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Ophelia Deroy [42]Ophelia O. Deroy [1]
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Ophelia Deroy
Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
Ophelia Deroy
School of Advanced Study, University of London
  1. Object-sensitivity versus cognitive penetrability of perception.Ophelia Deroy - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (1):87-107.
  2. Algorithmic Nudging: The Need for an Interdisciplinary Oversight.Christian Schmauder, Jurgis Karpus, Maximilian Moll, Bahador Bahrami & Ophelia Deroy - 2023 - Topoi 42 (3):799-807.
    Nudge is a popular public policy tool that harnesses well-known biases in human judgement to subtly guide people’s decisions, often to improve their choices or to achieve some socially desirable outcome. Thanks to recent developments in artificial intelligence (AI) methods new possibilities emerge of how and when our decisions can be nudged. On the one hand, algorithmically personalized nudges have the potential to vastly improve human daily lives. On the other hand, blindly outsourcing the development and implementation of nudges to (...)
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  3. Algorithm exploitation: humans are keen to exploit benevolent AI.Jurgis Karpus, Adrian Krüger, Julia Tovar Verba, Bahador Bahrami & Ophelia Deroy - 2021 - iScience 24 (6):102679.
    We cooperate with other people despite the risk of being exploited or hurt. If future artificial intelligence (AI) systems are benevolent and cooperative toward us, what will we do in return? Here we show that our cooperative dispositions are weaker when we interact with AI. In nine experiments, humans interacted with either another human or an AI agent in four classic social dilemma economic games and a newly designed game of Reciprocity that we introduce here. Contrary to the hypothesis that (...)
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  4.  35
    Categorizing Smells: A Localist Approach.Yasmina Jraissati & Ophelia Deroy - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (1):e12930.
    Humans are poorer at identifying smells and communicating about them, compared to other sensory domains. They also cannot easily organize odor sensations in a general conceptual space, where geometric distance could represent how similar or different all odors are. These two generalities are more or less accepted by psychologists, and they are often seen as connected: If there is no conceptual space for odors, then olfactory identification should indeed be poor. We propose here an important revision to this conclusion: We (...)
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  5.  21
    Categorizing Smells: A Localist Approach.Yasmina Jraissati & Ophelia Deroy - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (1):1-26.
    Humans are poorer at identifying smells and communicating about them, compared to othersensory domains. They also cannot easily organise odour sensations in a general conceptual space like with colours. We challenge the conclusion that there is no olfactory conceptual map at all. Instead we propose a new framework, with local conceptual spaces.
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  6.  59
    How automatic are crossmodal correspondences?Charles Spence & Ophelia Deroy - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):245-260.
    The last couple of years have seen a rapid growth of interest in the study of crossmodal correspondences – the tendency for our brains to preferentially associate certain features or dimensions of stimuli across the senses. By now, robust empirical evidence supports the existence of numerous crossmodal correspondences, affecting people’s performance across a wide range of psychological tasks – in everything from the redundant target effect paradigm through to studies of the Implicit Association Test, and from speeded discrimination/classification tasks through (...)
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  7.  21
    The clear and not so clear signatures of perceptual reality in the Bayesian brain.Ophelia Deroy & Sofiia Rappe - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 103 (C):103379.
  8. How do synesthetes experience the world.Malika Auvray & Ophelia Deroy - forthcoming - In Mohan Matthen (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Perception. Oxford University Press.
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  9.  32
    Reading the World through the Skin and Ears: A New Perspective on Sensory Substitution.Ophelia Deroy & Malika Auvray - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  10. Coordinating attention requires coordinated senses.Lucas Battich, Merle T. Fairhurst & Ophelia Deroy - 2020 - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 27 (6):1126-1138.
    From playing basketball to ordering at a food counter, we frequently and effortlessly coordinate our attention with others towards a common focus: we look at the ball, or point at a piece of cake. This non-verbal coordination of attention plays a fundamental role in our social lives: it ensures that we refer to the same object, develop a shared language, understand each other’s mental states, and coordinate our actions. Models of joint attention generally attribute this accomplishment to gaze coordination. But (...)
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  11. Beyond vision: The vertical integration of sensory substitution devices.Ophelia Deroy & Malika Auvray - 2015 - In D. Stokes, M. Matthen & S. Biggs (eds.), Perception and Its Modalities. Oxford University Press.
    What if a blind person could 'see' with her ears? Thanks to Sensory Substitution Devices (SSDs), blind people now have access to out-of-reach objects, a privilege reserved so far for the sighted. In this paper, we show that the philosophical debates have fundamentally been mislead to think that SSDs should be fitted among the existing senses or that they constitute a new sense. Contrary to the existing assumption that they get integrated at the sensory level, we present a new thesis (...)
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  12.  24
    Sensory Blending: On Synaesthesia and Related Phenomena.Ophelia Deroy (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Synaesthesia is a strange sensory blending: synaesthetes report experiences of colours or tastes associated with particular sounds or words. This volume presents new essays by scientists and philosophers exploring what such cases can tell us about the nature of perception and its boundaries with illusion and imagination.
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  13.  17
    Many heads are more utilitarian than one.Anita Keshmirian, Ophelia Deroy & Bahador Bahrami - 2022 - Cognition 220 (C):104965.
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  14.  84
    Categorising without Concepts.Ophelia Deroy - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (3):465-478.
    A strong claim, often found in the literature, is that it is impossible to categorize perceptual properties unless one possesses the related concepts. The evidence from visual perception reviewed in this paper however questions this claim: Concepts, at least canonically defined, are ill-suited to explain perceptual categorisation, which is a fast, and crucially a largely involuntary and unconscious process, which rests on quickly updated probabilistic calculations. I suggest here that perceptual categorisation rests on non-conceptual sorting principles. This changes the claim (...)
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  15.  14
    Voice over: Audio-visual congruency and content recall in the gallery setting.Merle T. Fairhurst, Minnie Scott & Ophelia Deroy - 2017 - PLoS ONE 12 (6).
    Experimental research has shown that pairs of stimuli which are congruent and assumed to 'go together' are recalled more effectively than an item presented in isolation. Will this multisensory memory benefit occur when stimuli are richer and longer, in an ecological setting? In the present study, we focused on an everyday situation of audio-visual learning and manipulated the relationship between audio guide tracks and viewed portraits in the galleries of the Tate Britain. By varying the gender and narrative style of (...)
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  16. Cognitive penetration and implicit cognition.Lucas Battich & Ophelia Deroy - 2023 - In J. Robert Thompson (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy and Implicit Cognition. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 144-152.
    Cognitive states, such as beliefs, desires and intentions, may influence how we perceive people and objects. If this is the case, are those influences worse when they occur implicitly rather than explicitly? Here we show that cognitive penetration in perception generally involves an implicit component. First, the process of influence is implicit, making us unaware that our perception is misrepresenting the world. This lack of awareness is the source of the epistemic threat raised by cognitive penetration. Second, the influencing state (...)
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  17. How do synaesthetes experience the world?Malika Auvray & Ophelia Deroy - 2015 - In Mohan Matthen (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Perception. Oxford University Press UK.
  18.  34
    Confidence is higher in touch than in vision in cases of perceptual ambiguity. Fairhurst & Ophelia Deroy - 2018 - Scientific Reports 8.
    We provide a new account of the oft-mentioned special character of touch, showing that its superior reliability is subjective rather than objective : Touch provides higher certainty than vision, for the same level of objective accuracy.
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  19.  14
    Facing the pandemic with trust in science.Justin Sulik, Ophelia Deroy, Guillaume Dezecache, Martha Newson, Yi Zhao, Marwa El Zein & Bahar Tunçgenç - 2021 - Humanities and Social Sciences Communications 8.
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  20.  29
    Dualists and physicalists agree, free will is incompatible with determinism.Mark Wulff Carstensen, Stephan Sellmaier, Paul C. J. Taylor & Ophelia Deroy - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    Belief in substance dualism, the idea that mind and matter are two different kinds of substances, has been found to be a strong predictor of belief in free will. Why? Here, we test whether believing that mind and matter are different kinds of substance correlates with differences in how people think of free will and/or differences in how people interpret the scenarios used to test their conceptions. We provided participants (N = 515) with two hypothetical scenarios where the world was (...)
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  21.  16
    Contingent sounds change the mental representation of one's finger length.Ana Tajadura-Jimenez, Maria Vakali, Merle T. Fairhurst, Alisa Mandrigin, Nadia Bianchi-Berthouze & Ophelia Deroy - unknown
    Mental body-representations are highly plastic and can be modified after brief exposure to unexpected sensory feedback. While the role of vision, touch and proprioception in shaping body-representations has been highlighted by many studies, the auditory influences on mental body-representations remain poorly understood. Changes in body-representations by the manipulation of natural sounds produced when one's body impacts on surfaces have recently been evidenced. But will these changes also occur with non-naturalistic sounds, which provide no information about the impact produced by or (...)
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  22. Modularity of perception.Ophelia Deroy - 2015 - In Mohan Matthen (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Perception. Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  23. Multisensory perception and cognitive penetration : the unity assumption, thirty years after.Ophelia Deroy - 2015 - In John Zeimbekis & Athanassios Raftopoulos (eds.), The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
     
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  24. Spatial certainty : Feeling is the truth.Ophelia Deroy & Merle Fairhurst - 2019 - In Spatial senses. London: Routleged.
    A common sense view is illustrated by Doubting Thomas, and surfaces in many philosophical and psychological writings : Touching is better than seeing. But can we make sense of this privilege? We rule out that it could mean that touch is more informative than vision, more ‘objective’ or more directly in contact with reality. Instead, we propose that touch offers not a perceptual, but a metacognitive advantage: touch is not more objective than vision but rather provides comparatively higher subjective certainty.
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  25. The impact of joint attention on the sound-induced flash illusions.Lucas Battich, Isabelle Garzorz, Basil Wahn & Ophelia Deroy - 2021 - Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics 83 (8):3056–3068.
    Humans coordinate their focus of attention with others, either by gaze following or prior agreement. Though the effects of joint attention on perceptual and cognitive processing tend to be examined in purely visual environments, they should also show in multisensory settings. According to a prevalent hypothesis, joint attention enhances visual information encoding and processing, over and above individual attention. If two individuals jointly attend to the visual components of an audiovisual event, this should affect the weighing of visual information during (...)
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  26.  19
    The Ethics of Terminology: Can We Use Human Terms to Describe AI?Ophelia Deroy - 2023 - Topoi 42 (3):881-889.
    Despite facing significant criticism for assigning human-like characteristics to artificial intelligence, phrases like “trustworthy AI” are still commonly used in official documents and ethical guidelines. It is essential to consider why institutions continue to use these phrases, even though they are controversial. This article critically evaluates various reasons for using these terms, including ontological, legal, communicative, and psychological arguments. All these justifications share the common feature of trying to justify the official use of terms like “trustworthy AI” by appealing to (...)
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  27.  52
    Spatial Senses: Philosophy of Perception in an Age of Science.Tony Cheng, Ophelia Deroy & Charles Spence (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    This collection of essays brings together research on sense modalities in general and spatial perception in particular in a systematic and interdisciplinary way. It updates a long-standing philosophical fascination with this topic by incorporating theoretical and empirical research from cognitive science, neuroscience, and psychology. The book is divided thematically to cover a wide range of established and emerging issues. Part I covers notions of objectivity and subjectivity in spatial perception and thinking. Part II focuses on the canonical distal senses, such (...)
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  28.  23
    Augmenting perception: How artificial intelligence transforms sensory substitution.Louis Longin & Ophelia Deroy - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 99 (C):103280.
  29.  25
    The multisensory base of bodily coupling in face-to-face social interactions: Contrasting the case of autism with the Möbius syndrome.Anna Ciaunica, Leonhard Schilbach & Ophelia Deroy - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (8):1162-1187.
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  30.  7
    A Ameaça Relativista: Pragmatismo, Resposta-dependência e Protagorismo.Ophelia O. Deroy - 2007 - Cognitio 8 (1):69-92.
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  31.  22
    Do Our Brains Make Us Utilitarians?Ophelia Deroy & Marwa El Zein - 2018 - The Philosophers' Magazine 83:87-93.
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  32.  17
    H owever complicated and puzzling philosophers may appear when talking about wines, they don't depart that much from.Ophelia Deroy - 2007 - In Barry C. Smith (ed.), Questions of Taste: The Philosophy of Wine. Oxford University Press. pp. 99.
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  33. Peirce and Ancient Scepticism: Peirce e o Ceticismo Antigo.Ophelia Deroy - 2005 - Cognitio 6 (2).
     
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  34. Sensory Blendings: New Essays on Synaesthesia.Ophelia Deroy (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
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  35.  34
    The Importance of Being Able.Ophelia Deroy - 2010 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):43-61.
    The paper aims at reconsidering the problem of “practical knowledge” at a proper level of generality, and at showing the role that personal abilities play in it. The notion of “practical knowledge” has for long been the focus of debates both in philosophy and related areas in psychology. It has been wholly captured by debates about ‘knowledge’ and has more recently being challenged in its philosophical foundations as targeting a specific attitude of ‘knowing-how’. But what are the basic facts accounted (...)
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  36. The power of tastes: Reconciling science and subjectivity.Ophelia Deroy - 2007 - In Barry C. Smith (ed.), Questions of Taste: The Philosophy of Wine. Oxford University Press. pp. 99--126.
     
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  37. The Relativist Threat: Pragmatism, Response-Dependance and Protagoreanism: A Ameaça Relativista: Pragmatismo, Resposta-Dependência e Protagorismo.Ophelia Deroy - 2007 - Cognitio 8 (1).
     
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  38.  49
    Worlds of Truth: A Philosophy of Knowledge.Ophelia Deroy - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (4):446-448.
  39.  11
    Racial bias in face perception is sensitive to instructions but not introspection.Eoin Travers, Merle T. Fairhurst & Ophelia Deroy - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 83:102952.
  40.  71
    Aesthetics as Philosophy of Perception, by Bence Nanay. [REVIEW]Ophelia Deroy - 2017 - Mind 126 (502):635-643.
    Aesthetics as Philosophy of Perception, by Bence Nanay. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. 240.
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  41.  98
    Fermented thoughts. [REVIEW]Ophelia Deroy - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 48 (48):104-105.
  42.  4
    Fermented thoughts. [REVIEW]Ophelia Deroy - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 48:104-105.
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  43.  33
    Kevin O'Regan, Why Red Doesn't Sound Like a Bell. Understanding the Feel of Consciousness, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 224 pp., £22.99, ISBN 978‐0‐19‐977522‐4. [REVIEW]Ophelia Deroy - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (3):473-476.
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