Results for 'Oscar A. Piedrahita'

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  1. El método de la teologia de la liberacion.Oscar A. Ponce & M. Piedrahita - 1985 - Franciscanum 27 (80-81):180-195.
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  2.  93
    Lucky Ignorance, Modality and Lack of Knowledge.Oscar A. Piedrahita - 2021 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    I argue against the Standard View of ignorance, according to which ignorance is defined as equivalent to lack of knowledge, that cases of environmental epistemic luck, though entailing lack of knowledge, do not necessarily entail ignorance. In support of my argument, I contend that in cases of environmental luck an agent retains what I call epistemic access to the relevant fact by successfully exercising her epistemic agency and that ignorance and non-ignorance, contrary to what the Standard View predicts, are not (...)
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  3. Can Hinge Epistemology Close the Door on Epistemic Relativism?Oscar A. Piedrahita - 2021 - Synthese:1-27.
    I argue that a standard formulation of hinge epistemology is host to epistemic relativism and show that two leading hinge approaches (Coliva’s acceptance account and Pritchard’s nondoxastic account) are vulnerable to a form of incommensurability that leads to relativism. Building on both accounts, I introduce a new, minimally epistemic conception of hinges that avoids epistemic relativism and rationally resolves hinge disagreements. According to my proposed account, putative cases of epistemic incommensurability are rationally resolvable: hinges are propositions that are the objects (...)
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  4.  22
    Respuesta al comentario de Óscar Andrés Piedrahita.“Reflexionando acerca de la gramática filosófica.” Ideas y Valores 63.155 : 265-268. [REVIEW]Jesús Padilla Gálvez - 2015 - Ideas Y Valores 64 (158):303-306.
    La recepción durante el siglo XX se preguntó si la filosofía nietzscheana era a-, im- o anti-política, es decir, si podía ser asimilada por la democracia, o si era antimoderna, elitista y reaccionaria. El italiano Roberto Esposito ha propuesto leerla como formando e informando el paradigma de la biopolítica. Se discuten cuatro lecturas de esa biopolítica: como formadora del paradigma de la inmunidad, como tanatopolítica, como liberal y neoliberal, y como biopolítica afirmativa. Twentieth-century readers wondered if Nietzschean philosophy was apolitical, (...)
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  5.  11
    Ford, Anton; Hornsby, Jennifer and Stoutland, Frederick, Eds. Essays on Anscombe’s Intention.Óscar Andrés Piedrahita - 2017 - Ideas Y Valores 66 (163):385.
    RESUMEN Se aborda el pensamiento de E.M. Cioran desde la perspectiva de un sinsabor vital denominado sentimiento de muerte. El término, aunque aparece solo en su primer escrito, es transversal a toda su obra, puesto que para el autor los seres humanos nos intuimos como posesos de la muerte en cada momento de nuestra existencia. Esto cambia el tono normal de la vida, al poner frente a la persona una realidad carente de sentido y dominada por circunstancias radicales y limitantes (...)
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  6.  20
    Padilla Gálvez, Jesús. "Reflexionando acerca de la gramática filosófica", Areté [Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú] 24.2 (2012): 323-349. [REVIEW]Óscar Andrés Piedrahita - 2014 - Ideas Y Valores 63 (155):265-268.
    Se propone un examen crítico de la última obra de J.-L. Marion titulada, dedicada a la unión de alma y cuerpo, y cuya tesis principal es: los problemas que esta unión suscita confunden dos términos, cuerpo y mi cuerpo. Esta confusión lleva a que se apliquen al primero categorías propias del segundo. Se examinan las "paradojas ónticas" que mi cuerpo (la carne) inaugura (a); se despeja la tesis de dos interpretaciones de las meditaciones primera y sexta (b); se discute la (...)
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  7. Philosophical Perspectives. Translated From the German by Oscar A. Haac.Max Scheler & Oscar A. Haac - 1958 - Boston: Beacon Press.
  8.  28
    Balancing Benefits and Risks of Immortal Data.Oscar A. Zarate, Julia Green Brody, Phil Brown, Monica D. Ramirez-Andreotta, Laura Perovich & Jacob Matz - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):36-45.
    An individual's health, genetic, or environmental-exposure data, placed in an online repository, creates a valuable shared resource that can accelerate biomedical research and even open opportunities for crowd-sourcing discoveries by members of the public. But these data become “immortalized” in ways that may create lasting risk as well as benefit. Once shared on the Internet, the data are difficult or impossible to redact, and identities may be revealed by a process called data linkage, in which online data sets are matched (...)
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  9.  26
    Tobacco Control Litigation: Broader Impacts on Health Rights Adjudication.Oscar A. Cabrera & Juan Carballo - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):147-162.
    This paper argues that there are instances in which tobacco control litigation is strengthening the justiciability of the right to health and health-related rights. This is happening in different parts of the world, but in particular in Latin America. In part this is because, to a certain extent, tobacco control litigation based on fundamental rights overcomes the traditional arguments against economic, social and cultural rights adjudication: the anti-democratic argument, the lack of technical competency argument, the problem of the misallocation of (...)
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  10.  16
    Tobacco Control Litigation: Broader Impacts on Health Rights Adjudication.Oscar A. Cabrera & Juan Carballo - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):147-162.
    There is perhaps no area of law that so effectively protects human health and thereby advances the right to the highest attainable standard of health, as tobacco control. Globally, tobacco is responsible for 1 in 10 adult deaths, and is on track to kill 10 million people per year, mostly in developing countries, representing a US$200 billion drain on the global economy. Yet experience in recent decades has shown that a range of tobacco control measures, such as comprehensive bans on (...)
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  11.  5
    Padilla, J. Reflexionando acerca de la gramática filosófica. Areté [Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú].Óscar Piedrahita - 2014 - Ideas Y Valores 63 (155):265-268.
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  12. San Óscar A. ROMERO, Homilías de justicia y paz. Ciclo A/II (1978), Edición preparada por Miguel Cavada Diez. Madrid, Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 2020, XXVIII + 441 pp. ISBN: 978-84-220-2138-4. [REVIEW]Fernando Chica Arellano - 2020 - Isidorianum 29 (2):173-178.
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  13. Oscar: A Cognitive Architecture for Intelligent Agents.John Pollock - manuscript
    The “grand problem” of AI has always been to build artificial agents with human-like intelligence. That is the stuff of science fiction, but it is also the ultimate aspiration of AI. In retrospect, we can understand what a difficult problem this is, so since its inception AI has focused more on small manageable problems, with the hope that progress there will have useful implications for the grand problem. Now there is a resurgence of interest in tackling the grand problem head-on. (...)
     
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  14. Oscar: A Cognitive Architecture for Intelligent Agents.John Pollock - 1990
    The “grand problem” of AI has always been to build artificial agents of human-level intelligence, capable of operating in environments of real-world complexity. OSCAR is a cognitive architecture for such agents, implemented in LISP. OSCAR is based on my extensive work in philosophy concerning both epistemology and rational decision making. This paper provides a detailed overview of OSCAR. The main conclusions are that such agents must be capablew of operating against a background of pervasive ignorance, because the (...)
     
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  15.  5
    La dimensión socio-política de la democracia y el teatro: una aproximación a la visión euripídea de la areté cívica.Anderson Arenas Piedrahita - 2016 - Perseitas 4 (1):79.
    Partiendo de una indagación histórico-hermenéutica de la democracia ateniense,se propone analizar las relaciones socio-históricas de la democracia y el teatrosobre el plano cívico de la Grecia clásica, mediante un análisis que permitaconocer en qué medida tal relación consolidó una nueva areté parala polis de la Grecia clásica. En este sentido, la presente investigación posibilitarácomprender la importancia que desempeñó el teatro por medio de uno de los escritoresde su época como lo fue el trágico Eurípides, esto con el fin de comprenderel (...)
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  16.  6
    What Can the Human Development Approach Tell Us About Crisis? An Exploration.Oscar A. Gómez - 2014 - International Journal of Social Quality 4 (2):28-45.
    Recognizing the influence crises have in shaping global governance nowadays, the present work explores the possible contribution of human development thinking countering the perverse effects of shock-driven responses to major emergencies. This is done by focusing on contributions by Sen, Dreze, Haq and Stewart related to famines, violent conflict and the idea of human security, analyzed using a selection of four criteria, namely, describing the position of crisis inside human development thinking, issues of modeling and measurement, the stance toward agency, (...)
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  17.  2
    The Spin Structure of the Nucleon: Status and Plans for JLab at 11 GeV.Oscar A. Rondon - unknown - Hermes 16 (7):9-7.
  18.  37
    The Lion Monument at Amphipolis. By Oscar Broneer. Pp. Ix + 76: Pl. 11 + 37 Text Figs. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1941. [REVIEW]A. W. Lawrence & Oscar Broneer - 1942 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 62:101-102.
  19. The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte.John Stuart Mill, Auguste Comte & Oscar A. Haac - 1995
     
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  20.  17
    Dignity-Preserving Dementia Care: A Metasynthesis.Oscar Tranvåg, Karin A. Petersen & Dagfinn Nåden - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (8):861-880.
    Research indicates the essentiality of dignity as a vital component for quality of life, reconfirming the emphasis on dignity preservation in the international code of nursing ethics. Applying Noblit and Hare’s meta-ethnography, the aim of the study was to develop a theory model by synthesizing 10 qualitative articles from various cultural contexts, exploring nurse and allied healthcare professional perception/practice concerning dignity-preserving dementia care. “Advocating the person’s autonomy and integrity,” which involves “having compassion for the person,” “confirming the person’s worthiness and (...)
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  21. The Silesian Horseherd, Das Pferdebürla: Questions of the Hour, Tr. By O.A. Fechter.Max Muller & Oscar A. Fechter - 1903
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  22.  6
    Mind the Gap: Inheritance and Inequality in Retirement Wealth.Lukas Brenner & Oscar A. Stolper - 2020 - Intergenerational Justice Review 6 (2).
    Drawing on detailed German panel data, we find that gifts and inheritances substantially increase households’ private pension savings in accounts which are costly or impossible to withdraw prematurely. Back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest that the average difference in bequest-induced private pension savings between heirs and non-heirs accrues to more than 40,000 euros at retirement, and that it would take an average non-heir household roughly 14 years to match this gap. The sizable difference in private pension savings between heirs and non-heirs persists when (...)
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  23.  11
    Yves Carrier, Mgr Oscar A. Romero. Histoire d'un peuple. Destinée d'un homme. Paris, Les Éditions du Cerf (coll. « L'histoire à vif »), 2010, 346 p.Yves Carrier, Mgr Oscar A. Romero. Histoire d'un peuple. Destinée d'un homme. Paris, Les Éditions du Cerf (coll. « L'histoire à vif »), 2010, 346 p. [REVIEW]Job Mwana Kitata - 2012 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 68 (1):257-258.
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  24.  7
    Flicker Threshold Shifts as a Function of Frequency of Interposed Stimulation: The Local Adaptation Phenomenon.Arthur Vega, J. Paul Costiloe & Oscar A. Parsons - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):609.
  25.  7
    Strength of Auditory Stimulus-Response Compatability as a Function of Task Complexity.James Callan, Diane Klisz & Oscar A. Parsons - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):1039.
  26.  3
    Osmanlı Sultanı II. Abdülhamit Tarafından İsveç Kralı II. Oscar'a Hediye Edilen Türkçe Elyazması Ese.Ünal Zal - 2015 - Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (Volume 10 Issue 8):2313-2313.
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  27.  7
    The Dissolution of Mind: A Fable of How Experience Gives Rise to Cognition.Oscar Vilarroya (ed.) - 2002 - Rodopi.
    This book presents an original thesis about the notion of sensory experience and of the mind’s architecture, which is grounded in current trends in cognitive science and philosophy of mind. Presented in the form of a dialogue, the book explores some of the psychological and philosophical consequences that the author derives from his proposal.
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  28. What is Speciesism?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):243-266.
    In spite of the considerable literature nowadays existing on the issue of the moral exclusion of nonhuman animals, there is still work to be done concerning the characterization of the conceptual framework with which this question can be appraised. This paper intends to tackle this task. It starts by defining speciesism as the unjustified disadvantageous consideration or treatment of those who are not classified as belonging to a certain species. It then clarifies some common misunderstandings concerning what this means. Next, (...)
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  29. Should Oscar Pistorius Be Excluded From the 2008 Olympic Games?S. D. Edwards - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):112 – 125.
    This paper discusses the predicament of Oscar Pistorius. He is a Paralympic gold medallist who wishes to participate in the Olympics in Beijing in 2008. Following a brief introductory section, the paper discusses the arguments that could be, and have been, deployed against his participation in the Olympics, should he make the qualifying time for his chosen event (400m). The next section discusses a more hypothetical argument based upon a specific understanding of the fair opportunity rule. According to this, (...)
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  30.  38
    Oscar Pistorius, Enhancement and Post-Humans.S. Camporesi - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):639-639.
    Oscar Pistorius was born without fibulas and had both legs amputated below the knee when he was 11 months old. A business student at the University of Pretoria, Pistorius runs with the aid of carbon-fibre artificial limbs and is the double amputee world record holder in the 100, 200 and 400 metres events.1“I don’t see myself as disabled,” says Oscar, “There’s nothing I can’t do that able-bodied athletes can do.”2 But then the question is: do prosthetic limbs simply (...)
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  31.  33
    Moral Considerability and the Argument From Relevance.Oscar Horta - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (3):369-388.
    The argument from relevance expresses an intuition that, although shared by many applied ethicists, has not been analyzed and systematized in the form of a clear argument thus far. This paper does this by introducing the concept of value relevance, which has been used before in economy but not in the philosophical literature. The paper explains how value relevance is different from moral relevance, and distinguishes between direct and indirect ways in which the latter can depend on the former. These (...)
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  32.  35
    Concern for Wild Animal Suffering and Environmental Ethics: What Are the Limits of the Disagreement?Oscar Horta - 2018 - Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 13 (1):85-100.
    OSCAR HORTA | : This paper examines the extent of the opposition between environmentalists and those concerned with wild-animal suffering and considers whether there are any points they may agree on. The paper starts by presenting the reasons to conclude that suffering and premature death prevail over positive well-being in nature. It then explains several ways to intervene in order to aid animals and prevent the harms they suffer, and claims that we should support them. In particular, the paper (...)
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  33.  3
    Technocracy, Governmentality, and Post-Structuralism.Oscar L. Larsson - 2020 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 32 (1-3):103-123.
    ABSTRACT The technocratic dimension of government—its reliance upon knowledge claims, usually in scientific guise—is of great importance if we wish to understand modern power and governance. In Power Without Knowledge: A Critique of Technocracy, Jeffrey Friedman investigates the often-overlooked question of the relationship between technocratic knowledge/power and ideas. Friedman’s contribution to our understanding of technocracy can therefore be read as a contribution to governmentality studies, one that introduces the possibility of adding normative solutions to this critical tradition.
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  34.  65
    The Ethics of the Ecology of Fear Against the Nonspeciesist Paradigm: A Shift in the Aims of Intervention in Nature.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Between the Species 13 (10):163-187.
    Humans often intervene in the wild for anthropocentric or environmental reasons. An example of such interventions is the reintroduction of wolves in places where they no longer live in order to create what has been called an “ecology of fear”, which is being currently discussed in places such as Scotland. In the first part of this paper I discuss the reasons for this measure and argue that they are not compatible with a nonspeciesist approach. Then, I claim that if we (...)
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  35.  20
    Paulo Freire’s Ideas as an Alternative to Higher Education Neo-Liberal Reforms in Latin America.Oscar Espinoza - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (4):435-448.
    This article examines the principal arguments found in the work of Paulo Freire concerning policy and ethics in the field of higher education in Latin America. It critically analyzes the university reform in Latin America dominated by the thought and practice promoted by various international financial institutions beginning in the 1980s and then looks at the feasibility of an alternative Freirian view. The work of Paulo Freire celebrated the liberating role that public university education should play in the training of (...)
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  36.  86
    Discrimination Against Vegans.Oscar Horta - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (3):359-373.
    There are many circumstances in which vegans are treated or considered worse than nonvegans, both in the private and the public sphere, either due to the presence of a bias against them or for structural reasons. For instance, vegans sometimes suffer harassment, have issues at their workplace, or find little vegan food available. In many cases they are forced to contribute to, or to participate in, animal exploitation against their will when states render it illegitimate to oppose or refuse to (...)
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  37.  10
    The Governmentality of Network Governance: Collaboration as a New Facet of the Liberal Art of Governing.Oscar L. Larsson - 2020 - Constellations 27 (1):111-126.
  38.  14
    Using Post-Structuralism to Explore The Full Impact of Ideas on Politics.Oscar L. Larsson - 2015 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 27 (2):174-197.
    ABSTRACTColin Hay's constructivist institutionalism and Vivien A. Schmidt's discursive institutionalism are two recent attempts to theorize ideas as potential explanations of institutional change. This new attention to the causal role of ideas is welcome, but Hay and Schmidt do not take into consideration the constitutive and structural aspects of ideas. Instead they reduce ideas to properties of individual conscious minds, scanting the respects in which ideas are intersubjectively baked into the practices shared by individuals. This aspect of ideas—arguably, the institutional (...)
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  39. Why the Concept of Moral Status Should Be Abandoned.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (4):899-910.
    The use of the concept of moral status is commonplace today in debates about the moral consideration of entities lacking certain special capacities, such as nonhuman animals. This concept has been typically used to defend the view that adult human beings have a status higher than all those entities. However, even those who disagree with this claim have often accepted the idea of moral status as if it were part of an undisputed received way of thinking in ethics. This paper (...)
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  40.  11
    Yves Carrier, Le Discours Homilétique de Mgr Oscar A. Romero. Les Exigences Historiques du Salut-Libération. Paris, L'Harmattan (Coll. « Religion Et Sciences Humaines »), 2004, 324 P.Yves Carrier, Le Discours Homilétique de Mgr Oscar A. Romero. Les Exigences Historiques du Salut-Libération. Paris, L'Harmattan (Coll. « Religion Et Sciences Humaines »), 2004, 324 P. [REVIEW]Joao-Batista Libanio - 2009 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 65 (3):550-552.
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  41.  2
    Solute-Diffusion-Controlled Dislocation Creep in Pure Aluminium Containing 0.026 At.% Fe.Oleg D. Sherby, Alfred Goldberg & Oscar A. Ruano † - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (23):2417-2434.
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  42.  59
    Engaging Rational Discrimination: Exploring Reasons for Placing Regulatory Constraints on Decision Support Systems. [REVIEW]Oscar H. Gandy - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):29-42.
    In the future systems of ambient intelligence will include decision support systems that will automate the process of discrimination among people that seek entry into environments and to engage in search of the opportunities that are available there. This article argues that these systems must be subject to active and continuous assessment and regulation because of the ways in which they are likely to contribute to economic and social inequality. This regulatory constraint must involve limitations on the collection and use (...)
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  43.  5
    Salome.Oscar Wilde & R. A. Walker - 1961 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (4):489-489.
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  44.  17
    "Ryle: A Collection of Critical Essays". Edited by Oscar P. Wood and George Pitcher. [REVIEW]Antony G. N. Flew - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (87):159.
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  45.  2
    Infinitos y filosofía natural en Leibniz.Oscar M. Esquisabel & Federico Raffo Quintana - 2020 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 37 (3):425-435.
    In this paper, we will consider the theoretical aspects of Leibniz’s thought on infinitely small and infinite quantities in the context of the natural philosophy developed by him in the Parisian period. We will hold that in the texts of this period an attempt of problematizing concepts of infinitary mathematics is found, which is not in the strictly mathematical texts. In this perspective, we also propose that there is in Leibniz a “double methodological record” concerning the question of the infinity (...)
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  46.  37
    A Note on the Alienation Motif in Marx.Oscar J. Hammen - 1980 - Political Theory 8 (2):223-242.
  47.  55
    Animal Suffering in Nature.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (3):261-279.
    Many people think we should refrain from intervening in nature as much as possible. One of the main reasons for thinking this way is that the existence of nature is a net positive. However, population dynamics teaches us that most sentient animals who come into existence in nature die shortly thereafter, mostly in painful ways. Those who survive often suffer greatly due to natural causes. If sentient beings matter, this gives us reasons to intervene to prevent such harms. This counterintuitive (...)
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  48.  47
    Is There a Latin American Philosophy.Oscar R. Marti - 1983 - Metaphilosophy 14 (1):46–52.
  49.  8
    Advancing Post-Structural Institutionalism: Discourses, Subjects, Power Asymmetries, and Institutional Change.Oscar Larsson - 2018 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 30 (3-4):325-346.
    ABSTRACTColin Hay’s and Vivien Schmidt’s responses to my previous critical engagement with their respective versions of neo-institutionalism raise the issue of how scholars may account for the ideational power of political processes and how ideas may generate both stability and change. Even though Hay, Schmidt, and I share a common philosophical ground in many respects, we nevertheless diverge in our views about how to account for ideational power and for actors’ ability to navigate a social reality that is saturated with (...)
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  50.  44
    From Functional Mess to Bounded Functionality.Oscar Vilarroya - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (2):239-256.
    Some evolutionary psychologists contend that the best way to discover the functions of our present psychological systems is by appealing to the notion of functional mesh, that is, the assumed tight fit between a trait's design and the adaptive problem it is supposed to solve. In this paper, I argue that there exist theoretical considerations and empirical evidence that undermine this assumption of optimal design. Instead, I suggest that cognitive systems are constrained by what I call bounded functionality. This proposal (...)
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