Results for 'Osamu Sawada'

133 found
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  1.  53
    Scale Structure, Coercion, and the Interpretation of Measure Phrases in Japanese.Osamu Sawada & Thomas Grano - 2011 - Natural Language Semantics 19 (2):191-226.
    This paper investigates the semantics of measure phrases in Japanese. Based on new data, we argue that the interpretation of measure phrases in Japanese is sensitive to scale structure such that (i) measure phrases are introduced by a degree morpheme that selects only for gradable predicates whose scale contains a minimal element (i.e., a lower closed scale) and (ii) violations to this restriction are repaired via coercion, which forces a comparative interpretation with a contextually determined standard and hence a minimal (...)
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  2.  18
    An Utterance Situation-Based Comparison.Osamu Sawada - 2014 - Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (3):205-248.
    The Japanese comparative adverb motto has two different uses. In the degree use, motto compares two individuals and denotes that there is a large gap between the target and a given standard with a norm-related presupposition. On the other hand, in the so-called ‘negative use’ it conveys the speaker’s attitude toward the utterance situation. I argue that similarly to the degree motto, the negative motto is a comparative morpheme, but unlike the degree motto it compares a current situation and an (...)
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  3.  6
    Review of Sawada, Osamu Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers: The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface. [REVIEW]Jacob L. Mey - 2018 - Pragmatics and Society 9 (4):654-656.
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  4.  24
    Informed Consent for the Diagnosis of Brain Death: A Conceptual Argument.Osamu Muramoto - 2016 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 11:8.
    BackgroundThis essay provides an ethical and conceptual argument for the use of informed consent prior to the diagnosis of brain death. It is meant to enable the family to make critical end-of-life decisions, particularly withdrawal of life support system and organ donation, before brain death is diagnosed, as opposed to the current practice of making such decisions after the diagnosis of death. The recent tragic case of a 13-year-old brain-dead patient in California who was maintained on a ventilator for over (...)
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  5. Rinriteki Sekai No Tankyū: Ningen, Shakai, Shūkyō.Osamu Hamai - 2004 - Tōkyō Daigaku Shuppankai.
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  6. Akio Sawada : Thomas More, in the Collection “Sekai No Meicho” (Great Books of the World), Vol. 17, Chuokoronsha, Tokyo, 1969.Joseph Roggendorf - 1970 - Moreana 7 (2):105-106.
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  7. Go, Bun to Bunpō Kategorī No Imi.Harumi Sawada (ed.) - 2010 - Hitsuji Shobō.
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  8.  42
    Critical Analysis of Three Arguments Against Consent Requirement for the Diagnosis of Brain Death.Osamu Muramoto - manuscript
    In modern hospitals in developed countries, deaths are determined usually after a prearranged schedule of resuscitative efforts. By default, death is diagnosed and determined after “full code” or after the failure of intensive resuscitation. In end-of-life contexts, however, various degrees of less-than-full resuscitation and sometimes no resuscitation are allowed after the consent and shared decision-making of the patient and/or surrogates. The determination of brain death is a unique exception in these contexts because such an end-of-life care plan is usually not (...)
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  9. Function and Modality.Osamu Kiritani - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (1):1-4.
    Naturalistic teleological accounts of mental content rely on an etiological theory of function. Nanay has raised a new objection to an etiological theory, and proposed an alternative theory of function that attributes modal force to claims about function. The aim of this paper is both to defend and to cast a new light on an etiological theory of function. I argue against Nanay’s “trait type individuation objection,” suggesting that an etiological theory also attributes modal force to claims about function. An (...)
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  10.  33
    Retrospective Diagnosis of a Famous Historical Figure: Ontological, Epistemic, and Ethical Considerations.Osamu Muramoto - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:10.
    The aim of this essay is to elaborate philosophical and ethical underpinnings of posthumous diagnosis of famous historical figures based on literary and artistic products, or commonly called retrospective diagnosis. It discusses ontological and epistemic challenges raised in the humanities and social sciences, and attempts to systematically reply to their criticisms from the viewpoint of clinical medicine, philosophy of medicine, particularly the ontology of disease and the epistemology of diagnosis, and medical ethics. The ontological challenge focuses on the doubt about (...)
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  11.  17
    Philosophy of Agricultural Science: A Japanese Perspective.Osamu Soda - 2006 - Distributor, International Specialized Book Services.
    This book, written by one of the leading Japanese scholars in the philosophy of agricultural science, examines the relationship between human life, the natural environment, and agriculture.
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  12.  22
    A Note on R− S Lemma.Osamu Sonobe - 1979 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 8 (1):10-13.
    Rauszer and Sabalski proved in [2] that distributivity with respect to infi- nite joins and meets is a sucient and necessary condition making the RasiowaSikorski Lemma valid in distributive lattices. The main part of their proof is a direct construction of a required filter under distributivity. In this note we show that a generalization of the result can be obtained from the Rasiowa-Sikorski Lemma for Boolean algebras by using Gornemann’s result in [1] instead of a direct con- ¨ struction. Suppose (...)
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  13.  27
    Socially and Temporally Extended End-of-Life Decision-Making Process for Dementia Patients.Osamu Muramoto - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):339-343.
    There are two contrasting views on the decision-making for life-sustaining treatment in advanced stages of dementia when the patient is deemed incompetent. One is to respect the patient's precedent autonomy by adhering to advance directives or using the substituted judgement standard. The other is to use the best-interests standard, particularly if the current judgement on what is best for the incapacitated patient contradicts the instructions from the patient's precedent autonomy. In this paper, I argue that the protracted clinical course of (...)
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  14. Socrates and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Pathographic Diagnosis 2,400 Years Later.Osamu Muramoto - 2006 - Epilepsia 47 (3):652-654.
    Purpose: Some enigmatic remarks and behaviors of Socrates have been a subject of debate among scholars. We investigated the possibility of underlying epilepsy in Socrates by analyzing pathographic evidence in ancient literature from the viewpoint of the current understanding of seizure semiology. Methods: We performed a case study from a literature survey. Results: In 399 BCE, Socrates was tried and executed in Athens on the charge of “impiety.” His charges included the “introduction of new deities” and “not believing in the (...)
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  15. How Are Emotional Facial Expressions Detected Rapidly and Accurately? A Diffusion Model Analysis.Reiko Sawada, Wataru Sato, Ryoichi Nakashima & Takatsune Kumada - 2022 - Cognition 229:105235.
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  16. Modality and Function: Reply to Nanay.Osamu Kiritani - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (2):89-90.
    This paper replies to Nanay’s response to my recent paper. My suggestions are the following. First, “should” or “ought” does not need to be deontic. Second, etiological theories of function, like provability logic, do not need to attribute modal force to their explanans. Third, the explanans of the homological account of trait type individuation does not appeal to a trait’s etiological function, that is, what a trait should or ought to do. Finally, my reference to Cummins’s notion of function was (...)
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  17.  72
    A Comparative Study Of Chinese, American And Japanese Nurses’ Perceptions Of Ethical Role Responsibilities.Samantha Pang, Aiko Sawada, Emiko Konishi, Douglas Olsen & Philip Yu - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (3):295-311.
    This article reports a survey of nurses in different cultural settings to reveal their perceptions of ethical role responsibilities relevant to nursing practice. Drawing on the Confucian theory of ethics, the first section attempts to understand nursing ethics in the context of multiple role relationships. The second section reports the administration of the Role Responsibilities Questionnaire to a sample of nurses in China, the USA, and Japan. Multidimensional preference analysis revealed the patterns of rankings given by the nurses to the (...)
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  18.  12
    An Examination of the Relationship Between Personality Development of Identity and Physical Education.Osamu Hayashi & Keiji Umeno - 2005 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 27 (1):17-33.
  19. An Adaptive Neighboring Search Using Crossover-Like Mutation for Deceptive Multimodal Function Optimization交叉的突然変異による適応的近傍探索 だましのある多峰性関数の最適化.Osamu Takahashi, Shuhei Kimura & Shigenobu Kobayashi - 2001 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 16:175-184.
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  20.  17
    Mapping the Field of Misinformation Correction and its Effects: A Review of Four Decades of Research. [REVIEW]Qinyu Eva, Osamu Sakura & Gefei Li - 2021 - Social Science Information 60 (4):522-547.
    Why people still rely on misinformation after clear corrections is a major concern driving relevant research. Different fields, from psychology to marketing, have been seeking answers. Yet there remains no systematic review to integrate these theoretical and empirical insights. To fill the gap, this article reviewed 135 articles on misinformation correction and its effects written before 2020 to examine the knowledge generated in the field. Our findings indicate a consistent interest on this topic over the past four decades, and a (...)
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  21.  13
    Accumulation of Rapid and Small Synaptic Increase as a Basis for Implicit Memory.Osamu Hoshino, Satoru Inoue, Yoshiki Kashimori & Takeshi Kambara - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 217.
  22.  12
    Map for Accomplishing Spatial Tasks.Osamu Hoshino, Takafumi Yoshizawa & Takeshi Kambara - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 33--289.
  23. Solving the Socratic Problem—A Contribution From Medicine.Osamu Muramoto - 2018 - Mouseion 15 (online):1-29.
    This essay provides a medical theory that could clarify enigmas surrounding the historical Socrates. It offers textual evidence that Socrates had temporal lobe epilepsy and that its two types of seizure manifested as recurrent voices and peculiar behaviour, both of which were notorious hallmarks of Socrates. Common and immediate criticisms against the methodology of retrospective diagnosis are addressed first. Next, the diagnostic reasoning is presented in detail. The possibility of temporal lobe personality in Socrates is also considered. The important implication (...)
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  24.  8
    Some Modal Logics Based on a Three-Valued Logic.Osamu Morikawa - 1988 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 30 (1):130-137.
  25. Gendai Nihon No Shisō.Osamu Kuno - 1957 - [N. P..
     
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  26.  7
    Robot and ukiyo-e: implications to cultural varieties in human–robot relationships.Osamu Sakura - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    The social and cultural causes behind the widespread use and acceptance of robots in Japan are not yet completely understood. This study compares humans and robots in images gathered through Google searches in Japanese and in English. Numerous pictures obtained by the search in Japanese were found to have a human and a robot looking together at something else, whereas many of the images acquired by search in English show a human and a robot facing each other. This is similar (...)
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  27. A Proposal of the Pluralistic Terminology Implicated From.Osamu Sakura - forthcoming - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science.
     
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  28. Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History.Saito Osamu & Sato Masahiro - 2012
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  29. Gendai Shisåo to Shite No Kankyåo Mondai Nåo to Idenshi No Kyåosei.Osamu Sakura - 1992
     
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  30.  5
    John Dewey's Philosophical Frame of Reference in His First Three Articles.Osamu Kurita - 1971 - Educational Theory 21 (3):338-346.
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  31. Jehovah's Witness Bioethics.Osamu Muramoto - 2008 - In Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.), The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 416.
     
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  32.  15
    Two Simple Characterizations of the Nash Bargaining Solution.Osamu Mori - 2018 - Theory and Decision 85 (2):225-232.
    We provide two alternative characterizations of the Nash bargaining solution. We introduce new simple axioms, strong undominatedness by the disagreement point, and egalitarian Pareto optimality. First, we prove that the Nash solution is characterized by symmetry, scale invariance, independence of irrelevant alternatives, and strong undominatedness by the disagreement point. Second, we replace the independence of irrelevant alternatives axiom with the sandwich axiom and egalitarian Pareto optimality. We then demonstrate that the Nash solution is characterized by symmetry, scale invariance, strong undominatedness (...)
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  33.  16
    Japan's Civil Registration Systems Before and After the Meiji Restoration.Osamu Saito & Masahiro Sato - 2012 - In Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History. pp. 113.
    This chapter traces the evolution of Japan's systems of household and land registration from c.1600 to the period of early Meiji reforms in the 1870s and 1880s, with due attention to the distinction between a system designed by the state and local forms of registration practice. In the section on the pre-Meiji period, one such local practice of having people ‘disowned’ and its consequence — registerlessness — is examined. The section on the Meiji reforms and the section that follows turn (...)
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  34. Naming and Necessity From a Functional Point of View.Osamu Kiritani - 2013 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):93-98.
    The aim of this paper is to develop a new connection between naming and necessity. I argue that Kripke’s historical account of naming presupposes the functional necessity of naming. My argument appeals to the etiological notion of function, which can be thought to capture the necessity of functionality in historical terms. It is shown that the historical account of naming entails all conditions in an etiological definition of function.
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  35.  59
    The Problem of Vitalism Revisited.Osamu Kanamori - 2005 - Angelaki 10 (2):13 – 26.
    (2005). The Problem of Vitalism Revisited. Angelaki: Vol. 10, continental philosophy and the sciences the french tradition issue editor: andrew aitken, pp. 13-26.
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  36. Naming and Normativity.Osamu Kiritani - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (1-2):49-54.
    Evolutionary theory has recently been applied to language. The aim of this paper is to contribute to such an evolutionary approach to language. I argue that Kripke’s causal account of proper names, in terms of natural selection, captures the norm of uses of a proper name, which is to refer to the same object as past others’ uses in a linguistic community. My argument appeals to Millikan’s theory of direct proper functions, which captures the norms of various functional entities in (...)
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  37. Anterior Cerebral Artery.J. M. C. Brust, T. Sawada & S. Kazui - 2001 - In Julien Bogousslavsky & Louis R. Caplan (eds.), Stroke Syndromes. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  38. Mapping the Field of Misinformation Correction and its Effects: A Review of Four Decades of Research. [REVIEW]Qinyu E., Osamu Sakura & Gefei Li - 2021 - Social Science Information 60 (4):522-547.
    Why people still rely on misinformation after clear corrections is a major concern driving relevant research. Different fields, from psychology to marketing, have been seeking answers. Yet there remains no systematic review to integrate these theoretical and empirical insights. To fill the gap, this article reviewed 135 articles on misinformation correction and its effects written before 2020 to examine the knowledge generated in the field. Our findings indicate a consistent interest on this topic over the past four decades, and a (...)
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  39. Koza Gendai Tetsugaku Nyumon.Takeo Iwasaki, Nobushige Sawada & Shigeo Nagai - 1968 - Yoshindo.
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  40. Shisōshi to Shakaishi No Benshōhō: Rachi Chikara Tsuitō Ronshū: Tsuketari Rachi Chikara Korekushon Mokuroku.Chikara Rachi, Osamu Kawagoe, Kunihiko Uemura & Mari Nomura (eds.) - 2007 - Ochanomizu Shobō.
  41. Teleology and the Meaning of Life.Osamu Kiritani - 2012 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 33 (1-2):97-102.
    The “units of selection” debate in philosophy of biology addresses which entity benefits from natural selection. Nanay has tried to explain why we are obsessed with the question about the meaning of life, using the notion of group selection, although he is skeptical about answering the question from a biological point of view. The aim of this paper is to give a biological explanation to the meaning of life. I argue that the meaning of life is survival and reproduction, appealing (...)
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  42. Proper Names and Local Information.Osamu Kiritani - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (3):281-284.
    Evolutionary theory has recently been applied to language. The aim of this paper is to contribute to such an evolutionary approach to language. I argue that Kripke’s causal account of proper names, from an ecological point of view, captures the information carried by uses of a proper name, which is that a certain object is referred to. My argument appeals to Millikan’s concept of local information, which captures information about the environment useful for an organism.
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  43.  20
    Non-Linear Matrix Factorization for Group Recommendation.Yuya Yoshikawa, Tomoharu Iwata & Hiroshi Sawada - 2015 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30 (2):485-490.
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  44.  37
    Similarities and Varieties: A Brief Sketch on the Reception of Darwinism and Sociobiology in Japan. [REVIEW]Osamu Sakura - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):341-357.
    This paper discusses the reception of Darwinian evolutionary theory and sociobiology in Japan. Darwinism was introduced into Japan in the late 19th century and Japanese people readily accepted the concept of evolution because, lacking Christianity, there was no religious opposition. However, the theory of evolution was treated as a kind of social scientific tool, i.e., social Spencerism and eugenics. Although evolutionary biology was developed during the late 19th and the early 20th century, orthodox Darwinian theory was neglected for a long (...)
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  45.  5
    Is Informed Consent Required for the Diagnosis of Brain Death Regardless of Consent for Organ Donation?Osamu Muramoto - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):5-5.
    In the half-century history of clinical practice of diagnosing brain death, informed consent has seldom been considered until very recently. Like many other medical diagnoses and ordinary death pronouncements, it has been taken for granted for decades that brain death is diagnosed and death is declared without consideration of the patient’s advance directives or family’s wishes. This essay examines the pros and cons of using informed consent before the diagnosis of brain death from an ethical point of view. As shared (...)
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  46.  10
    Non-Negative Multiple Matrix Factorization for Consumer Behavior Pattern Extraction by Considering Attribution Information.Masahiro Kohjima, Tatsushi Matsubayashi & Hiroshi Sawada - 2015 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30 (6):745-754.
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  47.  3
    What is This Thing Called ^|^Ldquo;Group of Animals^|^Rdquo;?Osamu Sakura - 1995 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 8 (5):237-252.
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  48. Books and Boats: Sino-Japanese Relations and Cultural Transmission in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.Oba Osamu & Joshua A. Fogel - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
     
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  49.  13
    Paying Attention to Orthography: A Visual Evoked Potential Study.Anthony T. Herdman & Osamu Takai - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  50. Junshin Women’s College, Tokyo. 20th July 1986.Paul Sawada - 2004 - Moreana 41 (1-2):104-118.
    The question posed by the author is: was Thomas More a utopian or a Realpolitiker? Both these ascriptions are defined with reference to More’s Utopia. Professor Sawada tries to reconstruct historically the intention of More the author of Utopia in contrast to the persona More and its interlocutor Raphaël, and concludes that More was a realist ‘man of law’ living in transcendent hope: a Christian gentleman with spes in caelis et pes in terries.
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