for Coronavirus Disease Knowledge and Data Integration, Sharing, and Analysis.Oliver He, John Beverley, Gilbert S. Omenn, Barry Smith, Brian Athey, Luonan Chen, Xiaolin Yang, Junguk Hur, Hsin-hui Huang, Anthony Huffman, Yingtong Liu, Yang Wang, Edison Ong & Hong Yu - 2020 - Scientific Data 181 (7):5.
    Ontologies, as the term is used in informatics, are structured vocabularies comprised of human- and computer-interpretable terms and relations that represent entities and relationships. Within informatics fields, ontologies play an important role in knowledge and data standardization, representation, integra- tion, sharing and analysis. They have also become a foundation of artificial intelligence (AI) research. In what follows, we outline the Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology (CIDO), which covers multiple areas in the domain of coronavirus diseases, including etiology, transmission, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, (...)
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  4.  11
    Student Version of the Teacher–Student Relationship Inventory (S-TSRI): Development, Validation and Invariance.Rebecca P. Ang, Soo Lin Ong & Xiang Li - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  5. Simple is Not Easy.Edison Barrios - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2261-2305.
    I review and challenge the views on simplicity and its role in linguistics put forward by Ludlow. In particular, I criticize the claim that simplicity—in the sense pertinent to science—is nothing more than ease of use or “user-friendliness”, motivated by economy of labor. I argue that Ludlow’s discussion fails to do justice to the diversity of factors that are relevant to simplicity considerations. This, in turn, leads to the neglect of crucial cases in which the rationale for simplification is unmistakably (...)
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  6. Meaning Shift and the Purity of 'I'.Edison Barrios - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (1):263-288.
    In this paper I defend the “Standard View” of the semantics of ‘I’—according to which ‘I’ is a pure, automatic indexical—from a challenge posed by “deferred reference” cases, in which occurrences of ‘I’ are (allegedly) not speaker-referential, and thus non-automatic. In reply, I offer an alternative account of the cases in question, which I call the “Description Analysis” (DA). According to DA, seemingly deferred-referential occurrences of the first person pronoun are interpreted as constituents of a definite description, whose operator scopes (...)
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  7. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word.Walter J. Ong - 1983 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 16 (4):270-271.
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  8. Interfaces of the Word Studies in the Evolution of Consciousness and Culture /Walter J. Ong. --. --.Walter J. Ong - 1977 - Cornell University Press, 1977.
  9.  1
    Interfaces of the Word: Studies in the Evolution of Consciousness and Culture.Walter J. Ong - 1977 - Cornell University Press.
    In Interfaces of the World, Walter J. Ong explores the effects on consciousness of the word as it moves through oral to written to print and electronic culture.
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  10.  30
    Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue: From the Art of Discourse to the Art of Reason.Walter J. Ong - 1974 - New York: Octagon Books.
    Considered the most important work of Walter Ong's career, Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue is an elegant review of the history of Ramist scholarship ...
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  11.  56
    The Presence of the Word: Some Prolegomena for Cultural and Religious History.Walter J. Ong - 1967 - University of Minnesota Press.
    Terry Lectures. A religious philosopher's exploration of the nature and history of the word argues that the word is initially and always sound, that it cannot be reduced to any other category, and that sound is essentially an event manifesting power and personal presence. His analysis of the development of verbal expression, from oral sources through the transfer to the visual world and to contemporary means of electronic communication, shows that the predicament of the human word is the predicament of (...)
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  12.  25
    Thomas Edison's Parisian Campaign: Incandescent Lighting and the Hidden Face of Technology Transfer.Robert Fox - 1996 - Annals of Science 53 (2):157-193.
    Thomas Edison's incandescent lamp was one of four that were displayed at the first international exhibition of electricity in Paris in 1881. By the end of the exhibition, most observers believed that Edison had taken a clear lead over his rivals: Maxim, Swan, and Lane-Fox. In reality, his victory was a narrow one that owed much to the skilful management of public opinion by his aides in Paris. Nevertheless, it reinforced Edison's view of Paris as the natural (...)
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  13.  58
    Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue: From the Art of Discourse to the Art of Reason.Walter J. Ong - 1958 - University of Chicago Press.
    Renaissance logician, philosopher, humanist, and teacher, Peter Ramus (1515-72) is best known for his attack on Aristotelian logic, his radical pedagogical theories, and his new interpretation for the canon of rhetoric. His work, published in Latin and translated into many languages, has influenced the study of Renaissance literature, rhetoric, education, logic, and--more recently--media studies. Considered the most important work of Walter Ong's career, Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue is an elegant review of the history of Ramist scholarship and (...)
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  14.  14
    Freedom and Culture.Shuchen Xiang - 2018 - Idealistic Studies 48 (2):175-194.
    Through a key passage from the Book of Changes, this paper shows that Ernst Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms shares similarities with the canonical account of symbolic formation in the Chinese tradition: the genesis of xiang, often translated as image or symbol. xiang became identified with the origins of culture/civilisation itself. In both cases, the world is understood as primordially meaningful; the expressiveness of the world requires a human subject to consummate it in a symbol, whilst the symbol (...)
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  15.  20
    Instrumentalizing Failure: Edison's Invention of the Carbon Microphone.Ian Wills - 2007 - Annals of Science 64 (3):383-409.
    Summary For Thomas Edison, experiencing a failure did not mean that he had failed. Through an examination of the process that led to his invention of the carbon microphone, I argue that his positive approach to failure contributed both to his success as an inventor and to the functional success of his inventions. Edison's laboratory notebooks and legal testimony reveal that his seemingly erratic approach and reliance on trial and error methods in fact had a consistent direction and (...)
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  16.  9
    Toward a Framework for Defining and Resolving Ethical Issues in the Protection of Communities Involved in Primary Prevention Projects.Edison J. Trickett - 1998 - Ethics and Behavior 8 (4):321 – 337.
    Ethical issues flow from and are embedded in contexts of practice. Contexts of practice refer to the diverse social settings where interventions occur. Primary prevention activities require new professional roles in these diverse social settings. These new roles engage the professional in new activities, which in mm allow new ethical issues to arise. This article takes an ecological perspective on ethical issues arising from the enactment of new preventive roles intended to affect groups or communities. Within this perspective, the concepts (...)
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  17. Scholae in Liberales Artes. With an Introduction by Walter J. Ong.Petrus Ramus & Walter J. Ong - 1970 - G. Olms.
     
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  18.  16
    Computational Models of Emotion Inference in Theory of Mind: A Review and Roadmap.Desmond C. Ong, Jamil Zaki & Noah D. Goodman - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (2):338-357.
  19.  19
    Edison, Musicians, and the Phonograph: A Century in Retrospect.Allen S. Weiss, John Harvith & Susan Edwards Harvith - 1992 - Substance 21 (2):127.
  20. Thomas Kuhn‘s Latest Notion of Incommensurability.Xiang Chen - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (2):257-273.
    To correct the misconception that incommensurability implies incomparability, Kuhn lately develops a new interpretation of incommensurability. This includes a linguistic theory of scientific revolutions (the theory of kinds), a cognitive exploration of the language learning process (the analogy of bilingualism), and an epistemological discussion on the rationality of scientific development (the evolutionary epistemology). My focus in this paper is to review Kuhn's effort in eliminating relativism, highlighting both the insights and the difficulties of his new version of incommensurability . Finally (...)
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  21.  2
    Fighting for Life: Contest, Sexuality, and Consciousness.Walter J. Ong - 1981 - University of Massachusetts Press.
  22.  20
    Affective Cognition: Exploring Lay Theories of Emotion.Desmond C. Ong, Jamil Zaki & Noah D. Goodman - 2015 - Cognition 143:141-162.
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  23. Continuity Through Revolutions: A Frame-Based Account of Conceptual Change During Scientific Revolutions.Xiang Chen & Peter Barker - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):223.
    In this paper we examine the pattern of conceptual change during scientific revolutions by using methods from cognitive psychology. We show that the changes characteristic of scientific revolutions, especially taxonomic changes, can occur in a continuous manner. Using the frame model of concept representation to capture structural relations within concepts and the direct links between concept and taxonomy, we develop an account of conceptual change in science that more adequately reflects the current understanding that episodes like the Copernican revolution are (...)
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  24.  17
    Prevention Ethics: Explicating the Context of Prevention Activities.Edison J. Trickett - 1992 - Ethics and Behavior 2 (2):91 – 100.
    Research and intervention involving primary prevention have grown dramatically in the past 10 years. However, little attention has been paid to ethical issues in primary prevention. This article proposes a framework for increasing awareness of such issues. The framework centers on explicating the contexts where prevention activities occur and the roles adopted by interventionists engaging in these activities. Several assumptions underlying primary prevention are stated, and ways of clarifying ethical issues are proposed.
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  25.  3
    The Complexity Analysis in Dual-Channel Supply Chain Based on Fairness Concern and Different Business Objectives.Li Qiu-Xiang, Zhang Yu-hao & Huang Yi-min - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-13.
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  26.  41
    Ong and Derrida on Presence: A Case Study in the Conflict of Traditions.John D. Schaeffer & David Gorman - 2008 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (7):856-872.
    Ong and Derrida are concerned with presence—for Ong the presence of the other; for Derrida the presence of the signified. These seemingly disparate epistemological meanings of 'presence' actually share some striking similarities, but differ about how reason should be figured, that is, what metaphors should be used to conceptualize reason. This disagreement is fundamentally about what Ong called 'analogues for intellect.' After describing the history of Ong's and Derrida's concept of presence, we indicate how the ethical and religious implications Ong (...)
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  27.  12
    Function Alternations of the Mandarin Particle Dou: Distributor, Free Choice Licensor, and ‘Even’.Yimei Xiang - 2020 - Journal of Semantics 37 (2):171-217.
    Many languages have particles that possess multiple logical functions. Take the Mandarin particle dou for example. Varying by the item it is associated with and the prosodic pattern of the environment it appears in, dou can trigger a distributivity effect, license a pre-verbal free choice item, or evoke an even-like inference. Considering universal grammar a simple system, we need to figure out, for a multi-functional particle, which of its functions is primary, what parametric variations are responsible for the alternations in (...)
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  28.  4
    El diálogo como fusión de horizontes en la comprensión hermenéutica de Gadamer.Edison Francisco Viveros - 2019 - Perseitas 7 (2):341-354.
    Comprender para Gadamer es ponerse de acuerdo en la cosa. En este sentido no es posible comprender una situación humana cuando hay una incapacidad para dialogar. El diálogo es aquella forma del lenguaje en la que entramos, en la que creamos tejidos de palabras y nos enredamos porque nos dejamos llevar por la cosa o la situación hermenéutica. La tesis de este escrito es la siguiente: El diálogo en Gadamer es un medio para llegar a la fusión de horizontes y (...)
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  29. Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions and Cognitive Psychology.Xiang Chen, Hanne Andersen & Peter Barker - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):5 – 28.
    In a previous article we have shown that Kuhn's theory of concepts is independently supported by recent research in cognitive psychology. In this paper we propose a cognitive re-reading of Kuhn's cyclical model of scientific revolutions: all of the important features of the model may now be seen as consequences of a more fundamental account of the nature of concepts and their dynamics. We begin by examining incommensurability, the central theme of Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions, according to two different (...)
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  30.  10
    Freedom and Culture in Advance.Shuchen Xiang - forthcoming - Idealistic Studies.
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  31.  4
    Relationship of Physical Activity With Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Chinese College Students During the COVID-19 Outbreak.Ming-Qiang Xiang, Xian-Ming Tan, Jian Sun, Hai-Yan Yang, Xue-Ping Zhao, Lei Liu, Xiao-Hui Hou & Min Hu - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    IntroductionDuring the COVID-19 outbreak, many citizens were asked to stay at home in self-quarantine, which can pose a significant challenge with respect to remaining physically active and maintaining mental health. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of inadequate physical activity, anxiety, and depression and to explore the relationship of physical activity with anxiety and depression symptoms among Chinese college students during quarantine.MethodUsing a web-based cross-sectional survey, we collected data from 1,396 Chinese college students. Anxiety and depression were assessed with (...)
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  32.  9
    Training Clinical Ethics Committee Members Between 1992 and 2017: Systematic Scoping Review.Yun Ting Ong, Nicholas Yue Shuen Yoon, Hong Wei Yap, Elijah Gin Lim, Kuang Teck Tay, Ying Pin Toh, Annelissa Chin & Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1):36-42.
    IntroductionClinical ethics committees support and enhance communication and complex decision making, educate healthcare professionals and the public on ethical matters and maintain standards of care. However, a consistent approach to training members of CECs is lacking. A systematic scoping review was conducted to evaluate prevailing CEC training curricula to guide the design of an evidence-based approach.MethodsArksey and O’Malley’s methodological framework for conducting scoping reviews was used to evaluate prevailing accounts of CEC training published in six databases. Braun and Clarke’s thematic (...)
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  33.  30
    Why Did John Herschel Fail to Understand Polarization? The Differences Between Object and Event Concepts.Xiang Chen - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (3):491-513.
    This paper offers a solution to a problem in Herschel studies by drawing on the dynamic frame model for concept representation offered by cognitive psychology. Applying the frame model to represent the conceptual frameworks of the particle and wave theories, this paper shows that discontinuity between the particle and wave frameworks consists mainly in the transition from a particle notion ‘side’ to a wave notion ‘phase difference’. By illustrating intraconceptual relations within concepts, the frame representations reveal the ontological differences between (...)
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  34. Object and Event Concepts: A Cognitive Mechanism of Incommensurability.Xiang Chen - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):962-974.
    In this paper I examine a cognitive mechanism of incommensurability. Using the frame model of concept representation to capture structural relations within concepts, I reveal an ontological difference between object and event concepts: the former are spatial but the latter temporal. Experiments from cognitive sciences further demonstrate that the mind treats object and event concepts differently. Thus, incommensurability can occur in conceptual change across different ontological categories. I use a historical case to illustrate how the ontological difference between an object (...)
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  35.  24
    Taxonomic Changes and the Particle-Wave Debate in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain.Xiang Chen - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (2):251-271.
  36.  5
    A hybrid categorial approach to question composition.Yimei Xiang - 2021 - Linguistics and Philosophy 44 (3):587-647.
    This paper revisits two fundamental issues in question semantics—what does a question mean, and how is this meaning compositionally derived? Drawing on observations with the distribution of wh-words in questions and free relatives as well as quantificational variability effects in question-embeddings, I argue that the nominal meanings of short answers must be derivable from question denotations, which therefore calls for a categorial approach to defining questions, including embedded questions. I provide a novel hybrid categorial approach to compose questions. This approach (...)
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  37.  36
    Guo Xiang on Self-so Knowledge.Paul J. D’Ambrosio - 2016 - Asian Philosophy 26 (2):119-132.
    ABSTRACTThe perspective on zhi 知 is often identified as a key distinction between the Zhuangzi 莊子 and its most famous commentator, Guo Xiang 郭象. Many scholars who recognize this distinction observe that zhi almost always has negative connotations in Guo Xiang’s writing, whereas certain types of knowledge can be positive in the Zhuangzi In this way, Guo Xiang’s comments on zhi seem to stray from the ‘original meaning’ of the Zhuangzi, and are often dismissed as inaccurate mis-readings, (...)
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  38.  60
    The Object Bias and the Study of Scientific Revolutions: Lessons From Developmental Psychology.Xiang Chen - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):479 – 503.
    I propose a new perspective on the study of scientific revolutions. This is a transformation from an object-only perspective to an ontological perspective that properly treats objects and processes as distinct kinds. I begin my analysis by identifying an object bias in the study of scientific revolutions, where it takes the form of representing scientific revolutions as changes in classification of physical objects. I further explore the origins of this object bias. Findings from developmental psychology indicate that children cannot distinguish (...)
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  39. Ramus and Talon Inventory.W. J. ONG - 1958
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  40.  10
    Why the Confucians Had No Concept of Race : The Antiessentialist Cultural Understanding of Self.Shuchen Xiang - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (10).
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  41.  9
    Organic Harmony and Ernst Cassirer’s Pluralism in Advance.Shuchen Xiang - forthcoming - Idealistic Studies.
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  42.  7
    Why the Confucians Had No Concept of Race : Cultural Difference, Environment, and Achievement.Shuchen Xiang - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (10).
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  43.  2
    Sobre la necesidad de reconocimiento.Edison Francisco Viveros Chavarría - 2017 - Perseitas 5 (1):41.
    En este artículo de reflexión se analiza el problema del reconocimiento. La tesis que se argumenta es que hace parte de la naturaleza humana la búsqueda de reconocimiento y esto constituye una necesidad de alteridad. La necesidad de ser reconocidos no es un defecto o una actitud enfermiza de los seres humanos. Es el “psicologismo” el que lo ha hecho parecer de esa manera con su excesiva dirección al sujeto que se piensa a sí mismo. El “psicologismo” es una apología (...)
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  44.  6
    Access to Care by Older Rural People in a Post-Reform Chinese Hospital: An Ethical Evaluation of Anthropological Findings.Xiang Zou & Jing-Bao Nie - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (1):57-68.
    This paper examines older people’s access to care experiences in rural China by integrating anthropological investigation with ethical inquiry. Six months of fieldwork in a post-reform primary hospital show how rural residents struggle to access gerontological and nursing care under socially disadvantageous conditions. This anthropological investigation highlights the unmet needs in medical and nursing care for older people, as well as some social, institutional and structural elements that impede access to care. Centring on protecting the vulnerable as informed by feminist (...)
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  45.  81
    Transforming Temporal Knowledge: Conceptual Change Between Event Concepts.Xiang Chen - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):49-73.
    : This paper offers a preliminary analysis of conceptual change between event concepts. It begins with a brief review of the major findings of cognitive studies on event knowledge. The script model proposed by Schank and Abelson was the first attempt to represent event knowledge. Subsequent cognitive studies indicated that event knowledge is organized in the form of dimensional organizations in which temporally successive actions are related causally. This paper proposes a frame representation to capture and outline the internal structure (...)
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  46.  48
    A Different Kind Of Revolutionary Change: Transformation From Object to Process Concepts.Xiang Chen - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):182-191.
    I propose a new perspective with which to understand scientific revolutions. This is a conversion from an object-only perspective to one that properly treats object and process concepts as distinct kinds. I begin with a re-examination of the Copernican revolution. Recent findings from the history of astronomy suggest that the Copernican revolution was a move from a conceptual framework built around an object concept to one built around a process concept. Drawing from studies in the cognitive sciences, I then show (...)
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  47.  8
    Interfaces of the Word.Walter J. Ong - 1979 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (3):372-373.
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  48. From Allegory to Diagram in the Renaissance Mind: A Study in the Significance of the Allegorical Tableau.Walter J. Ong - 1959 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 17 (4):423-440.
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  49.  31
    The Social Practice of Medical Guanxi and Patient–Physician Trust in China: An Anthropological and Ethical Study.Xiang Zou, Yu Cheng & Jing‐Bao Nie - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (1):45-55.
    In China's healthcare sector, a popular and socio-culturally distinctive phenomenon known as guanxi jiuyi, whereby patients draw on their guanxi with physicians when seeking healthcare, is thriving. Integrating anthropological investigation with normative inquiry, this paper examines medical guanxi through the lens of patient–physician trust and mistrust. The first-hand empirical data acquired – on the lived experiences and perspectives of both patients and physicians – is based on six months' fieldwork carried out in a county hospital in Guangdong, southern China, which (...)
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  50.  2
    Organic Harmony and Ernst Cassirer’s Pluralism.Shuchen Xiang - 2019 - Idealistic Studies 49 (3):259-284.
    This article argues that Cassirer’s thinking about the relationship between the different symbolic forms is best elucidated via the paradigm of “organic harmony.” Although Cassirer did not use the term himself, the harmonious cooperation between the parts found in the organic world provided him with a welcome alternative to traditional accounts of order. This article gives three examples of “organic harmony” from which Cassirer drew inspiration: Goethe’s idealistic morphology, Wilhelm von Humboldt’s account of language, and Herder’s account of history. Through (...)
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