102 found
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  1. Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Why has autonomy been a leading idea in philosophical writing on bioethics, and why has trust been marginal? In this important book, Onora O'Neill suggests that the conceptions of individual autonomy so widely relied on in bioethics are philosophically and ethically inadequate, and that they undermine rather than support relations of trust. She shows how Kant's non-individualistic view of autonomy provides a stronger basis for an approach to medicine, science and biotechnology, and does not marginalize untrustworthiness, while also explaining why (...)
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  2. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    Two centuries after they were published, Kant's ethical writings are as much admired and imitated as they have ever been, yet serious and long-standing accusations of internal incoherence remain unresolved. Onora O'Neill traces the alleged incoherences to attempts to assimilate Kant's ethical writings to modern conceptions of rationality, action and rights. When the temptation to assimilate is resisted, a strikingly different and more cohesive account of reason and morality emerges. Kant offers a "constructivist" vindication of reason and a moral vision (...)
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  3. Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning.Onora O'Neill - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Towards Justice and Virtue challenges the rivalry between those who advocate only abstract, universal principles of justice and those who commend only the particularities of virtuous lives. Onora O'Neill traces this impasse to defects in underlying conceptions of reasoning about action. She proposes and vindicates a modest account of ethical reasoning and a reasoned way of answering the question 'who counts?', then uses these to construct linked accounts of principles by which we can move towards just institutions and virtuous lives.
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  4. Bounds of Justice.Onora O'Neill - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays Onora O'Neill explores and argues for an account of justice that is fundamentally cosmopolitan rather than civic, yet takes serious account of institutions and boundaries, and of human diversity and vulnerability. Starting from conceptions that are central to any account of justice - those of reason, action, judgement, coercion, obligations and rights - she discusses whether and how culturally or politically specific concepts and views, which limit the claims and scope of justice, can be avoided. (...)
     
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  5.  29
    Towards Justice and Virtue.Onora O'neill - 1999 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (4):1103-1105.
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  6. A Question of Trust: The Bbc Reith Lectures 2002.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    We say we can no longer trust our public services, institutions or the people who run them. The professionals we have to rely on - politicians, doctors, scientists, businessmen and many others - are treated with suspicion. Their word is doubted, their motives questioned. Whether real or perceived, this crisis of trust has a debilitating impact on society and democracy. Can trust be restored by making people and institutions more accountable? Or do complex systems of accountability and control themselves damage (...)
     
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  7. Agents of Justice.Onora O'Neill - 2001 - Metaphilosophy 32 (1-2):180-195.
  8. Bounds of Justice.Onora O'neill & Katrin Flikschuh - 2003 - Political Theory 31 (2):315-318.
    In this collection of essays Onora O'Neill explores and argues for an account of justice that is fundamentally cosmopolitan rather than civic, yet takes serious account of institutions and boundaries, and of human diversity and vulnerability. Starting from conceptions that are central to any account of justice - those of reason, action, judgement, coercion, obligations and rights - she discusses whether and how culturally or politically specific concepts and views, which limit the claims and scope of justice, can be avoided. (...)
     
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  9. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    Two centuries after they were published, Kant's ethical writings are as much admired and imitated as they have ever been, yet serious and long-standing accusations of internal incoherence remain unresolved. Onora O'Neill traces the alleged incoherences to attempt to assimilate Kant's ethical writings to modern conceptions of rationality, action and rights. When the temptation to assimilate is resisted, a strikingly different and more cohesive account of reason and morality emerges. Kant offers a `constructivist' vindication of reason and a moral vision (...)
     
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  10. Abstraction, Idealization and Ideology in Ethics.Onora O'Neill - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 22:55-69.
    Although Burke, Bentham, Hegel and Marx do not often agree, all criticized certain ethical theories, in particular theories of rights, for being too abstract . The complaint is still popular. It was common in Existentialist and in Wittgensteinian writing that stressed the importance of cases and examples rather than principles for the moral life; it has been prominent in recent Hegelian and Aristotelian flavoured writing, which stresses the importance of the virtues; it is reiterated in discussions that stress the distinctiveness (...)
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  11.  52
    Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning.Tamar Schapiro & Onora O'Neill - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):97.
    Towards Justice and Virtue is Onora O’Neill’s most developed account thus far of her distinctive approach to moral and political philosophy. Readers who are already familiar with O’Neill’s articles and her two previous books will appreciate the way it brings together in one sustained and rigorous argument the various themes which have occupied her attention over the years. Those who are new to O’Neill’s work will find in it a lucid, accessible, and provocative challenge to contemporary ethical theories.
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  12.  80
    Public Health or Clinical Ethics: Thinking Beyond Borders.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (2):35-45.
    A normatively adequate public health ethics needs to be anchored in political philosophy rather than in ethics. Its central ethical concerns are likely to include trust and justice, rather than autonomy and informed consent.
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  13. Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning.Onora O'neill - 1996 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (3):624-624.
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  14. Faces of Hunger: An Essay on Poverty, Justice, and Development.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - G. Allen & Unwin.
  15. Between Consenting Adults.Onora O'Neill - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (3):252-277.
  16.  22
    Impartial Reason.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):60-64.
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  17. Constructivism VS. Contractualism.Onora O'Neill - 2003 - Ratio 16 (4):319–331.
  18.  39
    9 Constructivism in Rawls and Kant1.Onora O'neill - 2003 - In Samuel Richard Freeman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rawls. Cambridge University Press. pp. 347.
  19. Political Liberalism and Public Reason: A Critical Notice of John Rawls, Political Liberalism.Onora O'Neill - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):411-428.
    Rawls hoped to meet these critics on their own ground by accepting that a comprehensive liberal position cannot be vindicated and by showing how a less ambitious, merely political, version of liberalism could be vindicated. His conception of political liberalism was less ambitious in two ways. In the first place its substantive normative claims were confined to the domain of politics: all he aspired to was a liberal theory of justice. Secondly, he argued that liberalism could dispense with metaphysical and (...)
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  20. Acting on Principle: An Essay on Kantian Ethics.Onora O'Neill - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Two things', wrote Kant, 'fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe: the starry heavens above and the moral law within'. Many would argue that since Kant's day, the study of the starry heavens has advanced while ethics has stagnated, and in particular that Kant's ethics offers an empty formalism that tells us nothing about how we should live. In Acting on Principle Onora O'Neill shows that Kantian ethics has practical as well as philosophical importance. First published (...)
     
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  21. Autonomy: The Emperor's New Clothes.Onora O'Neill - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):1–21.
    Conceptions of individual autonomy and of rational autonomy have played large parts in twentieth century moral philosophy, yet it is hard to see how either could be basic to morality. Kant's conception of autonomy is radically different. He predicated autonomy neither of individual selves nor of processes of choosing, but of principles of action. Principles of action are Kantianly autonomous only if they are law-like in form and could be universal in scope; they are heteronomous if, although law-like in form, (...)
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  22. Consistency in Action.Onora O'Neill - 1998 - In James Rachels (ed.), Ethical Theory 2: Theories About How We Should Live. Oxford University Press.
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  23. Constructing Authorities: Reason, Politics and Interpretation in Kant's Philosophy.Onora O'Neill - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays brings together the central lines of thought in Onora O'Neill's work on Kant's philosophy, developed over many years. Challenging the claim that Kant's attempt to provide a critique of reason fails because it collapses into a dogmatic argument from authority, O'Neill shows why Kant held that we must construct, rather than assume, the authority of reason, and how this can be done by ensuring that anything we offer as reasons can be followed by others, including others (...)
     
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  24.  30
    Trust and Accountability in a Digital Age.Onora O'Neill - forthcoming - Philosophy:1-15.
    I have a very particular reason to be grateful to Stewart Sutherland, our late President, which is connected to some of the themes of this lecture, so want to begin by recalling a long conversation I had with him on these topics.
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  25. Children's Rights and Children's Lives.Onora O'Neill - 1988 - Ethics 98 (3):445-463.
  26. The Public Use of Reason.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Political Theory 14 (4):523-551.
  27. The Moral Perplexities of Famine Relief.Onora O'Neill - 1980 - In Tom L. Beauchamp & Tom Regan (eds.), Matters of Life and Death. Temple University Press.
     
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  28. Kant and the Social Contract Tradition.Onora O'Neill - 2012 - In Elisabeth Ellis (ed.), Kant's Political Theory: Interpretations and Applications. Pennsylvania State University Press.
  29. Acting on Principle: An Essay on Kantian Ethics.Onora O'Neill - 1975 - Columbia University Press.
    'Two things', wrote Kant, 'fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe: the starry heavens above and the moral law within'. Many would argue that since Kant's day, the study of the starry heavens has advanced while ethics has stagnated, and in particular that Kant's ethics offers an empty formalism that tells us nothing about how we should live. In Acting on Principle Onora O'Neill shows that Kantian ethics has practical as well as philosophical importance. First published (...)
     
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  30. A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics.Onora O'Neill - 2009 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  31.  9
    Plural and Conflicting Values.Onora O'Neill - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):370-372.
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  32.  6
    The Inaugural Address: Autonomy: The Emperor's New Clothes.Onora O'neill - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 77:1-21.
    Conceptions of individual autonomy and of rational autonomy have played large parts in twentieth century moral philosophy, yet it is hard to see how either could be basic to morality. Kant's conception of autonomy is radically different. He predicated autonomy neither of individual selves nor of processes of choosing, but of principles of action. Principles of action are Kantianly autonomous only if they are law-like in form and could be universal in scope; they are heteronomous if, although law-like in form, (...)
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  33. Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature.Onora O'Neill - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211–228.
    Kant's ethics, like others, has unavoidable anthropocentric starting points: only humans, or other 'rational natures', can hold obligations. Seemingly this should not make speciesist conclusions unavoidable: might not rational natures have obligations to the non-rational? However, Kant's argument for the unconditional value of rational natures cannot readily be extended to show that all non-human animals have unconditional value, or rights. Nevertheless Kant's speciesism is not thoroughgoing. He does not view non-rational animals as mere items for use. He allows for indirect (...)
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  34. Consequences for Non-Consequentialists.Onora O'neill - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):1-11.
    Both consequentialist and non-consequentialist ethical reasoning have difficulties in accounting for the value of consequences. Taken neat, consequentialism is too fierce in its emphasis on success and disregard of luck, while non-consequentialism seemingly over-values inner states and undervalues actual results. In UneasyVirtue Julia Driver proposes a form of objective consequentialism which claims that characters are good if they typically (but not invariably) produce good results. This position addresses the problems moral luck raises for consequentialism, but requires some form of realism (...)
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  35. Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature.Allen W. Wood & Onora O'neill - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 72:189-228.
    [Allen W. Wood] Kant's moral philosophy is grounded on the dignity of humanity as its sole fundamental value, and involves the claim that human beings are to be regarded as the ultimate end of nature. It might be thought that a theory of this kind would be incapable of grounding any conception of our relation to other living things or to the natural world which would value nonhuman creatures or respect humanity's natural environment. This paper criticizes Kant's argumentative strategy for (...)
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  36.  8
    Autonomy: The Emperor's New Clothes.Onora O'neill - 2003 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 77 (1):1-21.
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  37.  58
    Making Laws Better or Making Better Laws?Onora O'Neill - 2012 - Jurisprudence 3 (1):1-12.
    Accounts of good legislative process require a prior understanding of the features that make laws good. Yet many contemporary discussions of ways to improve legislative process say little about the quality of laws. Although it is widely taken as read that laws should not be unjust, too little is said about the importance of their being comprehensible and ascertainable, or about the requirements they set being feasible for those who are to comply. It is unclear whether certain widely discussed ways (...)
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  38.  62
    Ethical Reasoning and Ideological Pluralism.Onora O'Neill - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):705-722.
  39.  33
    Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature: Onora O’Neill.Onora O'neill - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):211-228.
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  40.  8
    I. The Public Use of Reason.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Political Theory 14 (4):523-551.
  41.  79
    The Power of Example.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (235):5 - 29.
    The examples of which he complained were trivial in either or both of two ways. Some were examples of the minor perplexities of life, such as returning library books or annoying the neighbours with one's music; some were examples described only in outline rather than in depth; and some examples were both minor and schematic.
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  42.  40
    Environmental Values, Anthropocentrism and Speciesism.Onora O'Neill - 1997 - Environmental Values 6 (2):127-142.
    Ethical reasoning of all types is anthropocentric, in that it is addressed to agents, but anthropocentric starting points vary in the preference they accord the human species. Realist claims about environmental values, utilitarian reasoning and rights-based reasoning all have difficulties in according ethical concern to certain all aspects of natural world. Obligation-based reasoning can provide quite strong if incomplete reasons to protect the natural world, including individual non-human animals. Although it cannot establish all the conclusions to which anti-speciesists aspire, it (...)
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  43.  44
    Who Can Endeavour Peace?Onora O'neill - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (sup1):41-73.
    (1986). Who Can Endeavour Peace? Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 16, Supplementary Volume 12: Nuclear Weapons, Deterrence and Disarmament, pp. 41-73.
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  44. I. Kant After Virtue.Onora O'Neill - 1983 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 26 (4):387 – 405.
    Maclntyre's refurbishing of Aristotelian ethics aims to restore both intelligibility and rationality to moral discourse. In After Virtue he concentrates on showing how intelligible action requires that lives be led within institutional and cultural traditions. But he does not offer a developed account of practical reason which could provide grounds for seeking some rather than other intelligible continuations of lives and traditions. Despite Maclntyre's criticisms of Kant's ethics, a Kantian account of practical reasoning may complement his account of intelligibility. An (...)
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  45. Normativity and Practical Judgement.Onora O'Neill - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):393-405.
    Norms are apt for reasoning because they have propositional structure and content; they are practical because they aim to guide action, rather than to describe aspects of the world. These two features hold equally of norms construed sociologically as the norms of specific social groups, and of norms conceived abstractly as principles of action. On either view, norms are indeterminate while acts are particular and determinate. Consequently norms cannot fully specify which particular act is to be done. Are they then (...)
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  46.  11
    Constructivism VS. Contractualism.Onora O'neill - 2003 - Ratio 16 (4):319-331.
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  47.  70
    Modern Moral Philosophy and the Problem of Relevant Descriptions.Onora O'Neill - 2004 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 54:301-316.
    Anscombe's indictment of modern moral philosophy is full-blooded. She began with three strong claims: The first is that is not profitable to do moral philosophy… until we have an adequate philosophy of psychology, in which we are conspicuously lacking. The second is that the concepts of obligation and duty… and of the moral sense of ‘ought’, ought to be jettisoned… because they are derivatives… from an earlier conception of ethics… and are only harmful without it. The third thesis is that (...)
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  48. Ethics for Communication?Onora O'Neill - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):167-180.
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  49.  19
    Informed Consent and Genetic Information.Onora O'Neill - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (4):689-704.
  50.  46
    The Inaugural Address: Autonomy: The Emperor's New Clothes.Onora O'Neill - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77:1 - 21.
    Conceptions of individual autonomy and of rational autonomy have played large parts in twentieth century moral philosophy, yet it is hard to see how either could be basic to morality. Kant's conception of autonomy is radically different. He predicated autonomy neither of individual selves nor of processes of choosing, but of principles of action. Principles of action are Kantianly autonomous only if they are law-like in form and could be universal in scope; they are heteronomous if, although law-like in form, (...)
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