Results for 'Ontological Argument'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Ontological Arguments.Graham Oppy - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 86:66-73.
    This article is a brief overview of major ontological arguments. The most noteworthy feature of this article is the statement of a new parody of the Anselmian and Cartesian arguments that is obviously immune to objections adverting to intrinsic minima and maxima.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  2. Ontological Arguments.Graham Oppy - 2014 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Latest version of my SEP entry on ontological arguments, which first appeared in 1996. General discussion of ontological arguments. Includes a brief historical overview, a taxonomy of different kinds of ontological arguments, a brief survey of objections to the different kinds of ontological arguments identified in the taxonomy, and more extended discussions of Anselm's ontological argument (Proslogion 2), Godel's ontological argument, and Plantinga's ontological argument.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  3. Ontological Arguments and Belief in God.Graham Oppy - 1995 - Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a unique contribution to the philosophy of religion. It offers a comprehensive discussion of one of the most famous arguments for the existence of God: the ontological argument. The author provides and analyses a critical taxonomy of those versions of the argument that have been advanced in recent philosophical literature, as well as of those historically important versions found in the work of St Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, Hegel and others. A central thesis of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  4.  71
    Ontological Arguments.Graham Oppy - 2020 - Think 19 (55):11-21.
    This is a short introduction to ontological arguments. It begins with a brief characterization of ontological arguments that proceeds mainly by way of example. The rest of the discussion is given over to consideration of what looks like a very simple ontological argument. This consideration turns up many of the issues that arise when more complex ontological arguments are examined.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  5. Ontological Arguments and Belief in God. [REVIEW]Graham Oppy - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (193):553-555.
    Review of Graham Oppy *Ontological Arguments and Belief in God* (CUP).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  6. Ontological Arguments and Belief in God. [REVIEW]Graham Oppy - 1995 - Mind 107 (425):239-242.
    Review of Graham Oppy *Ontological Arguments and Belief in God* (CUP).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  7. The Ontological Argument Simplified.Gareth B. Matthews & Lynne Rudder Baker - 2010 - Analysis 70 (2):210-212.
    The ontological argument in Anselm’s Proslogion II continues to generate a remarkable store of sophisticated commentary and criticism. However, in our opinion, much of this literature ignores or misrepresents the elegant simplicity of the original argument. The dialogue below seeks to restore that simplicity, with one important modification. Like the original, it retains the form of a reductio, which we think is essential to the argument’s great genius. However, it seeks to skirt the difficult question of (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  8.  49
    Ontological Arguments and Belief in God. [REVIEW]Richard M. Gale - 1995 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):715-719.
  9. Godelian Ontological Arguments.G. Oppy - 1996 - Analysis 56 (4):226-230.
    This paper aims to show that Godel's ontological argument can be parodied in much the same kind of way in which Gaunilo parodied Anselm's Proslogion argument. The parody in this paper fails; there is a patch provided in "Reply to Gettings" (Analysis 60, 4, 2000, 363-7).
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  10. Ontological Arguments : Interpretive Charity and Quantifier Variance.Eli Hirsch - 2008 - In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 367--81.
  11.  52
    The Ontological Argument.Jonathan Barnes - 1972 - [New York]St. Martin's Press.
  12. The Ontological Argument.Graham Oppy - 2008 - In Paul Copan & Chad V. Meister (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues. Oxford UK: Blackwell.
    General discussion of ontological arguments. (Extended the discussion of ontological arguments in the then current version of my SEP entry on ontological arguments.).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13. The Ontological Argument and the Motivational Centres of Lives.Alexander R. Pruss - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):233-249.
    Assuming S₅, the main controversial premise in modal ontological arguments is the possibility premise, such as that possibly a maximally great being exists. I shall offer a new way of arguing that the possibility premise is probably true.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  14. Ontological’ Arguments From Experience: Daniel A. Dombrowski, Iris Murdoch, and the Nature of Divine Reality.Elizabeth D. Burns - 2013 - Religious Studies 49 (4):459-480.
    Dombrowski and Murdoch offer versions of the ontological argument which aim to avoid two types of objection – those concerned with the nature of the divine, and those concerned with the move from an abstract concept to a mind-independent reality. For both, the nature of the concept of God/Good entails its instantiation, and both supply a supporting argument from experience. It is only Murdoch who successfully negotiates the transition from an abstract concept to the instantiation of that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  34
    What Ontological Arguments Don’T Show.Mylan Engel - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 88 (1):97-114.
    Daniel Dombrowski contends that: a number of versions of the ontological argument [OA] are sound; the deity whose existence is most well established by the OA is the deity picked out by Hartshorne’s neoclassical concept of God; skeptics who insist that the OA only shows that “if God exists, then God exists necessarily” are contradicting themselves, and the OA is worth a great deal since it effectively demonstrates the rationality of theism. I argue that theses and are clearly (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  88
    The Ontological Argument From Descartes to Hegel.Kevin J. Harrelson - 2008 - Humanity Books.
    Proof and perception : the context of the argumentum cartesianum -- Refutations of atheism : ontological arguments in English philosophy, 1652-1705 -- Being and intuition : Malebranche's appropriation of the argument -- An adequate conception : the argument in Spinoza's philosophy -- Ontological arguments in Leibniz and the German enlightenment -- Kant's systematic critique of the ontological argument -- Hegel's reconstruction of the argument.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17. The Ontological Argument as an Exercise in Cartesian Therapy.Lawrence Nolan - 2005 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):521 - 562.
    I argue that Descartes intended the so-called ontological "argument" as a self-validating intuition, rather than as a formal proof. The textual evidence for this view is highly compelling, but the strongest support comes from understanding Descartes's diagnosis for why God's existence is not 'immediately' self-evident to everyone and the method of analysis that he develops for making it self-evident. The larger aim of the paper is to use the ontological argument as a case study of Descartes's (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. The Ontological Argument.Brian Leftow - 2005 - In William J. Wainwright (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter presents and critically discusses the main historical variants of the “ontological argument,” a form of a priori argument for the existence of God pioneered by Anselm of Canterbury. I assess the contributions of Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, and Gödel, and criticisms by Gaunilo, Kant, and Oppy among others.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  19. Kant on the Ontological Argument.Ian Proops - 2015 - Noûs 49 (1):1-27.
    The article examines Kant's various criticisms of the broadly Cartesian ontological argument as they are developed in the Critique of Pure Reason. It is argued that each of these criticisms is effective against its intended target, and that these targets include—in addition to Descartes himself—Leibniz, Wolff, and Baumgarten. It is argued that Kant's most famous criticism—the charge that being is not a real predicate—is directed exclusively against Leibniz. Kant's argument for this thesis—the argument proceeding from his (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20. Ontological Arguments.Peter van Inwagen - 1977 - Noûs 11 (4):375-395.
  21.  98
    Ontological Arguments and the Superiority of Existence: Reply to Nagasawa.Peter Millican - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):1041-1054.
    Yujin Nagasawa accuses me of attributing to Anselm a principle (the 'principle of the superiority of existence', or PSE) which is not present in his text and which weakens, rather than strengthens, his Ontological Argument. I am undogmatic about the interpretative issue, but insist on a philosophical point: that Nagasawa's rejection of PSE does not help the argument, and appears to do so only because he overlooks the same ambiguity that vitiates the original. My conclusion therefore remains: (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  22. Hegel and the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.Paul Redding & Paolo Diego Bubbio - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (4):465-486.
    We reconstruct Hegel's implicit version of the ontological argument in the light of his anti-representationalist idealist metaphysics. For Hegel, the ontological argument had been a peculiarly modern form of argument for the existence of God, presupposing a ‘representationalist’ account of the mind and its concepts. As such, it was susceptible to Kant's famous refutation, but Kant himself had provided a model for an alternative conception ofconcept, one developed by Fichte with his notion of the I=I. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  23.  31
    The Ontological Argument and the Motivational Centres of Lives: ALEXANDER R. PRUSS.Alexander R. Pruss - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):233-249.
    Assuming S5, the main controversial premise in modal ontological arguments is the possibility premise, such as that possibly a maximally great being exists. I shall offer a new way of arguing that the possibility premise is probably true.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  24. Objection to a Simplified Ontological Argument.G. Oppy - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):105-106.
    This paper offers a short extension of the dialogue between Anselm and the Fool that is contained in "The Ontological Argument Simplified" by Gary Matthews and Lynne Rudder Baker. My extension of the dialogue ends with the Fool proclaiming that "what looks like an argument of elegant simplicity turns out to be no argument at all".
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  25. Agodelian Ontological Argument Improved Even More.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. pp. 50--203.
  26. The Ontological Argument Revisited.William P. Alston - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (4):452-474.
  27.  82
    An Ontological Argument for the Devil.Marjorie Haight - 1970 - The Monist 54 (2):218-220.
    After so many centuries of debate, much of it even quite recent, as to the credibility of Anselm’s and others’ ontological arguments for the existence of God, it seems only fair to the opposition that some such argument be proposed for Satan’s existence. It must be noted, however, that in advocating the Devil’s existence, we may be no more than playing the Devil’s advocate.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  28.  41
    The Ontological Argument.Alvin Plantinga & Jonathan Barnes - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (4):582.
  29. The Ontological Argument and the Devil.Yujin Nagasawa - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238):72-91.
    The 'parody objection' to the ontological argument for the existence of God advances parallel arguments apparently proving the existence of various absurd entities. I discuss recent versions of the parody objection concerning the existence of 'AntiGod' and the devil, as introduced by Peter Millican and Timothy Chambers. I argue that the parody objection always fails, because any parody is either (i) not structurally parallel to the ontological argument, or (ii) not dialectically parallel to the ontological (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30. Giving the Ontological Argument Its Due.C’Zar Bernstein - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (3):665-679.
    In this paper, I shall present and defend an ontological argument for the existence of God. The argument has two premises: possibly, God exists, and necessary existence is a perfection. I then defend, at length, arguments for both of these premises. Finally, I shall address common objections to ontological arguments, such as the Kantian slogan, and Gaunilo-style parodies, and argue that they do not succeed. I conclude that there is at least one extant ontological (...) that is plausibly sound. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  55
    Formal Approaches to the Ontological Argument.Ricardo Silvestre & Jean-Yves Beziau - 2018 - Journal of Applied Logics 5 (7):1433-1440.
    This paper introduces the special issue on Formal Approaches to the Ontological Argument of the Journal of Applied Logics (College Publications). The issue contains the following articles: Formal Approaches to the Ontological Argument, by Ricardo Sousa Silvestre and Jean-Yves Béziau; A Brief Critical Introduction to the Ontological Argument and its Formalization: Anselm, Gaunilo, Descartes, Leibniz and Kant, by Ricardo Sousa Silvestre; A Mechanically Assisted Examination of Begging the Question in Anselm’s Ontological Argument, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  5
    Ontological Arguments and Belief in God.Billy Joe Lucas - 1995 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 41 (3):181-183.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  33. Some Ontological Arguments.Hugh S. Chandler - 1993 - Faith and Philosophy 10 (1):18-32.
    This was an attempt to show what is wrong with Anselm’s ‘Ontological Argument’ for the existence of God. My present view is that Peter Millican has given us a similar, but much better line of attack in his “The One Fatal Flaw….” Paper.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34. The Ontological Argument in Spinoza.William A. Earle - 1950 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 11 (4):549-554.
  35. Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response.Daniel A. Dombrowski - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years, the ontological argument and theistic metaphysics have been criticised by philosophers working in both the analytic and continental traditions. Responses to these criticisms have primarily come from philosophers who make use of the traditional, and problematic, concept of God. In this volume, Daniel A. Dombrowski defends the ontological argument against its contemporary critics, but he does so by using a neoclassical or process concept of God, thereby strengthening the case for a contemporary theistic (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  36. The Ontological Argument.Robert E. Maydole - 2009 - In William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Blackwell. pp. 553--592.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  37. Anselm's Ontological Arguments.Norman Malcolm - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (1):41-62.
  38. The Ontological Argument.Gareth B. Matthews - 2004 - In William Mann (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  39.  23
    The Ontological Argument and Russell's Antinomy.Sara L. Uckelman - 2009 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (3-4):309-312.
    In this short note we respond to the claim made by Christopher Viger in [4] that Anselm’s so-called ontological argument falls prey to Russell’s paradox. We show that Viger’s argument is based on a flawed premise and hence does not in fact demonstrate what he claims it demonstrates.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  8
    An Ontological Argument for the Devil.David HaightMarjorie Haight - 1970 - The Monist 54 (2):218-220.
    After so many centuries of debate, much of it even quite recent, as to the credibility of Anselm’s and others’ ontological arguments for the existence of God, it seems only fair to the opposition that some such argument be proposed for Satan’s existence. It must be noted, however, that in advocating the Devil’s existence, we may be no more than playing the Devil’s advocate.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  41. The Ontological Argument.J. R. Lucas - manuscript
    The ontological argument has run for a long time, regularly refuted, regularly re-appearing in a new form. Something can be learnt from its longevity. Its proponents must be on to something, or it would not have survived its many refutations. But equally, it must have been much misformulated, or it would not have seemed evidently fallacious to its many critics. Perhaps it does express a deep philosophical intimation. Certainly it has been taken to prove more than it really (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  28
    The Ontological Argument.James Cargile - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (191):69 - 80.
    There are several styles of ontological argument. Here are examples of the first style. God has all perfections. Existence is a perfection. ∴God exists. All perfect beings exist. God is a perfect being. ∴God exists. God couldn't be improved. A being that doesn't exist could be improved . ∴God exists.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  43. The Ontological Argument From St. Anselm to Contemporary Philosophers.Plantinga Alvin (ed.) - 1968 - London: Macmillan.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  44. The Modal Ontological Argument.R. Kane - 1984 - Mind 93 (371):336-350.
    The structure of the second, Or so-Called modal version of anselm's ontological argument is discussed in relation to various systems of alethic modal logic. It is argued that there are three current problems standing in the way of acceptance of the argument, Each related to its modal structure, And each an analogue of a traditional objection to anselm's original argument. Two of these problems can probably be solved, But the third remains recalcitrant.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  45.  45
    The Ontological Argument.Stephen Makin - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):83 - 91.
    I will offer a defence of Anselm's Ontological Argument, building on some suggestions made by Prior. The defence offered avoids one of the objections commonly levelled against the Ontological Argument. I will not consider whether the use of this objection involves a misinterpretation of the argument as put forward by Anselm. It might, for example, be held that the argument of Proslogion 2 is programmatic, and points forward to Prosiogion 3, and arguments given by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. A Gödelian Ontological Argument Improved.Alexander R. Pruss - 2009 - Religious Studies 45 (3):347-353.
    Gödel's ontological argument is a formal argument for a being defined in terms of the concept of a positive property. I shall defend several versions of Gödel's argument, using weaker premises than Anderson's (1990) version, and avoiding Oppy's (1996 and 2000) parody refutations.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  47. Millican on the Ontological Argument.Yujin Nagasawa - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):1027-1040.
    Peter Millican (2004) provides a novel and elaborate objection to Anselm's ontological argument. Millican thinks that his objection is more powerful than any other because it does not dispute contentious 'deep philosophical theories' that underlie the argument. Instead, it tries to reveal the 'fatal flaw' of the argument by considering its 'shallow logical details'. Millican's objection is based on his interpretation of the argument, according to which Anselm relies on what I call the 'principle of (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  48. Spinoza's "Ontological" Argument.Don Garrett - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (2):198-223.
    I argue that spinoza's ontological argument is successful when it is understood to have two premises: (i) it is possible for god to exist, (ii) it is necessary that, if god exists, he necessarily does. the argument is valid in s5. spinoza is in a position to establish the second premise of the argument on the basis of his definitions and axioms. the first premise was assumed to be true, but, as leibniz noted, it must be (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  49.  74
    A Simplified Ontological Argument and Fictional Entities.Gianluca Di Muzio - 2015 - Think 14 (40):101-107.
    This paper shows that a recent, simplified version of St. Anselm's proof of the existence of God has its flank open to Gaunilo's objection. Reformulating Anselm's line of reasoning in terms of the distinction between mediated and unmediated causal powers, as the simplified proof does, makes it harder for Anselm's supporters to refute the objection that the ontological argument absurdly entails the existence of all kinds of fictional entities.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50. Two Ontological Arguments for the Existence of an Omniscient Being.Jason Megill - 2012 - In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. pp. 50--77.
1 — 50 / 1000