Results for 'Optics History'

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  1.  15
    Looking Beyond History: The Optics of German Anthropology and the Critique of Humanism.A. Zimmerman - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):385-411.
    Late nineteenth-century German anthropology had to compete for intellectual legitimacy with the established academic humanities (Geisteswissenschaften), above all history. Whereas humanists interpreted literary documents to create narratives about great civilizations, anthropologists represented and viewed objects, such as skulls or artifacts, to create what they regarded as natural scientific knowledge about so-called 'natural peoples'-colonized societies of Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas. Anthropologists thus invoked a venerable tradition that presented looking at objects as a more certain source of knowledge than (...)
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  2.  15
    A History of Optics From Greek Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century.Olivier Darrigol - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is a long-term history of optics, from early Greek theories of vision to the nineteenth-century victory of the wave theory of light. It is a clear and richly illustrated synthesis of a large amount of literature, and a reliable and efficient guide for anyone who wishes to enter this domain.
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  3.  21
    Expectation, Modelling and Assent in the History of Optics—II. Kepler and Descartes.A. C. Cr̀ombie - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1):89-115.
  4.  29
    Expectation, Modelling and Assent in the History of Optics: Part I. Alhazen and the Medieval Tradition.A. C. Crombie - 1990 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (4):605-632.
  5.  2
    History of Optics Theories of Lights From Descartes to Newton. By A. I. Sabra. London: Oldbourne Press. 1967. Pp. 363. 70s. [REVIEW]Laurens Laudan - 1968 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (2):181.
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  6.  1
    Looking Beyond History: The Optics of German Anthropology and the Critique of Humanism.Andrew Zimmerman - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (3):385-411.
  7.  1
    The History of'Georgian'Optics.G. N. Cantor - 1978 - History of Science 16:1-21.
  8. C,«The Mechanistic Hypothesis and the Scientific Study of Vision: Some Optical Ideas as a Background of the Invention of the Microscope» in Historical Aspects of Microscopy, Éds. S. Bradbury & G. l'E. Turner, Cambridge, 1967.-«Expectation, Modelling and Assent in the History of Optics, II: Kepler and Descartes». [REVIEW]Allister Crombie - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 22 (1).
  9. Expectation, Modelling and Assent in the History of Optics: Part I. Alhazen and the Medieval Tradition.A. C. Crombie - 1990 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 21 (4):605.
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  10. Darrigol, A History of Optics: From Greek Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp. Xii + 327. ISBN 978-0-19-964437-7. £35.00. [REVIEW]Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (4):678-679.
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  11. Physics and Astronomy: Aristotle's Physics II.2.193b22–194a12this Paper Was Prepared as the Basis of a Presentation at a Conference Entitled “Writing and Rewriting the History of Science, 1900–2000,” Les treilLes, France, September, 2003, Organized by Karine Chemla and Roshdi Rashed. I Have Compared Aristotle's and Ptolemy's Views of the Relationship Between Astronomy and Physics in a Paper Called “Astrologogeômetria and Astrophysikê in Aristotle and Ptolemy,” Presented at a Conference Entitled “Physics and Mathematics in Antiquity,” Leiden, the Netherlands, June, 2004, Organized by Keimpe Algra and Frans de Haas. For a Discussion of Hellenistic Views of This Relationship See Ian Mueller, “Remarks on Physics and Mathematical Astronomy and Optics in Epicurus, Sextus Empiricus, and Some Stoics,” in Philippa Lang , Re-Inventions: Essays on Hellenistic and Early Roman Science, Apeiron 37, 4 : 57–87. I Would Like to Thank Two Anonymous Readers of This Essay for Meticulous Corrections and Th. [REVIEW]Ian Mueller - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):175-206.
    In the first part of chapter 2 of book II of the Physics Aristotle addresses the issue of the difference between mathematics and physics. In the course of his discussion he says some things about astronomy and the ‘ ‘ more physical branches of mathematics”. In this paper I discuss historical issues concerning the text, translation, and interpretation of the passage, focusing on two cruxes, the first reference to astronomy at 193b25–26 and the reference to the more physical branches at 194a7–8. In (...)
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  12. MYLES W. JACKSON, Spectrum of Belief: Joseph von Fraunhofer and the Craft of Precision Optics. Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology. Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press, 2000. Pp. X+284. ISBN 0-262-10084-3. £23·95. [REVIEW]Iwan Rhys Morus - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (1).
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  13. A History Of Optics: From Greek Antiquity To The Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]Alan Shapiro - 2013 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 104:383-384.
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  14. The Adaptive Optics Revolution: A History[REVIEW]Robert Smith - 2010 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 101:673-674.
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  15. Studies in the History of Medieval Optics by David C. Lindberg. [REVIEW]James Weisheipl - 1985 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 76:268-270.
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  16.  1
    Robert W. Duffner.The Adaptive Optics Revolution: A History. Foreword byRobert Q. Fugate. Xxviii + 457 Pp., Illus., Index. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2009. $45. [REVIEW]Robert W. Smith - 2010 - Isis 101 (3):673-674.
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  17.  2
    The Effect of a History-Based Course in Optics on Students' Views About Science.Igal Galili & Amnon Hazan - 2001 - Science and Education 10 (1-2):7-32.
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  18.  1
    A History of Optics From Greek Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century.Gábor Á Zemplén - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):450-453.
  19. A History of Optics From Greek Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century.Klaus Hentschel - 2012 - Annals of Science 71 (4):1-2.
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  20. Olivier Darrigol.A History of Optics: From Greek Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century. Xii + 327 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. $63. [REVIEW]Alan E. Shapiro - 2013 - Isis 104 (2):383-384.
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  21.  58
    Vision and Certitude in the Age of Ockham: Optics, Epistemology, and the Foundations of Semantics, 1250-1345.Katherine H. Tachau - 1988 - E.J. Brill.
  22.  18
    Ibn Al-Haytham on Binocular Vision: A Precursor of Physiological Optics.Dominique Raynaud - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):79-99.
    The modern physiological optics introduces the notions related to the conditions of fusion of binocular images by the concept of correspondence, due to Christiaan Huygens (1704), and by an experiment attributed to Christoph Scheiner (1619). The conceptualization of this experiment dates, in fact, back to Ptolemy (90-168) and Ibn al-Haytham (d. after 1040). The present paper surveys Ibn al-Haytham's knowledge about the mechanisms of binocular vision. The article subsequently explains why Ibn al-Haytham, a mathematician, but here an experimenter, did (...)
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  23.  26
    Chymical Wonders of Light: J. Marcus Marci's Seventeenth-Century Bohemian Optics.Margaret D. Garber - 2005 - Early Science and Medicine 10 (4):478-509.
    In 1648, J. Marcus Marci of Prague anticipated two chief features of Isaac Newton's celebrated 1672 theory of light and color, namely that colors are inherent to light and that the role of the prism is to separate the rays of color by means of refraction. Furthermore, Marci argued that colors produced by a first refraction are immutable when subjected to refraction by a second prism. This paper argues that the key to Marci's achievement derived from his chymical view of (...)
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  24.  17
    Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World: Optics, Theology, and Religious Life (Review). [REVIEW]A. Mark Smith - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):473-474.
    A. Mark Smith - Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World: Optics, Theology, and Religious Life - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.3 473-474 Dallas G. Denery, II. Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World: Optics, Theology, and Religious Life. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought , 63. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Pp. x + 202. Cloth, $75.00. Among the metaphors we (...)
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  25. Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World: Optics, Theology, and Religious Life. [REVIEW]A. Smith - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 44:473-474.
    A. Mark Smith - Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World: Optics, Theology, and Religious Life - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.3 473-474 Dallas G. Denery, II. Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World: Optics, Theology, and Religious Life. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 63. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Pp. x + 202. Cloth, $75.00. Among the metaphors we live (...)
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  26.  24
    The Scope, Limits, and Distinctiveness of the Method of 'Deduction From the Phenomena': Some Lessons From Newton's 'Demonstrations' in Optics.J. Worrall - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):45-80.
    Having been neglected or maligned for most of this century, Newton's method of 'deduction from the phenomena' has recently attracted renewed attention and support. John Norton, for example, has argued that this method has been applied with notable success in a variety of cases in the history of physics and that this explains why the massive underdetermination of theory by evidence, seemingly entailed by hypothetico-deductive methods, is invisible to working physicists. This paper, through a detailed analysis of Newton's deduction (...)
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  27.  7
    Johannes Fontana’s Drawing for a Castellus Umbrarum, Udine or Padua, C. 1415–20.Bennett Gilbert - 2014 - Mediaevalia 35 (1):255-277.
    A finished sketch for a light-and-shadow projection device by the Paduan mechanical artisan Johannes de Fontana (c.1395–1455), in his manuscript book of drawings now known as Liber Bellicorum Instrumentorum, depicts a machine for communicating ideas or information through spectacle. The manuscript is fairly well known, and this sketch is just one of many interesting images worthy of study in its 70 leaves. A couple dozen manuscripts of the mechanical arts from this period survive, the best-studied of which fall into the (...)
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  28.  11
    Footprints of "Experiment" in Early Arabic Optics.Elaheh Kheirandish - 2009 - Early Science and Medicine 14 (1):79-104.
    This study traces the early developments of the concept of experiment with a view of extending the subject in both content and approach. It extends the content of the subject slightly backward, prior to the methodological breakthroughs of the Optics of Ibn al-Haytham , which are credited as a "significant landmark in the history of experimental science." And it extends the approach to the subject slightly forward, from the premise that early science was "largely carried out in books," (...)
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  29.  4
    Once Snell Breaks Down: From Geometrical to Physical Optics in the Seventeenth Century.Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis - 2004 - Annals of Science 61 (2):165-185.
    Snell's law of refraction did not affect the study of optics until twenty‐five years after its publication in 1637 and by then its universality threatened to break down already. Two optical phenomena—colour dispersion and strange refraction—were discovered that did not conform to the sine law. In the early 1670s, Isaac Newton and Christiaan Huygens respectively investigated these phenomena. They tried to describe the irregular behaviour of light rays mathematically and to reconcile it with ordinary refraction. This paper discusses their (...)
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  30. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 3.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to the philosophical relevance of Islamic theology and mysticism--the (...)
     
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  31.  35
    Natural Geometry in Descartes and Kepler.Gary Hatfield - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (1):117-148.
    According to Kepler and Descartes, the geometry of the triangle formed by the two eyes when focused on a single point affords perception of the distance to that point. Kepler characterized the processes involved as associative learning. Descartes described the processes as a “ natural geometry.” Many interpreters have Descartes holding that perceivers calculate the distance to the focal point using angle-side-angle, calculations that are reduced to unnoticed mental habits in adult vision. This article offers a purely psychophysiological interpretation of (...)
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  32.  28
    Ibn al-Haytham sur la vision binoculaire: un précurseur de l'optique physiologique.Dominique Raynaud - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):79-99.
    L'optique physiologique moderne introduit les notions relatives aux conditions de fusion des images binoculaires par le concept de correspondance, prêté à Christiaan Huygens (1704), et par une expérience attribuée à Christoph Scheiner (1619). L'article montre que la conceptualisation de l'expérience remonte en fait à Ptolémée (90-168) et à Ibn al-Haytham (m. ap. 1040), et précise les connaissances que ce dernier avait des mécanismes de la vision binoculaire. Il est ensuite expliqué pourquoi Ibn al-Haytham, mathématicien mais ici expérimentateur, ne donne pas (...)
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  33.  28
    The Power of Images: Mathematics and Metaphysics in Hobbes's Optics.A. Malet - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (2):303-333.
    This paper deals with Hobbes's theory of optical images, developed in his optical magnum opus, 'A Minute or First Draught of the Optiques' (1646), and published in abridged version in De homine (1658). The paper suggests that Hobbes's theory of vision and images serves him to ground his philosophy of man on his philosophy of body. Furthermore, since this part of Hobbes's work on optics is the most thoroughly geometrical, it reveals a good deal about the role of mathematics (...)
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  34.  2
    Berkeley and Ronchi on Optics.Colin M. Turbayne - 1961 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 12:453-460.
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  35.  10
    Berkeley, Reid, and the Mathematization of Mid-Eighteenth-Century Optics.G. N. Cantor - 1977 - Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (3):429.
    Berkeley's "new theory of vision" and, In particular, His sensationalist solution to the problem of judging distance and magnitude were discussed by many eighteenth-Century authors who faced a variety of problem situations. More specifically, Berkeley's theory fed into the debate over whether the phenomena of vision were susceptible to mathematical analysis or were experientially determined. In this paper a variety of responses to berkeley are examined, Concluding with thomas reid's attempt to distinguish physical optics (which can be analyzed geometrically) (...)
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  36.  15
    Discourse on Method, Optics, Geometry, and Meteorology. By Rene Descartes. Trans, with Introd. Paul J. Olscamp.George P. Klubertanz - 1969 - Modern Schoolman 46 (4):370-371.
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  37.  11
    "On Nature," by Lucretius, Trans. R. M. Geer; "Discourse on Method, Optics, Geometry, and Meteorology," by Rene Descartes, Trans. P. J. Olscamp; and "Haeckel's Theory of the Unity of Nature," by D. H. De Grood. [REVIEW]James Collins - 1967 - Modern Schoolman 44 (2):194-195.
  38.  9
    A Note on the Needs and Uses of Energy Measurements for Work in Psychological Optics.C. E. Ferree & Gertrude Rand - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (17):457-462.
  39.  11
    Vision and Certitude in the Age of Ockham: Optics, Epistemology and the Foundations of Semantics, 1250-1345. By Katherine H. Tachau. [REVIEW]John P. Doyle - 1990 - Modern Schoolman 67 (4):320-325.
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  40. Philosophy Enters the Optics Laboratory: Bell's Theorem and its First Experimental Tests (1965–1982).Olival Freire - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):577-616.
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  41.  28
    Baroque Optics and the Disappearance of the Observer: From Kepler's Optics to Descartes' Doubt.Ofer Gal & Raz Chen-Morris - 2010 - Journal of the History of Ideas 71 (2):191-217.
  42.  11
    Isaac Barrow on the Mathematization of Nature: Theological Voluntarism and the Rise of Geometrical Optics.Antoni Malet - 1997 - Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (2):265-287.
  43.  17
    The Standard Model of Quantum Measurement Theory: History and Applications. [REVIEW]Paul Busch & Pekka J. Lahti - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (7):875-893.
    The standard model of the quantum theory of measurement is based on an interaction Hamiltonian in which the observable to be measured is multiplied by some observable of a probe system. This simple Ansatz has proved extremely fruitful in the development of the foundations of quantum mechanics. While the ensuing type of models has often been argued to be rather artificial, recent advances in quantum optics have demonstrated their principal and practical feasibility. A brief historical review of the standard (...)
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  44.  26
    Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905.Colin Howson (ed.) - 1976 - Cambridge University Press.
    Lakatos, I. History of science and its rational reconstructions.--Clark, P. Atomism vs. thermodynamics.--Worrall, J. Thomas Young and the "rufutation" of Newtonian optics.--Musgrave, A. Why did oxygen supplant phlogiston?--Zahar, E. Why did Einstein's programme supersede Lorentz's?--Frické, M. The rejection of Avogadro's hypotheses.--Feyerabend, P. On the critique of scientific reason.
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  45.  30
    Shadows of Instruction: Optics and Classical Authorities in Kepler's Somnium.Raz Chen-Morris - 2005 - Journal of the History of Ideas 66 (2):223-243.
  46.  2
    Getting the Big Picture in Perspectivist Optics.A. Smith - 1981 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 72:568-589.
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  47.  24
    Light, Pressure, and Rectilinear Propagation: Descartes' Celestial Optics and Newton's Hydrostatics.Alan E. Shapiro - 1974 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 5 (3):239-296.
  48.  3
    Scientific Models in Optics: From Metaphor to Metonymy and Back.Stuart Peterfreund - 1994 - Journal of the History of Ideas 55 (1):59-73.
  49.  11
    Ibn Al-Haytham's Criticisms of Ptolemy's Optics.A. I. Sabra - 1966 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 4 (2):145-149.
  50.  10
    Producing Knowledge in the Workshop: Hooke's 'Inflection' From Optics to Planetary Motion.O. Gal - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (2):181-205.
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