Results for 'Orson Scott Card'

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  1.  14
    Ethics, Literature, and Theory: An Introductory Reader.Wayne C. Booth, Dudley Barlow, Orson Scott Card, Anthony Cunningham, John Gardner, Marshall Gregory, John J. Han, Jack Harrell, Richard E. Hart, Barbara A. Heavilin, Marianne Jennings, Charles Johnson, Bernard Malamud, Toni Morrison, Georgia A. Newman, Joyce Carol Oates, Jay Parini, David Parker, James Phelan, Richard A. Posner, Mary R. Reichardt, Nina Rosenstand, Stephen L. Tanner, John Updike, John H. Wallace, Abraham B. Yehoshua & Bruce Young (eds.) - 2005 - Sheed & Ward.
    Do the rich descriptions and narrative shapings of literature provide a valuable resource for readers, writers, philosophers, and everyday people to imagine and confront the ultimate questions of life? Do the human activities of storytelling and complex moral decision-making have a deep connection? What are the moral responsibilities of the artist, critic, and reader? What can religious perspectives—from Catholic to Protestant to Mormon—contribute to literary criticism? Thirty well known contributors reflect on these questions, including iterary theorists Marshall Gregory, James Phelan, (...)
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  2. Ender-Shiva: Lord of the Dance.Joshua M. Hall - 2013 - In Lucinda Rush & D. E. Wittkower (eds.), Ender's Game and Philosophy: Genocide is Child's Play. Open Court. pp. 75-84.
    [First paragraph]: Believe it or not, it’s no exaggeration to say that Ender’s Game has been the most transformative book of my life. In fact, when I first read it, at the age of fifteen, it almost single-handedly initiated a crisis of faith in me that ended up lasting for eight long years. The reason that it was able to do so is that it is positively full of important philosophical ideas (a fact attested to by the very existence of (...)
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  3.  55
    Ender's Game and Philosophy: Genocide Is Child's Play.Tim Blackmore, Jenifer Swanson, Shawn Mckinney, Joan Grassbaugh Forry, Yochai Ataria & Paul Neiman - 2013 - Open Court.
    Ender’s Game, Orson Scott Card’s award-winning 1985 novel, has been discovered and rediscovered by generations of science fiction fans, even being adopted as reading by the U.S. Marine Corps. Ender's Game and its sequels explore rich themes — the violence and cruelty of children, the role of empathy in war, and the balance of individual dignity and the social good — with compelling elements of a coming-of-age story. Ender’s Game and Philosophy brings together over 30 philosophers to (...)
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  4.  11
    Ender's Game and Philosophy: Genocide is Child's Play.Lucinda Rush & D. E. Wittkower (eds.) - 2013 - Open Court.
    Ender’s Game, Orson Scott Card’s award-winning 1985 novel, has been discovered and rediscovered by generations of science fiction fans, even being adopted as reading by the U.S. Marine Corps. Ender's Game and its sequels explore rich themes — the violence and cruelty of children, the role of empathy in war, and the balance of individual dignity and the social good — with compelling elements of a coming-of-age story. Ender’s Game and Philosophy brings together over 30 philosophers to (...)
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  5.  50
    Hierarchies of Foreignness: The Writing of Man in the New World.Dana Miranda - 2021 - Journal of World Philosophies 6 (2):100-114.
    Through transatlantic contact and subsequent debates, the “humanity” of Amerindians was first established for Europeans according to the dictates of philosophical anthropology and theology. This hierarchical and colonial anthropology is problematic precisely because it normalizes a singular, indigenous way of “being human” as the only correct and universal formulation of the “human being,” i.e., Man. Consequently, people that live outside this constructed definition are exposed to dispossession, dehumanization, and genocide because they are deemed outside the bounds of Mankind. Through a (...)
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  6.  14
    Ender's Game and Philosophy: The Logic Gate is Down.Kevin S. Decker & William Irwin (eds.) - 2013 - Malden, MA: Wiley.
    A threat to humanity portending the end of our species lurks in the cold recesses of space. Our only hope is an eleven-year-old boy. Celebrating the long-awaited release of the movie adaptation of Orson Scott Card’s novel about highly trained child geniuses fighting a race of invading aliens, this collection of original essays probes key philosophical questions raised in the narrative, including the ethics of child soldiers, politics on the internet, and the morality of war and genocide. (...)
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  7.  56
    Coercion as Enforcement, and the Social Organisation of Power Relations: Coercion in Specific Contexts of Social Power.Scott A. Anderson - 2016 - Jurisprudence 7 (3):525-539.
    Many recent theories of coercion broaden the scope of the concept coercion by encompassing interactions in which one agent pressures another to act, subject to some further qualifications. I have argued previously that this way of conceptualizing coercion undermines its suitability for theoretical use in politics and ethics. I have also explicated a narrower, more traditional approach—“the enforcement approach to coercion”—and argued for its superiority. In this essay, I consider the prospects for broadening this more traditional approach to cover some (...)
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  8.  14
    Mental Capacity Assessments for COVID-19 Patients: Emergency Admissions and the CARD Approach.Cameron Stewart, Paul Biegler, Scott Brunero, Scott Lamont & George F. Tomossy - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):803-808.
    The doctrine of consent is built upon presumptions of mental capacity. Those presumptions must be tested according to legal rules that may be difficult to apply to COVID-19 patients during emergency presentations. We examine the principles of mental capacity and make recommendations on how to assess the capacity of COVID-19 patients to consent to emergency medical treatment. We term this the CARD approach.
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  9. Coercion as enforcement, and the social organization of power relations: A rubric for distinguishing coercion from related phenomena.Scott Anderson - unknown
    The traditional understanding of coercion as exemplified by the use of force and violence to constrain the actions of agents has been challenged by theories that describe coercion instead in terms of the pressure it puts on some agents to act or refrain from acting. Building on earlier work defending the traditional understanding and rejecting the ‘pressure’ accounts of coercion, I argue in this paper that the traditional understanding of coercion, which I dub ‘coercion as enforcement’, provides a helpful analytic (...)
     
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  10.  6
    The Senior Black Correspondent.Jason Holt & John Scott Gray - 2013 - In William Irwin (ed.), The Ultimate Daily Show and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 155–166.
    Jon Stewart often delivers the satire himself, but nearly every episode also features at least one of The Daily Show's numerous correspondents. This chapter focuses on Larry Wilmore, who as Senior Black Correspondent is able to discuss issues of race in ways that a white correspondent probably could not. For example, Wilmore has discussed how the election of Barack Obama could be perceived by the African‐American community in the United States, proposing that peer pressure creates a monolithic voting block among (...)
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  11.  59
    "Citizen Kane", "The Great Gatsby", and Some Conventions of American Narrative.Robert L. Carringer - 1975 - Critical Inquiry 2 (2):307-325.
    It is widely thought that what finally characterizes American literary narratives is a preoccupation with Americanness. If the "great theme" of European fiction has been "man's life in society," Walter Allen writes in The Modern Novel, "the great theme of American fiction has been the exploration of what it means to be an American." The best American film narratives also seem to bear out this proposition, especially those of the great American naturals like Griffith and Ford and Hawks, and most (...)
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  12.  91
    Separate visual representations in the planning and control of action.Scott Glover - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):3-24.
    Evidence for a dichotomy between the planning of an action and its on-line control in humans is reviewed. This evidence suggests that planning and control each serve a specialized purpose utilizing distinct visual representations. Evidence from behavioral studies suggests that planning is influenced by a large array of visual and cognitive information, whereas control is influenced solely by the spatial characteristics of the target, including such things as its size, shape, orientation, and so forth. Evidence from brain imaging and neuropsychology (...)
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  13.  29
    Public reason in justifications of conscientious objection in health care.Doug McConnell & Robert F. Card - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (5):625-632.
    Current mainstream approaches to conscientious objection either uphold the standards of public health care by preventing objections or protect the consciences of health‐care professionals by accommodating objections. Public justification approaches are a compromise position that accommodate conscientious objections only when objectors can publicly justify the grounds of their objections. Public justification approaches require objectors and assessors to speak a common normative language and to this end it has been suggested that objectors should be required to cast their objection in terms (...)
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  14.  13
    Life Stress, the "Kindling" Hypothesis, and the Recurrence of Depression: Considerations From a Life Stress Perspective.Scott M. Monroe & Kate L. Harkness - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):417-445.
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  15.  86
    AI and the path to envelopment: knowledge as a first step towards the responsible regulation and use of AI-powered machines.Scott Robbins - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (2):391-400.
    With Artificial Intelligence entering our lives in novel ways—both known and unknown to us—there is both the enhancement of existing ethical issues associated with AI as well as the rise of new ethical issues. There is much focus on opening up the ‘black box’ of modern machine-learning algorithms to understand the reasoning behind their decisions—especially morally salient decisions. However, some applications of AI which are no doubt beneficial to society rely upon these black boxes. Rather than requiring algorithms to be (...)
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  16.  44
    Anti-individualism and fregeanism.Scott Kimbrough - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (193):470-482.
  17. On belief and the captivity of the will.Dion Scott-Kakures - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (1):77-103.
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  18.  15
    Assessing Public Reason Approaches to Conscientious Objection in Healthcare.Doug McConnell - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-11.
    Sometimes healthcare professionals conscientiously refuse to treat patients despite the patient requesting legal, medically indicated treatments within the professionals’ remit. Recently, there has been a proliferation of views using the concept of public reason to specify which conscientious refusals of treatment should be accommodated. Four such views are critically assessed, namely, those of Robert Card, Massimo Reichlin, David Scott, and Doug McConnell. This paper argues that McConnell’s view has advantages over the other approaches because it combines the requirement (...)
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  19.  27
    Grounded blends, gestures, and conceptual shifts.Scott K. Liddell - 1998 - Cognitive Linguistics 9 (3):283-314.
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  20.  13
    Nudging, the Nocebo Effect, and Ambivalence.Scott Gelfand - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (6):63-65.
    In “Two Minds, One Patient: Clearing Up Confusion About ‘Ambivalence,’” Moore and colleagues provide a sophisticated and subtle taxonomy of ambivalence. As they explain, clinical ethicists a...
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  21.  84
    Motivated believing: Wishful and unwelcome.Dion Scott-Kakures - 2000 - Noûs 34 (3):348–375.
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  22.  24
    Racial formations as data formations.Scott Wark & Thao Phan - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    This commentary uses Paul Gilroy’s controversial claim that new technoscientific processes are instituting an ‘end to race’ as a provocation to discuss the epistemological transformation of race in algorithmic culture. We situate Gilroy’s provocation within the context of an abolitionist agenda against racial-thinking, underscoring the relationship between his post-race polemic and a post-visual discourse. We then discuss the challenges of studying race within regimes of computation, which rely on structures that are, for the most part, opaque; in particular, modes of (...)
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  23.  8
    On Universala.Scott Macdonald - 1986 - Philosophical Books 27 (4):208-211.
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  24.  35
    Distinguishing the linguistic from the sublinguistic and the objective from the configurational.Scott D. Mainwaring - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):248-249.
  25. The Trouble with Memes: Inference versus Imitation in Cultural Creation.Scott Atran - 2001 - Human Nature 12 (4):351-381.
    Memes are hypothetical cultural units passed on by imitation; although nonbiological, they undergo Darwinian selection like genes. Cognitive study of multimodular human minds undermines memetics: unlike in genetic replication, high-fidelity transmission of cultural information is the exception, not the rule. Constant, rapid 'mutation' of information during communication generates endlessly varied creations that nevertheless adhere to modular input conditions. The sort of cultural information most susceptible to modular processing is that most readily acquired by children, most easily transmitted across individuals, most (...)
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  26. Belief: An Essay.Jamie Iredell - 2011 - Continent 1 (4):279-285.
    continent. 1.4 (2011): 279—285. Concerning its Transitive Nature, the Conversion of Native Americans of Spanish Colonial California, Indoctrinated Catholicism, & the Creation There’s no direct archaeological evidence that Jesus ever existed. 1 I memorized the Act of Contrition. I don’t remember it now, except the beginning: Forgive me Father for I have sinned . . . This was in preparation for the Sacrament of Holy Reconciliation, where in a confessional I confessed my sins to Father Scott, who looked like (...)
     
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  27. Law and irresponsibility: on the legitimation of human suffering.Scott Veitch - 2007 - New York., NY: Routledge-Cavendish.
    It is commonly understood that in its focus on rights and obligations law is centrally concerned with organising responsibility. In defining how obligations are created, in contract or property law, say, or imposed, as in tort, public, or criminal law, law and legal institutions are usually seen as society’s key mode of asserting and defining the content and scope of responsibilities. This book takes the converse view: legal institutions are centrally involved in organising irresponsibility. Particularly with respect to the production (...)
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  28.  12
    Radical theology, postmodernity and Christian life in the void.Scott Cowdell - 1991 - Heythrop Journal 32 (1):62–71.
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  29.  26
    A New Puzzle For Hedonistic Theories of Value.Scott M. James - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Research 42:115-130.
    Most of us would feel awful if we discovered that our beloved had been unfaithful. But the hedonist, I argue, cannot consistently claim: that a betrayal that goes undetected does not make your life worse off for you; and, at the same time, that one ought to feel bad if one happens to discover that one has been betrayed. To claim that one ought to feel bad requires adducing reasons for that reaction, but the hedonist either can adduce no such (...)
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  30.  53
    A Reply to Christopher Kulp's "Dewey, Indeterminacy, and the Spectator Theory of Knowledge".Scott L. Pratt - 1994 - Modern Schoolman 72 (1):67-76.
  31.  14
    Past President’s Panel Introduction.Scott Aikin - 2024 - Southwest Philosophy Review 40 (1):1-4.
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  32.  32
    Cells in search of community: Critiques of weismannism and selectable units in ontogeny.Scott F. Gilbert - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):473-487.
  33. La théologie, discipline scientifique.Georges Card Cottier - 2008 - Nova et Vetera 83 (2):151-161.
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  34.  21
    The Ki process: Korean secrets for cultivating dynamic energy.Scott Shaw - 1997 - York Beach, Me.: S. Weiser.
    THE HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF Kl n^ order to begin your work with Ki energy, you must first possess am basic understanding of Asian medicine. ...
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  35.  38
    Selling Silence: The Morality of Sexual Harassment NDA s.Scott Altman - 2022 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (4):698-720.
  36.  82
    Earthquakes, People‐Seeds and a Cabin in the Woods.Scott Woodcock - 2017 - Journal of Social Philosophy 48 (1):71-91.
    John Martin Fischer has published a trilogy of papers discussing Judith Jarvis Thomson’s ground-breaking “A Defense of Abortion”. Fischer claims that neither the unconscious violinist nor the people-seeds thought experiment is persuasive, and he concludes that Thomson’s arguments are incomplete in the sense that they require further support to secure the permissibility of abortion in their respective contexts of pregnancy resulting from rape and pregnancy resulting from voluntary intercourse and contraceptive failure. My aim in this paper is to identify three (...)
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  37.  52
    Divorcing threats and offers.Scott Altman - 1996 - Law and Philosophy 15 (3):209 - 226.
    Theories of threats and offers can blind us to some wrongs even as they illuminate others. Spouses sometimes negotiate divorce settlements by proposing to litigate custody unless given financial concessions. Supported by theories that rely exclusively on rights, courts often uphold these settlements saying things like "[s]imply insisting upon ... what one believes to be his legal rights is not coercive." I suggest a means of distinguishing (divorcing) threats from offers that explains why it is sometimes coercive to insist on (...)
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  38.  5
    Moralizing religions: Prosocial or a privilege of wealth?Scott Atran - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  39.  48
    Demons and the Isolation Argument.Scott Hendricks - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):403–418.
    Justifying a belief gives reason to think that the belief is true. So our concept of justification contains a ‘truth connection’. I canvass a number of proposals for analysing this. In the end, two competing conceptions of the truth connection remain: the first, that justifying a belief makes the belief objectively probable, the second, that justifying a belief makes the belief probable in a world which would make true our other beliefs. I discuss reasons for embracing and rejecting these two (...)
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  40. Visual awareness.Scott D. Palmer - 2002 - In Daniel J. Levitin (ed.), Foundations of Cognitive Psychology: Core Readings. MIT Press.
     
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  41.  5
    On the competence of thought in the sphere of the higher life.J. W. Scott - 1916 - Philosophical Review 25 (1):1-15.
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  42.  56
    Maximalism and mental processes.Scott Sturgeon - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 53 (2):309 - 314.
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  43.  35
    Responsible Sports Spectatorship and the Problem of Fantasy Leagues.Scott F. Aikin - 2013 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):195-206.
    Given a variety of cases of failed spectatorship, a set of criteria for properly attending to a sporting event are defined. In light of these criteria, it is shown that Fantasy League participation occasions a peculiar kind of failure of sports spectatorship.
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  44.  31
    The role of ethnicity, gender, emotional content, and contextual differences in physiological, expressive, and self-reported emotional responses to imagery.Scott R. Vrana & David Rollock - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (1):165-192.
  45.  19
    Ackermann Wilhelm. Zur Axiomatik der Mengenlehre. Mathematische Annalen, vol. 131 , pp. 336–345.Dana Scott - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):215-216.
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  46.  21
    Inter-individual differences in intrinsic connectivity of the ocular motor network predict anti-saccade spatial accuracy.Kolbe Scott, Gajamange Sanuji, Jamadar Sharna, Johnson Beth, Egan Gary & Fielding Joanne - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  47.  24
    Subject-auxiliary inversion and gaps ingeneralized phrase structure grammar.Scott Soames - 1989 - Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (3):373 - 382.
  48.  29
    Planning and control in action.Scott Glover - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):57-69.
    The views expressed in the commentaries challenge many of the tenets of the planning–control model as espoused in the target article. This response is aimed at addressing the most serious of these challenges as well as clarifying errors of interpretation. It is argued that the majority of the challenges from brain and behavior, although meritorious, can nonetheless be incorporated within the planning–control model. It is concluded that only some minor revision of the model with regard to anatomy is necessary at (...)
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  49.  13
    Style as stance.Scott Fabius Kiesling - forthcoming - Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives.
  50.  29
    Representing, Running, and Revising Mental Models: A Computational Model.Scott Friedman, Kenneth Forbus & Bruce Sherin - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (4):1110-1145.
    People use commonsense science knowledge to flexibly explain, predict, and manipulate the world around them, yet we lack computational models of how this commonsense science knowledge is represented, acquired, utilized, and revised. This is an important challenge for cognitive science: Building higher order computational models in this area will help characterize one of the hallmarks of human reasoning, and it will allow us to build more robust reasoning systems. This paper presents a novel assembled coherence theory of human conceptual change, (...)
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