Results for 'Ontological categories'

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  1. The Construction of Ontological Categories.Jan Westerhoff - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (4):595 – 620.
    I describe an account of ontological categories which does justice to the facts that not all categories are ontological categories and that ontological categories can stand in containment relations. The account sorts objects into different categories in the same way in which grammar sorts expressions . It then identifies the ontological categories with those which play a certain role in the systematization of collections of categories. The paper concludes by (...)
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  2. Defining Ontological Categories in an Expansion of Belief Dynamics.Jan Westerhoff - 2002 - Logic and Logical Analysis 10 (3):199-210.
    There have been attempts to get some logic out of belief dynamics, i.e. attempts to define the constants of propositional logic in terms of functions from sets of beliefs to sets of beliefs. It is interesting to see whether something similar can be done for ontological categories, i.e. ontological constants. The theory presented here will be a (modest) expansion of belief dynamics: it will not only incorporate beliefs, but also parts of beliefs, so called belief fragments. On (...)
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  3.  86
    Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance.Jan Westerhoff - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The concept of an ontological category is central to metaphysics. Metaphysicians argue about which category of existence an object should be assigned to, whether one category can be reduced to another one, or whether there might be different equally adequate systems of categorization. Answers to these questions presuppose a clear understanding of what precisely an ontological category is, and Jan Westerhoff now provides the first in-depth analysis. After examining a variety of attempted definitions, he proceeds to argue for (...)
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    The Non-Existence of Ontological Categories: A Defence of Lowe.J. T. M. Miller - 2016 - Metaphysica 17 (2).
    This paper addresses the ontological status of the ontological categories as defended within E.J. Lowe’s four-category ontology (kinds, objects, properties/relations, and modes). I consider the arguments in Griffith (2015. “Do Ontological Categories Exist?” Metaphysica 16 (1):25–35) against Lowe’s claim that ontological categories do not exist, and argue that Griffith’s objections to Lowe do not work once we fully take advantage of ontological resources available within Lowe’s four-category ontology. I then argue that the (...)
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    Do Ontological Categories Exist?Aaron M. Griffith - 2015 - Metaphysica 16 (1).
    This paper concerns the ontological status of ontological categories (e.g., universal, particular, substance, property, relation, kind, object, etc.). I consider E.J. Lowe’s argument for the view that ontological categories do not exist and point out that it has some undesirable consequences for his realist ontology. I go on to argue that the main premise in Lowe’s argument—that ontological categories cannot be categorized—is false and then develop a conception of ontological categories as (...)
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    Legal Concepts as Inferential Nodes and Ontological Categories.Giovanni Sartor - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (3):217-251.
    I shall compare two views of legal concepts: as nodes in inferential nets and as categories in an ontology (a conceptual architecture). Firstly, I shall introduce the inferential approach, consider its implications, and distinguish the mere possession of an inferentially defined concept from the belief in the concept’s applicability, which also involves the acceptance of the concept’s constitutive inferences. For making this distinction, the inferential and eliminative analysis of legal concepts proposed by Alf Ross will be connected to the (...)
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    Ontological Categories in GOL.Barbara Heller & Heinrich Herre - 2004 - Axiomathes 14 (1-3):57-76.
    General Ontological Language (GOL) is a formal framework for representing and building ontologies. The purpose of GOL is to provide a system of top-level ontologies which can be used as a basis for building domain-specific ontologies. The present paper gives an overview about the basic categories of the GOL-ontology. GOL is part of the work of the research group Ontologies in Medicine (Onto-Med) at the University of Leipzig which is based on the collaborative work of the Institute of (...)
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    Ontological Categories Guide Young Children's Inductions of Word Meaning: Object Terms and Substance Terms.Nancy N. Soja, Susan Carey & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 1991 - Cognition 38 (2):179-211.
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  9.  96
    Kantian Humility and Ontological Categories.Sam Cowling - 2010 - Analysis 70 (4):659-665.
  10.  2
    Ontological Categories Guide Young Children's Inductions of Word Meaning.Nancy N. Soja, Susan Carey & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 1993 - In Alvin Goldman (ed.), Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Cambridge: MIT Press.
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  11.  68
    Ontological Categories and Natural Kinds.E. J. Lowe - 1997 - Philosophical Papers 26 (1):29-46.
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    On Determining What There Is: The Identity of Ontological Categories in Aquinas, Scotus, and Lowe (Review).Heine Hansen - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (1):120-121.
  13.  42
    Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance – Jan Westerhoff.Panayot Butchvarov - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):301–303.
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    The Basic Ontological Categories.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1992 - In Kevin Mulligan (ed.), Language, Truth and Ontology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 1--13.
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  15.  9
    On Determining What There Is: The Identity of Ontological Categories in Aquinas, Scotus, and Lowe. By Paul Symington.James D. Madden - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):804 - 806.
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    Defining Ontological Categories in an Expansion of Belief Dynamics.Jan Westerhoff - 2002 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 10:199.
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  17. Jan Westerhoff, Ontological Categories[REVIEW]Stephen Mcleod - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28:306-308.
     
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  18. Ontological Categories and How to Use Them.Amie Thomasson - 1997 - Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 5.
     
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  19. Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance.Westerhoff Jan - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):301-303.
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  20.  44
    Geographical Categories: An Ontological Investigation.Barry Smith & David M. Mark - 2001 - International Journal of Geographical Information Science 15 (7):591–612.
    This paper reports the results of a series of experiments designed to establish how non-expert subjects conceptualize geospatial phenomena. Subjects were asked to give examples of geographical categories in response to a series of differently phrased elicitations. The results yield an ontology of geographical categories—a catalogue of the prime geospatial concepts and categories shared in common by human subjects independently of their exposure to scientific geography. When combined with nouns such as feature and object, the adjective geographic (...)
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  21.  6
    FrontmatterCONTENTSForeword to the Second editionPreface1. Ontology2. Irreductive Materialism3. States of Affairs and Qualities4. Exclusive and Inclusive Qualities5. Actions and Functions6. Patterns, Changes, and Pure Gestalten7. Self-Sustaining Gestalten and Gestalten Causa Sui8. External, Internal, and Grounded Relations9. Existential Dependence10. Container Space and Relational Space11. Tendency12. Efficient Causality13. Intentionality14. Nature: Parts and Wholes Without Intentionality15. Man and Society: Nested Intentionality16. Epistemological PositionsNotesBibliographyIndexAppendix 1: An Aphoristic Summary of Ontological InvestigationsAppendix 2: Determinables as UniversalsAppendix 3: Ontologies and Concepts. Two ProposalsBackmatter: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man and Soceity. [REVIEW]Ingvar Johansson - 2004 - In Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man and Soceity. De Gruyter. pp. 1-21.
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  22.  65
    Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man, and Society.Ingvar Johansson - 1989 - Routledge.
    ONTOLOGY This book is a book about the world. I am concerned with ontology, not merely with language. Many ontological treatises concentrate largely on the ...
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  23. Ontological Frameworks for Scientific Theories.Jonas R. B. Arenhart - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (4):339-356.
    A close examination of the literature on ontology may strike one with roughly two distinct senses of this word. According to the first of them, which we shall call traditional ontology , ontology is characterized as the a priori study of various “ontological categories”. In a second sense, which may be called naturalized ontology , ontology relies on our best scientific theories and from them it tries to derive the ultimate furniture of the world. From a methodological point (...)
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  24.  80
    Categories and Ontological Dependence.Daniel Nolan - 2011 - The Monist 94 (2):277-301.
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    On Maxwell Suffis’s “From the Ground Up: Explaining Category Differences in Ontological Pluralism”.Klaus Ladstaetter - 2014 - Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (2):17-24.
    Maxwell Suffis discusses what he calls the problem of fundamental difference: Why do things belong to different ontological categories? Suffis focuses on two attempts to answer the question: 1. Jonathan Schaffer's Neo-Aristotelian conception of grounding (according to which things belong to different ontological categories because they are grounded by different levels of things), and 2. Kris McDaniel's ontological pluralism, "the doctrine that there are ways of being" (according to which things belong to different ontological (...)
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    Re-Evaluating Linguistic Relativity: Language-Specific Categories and the Role of Universal Ontological Knowledge in the Construal of Individuation.Mutsumi Imai & Reiko Mazuka - 2003 - In Dedre Getner & Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds.), Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought. MIT Press. pp. 429--464.
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  27.  35
    The Ontological Status of Categories.Jorge J. E. Gracia - 1999 - International Philosophical Quarterly 39 (3):249-264.
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  28.  1
    Ontological Burden of Grammatical Categories.Toshiharu Waragai - 1979 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 5 (4):185-205.
  29. Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man and Society. [REVIEW]E. M. Adams - 1991 - International Studies in Philosophy 23 (3):121-122.
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  30. Rec av Ingvar Johansson: Ontological Investigations. An Inquiry into the Categories of Nature, Man and Society.Lars Bergström - 1989 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 10 (4):34.
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  31. Syrianus the Platonist on Aristotle’s Categories 8a13–B24: The Ontological Place of Skhesis in Later Platonic Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Sarah Klitenic Wear - 2014 - Quaestiones Disputatae 4 (2):58-72.
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  32.  71
    Causes and Categories.Nathanael Stein - 2016 - Noûs 50 (3):465-489.
    Philosophers discussing causation take on, as one of their responsibilities, the task of specifying an ontology of causation. Both standard and non-standard accounts of that ontology make two assumptions: that the ontological category of causal relata admits a unique specification, and that cause and effect are of the same ontological type. These assumptions are rarely made explicit, but there is in fact little reason to think them true. It is argued here that, if the question has any interest, (...)
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  33. Dispositions, Laws, and Categories.Ludger Jansen - 2007 - Metaphysica 8 (2):211-220.
    After a short sketch of Lowe’s account of his four basic categories, I discuss his theory of formal ontological relations and how Lowe wants to account for dispositional predications. I argue that on the ontic level Lowe is a pan-categoricalist, while he is a language dualist and an exemplification dualist with regard to the dispositional/categorical distinction. I argue that Lowe does not present an adequate account of disposition. From an Aristotelian point of view, Lowe conflates dispositional predication with (...)
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  34.  8
    Operations for a Problem of Existence: Dealing with the Ontological Uncertainty of Nano Substances.Brice Laurent - 2015 - Foundations of Chemistry 17 (3):207-224.
    This paper discusses the operations meant to act on situations of ontological uncertainties for chemicals. Using examples related to substances developed as part of nanotechnology programs, it analyses technical and social instruments meant to define the existence of these substances, as « new » or « existing » chemicals. Carbon nanotubes developed by a French company offer an illustration of containment, while the legal disputes about nano silver in the U.S. display oppositions about whether or not these compounds are (...)
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  35.  41
    Revisionaarinen metafysiikka.Markku Keinänen - 2008 - Ajatus 65.
    This article defends strong formal ontological conception of ontological categories against Lewis's "deflanationary" conception. Here, it sides with E.J. Lowe (1998) among others. However, the paper argues against Lowe's conception of metaphysics as an a priori science. Different category systems are compared and the best system is selected on the basis of its ability to accommodate our the best a posteriori conceptions of reality.
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  36. Contemporary Aristotelian Metaphysics.Tuomas E. Tahko (ed.) - 2012 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotelian metaphysics is currently undergoing something of a renaissance. This volume brings together fourteen essays from leading philosophers who are sympathetic to this conception of metaphysics, which takes its cue from the idea that metaphysics is the first philosophy. The primary input from Aristotle is methodological, but many themes familiar from his metaphysics will be discussed, including ontological categories, the role and interpretation of the existential quantifier, essence, substance, natural kinds, powers, potential, and the development of life. The (...)
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  37.  9
    Moderate Categorial Realism of a Relationist-Nominalist Sort.Jani Hakkarainen - manuscript
    In this paper, I first propose a new account of the concept of ontological form and its difference from the notion of ontological matter or content. I begin by suggesting that we replace “ontological matter” or “content” with just “being” because the latter term catches my proposal better. My first main theses are that the concept of ontological form is explicated by the concepts of nature-neutral internal relation and existence or being and that the ontological (...)
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  38. Metametafysiikkaa kategorioilla ja ilman.Jani Hakkarainen - 2016 - Ajatus 73:225-253.
    Title in English translation: Metametaphysics - with and without Categories. A comment paper on An Introduction to Metametaphysics by Tuomas Tahko. Ehdotan artikkelissa uutta olevan ja sen muodon välistä erottelua. Erottelun avulla voidaan antaa täsmällinen käsitys ontologisen kategorian käsitteestä ja metafysiikan tutkimuskohteesta. Argumentoin myös, että metafysiikan epistemologiaa ja semantiikkaa sekä metafyysistä selitttämistä pitää lähestyä kategorianäkökulmasta. Artikkeli on kommentti Tuomas Tahkon oppikirjaan An Introduction to Metametaphysics.
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  39. A Conceptual Construction of Complexity Levels Theory in Spacetime Categorical Ontology: Non-Abelian Algebraic Topology, Many-Valued Logics and Dynamic Systems. [REVIEW]R. Brown, J. F. Glazebrook & I. C. Baianu - 2007 - Axiomathes 17 (3-4):409-493.
    A novel conceptual framework is introduced for the Complexity Levels Theory in a Categorical Ontology of Space and Time. This conceptual and formal construction is intended for ontological studies of Emergent Biosystems, Super-complex Dynamics, Evolution and Human Consciousness. A claim is defended concerning the universal representation of an item’s essence in categorical terms. As an essential example, relational structures of living organisms are well represented by applying the important categorical concept of natural transformations to biomolecular reactions and relational structures (...)
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    Gap? What Gap? On the Transcendental Unity of Apperception and the Necessary Application of the Categories.Dennis Schulting - 2017 - In Kant's Radical Subjectivism. Perspectives on the Transcendental Deduction. London, UK: Palgrave. pp. 141-191.
    In this paper, I address the problem, raised in some recent Anglophone Kant literature (Van Cleve 1999; Gomes 2010; Stephenson 2014) and going back to Stroud (1968), of an alleged ‘gap’ in Kant’s argument in TD for the necessary application of the categories to objects of experience that needs bridging, and show that it is based on a misunderstanding about the principle of the unity of apperception and its inherent objective validity. The ostensible gap is construed in terms of (...)
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  41.  68
    The Categories and Aristotle's Ontology.Mohan Matthen - 1978 - Dialogue 17 (2):228-243.
    Much recent work on Aristotle's Categories assumes that there is an ontological theory presented in that work and tries to reconstruct it on the basis of the slender evidence in the book. I claim that this is misguided. Using a distinction made by G.E.L. Owen between theory and the "phaenomena", I argue that the Categories is mainly concerned with setting out the phenomena -- the intuitions that any ontology must explain. This thesis has consequences for the interpretation (...)
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  42.  53
    The Feminist Phenomenology of Excess: Ontological Multiplicity, Auto-Jealousy, and Suicide in Beauvoir's L'Invitée.Jennifer McWeeny - 2012 - Continental Philosophy Review 45 (1):41-75.
    In this paper, I present a new reading of Simone de Beauvoir’s first major work, L’Invitée ( She Came to Stay ), in order to reveal the text as a vital place of origin for feminist phenomenological philosophy. My reading of L’Invitée departs from most scholarly interpretations of the text in three notable respects: (1) it is inclusive of the “two unpublished chapters” that were excised from the original manuscript at the publisher’s request, (2) it takes seriously Beauvoir’s claim that (...)
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  43.  9
    GOL: A General Ontological Language.Wolfgang Degen, Barbara Heller, Heinrich Herre & Barry Smith - 2001 - In C. Welty B. Smith (ed.), Formal Ontology and Information Systems. Acm Press.
    Every domain-specific ontology must use as a framework some upper-level ontology which describes the most general, domain-independent categories of reality. In the present paper we sketch a new type of upper-level ontology, which is intended to be the basis of a knowledge modelling language GOL (for: 'General Ontological Language'). It turns out that the upper- level ontology underlying standard modelling languages such as KIF, F-Logic and CycL is restricted to the ontology of sets. Set theory has considerable mathematical (...)
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  44. Realization, Reductios, and Category Inclusion.Ronald P. Endicott - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (4):213-219.
    Thomas Polger and Laurence Shapiro argue that Carl Gillett's much publicized dimensioned theory of realization is incoherent, being subject to a reductio. Their argument turns on the fact that Gillett's definition of realization makes property instances the exclusive relata of the realization relation, while his belief in multiple realization implies its denial, namely, that properties are the relata of the realization relation on occasions of multiple realization. Others like Sydney Shoemaker have also expressed their view of realization in terms of (...)
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  45.  37
    Substance Among Other Categories.Joshua Hoffman & Gary S. Rosenkrantz - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book revives a neglected but important topic in philosophy: the nature of substance. The belief that there are individual substances, for example, material objects and persons, is at the core of our common-sense view of the world yet many metaphysicians deny the very coherence of the concept of substance. The authors develop an account of what an individual substance is in terms of independence from other beings. In the process many other important ontological categories are explored: property, (...)
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  46.  34
    Spheres of Being and the Network of Ontological Dependencies.Roberto Poli - 2010 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):171-182.
    Ontological categories form a network of ties of dependence. In this regard, the richest source of distinctions consists in the medieval discussion on the divisions of being. After a preliminary examination of some of those divisions, the paper pays attention to Roman Ingarden’s criteria for classifying the various types of ontological dependence. The following are the main conclusions that can be drawn from this exercise. Ingarden suggests that (1) the most general principles framing the categories of (...)
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  47.  43
    Some Formal Ontological Relations.E. J. Lowe - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (3):297–316.
    Some formal ontological relations are identified, in the context of an account of ontological categorization. It is argued that neither formal ontological relations nor ontological categories should themselves be regarded as elements of being, but that this does not undermine the claim of formal ontology to be a purely objective science. It is also argued that some formal ontological relations, like some ontological categories, are more basic than others. A four‐category ontology is (...)
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  48.  66
    Actual Existence, Identity and Ontological Priority.Uwe Meixner - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48 (2-3):209-226.
    The paper first distinguishes ontological priority from epistemological priority and unilateral ontic dependence. Then explications of ontological priority are offered in terms of the reducibility of the actual existence or identity of entities in one ontological category to the actual existence or identity of entities in another. These explications lead to incompatible orders of ontological priority for individuals, properties of individuals and states of affairs. Common to those orders is, however, that the primacy of the category (...)
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    Review of The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science[REVIEW]Phillip Bricker - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):675-678.
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    Composite Substances as True Wholes: Toward a Modified Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Theory of Composite Substances.John Kronen & Jacob Tuttle - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):289-316.
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