Results for 'Osamu Morikawa'

88 found
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  1.  8
    Some Modal Logics Based on a Three-Valued Logic.Osamu Morikawa - 1988 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 30 (1):130-137.
  2.  15
    Extended Gentzen-Type Formulations of Two Temporal Logics Based on Incomplete Knowledge Systems.Osamu Morikawa - 2001 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 42 (1):55-64.
    Nakamura proposed two three-valued temporal logics. We present two extended Gentzen-type formulations of these logics. Then we prove the soundness as well as the completeness theorem.
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  3. Function and Modality.Osamu Kiritani - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (1):1-4.
    Naturalistic teleological accounts of mental content rely on an etiological theory of function. Nanay has raised a new objection to an etiological theory, and proposed an alternative theory of function that attributes modal force to claims about function. The aim of this paper is both to defend and to cast a new light on an etiological theory of function. I argue against Nanay’s “trait type individuation objection,” suggesting that an etiological theory also attributes modal force to claims about function. An (...)
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  4.  24
    Informed Consent for the Diagnosis of Brain Death: A Conceptual Argument.Osamu Muramoto - 2016 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 11:8.
    BackgroundThis essay provides an ethical and conceptual argument for the use of informed consent prior to the diagnosis of brain death. It is meant to enable the family to make critical end-of-life decisions, particularly withdrawal of life support system and organ donation, before brain death is diagnosed, as opposed to the current practice of making such decisions after the diagnosis of death. The recent tragic case of a 13-year-old brain-dead patient in California who was maintained on a ventilator for over (...)
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  5.  18
    A Real-Life Illusion of Assimilation in the Human Face: Eye Size Illusion Caused by Eyebrows and Eye Shadow.Kazunori Morikawa, Soyogu Matsushita, Akitoshi Tomita & Haruna Yamanami - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  6.  53
    Scale Structure, Coercion, and the Interpretation of Measure Phrases in Japanese.Osamu Sawada & Thomas Grano - 2011 - Natural Language Semantics 19 (2):191-226.
    This paper investigates the semantics of measure phrases in Japanese. Based on new data, we argue that the interpretation of measure phrases in Japanese is sensitive to scale structure such that (i) measure phrases are introduced by a degree morpheme that selects only for gradable predicates whose scale contains a minimal element (i.e., a lower closed scale) and (ii) violations to this restriction are repaired via coercion, which forces a comparative interpretation with a contextually determined standard and hence a minimal (...)
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  7.  4
    Takemitsu Morikawa : Die Welt der Liebe. Liebessemantiken zwischen Globalität und Lokalität.Justin Stagl - 2015 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 68 (2):184-187.
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  8.  46
    Critical Analysis of Three Arguments Against Consent Requirement for the Diagnosis of Brain Death.Osamu Muramoto - manuscript
    In modern hospitals in developed countries, deaths are determined usually after a prearranged schedule of resuscitative efforts. By default, death is diagnosed and determined after “full code” or after the failure of intensive resuscitation. In end-of-life contexts, however, various degrees of less-than-full resuscitation and sometimes no resuscitation are allowed after the consent and shared decision-making of the patient and/or surrogates. The determination of brain death is a unique exception in these contexts because such an end-of-life care plan is usually not (...)
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  9.  13
    Patients' Rights in Japan: Progress and Resistance.Isao Morikawa - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (4):337-343.
  10. Rinriteki Sekai No Tankyū: Ningen, Shakai, Shūkyō.Osamu Hamai - 2004 - Tōkyō Daigaku Shuppankai.
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  11. Modality and Function: Reply to Nanay.Osamu Kiritani - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (2):89-90.
    This paper replies to Nanay’s response to my recent paper. My suggestions are the following. First, “should” or “ought” does not need to be deontic. Second, etiological theories of function, like provability logic, do not need to attribute modal force to their explanans. Third, the explanans of the homological account of trait type individuation does not appeal to a trait’s etiological function, that is, what a trait should or ought to do. Finally, my reference to Cummins’s notion of function was (...)
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  12.  33
    Retrospective Diagnosis of a Famous Historical Figure: Ontological, Epistemic, and Ethical Considerations.Osamu Muramoto - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:10.
    The aim of this essay is to elaborate philosophical and ethical underpinnings of posthumous diagnosis of famous historical figures based on literary and artistic products, or commonly called retrospective diagnosis. It discusses ontological and epistemic challenges raised in the humanities and social sciences, and attempts to systematically reply to their criticisms from the viewpoint of clinical medicine, philosophy of medicine, particularly the ontology of disease and the epistemology of diagnosis, and medical ethics. The ontological challenge focuses on the doubt about (...)
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  13. An Adaptive Neighboring Search Using Crossover-Like Mutation for Deceptive Multimodal Function Optimization交叉的突然変異による適応的近傍探索 だましのある多峰性関数の最適化.Osamu Takahashi, Shuhei Kimura & Shigenobu Kobayashi - 2001 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 16:175-184.
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  14. Socrates and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Pathographic Diagnosis 2,400 Years Later.Osamu Muramoto - 2006 - Epilepsia 47 (3):652-654.
    Purpose: Some enigmatic remarks and behaviors of Socrates have been a subject of debate among scholars. We investigated the possibility of underlying epilepsy in Socrates by analyzing pathographic evidence in ancient literature from the viewpoint of the current understanding of seizure semiology. Methods: We performed a case study from a literature survey. Results: In 399 BCE, Socrates was tried and executed in Athens on the charge of “impiety.” His charges included the “introduction of new deities” and “not believing in the (...)
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  15.  27
    Socially and Temporally Extended End-of-Life Decision-Making Process for Dementia Patients.Osamu Muramoto - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):339-343.
    There are two contrasting views on the decision-making for life-sustaining treatment in advanced stages of dementia when the patient is deemed incompetent. One is to respect the patient's precedent autonomy by adhering to advance directives or using the substituted judgement standard. The other is to use the best-interests standard, particularly if the current judgement on what is best for the incapacitated patient contradicts the instructions from the patient's precedent autonomy. In this paper, I argue that the protracted clinical course of (...)
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  16. An Epistemological Examination of the Offense and Defense in Ball Games球技における攻撃と防御の認識論的検討.Osamu Suzuki - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 40 (1):25-33.
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  17.  17
    Philosophy of Agricultural Science: A Japanese Perspective.Osamu Soda - 2006 - Distributor, International Specialized Book Services.
    This book, written by one of the leading Japanese scholars in the philosophy of agricultural science, examines the relationship between human life, the natural environment, and agriculture.
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  18.  22
    A Note on R− S Lemma.Osamu Sonobe - 1979 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 8 (1):10-13.
    Rauszer and Sabalski proved in [2] that distributivity with respect to infi- nite joins and meets is a sucient and necessary condition making the RasiowaSikorski Lemma valid in distributive lattices. The main part of their proof is a direct construction of a required filter under distributivity. In this note we show that a generalization of the result can be obtained from the Rasiowa-Sikorski Lemma for Boolean algebras by using Gornemann’s result in [1] instead of a direct con- ¨ struction. Suppose (...)
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  19.  12
    An Examination of the Relationship Between Personality Development of Identity and Physical Education.Osamu Hayashi & Keiji Umeno - 2005 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 27 (1):17-33.
  20.  13
    Accumulation of Rapid and Small Synaptic Increase as a Basis for Implicit Memory.Osamu Hoshino, Satoru Inoue, Yoshiki Kashimori & Takeshi Kambara - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 217.
  21.  12
    Map for Accomplishing Spatial Tasks.Osamu Hoshino, Takafumi Yoshizawa & Takeshi Kambara - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 33--289.
  22. Adoruno to Sono Shūhen.Osamu Komaki - 1971
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  23. Gendai Nihon No Shisō.Osamu Kuno - 1957 - [N. P..
     
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  24.  7
    Robot and ukiyo-e: implications to cultural varieties in human–robot relationships.Osamu Sakura - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    The social and cultural causes behind the widespread use and acceptance of robots in Japan are not yet completely understood. This study compares humans and robots in images gathered through Google searches in Japanese and in English. Numerous pictures obtained by the search in Japanese were found to have a human and a robot looking together at something else, whereas many of the images acquired by search in English show a human and a robot facing each other. This is similar (...)
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  25. A Proposal of the Pluralistic Terminology Implicated From.Osamu Sakura - forthcoming - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science.
     
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  26. Solving the Socratic Problem—A Contribution From Medicine.Osamu Muramoto - 2018 - Mouseion 15 (online):1-29.
    This essay provides a medical theory that could clarify enigmas surrounding the historical Socrates. It offers textual evidence that Socrates had temporal lobe epilepsy and that its two types of seizure manifested as recurrent voices and peculiar behaviour, both of which were notorious hallmarks of Socrates. Common and immediate criticisms against the methodology of retrospective diagnosis are addressed first. Next, the diagnostic reasoning is presented in detail. The possibility of temporal lobe personality in Socrates is also considered. The important implication (...)
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  27. Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History.Saito Osamu & Sato Masahiro - 2012
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  28. Gendai Shisåo to Shite No Kankyåo Mondai Nåo to Idenshi No Kyåosei.Osamu Sakura - 1992
     
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  29.  6
    A Revised Classification of Ball Games Based on Game Structure.Osamu Suzuki, Ryosuke Tsuchida, Katsuhiro Hirose & Naoki Suzuki - 2003 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 25 (2):7-23.
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  30.  18
    Mapping the Field of Misinformation Correction and its Effects: A Review of Four Decades of Research. [REVIEW]Qinyu Eva, Osamu Sakura & Gefei Li - 2021 - Social Science Information 60 (4):522-547.
    Why people still rely on misinformation after clear corrections is a major concern driving relevant research. Different fields, from psychology to marketing, have been seeking answers. Yet there remains no systematic review to integrate these theoretical and empirical insights. To fill the gap, this article reviewed 135 articles on misinformation correction and its effects written before 2020 to examine the knowledge generated in the field. Our findings indicate a consistent interest on this topic over the past four decades, and a (...)
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  31. Naming and Necessity From a Functional Point of View.Osamu Kiritani - 2013 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):93-98.
    The aim of this paper is to develop a new connection between naming and necessity. I argue that Kripke’s historical account of naming presupposes the functional necessity of naming. My argument appeals to the etiological notion of function, which can be thought to capture the necessity of functionality in historical terms. It is shown that the historical account of naming entails all conditions in an etiological definition of function.
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  32.  59
    The Problem of Vitalism Revisited.Osamu Kanamori - 2005 - Angelaki 10 (2):13 – 26.
    (2005). The Problem of Vitalism Revisited. Angelaki: Vol. 10, continental philosophy and the sciences the french tradition issue editor: andrew aitken, pp. 13-26.
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  33.  18
    An Utterance Situation-Based Comparison.Osamu Sawada - 2014 - Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (3):205-248.
    The Japanese comparative adverb motto has two different uses. In the degree use, motto compares two individuals and denotes that there is a large gap between the target and a given standard with a norm-related presupposition. On the other hand, in the so-called ‘negative use’ it conveys the speaker’s attitude toward the utterance situation. I argue that similarly to the degree motto, the negative motto is a comparative morpheme, but unlike the degree motto it compares a current situation and an (...)
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  34. Naming and Normativity.Osamu Kiritani - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (1-2):49-54.
    Evolutionary theory has recently been applied to language. The aim of this paper is to contribute to such an evolutionary approach to language. I argue that Kripke’s causal account of proper names, in terms of natural selection, captures the norm of uses of a proper name, which is to refer to the same object as past others’ uses in a linguistic community. My argument appeals to Millikan’s theory of direct proper functions, which captures the norms of various functional entities in (...)
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  35.  16
    Japan's Civil Registration Systems Before and After the Meiji Restoration.Osamu Saito & Masahiro Sato - 2012 - In Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History. pp. 113.
    This chapter traces the evolution of Japan's systems of household and land registration from c.1600 to the period of early Meiji reforms in the 1870s and 1880s, with due attention to the distinction between a system designed by the state and local forms of registration practice. In the section on the pre-Meiji period, one such local practice of having people ‘disowned’ and its consequence — registerlessness — is examined. The section on the Meiji reforms and the section that follows turn (...)
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  36. Books and Boats: Sino-Japanese Relations and Cultural Transmission in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.Oba Osamu & Joshua A. Fogel - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
     
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  37. Teleology and the Meaning of Life.Osamu Kiritani - 2012 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 33 (1-2):97-102.
    The “units of selection” debate in philosophy of biology addresses which entity benefits from natural selection. Nanay has tried to explain why we are obsessed with the question about the meaning of life, using the notion of group selection, although he is skeptical about answering the question from a biological point of view. The aim of this paper is to give a biological explanation to the meaning of life. I argue that the meaning of life is survival and reproduction, appealing (...)
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  38. A Method of Linkage Analysis Through Minutes Data Relations Between the National Diet and Ministries in Japan議事録を用いた我が国における議会・行政の関係性分析手法.Hitoshi Koshiba & So Morikawa - 2019 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 34 (5):E-J47_1-10.
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  39. Shisōshi to Shakaishi No Benshōhō: Rachi Chikara Tsuitō Ronshū: Tsuketari Rachi Chikara Korekushon Mokuroku.Chikara Rachi, Osamu Kawagoe, Kunihiko Uemura & Mari Nomura (eds.) - 2007 - Ochanomizu Shobō.
  40. Proper Names and Local Information.Osamu Kiritani - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (3):281-284.
    Evolutionary theory has recently been applied to language. The aim of this paper is to contribute to such an evolutionary approach to language. I argue that Kripke’s causal account of proper names, from an ecological point of view, captures the information carried by uses of a proper name, which is that a certain object is referred to. My argument appeals to Millikan’s concept of local information, which captures information about the environment useful for an organism.
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  41.  5
    John Dewey's Philosophical Frame of Reference in His First Three Articles.Osamu Kurita - 1971 - Educational Theory 21 (3):338-346.
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  42.  37
    Similarities and Varieties: A Brief Sketch on the Reception of Darwinism and Sociobiology in Japan. [REVIEW]Osamu Sakura - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):341-357.
    This paper discusses the reception of Darwinian evolutionary theory and sociobiology in Japan. Darwinism was introduced into Japan in the late 19th century and Japanese people readily accepted the concept of evolution because, lacking Christianity, there was no religious opposition. However, the theory of evolution was treated as a kind of social scientific tool, i.e., social Spencerism and eugenics. Although evolutionary biology was developed during the late 19th and the early 20th century, orthodox Darwinian theory was neglected for a long (...)
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  43.  48
    A Linked Aggregate Code for Processing Faces (Revised Version).Michael J. Lyons & Kazunori Morikawa - 2000 - Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (1):63-81.
    A model of face representation, inspired by the biology of the visual system, is compared to experimental data on the perception of facial similarity. The face representation model uses aggregate primary visual cortex (V1) cell responses topographically linked to a grid covering the face, allowing comparison of shape and texture at corresponding points in two facial images. When a set of relatively similar faces was used as stimuli, this Linked Aggregate Code (LAC) predicted human performance in similarity judgment experiments. When (...)
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  44.  3
    What is This Thing Called ^|^Ldquo;Group of Animals^|^Rdquo;?Osamu Sakura - 1995 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 8 (5):237-252.
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  45. Jehovah's Witness Bioethics.Osamu Muramoto - 2008 - In Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.), The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 416.
     
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  46.  15
    Two Simple Characterizations of the Nash Bargaining Solution.Osamu Mori - 2018 - Theory and Decision 85 (2):225-232.
    We provide two alternative characterizations of the Nash bargaining solution. We introduce new simple axioms, strong undominatedness by the disagreement point, and egalitarian Pareto optimality. First, we prove that the Nash solution is characterized by symmetry, scale invariance, independence of irrelevant alternatives, and strong undominatedness by the disagreement point. Second, we replace the independence of irrelevant alternatives axiom with the sandwich axiom and egalitarian Pareto optimality. We then demonstrate that the Nash solution is characterized by symmetry, scale invariance, strong undominatedness (...)
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  47.  15
    Primitive Recursive Analogues of Regular Cardinals Based on Ordinal Representation Systems for KPi and KPM.Osamu Takaki - 2005 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 44 (6):689-709.
    In this paper, we develop primitive recursive analogues of regular cardinals by using ordinal representation systems for KPi and KPM. We also define primitive recursive analogues of inaccessible and hyperinaccessible cardinals. Moreover, we characterize the primitive recursive analogue of the least (uncountable) regular cardinal.
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  48.  14
    Developing Social Awareness and Positive Attitudes Towards Pace Running in Elementary School Students, a Social Constructivist Perspective.Osamu Suzuki, Naoto Kawasaki & Masaru Negami - 2005 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 27 (1):1-16.
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  49.  48
    Situated and Embodied Interactions for Symbiotic and Inclusive Societies.Osamu Katai, Toyoaki Nishida & Renate Fruchter - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):193-196.
  50.  37
    System Design of “Ba”-Like Stages for Improvisational Acts Via Leibnizian Space–Time and Peirce’s Existential Graph Concepts.Osamu Katai, Katsushi Minamizono, Takayuki Shiose & Hiroshi Kawakami - 2007 - AI and Society 22 (2):101-112.
    A framework for “improvisational” social acts and communication is introduced by referring to the idea of “relationalism” such as natural farming, permaculture and deep ecology. Based on this conception, the notion of Existential Graph by C. S. Peirce is introduced. The notion of extended self in deep ecology is substantiated based on the Roy Adaptation Model in Nursing Theory and Narrative approaches. By focusing on Leibnizian notions of space and time and by introducing Petri net, a spatio-temporal model of improvisation (...)
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