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Osborne P. Wiggins [23]Osborne P. Wiggins Jr [2]Osborne Pinkney Wiggins [1]
  1.  67
    On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research.Osborne P. Wiggins, John H. Barker, Serge Martinez, Marieke Vossen, Claudio Maldonado, Federico V. Grossi, Cedric G. Francois, Michael Cunningham, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Moshe Kon & Joseph C. Banis - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):1 – 12.
    Transplantation continues to push the frontiers of medicine into domains that summon forth troublesome ethical questions. Looming on the frontier today is human facial transplantation. We develop criteria that, we maintain, must be satisfied in order to ethically undertake this as-yet-untried transplant procedure. We draw on the criteria advanced by Dr. Francis Moore in the late 1980s for introducing innovative procedures in transplant surgery. In addition to these we also insist that human face transplantation must meet all the ethical requirements (...)
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  2.  47
    Psychosomatic Medicine and the Philosophy of Life.Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 2010 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5:1-5.
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, in addition to (...)
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  3. Rebuilding Reality: A Phenomenology of Aspects of Chronic Schizophrenia. [REVIEW]Michael A. Schwartz, Osborne P. Wiggins, Jean Naudin & Manfred Spitzer - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):91-115.
    Schizophrenia, like other pathological conditions of mental life, has not been systematically included in the general study of consciousness. By focusing on aspects of chronic schizophrenia, we attempt to remedy this omission. Basic components of Husserl’s phenomenology (intentionality, synthesis, constitution, epoche, and unbuilding) are explicated and then employed in an account of chronic schizophrenia. In schizophrenic experience, basic constituents of reality are lost and the subject must try to explicitly re-constitute them. “Automatic mental life” is weakened such that much of (...)
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  4.  49
    Edmund Husserl's Influence on Karl Jaspers's Phenomenology.Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael Alan Schwartz - 1997 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (1):15-36.
    Karl Jaspers' phenomenology remains important today, not solely because of its continuing influence in some areas of psychiatry, but because, if fully understood, it can provide a method and set of concepts for making new progress in the science of psychopathology. In order to understand this method and set of concepts, it helps to recognize the significant influence that Edmund Husserl's early work, Logical investigations, exercised on Jaspers' formulation of them. We trace the Husserlian influence while clarifying the main components (...)
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  5. Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification.John Z. Sadfer, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Edwin Harari - 1996 - Bioethics 10 (2):158-160.
  6.  61
    Richard Zaner's Phenomenology of the Clinical Encounter.Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (1):73-87.
    The clinical ethics propounded by Richard Zaner is unique. Partly because of his phenomenological orientation and partly because of his own daily practice as a clinical ethicist in a large university hospital, Zaner focuses on the particular concrete situations in which patients and their families confront illness and injury and struggle toward workable ways for dealing with them. He locates ethical reality in the clinical encounter. This encounter encompasses not only patient and physician but also the patients family and friends (...)
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  7.  81
    A Window Into Richard M. Zaner's Clinical Ethics.Osborne P. Wiggins & John Z. Sadler - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (1):1-6.
    This essay introduces a thematic issue focused on the contributions to clinical ethics and the philosophy of medicine by Richard M. Zaner. We consider the apparent divorce of Zaners philosophical roots from his recent narrative immersions into the blooming, buzzing confusions of clinical-moral lifeworlds. Our considerations of the Zanerian context and origins of the clinical encounter introduce the fundamental questions faced by Zaner and his commentators in this issue, questions about the role of ethics consultants, moral authority, and clinical truths.
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  8.  14
    The Use of the Husserlian Reduction as a Method of Investigation in Psychiatry.Jean Naudin, Caroline Gros-Azorin, Aaron Mishara, Osborne P. Wiggins, M. Schwartz & J.-M. Azorin - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):155-171.
    Husserlian reduction is a rigorous method for describing the foundations of psychiatric experience. With Jaspers we consider three main principles inspired by phenomenological reduction: direct givenness, absence of presuppositions, re-presentation. But with Binswanger alone we refer to eidetic and transcendental reduction: to establish a critical epistemology; to directly investigate the constitutive processes of mental phenomena and their disturbances, freed from their nosological background; to question the constitution of our own experience when facing a person with mental illness. Regarding the last (...)
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  9. Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification.John Z. Sadler, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Mario Rossi Monti - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):241.
  10.  20
    Commentary on" Self-Consciousness, Mental Agency, and the Clinical Psychopathology of Thought Insertion".Osborne P. Wiggins - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (1):11-12.
  11.  40
    Comments on Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed’s “a Critical Perspective on Second-Order Empathy in Understanding Psychopathology: Phenomenology and Ethics”.Jann E. Schlimme, Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (2):117-120.
    Understanding the mental life of persons with psychosis/schizophrenia has been the crucial challenge of psychiatry since its origins, both for scientific models as well as for every therapeutic encounter between persons with and without psychosis/schizophrenia. Nonetheless, a preliminary understanding is always the first step of phenomenological as well as other qualitative research methods addressing persons with psychotic experiences in their life-world. In contrast to Rashed's assertions, in order to achieve such understanding, phenomenological psychopathologists need not necessarily adopt the transcendental-phenomenological attitude, (...)
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  12.  29
    Merleau-Ponty and Piaget: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology. [REVIEW]Osborne P. Wiggins Jr - 1979 - Man and World 12 (1):21-34.
    Merleau-ponty's phenomenology of the intentional arc uniting body and world is viewed as grounded in the meaningfulness and materiality of both. the genetic constitution of the interrelated meaning and physicality of body and world is sketched in a phenomenological interpretation of jean piaget's ``the origin of intelligence in children''. from this sketch emerges an assertion of the priority of action over perception in prepredicative experience.
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  13.  69
    The Phenomenon of Life.Osborne P. Wiggins Jr - 1978 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (2):158-165.
  14.  16
    Techniques and Persons: Habermasian Reflections on Medical Ethics. [REVIEW]Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael Alan Schwartz - 1986 - Human Studies 9 (4):365 - 377.
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  15.  54
    Phenomenological Psychiatry Needs a Big Tent.Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):31-32.
    This article by Louis Sass, Josef Parnas, and Dan Zahavi takes us into the midst of a debate over recent developments in phenomenological psychiatry. In "Phenomenological Psychopathology and Schizophrenia: Contemporary Approaches and Misunderstandings" (Sass et al. 2011), Sass et al. are responding to criticisms of their position lodged by Aaron L. Mishara in "Missing Links in Phenomenological Clinical Neuroscience: Why We Are Still Not There Yet" (Mishara 2007). In their reply, Sass et al. offer several helpful clarifications and justifications of (...)
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  16. Phenomenological and Hermeneutic Models. Understanding and Interpretation in Psychiatry.Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford University Press. pp. 351--363.
     
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  17.  45
    Response to Selected Commentaries on the AJOB Target Article “On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research”.Joseph C. Banis, John H. Barker, Michael Cunningham, Cedric G. Francois, Allen Furr, Federico Grossi, Moshe Kon, Claudio Maldonado, Serge Martinez, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Marieke Vossen & Osborne P. Wiggins - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):W23-W31.
    Main Response Topics ? Introduction ? Open display and public evaluation ? Publicity versus patient privacy ? Facial tissue donation ? Validity of Louisville Instrument for Risk Acceptance ? Patients' understanding of risk ? Face versus hand transplantation ? Rejection rates/risks ? Patient compliance ? Exit strategy ? Functional recovery ? Societietal implications ? Psychological implications ? Conclusion: Uncertainty likely to persist.
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  18.  10
    Political Responsibility in Merleau-Ponty'sHumanism and Terror.Osborne P. Wiggins - 1986 - Man and World 19 (3):275-291.
  19.  30
    Husserlian Comments on Blankenburg's "Psychopathology of Common Sense".Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael Alan Schwartz & Jean Naudin - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):327-329.
  20.  17
    Commentary on" Encoding of Meaning".Michael Alan Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 1997 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):277-282.
  21.  25
    Reviews: Miller, 'Husserl, Perception, and Temporal Awareness'; Evans: 'The Metaphysics of Transcendental Subjectivity: Descartes, Kant, and W. Sellars'; Dreyfus (Ed.): 'Husserl, Intentionality, and Cognitive Science'. [REVIEW]William McKenna, Osborne P. Wiggins & Lenore Langsdorf - 1985 - Husserl Studies 2 (3):291-311.
  22.  7
    Chris Walker's Interpretation of Karl Jaspers' Phenomenology: A Critique.Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael Alan Schwartz - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (4):319-343.
  23.  6
    Logic and the Objectivity of Knowledge: A Study of Husserl's Early Philosophy, by Dallas Willard.Osborne P. Wiggins - 1988 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 13 (1):172-175.
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  24.  7
    Commentary on" Neurosis and the Historic Quest for Security".Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):329-331.