Results for 'Ordinary-language philosophy'

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  1. Contemporary Ordinary Language Philosophy.Nat Hansen - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (8):556-569.
    There is a widespread assumption that ordinary language philosophy was killed off sometime in the 1960s or 70s by a combination of Gricean pragmatics and the rapid development of systematic semantic theory. Contrary to that widespread assumption, however, contemporary versions of ordinary language philosophy are alive and flourishing, but going by various aliases—in particular "contextualism" and "experimental philosophy". And a growing group of contemporary philosophers are explicitly embracing the methods as well as the (...)
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  2. Experimental Ordinary Language Philosophy: A Cross-Linguistic Study of Defeasible Default Inferences.Eugen Fischer, Paul E. Engelhardt, Joachim Horvath & Hiroshi Ohtani - forthcoming - Synthese:1-42.
    This paper provides new tools for philosophical argument analysis and fresh empirical foundations for ‘critical’ ordinary language philosophy. Language comprehension routinely involves stereotypical inferences with contextual defeaters. J.L. Austin’s Sense and Sensibilia first mooted the idea that contextually inappropriate stereotypical inferences from verbal case-descriptions drive some philosophical paradoxes; these engender philosophical problems that can be resolved by exposing the underlying fallacies. We build on psycholinguistic research on salience effects to explain when and why even perfectly competent (...)
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  3. Ordinary Language Philosophy.Sally Parker-Ryan - 2012 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    For Ordinary Language philosophy, at issue is the use of the expressions of language, not expressions in and of themselves. So, at issue is not, for example, ordinary versus (say) technical words; nor is it a distinction based on the language used in various areas of discourse, for example academic, technical, scientific, or lay, slang or street discourses – ordinary uses of language occur in all discourses. It is sometimes the case that (...)
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  4. When Words Are Called For: A Defense of Ordinary Language Philosophy.Avner Baz - 2012 - Harvard University Press.
    The basic conflict: an initial characterization -- The main arguments against ordinary language philosophy -- Must philosophers rely on intuitions? -- Contextualism and the burden of knowledge -- Contextualism, anti-contextualism, and knowing as being in a position to give assurance -- Conclusion: skepticism and the dialectic of (semantically pure) "knowledge" -- Epilogue: ordinary language philosophy, Kant, and the roots of antinomial thinking.
     
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  5. Linguistic Experiments and Ordinary Language Philosophy.Nat Hansen & Emmanuel Chemla - 2015 - Ratio 28 (4):422-445.
    J.L. Austin is regarded as having an especially acute ear for fine distinctions of meaning overlooked by other philosophers. Austin employs an informal experimental approach to gathering evidence in support of these fine distinctions in meaning, an approach that has become a standard technique for investigating meaning in both philosophy and linguistics. In this paper, we subject Austin's methods to formal experimental investigation. His methods produce mixed results: We find support for his most famous distinction, drawn on the basis (...)
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  6.  33
    Why We Need Ordinary Language Philosophy.Sandra Laugier - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    Drawing on J. L. Austin and the later works of Ludwig Wittgenstein, she argues for the solution provided by ordinary language philosophy—a philosophy that trusts and utilizes the everyday use of language and the clarity of meaning it ...
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  7.  21
    Reconsidering Ordinary Language Philosophy: Malcolm’s Ordinary Language Argument.Sally Parker-Ryan - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):123-149.
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  8. “Nobody Would Really Talk That Way!”: The Critical Project in Contemporary Ordinary Language Philosophy.Nat Hansen - 2018 - Synthese:1-32.
    This paper defends a challenge, inspired by arguments drawn from contemporary ordinary language philosophy and grounded in experimental data, to certain forms of standard philosophical practice. There has been a resurgence of philosophers who describe themselves as practicing "ordinary language philosophy". The resurgence can be divided into constructive and critical approaches. The critical approach to neo-ordinary language philosophy has been forcefully developed by Baz (2012a,b, 2014, 2015, 2016, forthcoming), who attempts to (...)
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  9.  8
    Ordinary Language Philosophy: A Reappraisal.Anthony Coleman & Ivan Welty - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):120-122.
  10.  34
    The Intentionality of Speech Acts: A Confrontation Between Ordinary Language Philosophy, Phenomenology, and Deconstruction?Andreas Vrahimis - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (4):584-594.
  11. Reconsidering Ordinary Language Philosophy: Malcolm’s (Moore’s) Ordinary Language Argument.Sally Parker-Ryan - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):123-149.
    The ‘Ordinary Languagephilosophy of the early 20th century is widely thought to have failed. It is identified with the broader so-called ‘linguistic turn’, a common criticism of which is captured by Devitt and Sterelny (1999), who quip: “When the naturalistic philosopher points his finger at reality, the linguistic philosopher discusses the finger.” (p 280) The implication is that according to ‘linguistic’ philosophy, we are not to study reality or truth or morality etc, but the meaning (...)
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  12.  30
    Ordinary Language Semantics: The Contribution of Brentano and Marty.Hamid Taieb - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (4):777-796.
    This paper examines the account of ordinary language semantics developed by Franz Brentano and his pupil Anton Marty. Long before the interest in ordinary language in the analytic tradition, Brentanian philosophers were exploring our everyday use of words, as opposed to the scientific use of language. Brentano and Marty were especially interested in the semantics of (common) names in ordinary language. They claimed that these names are vague, and that this is due to (...)
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  13.  34
    The Fate of Ordinary Language Philosophy.John W. Cook - 1980 - Philosophical Investigations 3 (2):1-72.
  14. Philosophy and Ordinary Language: The Bent and Genius of Our Tongue.Oswald Hanfling - 2000 - Routledge.
    What is philosophy about and what are its methods? _Philosophy and Ordinary Language_ is a defence of the view that philosophy is largely about questions of language, which to a large extent means _ordinary_ language. Some people argue that if philosophy is about ordinary language, then it is necessarily less deep and difficult than it is usually taken to be but Oswald Hanfling shows us that this isn't true. Hanfling, a leading expert (...)
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  15.  10
    The Availability of Ordinary-Language Philosophy.P. L. Friedman - 1969 - Man and World 2 (3):410-422.
  16.  78
    Oxford and the “Epidemic” of Ordinary Language Philosophy.Lynd Forguson - 2001 - The Monist 84 (3):325-345.
    In the ten years following the end of World War II, Oxford Universitywas a center of extraordinarily fertile philosophical activity. Out of it arose a new and distinctive philosophical movement, variously known as “ordinary language philosophy,” “linguistic analysis,” “conceptual analysis,” or simply “Oxford philosophy.” Although it was centered in Oxford, by the end of the 1950s philosophers based throughout Britain, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and other Englishspeaking former British colonies were publishing work debating (...)
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  17.  35
    J. L. Austin: A Critique of Ordinary Language Philosophy.Keith Graham - 1977 - Harvester Press.
  18.  5
    Reconsidering Ordinary Language Philosophy: Malcolm's (Moore's) Ordinary Language Argument.Sally Parker Ryan - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):2.
  19. Ordinary Language Philosophy.P. Snowdon - 2006 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. pp. 84--87.
     
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  20. Ordinary Language Philosophy and Radical Philosophy.Sean Sayers - 1974 - Radical Philosophy (8):36-38.
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  21.  9
    Ordinary Language Philosophy and Austin's Theory of Speech Acts.Vedat Çelebi - 2014 - Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):73.
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  22.  68
    Ordinary-Language Philosophy: Language, Logic and Philosophy.Jason Xenakis - 1959 - Synthese 11 (3):294 - 306.
  23.  78
    Review of When Words Are Called For: A Defense of Ordinary Language Philosophy[REVIEW]Nat Hansen - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (254):179-181.
  24.  30
    A Champion for Ordinary Language Philosophy - "When Words Are Called For" by Avner Baz.Don S. Levi - 2014 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2):187-190.
    Review of Avner Baz: When Words Are Called For: A Defense of Ordinary Language Philosophy , Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2012.
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  25.  12
    Phenomenology and Ordinary Language Philosophy.Marjorie Weinzweig - 1977 - Metaphilosophy 8 (2-3):116-146.
  26. 15 Conceptual Analysis in Phenomenology and Ordinary Language Philosophy.Amie L. Thomasson - 2007 - In Micahel Beaney (ed.), The Analytic Turn. Routledge. pp. 270.
    Phenomenology and analytic philosophy were born out of the same historical problem---the growing crisis about how to characterize the proper methods and role of philosophy, given the increasing success and separation of the natural sciences. A common 18th and 19th century solution that reached its height with John Stuart Mill’s psychologism was to hold that the while natural science was concerned with “external, physical phenomena”, philosophy was concerned with “internal, mental phenomena”, and thus proceeded by turning our (...)
     
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  27.  20
    Values-Based Practice: Topsy-Turvy Take-Home Messages From Ordinary Language Philosophy (and a Few Next Steps).K. W. M. Fulford & W. Van Staden - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
  28.  16
    J. L. Austin: A Critique of Ordinary Language Philosophy.Hyun Höchsmann - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (3):496.
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  29. Ordinary Language.Gilbert Ryle - 1953 - Philosophical Review 62 (2):167-186.
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  30. Why We Need Ordinary Language Philosophy.Daniela Ginsburg (ed.) - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    Sandra Laugier has long been a key liaison between American and European philosophical thought, responsible for bringing American philosophers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Stanley Cavell to French readers—but until now her books have never been published in English. _Why We Need Ordinary Language Philosophy_ rights that wrong with a topic perfect for English-language readers: the idea of analytic philosophy. Focused on clarity and logical argument, analytic philosophy has dominated the discipline (...)
     
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  31.  40
    Philosophy and Ordinary Language.Charles E. Caton - 1963 - Urbana, University of Illinois Press.
  32.  49
    Ordinary Language in Memoriam.Herman Tennessen - 1965 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 8 (1-4):225 – 248.
    Taking as a point of departure a recently published collection of representative contributions from various philosophers who claim to ?proceed from ordinary language?, this article examines ordinary language philosophy in the light of some of the claims made by these philosophers. The claims are criticized mainly for failing to account for the variability of the use of terms in respect both of depth of intention and special contexts. These factors are such as to render the (...)
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  33. Ordinary Language: Essays in Philosophical Method.V. C. Chappell (ed.) - 1964 - Dover Publications.
  34.  62
    Why Ordinary Language Needs Reforming.Grover Maxwell & Herbert Feigl - 1961 - Journal of Philosophy 58 (18):488-498.
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  35.  44
    Theodore Jouffrey: Precursor of Ordinary Language Philosophy.James W. Manns - 1991 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 3 (1):12-19.
  36.  42
    Nietzsche and Ordinary Language Philosophy.Randall Havas - 1996 - International Studies in Philosophy 28 (3):133-146.
  37.  56
    Skepticism, Ordinary Language and Zen Buddhism.Dick Garner - 1977 - Philosophy East and West 27 (2):165-181.
    The goal of tranquility through non-Assertion, Advocated by sextus empiricus, Is examined and his method criticized. His understanding of non-Assertion is compared with that of seng-Chao (383-414) and chi-Tsang (549-623). Zen buddhism shares the quest for tranquility, But offers more than sextus did to help us attain it, And avoids the excessively metaphysical thought of these two chinese buddhists. Wittgenstein, Whose goal was that philosophical problems completely disappear, And austin, Who rejected many standard western dichotomies, Offer a method superior to (...)
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  38. Jonathan Ree, Bernard Harrison: Ordinary Language Philosophy and Radical Philosopy.Sean Sayers - 1974 - Radical Philosophy 8:36.
     
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  39.  3
    Theodore Jouffrey: Precursor of Ordinary Language Philosophy.James W. Manns - 2010 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 3 (1):12-19.
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  40. Gadamer's Hermeneutics and Ordinary Language Philosophy.P. Christopher Smith - 1979 - The Thomist 43 (2):296.
     
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  41. Operationalism and Ordinary Language: A Critique of Wittgenstein.C. Chihara & Jerry A. Fodor - 1965 - American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (4):281-95.
    This paper explores some lines of argument in wittgenstein's post-Tractatus writings in order to indicate the relations between wittgenstein's philosophical psychology, On the one hand, And his philosophy of language, His epistemology, And his doctrines about the nature of philosophical analysis on the other. The authors maintain that the later writings of wittgenstein express a coherent doctrine in which an operationalistic analysis of confirmation and language supports a philosophical psychology of a type the authors call "logical behaviorism." (...)
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  42.  10
    Inappropriate Stereotypical Inferences? An Adversarial Collaboration in Experimental Ordinary Language Philosophy.Eugen Fischer, Paul E. Engelhardt & Justin Sytsma - forthcoming - Synthese:1-42.
    This paper trials new experimental methods for the analysis of natural language reasoning and the development of critical ordinary language philosophy in the wake of J.L. Austin. Philosophical arguments and thought experiments are strongly shaped by default pragmatic inferences, including stereotypical inferences. Austin suggested that contextually inappropriate stereotypical inferences are at the root of some philosophical paradoxes and problems, and that these can be resolved by exposing those verbal fallacies. This paper builds on recent efforts to (...)
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  43. Ernest Gellner's Criticisms of Wittgenstein and Ordinary Language Philosophy.T. P. Uschanov - 2002 - In G. N. Kitching & Nigel Pleasants (eds.), Marx and Wittgenstein: Knowledge, Morality and Politics. Routledge. pp. 35--23.
     
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  44.  91
    Health, Science, and Ordinary Language.Lennart Nordenfelt (ed.) - 2001 - Rodopi.
    One INTRODUCTION 1. Background The theory of the nature of health and disease, or of the concepts of health and disease, has been central in modem ...
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  45.  15
    The Philosophy of Ordinary Language is a Naturalistic Philosophy.Jonathan Trigg - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):6.
    It is argued that the only response to the mereological objections of the ordinary language philosopher available to the scientistic philosopher of mind requires the adoption of the view that ordinary psychological talk is theoretical and falsified by the findings of brain science. The availability of this sort of response produces a kind of stalemate between these opposed views and viewpoints: the claim that attribution of psychological predicates to parts of organisms is nonsense is met with the (...)
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  46.  19
    New Criteria for Pain: Ordinary Language, Other Minds, and the Grammar of Sensation.Kieran Cashell - 2011 - Abstracta 6 (2):178-215.
    What does ordinary language philosophy contribute to the solution of the problems it diagnoses as violations of linguistic use? One of its biggest challenges has been to account for the epistemic asymmetry of mental states experienced by the subject of those states and the application of psychological properties to others. The epistemology of other minds appears far from resolved with reference to how sensation words are used in everyday language. In this paper, I revisit the Wittgensteinian (...)
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  47. Psychological Concepts, Explication, and Ordinary Language.Hilary Putnam - 1957 - Journal of Philosophy 54 (February):94-99.
  48. Verbal Fallacies and Philosophical Intuitions: The Continuing Relevance of Ordinary Language Analysis.Eugen Fischer - 2014 - In Brian Garvey (ed.), Austin on Language. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 124-140.
    The paper builds on a methodological idea from experimental philosophy and on findings from psycholinguistics, to develop and defend ordinary language analysis (OLA) as practiced in J.L. Austin’s Sense and Sensibilia. That attack on sense-datum theories of perception focuses on the argument from illusion. Through a case-study on this paradoxical argument, the present paper argues for a form of OLA which is psychologically informed, seeks to expose epistemic, rather than semantic, defects in paradoxical arguments, and is immune (...)
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  49. The Experimental Turn and Ordinary Language.Constantine Sandis - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):181-96.
  50. Knowledge Isn’T Closed on Saturday: A Study in Ordinary Language.Wesley Buckwalter - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (3):395-406.
    Recent theories of epistemic contextualism have challenged traditional invariantist positions in epistemology by claiming that the truth conditions of knowledge attributions fluctuate between conversational contexts. Contextualists often garner support for this view by appealing to folk intuitions regarding ordinary knowledge practices. Proposed is an experiment designed to test the descriptive conditions upon which these types of contextualist defenses rely. In the cases tested, the folk pattern of knowledge attribution runs contrary to what contextualism predicts. While preliminary, these data inspire (...)
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