Results for 'Oscar Hauptman'

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  1.  37
    How does one apply statistical analysis to our understanding of the development of human relationships.Oscar Kempthorne - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):138-139.
  2.  2
    The return of the king’s two bodies: liberal arguments for the moderating powers of monarchy in post-revolutionary France and Portugal.Oscar Ferreira - forthcoming - History of European Ideas.
    Arguments analogous to those found in the late medieval theory of the king’s two bodies, popularized by Ernst Kantorowicz, were resurrected in early nineteenth-century constitutional theories of the moderating powers of monarchy. Post-revolutionary French liberal thought, echoed by its Portuguese counterpart, rediscovered the virtues of the institution of royalty, notably the immaterial and immortal body of the king. This rediscovery was prompted by the uncertainties of different national political contexts which made many contemporaries believe it desirable to integrate restored monarchies (...)
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  3.  76
    Deweyan conceptual engineering: reconstruction, concepts, and philosophical inquiry.Oscar Westerblad - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Reconstruction is a central notion in Dewey’s account of inquiry and in his metaphilosophical commitments. In his work, Dewey made a call for reconstruction of philosophy, in the reconstruction of central notions of the discipline, like knowledge, logic, truth, the good, reason, and experience. Inquiry itself is reconstructive, according to Dewey, involving the transformation of an indeterminate situation into one which is determinate and understood. Dewey’s philosophical views should therefore be of interest to those taking part in the recent turn (...)
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  4.  54
    Balancing Benefits and Risks of Immortal Data.Oscar A. Zarate, Julia Green Brody, Phil Brown, Monica D. Ramirez-Andreotta, Laura Perovich & Jacob Matz - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):36-45.
    An individual's health, genetic, or environmental-exposure data, placed in an online repository, creates a valuable shared resource that can accelerate biomedical research and even open opportunities for crowd-sourcing discoveries by members of the public. But these data become “immortalized” in ways that may create lasting risk as well as benefit. Once shared on the Internet, the data are difficult or impossible to redact, and identities may be revealed by a process called data linkage, in which online data sets are matched (...)
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  5.  15
    The Picture of Dorian Gray.Oscar Wilde - 2021 - New York, NY: Chartwell.
    Dorian Gray pays a hefty price for years of sin and vice in this completely unabridged edition of The Picture of Dorian Gray.
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  6. What is speciesism?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):243-266.
    In spite of the considerable literature nowadays existing on the issue of the moral exclusion of nonhuman animals, there is still work to be done concerning the characterization of the conceptual framework with which this question can be appraised. This paper intends to tackle this task. It starts by defining speciesism as the unjustified disadvantageous consideration or treatment of those who are not classified as belonging to a certain species. It then clarifies some common misunderstandings concerning what this means. Next, (...)
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  7.  4
    Editorial Vol. 3 Núm. 2.Oscar Yecid Aparicio Gómez - 2024 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Teórica y Práctica 3 (2):9-10.
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  8. Can Hinge Epistemology Close the Door on Epistemic Relativism?Oscar A. Piedrahita - 2021 - Synthese (1-2):1-27.
    I argue that a standard formulation of hinge epistemology is host to epistemic relativism and show that two leading hinge approaches (Coliva’s acceptance account and Pritchard’s nondoxastic account) are vulnerable to a form of incommensurability that leads to relativism. Building on both accounts, I introduce a new, minimally epistemic conception of hinges that avoids epistemic relativism and rationally resolves hinge disagreements. According to my proposed account, putative cases of epistemic incommensurability are rationally resolvable: hinges are propositions that are the objects (...)
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  9.  21
    Weighing Hyponarrativity in the Face of Complex Medical Decision Making.Aaron J. Hauptman - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (4):327-331.
    Iam appreciative of the thoughtful comments and the diversity of the commentators’ perspectives and backgrounds. I take Hoffman’s original argument about psychotropic medications as risking ‘hyponarrativity’ as my starting point and my reply to her critique will naturally lead to a discussion of psychotherapeutic approach, importance of weighing Mr. A’s underlying autism and important bioethical considerations.It is important to imbed this case within the acuity of its clinical context: This individual presented for psychiatric hospitalization in the context of a...
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  10. Debunking the Idyllic View of Natural Processes: Population Dynamics and Suffering in the Wild.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Telos: Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas 17 (1):73-90.
  11.  69
    Reducing Wild Animal Suffering Effectively: Why Impracticability and Normative Objections Fail Against the Most Promising Ways of Helping Wild Animals.Oscar Horta & Dayron Teran - 2023 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 26 (2):217-230.
    This paper presents some of the most promising ways wild animals are currently being helped, as well as other ways of helping that may be implemented easily in the near future. They include measures to save animals affected by harmful weather events, wild animal vaccination programs, and projects aimed at reducing suffering among synanthropic animals. The paper then presents other ways of helping wild animals that, while noncontroversial, may reduce aggregate suffering at the ecosystem level. The paper argues that impracticability (...)
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  12.  58
    Three problems for the evolutionary debunking argument.Oscar Davis & Damian Cox - 2023 - Ratio 36 (1):41-50.
    In attempting to debunk moral realism through an appeal to evolutionary facts, debunkers face a series of problems, which we label the problems of scope, corrosiveness, and post‐hoc justification. To overcome these problems, debunkers must assume certain metaphysical or epistemological positions, or otherwise pre‐establish them. In doing so, they must assume or pre‐establish the very conclusion they seek in advancing the argument. This means that such debunking arguments either beg the question against the moral realist or are undermined as standalone (...)
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  13.  86
    Losing One's Good Name.Robert Hauptman - 2004 - Journal of Information Ethics 13 (1):3-3.
  14.  94
    Neuroethics.Robert Hauptman - 2004 - Journal of Information Ethics 13 (2):3-3.
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  15.  78
    No More Privacy.Robert Hauptman - 2006 - Journal of Information Ethics 15 (1):3-4.
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  16.  23
    Permissions and Their Costs.Robert Hauptman - 2012 - Journal of Information Ethics 21 (2):110-113.
    This brief paper discusses the complexities of permissions.
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  17.  16
    Problems with Peer Review, Part II.Robert Hauptman - 2005 - Journal of Information Ethics 14 (1):3-3.
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  18.  29
    Research misconduct: Why are definitions so elusive?Robert Hauptman - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (4):443-444.
    This letter is a response to David Guston’s paper “Changing Explanatory Frameworks in the U.S. Government’s Attempt to Define Scientific Misconduct” which appeared in a special issue of Science and Engineering Ethics on Scientific Misconduct.
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  19.  6
    Response to Mirjam J. Curno.Robert Hauptman - 2016 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 14 (1):16-19.
    Purpose – This paper aims to reflect on the area of publication ethics as related to scholarship responding to Curno’s invited paper, “Challenges to ethical publishing in the digital era”. Design/methodology/approach – This viewpoint draws up the rich experience of the author over an extended academic career. The constructed view blends empiricism and literary sources to develop justified position. Findings – There is resonance with Curno’s view. However, a counter position regarding the effect of the Internet on plagiarism is offered. (...)
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  20. German philosophy in 1909.Oscar Ewald - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19 (5):481-504.
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  21.  13
    Controversies surrounding mental testing.Oscar Kempthorne & Leroy Wolins - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):348-349.
  22.  32
    Four Epistemological Gaps in Alloanimal Episodic Memory Studies.Oscar S. Miyamoto Gómez - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-19.
    Experimental studies show that some corvids, apes, and rodents possess a common long-term memory system that allows them to take goal-directed actions on the basis of absent spatiotemporal contexts. In other words, evidence supports the hypothesis that Episodic Memory —far from being uniquely human— has evolved as a cross-species meaning making system. However, within this zoosemiotic breakthrough, neurocognitive studies now struggle characterizing the relations between teleological factors and phenomenological factors that would account for the episodic behavior displayed by these living (...)
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  23.  63
    Is there a latin american philosophy.Oscar R. Marti - 1983 - Metaphilosophy 14 (1):46–52.
  24.  32
    Ethical challenges in librarianship.Robert Hauptman - 1988 - Phoenix: Oryx Press.
  25.  90
    Moral Considerability and the Argument from Relevance.Oscar Horta - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (3):369-388.
    The argument from relevance expresses an intuition that, although shared by many applied ethicists, has not been analyzed and systematized in the form of a clear argument thus far. This paper does this by introducing the concept of value relevance, which has been used before in economy but not in the philosophical literature. The paper explains how value relevance is different from moral relevance, and distinguishes between direct and indirect ways in which the latter can depend on the former. These (...)
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  26.  27
    Reflections on the concept of 'precursor': Juan de Vilanova and the discovery of Altamira.Oscar Moro Abadía & Francisco Pelayo - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (4):1-20.
    Considering the case of Juan de Vilanova y Piera, often celebrated as the first scientist to accept the prehistoric antiquity of palaeolithic paintings, we explore some of the problems related to the concept of ‘precursor’ in the field of the history of science. In the first section, we propose a brief history of this notion focusing on those authors who have reflected critically on the meaning of predecessors. In the second section, the example of Vilanova illustrates the ways in which (...)
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  27.  42
    Sobre os números transfinitos.Oscar João Abdounur, Vecchio Junior & Jacintho Del - 2013 - Scientiae Studia 11 (2):417-426.
    Este texto introduz a tradução do discurso de intitulado "Sobre os números transfinitos" ("Über transfinite Zahlen"), proferido por Henri Poincaré em 27 de abril de 1909, na Universidade de Göttingen. Após uma breve apresentação do pensamento do autor acerca dos fundamentos da aritmética, procura-se citar os aspectos mais relevantes da chamada crise dos fundamentos da matemática, para então introduzir a reformulação do conceito de predicatividade aventada no referido discurso sobre números transfinitos, contribuição compreendida como um recurso teórico necessário para a (...)
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  28.  34
    Stimulus area, stimulus dispersion, flash duration, and the scotopic threshold.Oscar S. Adams, Davis J. Chambliss & Arthur J. Riopelle - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (6):428.
  29.  44
    El laberinto. Enigma, dialéctica y origen de la filosofía en el pensamiento de Giorgio Colli.Oscar Adán - 1997 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 9 (1):5-33.
    El presente artículo pretende dar a conocer de manera general pero completa el pensamiento del filósofo y crítico italiano Giorgio Colli acerca del origen de la filosofía griega. Poniendo especial atención al paradigma nietzscheano de lo apolíneo, Colli considera el origendel logos racional en los sabios de la época arcaica a partir de la interpretación del oráculo de Apolo que seresenta a los hombres como un enigma. De este origen nacerán las dos características básicas del pensar arcaico que después se (...)
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  30.  20
    German philosophy in 1912.Oscar Ewald - 1913 - Philosophical Review 22 (5):484-501.
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  31.  4
    German Philosophy in 1912.Oscar Ewald - 1913 - Philosophical Review 22 (5):484-501.
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  32.  9
    German Philosophy in 1909.Oscar Ewald - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19 (5):481-504.
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  33. Making Sense of Understanding: A Pragmatist Account of Scientific Understanding.Oscar Westerblad - 2023 - Dissertation, University of Cambridge
    Scientists strive to understand the world. Traditionally, philosophers of science have thought that this is a matter of constructing explanations, based on theories and laws, thereby gaining understanding of phenomena by explaining them. This thesis takes a radically different approach, instead relating the notion of understanding to the activities that scientists perform. Scientific understanding is not just a matter of representing or explaining the world, but a matter of practical and intelligent doing. Philosophers of science have continued to sell short (...)
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  34.  29
    Using Post-Structuralism to Explore The Full Impact of Ideas on Politics.Oscar L. Larsson - 2015 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 27 (2):174-197.
    ABSTRACTColin Hay's constructivist institutionalism and Vivien A. Schmidt's discursive institutionalism are two recent attempts to theorize ideas as potential explanations of institutional change. This new attention to the causal role of ideas is welcome, but Hay and Schmidt do not take into consideration the constitutive and structural aspects of ideas. Instead they reduce ideas to properties of individual conscious minds, scanting the respects in which ideas are intersubjectively baked into the practices shared by individuals. This aspect of ideas—arguably, the institutional (...)
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  35. Why the Concept of Moral Status Should be Abandoned.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (4):899-910.
    The use of the concept of moral status is commonplace today in debates about the moral consideration of entities lacking certain special capacities, such as nonhuman animals. This concept has been typically used to defend the view that adult human beings have a status higher than all those entities. However, even those who disagree with this claim have often accepted the idea of moral status as if it were part of an undisputed received way of thinking in ethics. This paper (...)
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  36.  39
    Christian ethics.Reginald Ernest Oscar White - 1994 - Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press. Edited by R. E. O. White.
    Biblical ethics -- The insights of history.
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  37.  18
    Technocracy, Governmentality, and Post-Structuralism.Oscar L. Larsson - 2020 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 32 (1-3):103-123.
    ABSTRACT The technocratic dimension of government—its reliance upon knowledge claims, usually in scientific guise—is of great importance if we wish to understand modern power and governance. In Power Without Knowledge: A Critique of Technocracy, Jeffrey Friedman investigates the often-overlooked question of the relationship between technocratic knowledge/power and ideas. Friedman’s contribution to our understanding of technocracy can therefore be read as a contribution to governmentality studies, one that introduces the possibility of adding normative solutions to this critical tradition.
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  38.  40
    The governmentality of network governance: Collaboration as a new facet of the liberal art of governing.Oscar L. Larsson - 2020 - Constellations 27 (1):111-126.
  39.  12
    Ryle.Oscar P. Wood & George Pitcher (eds.) - 1970 - London,: Macmillan.
  40.  9
    Oscar Masotta: la teoría como acción = Theory as action.Oscar Masotta - 2017 - Ciudad de México: RM Editorial. Edited by Clara Bolívar Moguel.
    Oscar Masotta (Buenos Aires, 1930- Barcelona, 1979) is all but forgotten now, except perhapsin the field of Lacanian studies. This is because in the 1970s,Masotta would challenge the master psychoanalyst on hisown turf, creating his own post-Lacanian school of psychoanalysisin Barcelona. But in 1965, aged just 27, Masottataught at the University of Buenos Aires, lectured at theDi Tella, and edited a book series on communication andmedia. A product of the newly open post-Perón era." Page 91.. This is the first (...)
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  41. Thomas Paine, foremost constructive statesman of his time.Oscar S. Straus - 1921 - New York,: Thomas Paine National historical association.
     
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  42. Animal Suffering in Nature.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (3):261-279.
    Many people think we should refrain from intervening in nature as much as possible. One of the main reasons for thinking this way is that the existence of nature is a net positive. However, population dynamics teaches us that most sentient animals who come into existence in nature die shortly thereafter, mostly in painful ways. Those who survive often suffer greatly due to natural causes. If sentient beings matter, this gives us reasons to intervene to prevent such harms. This counterintuitive (...)
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  43.  30
    On-line social interactions and executive functions.Oscar Ybarra & Piotr Winkielman - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  44.  49
    Escepticismo y suspensión del juicio en la teoría nominalista del conocimiento de Francisco Suárez.Oscar Yangali - 2016 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 14:118-137.
    The aim of this study is to offer a reflection on the theory of knowledge of Francisco Suárez and his nominalism in the light of Sextus Empiricus’ sceptical thought in his Outlines of Pyrrhonism. It is Sextus who allows us to compare the epistemology of Suárez with a dynamic system of knowledge. With this in view, in the first place, I examine Sextus’s scepticism and Suárez’s nominalist ontology. In the second place, I analyse the mental representation as conceived by Sextus (...)
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  45. Political Economy.Oscar Lange - 1964 - Science and Society 28 (4):448-453.
  46.  9
    Defending Gender And Ethnic Philosophies.Oscar R. Martí - 2012 - In George Yancy (ed.), Reframing the Practice of Philosophy: Bodies of Color, Bodies of Knowledge. State University of New York Press. pp. 235-248.
  47.  22
    Advancing Post-Structural Institutionalism: Discourses, Subjects, Power Asymmetries, and Institutional Change.Oscar Larsson - 2018 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 30 (3):325-346.
    Colin Hay’s and Vivien Schmidt’s responses to my previous critical engagement with their respective versions of neo-institutionalism raise the issue of how scholars may account for the ideational power of political processes and how ideas may generate both stability and change. Even though Hay, Schmidt, and I share a common philosophical ground in many respects, we nevertheless diverge in our views about how to account for ideational power and for actors’ ability to navigate a social reality that is saturated with (...)
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  48.  80
    The Scope of the Argument from Species Overlap.Oscar Horta - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):142-154.
    The argument from species overlap has been widely used in the literature on animal ethics and speciesism. However, there has been much confusion regarding what the argument proves and what it does not prove, and regarding the views it challenges. This article intends to clarify these confusions, and to show that the name most often used for this argument (‘the argument from marginal cases’) reflects and reinforces these misunderstandings. The article claims that the argument questions not only those defences of (...)
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  49.  36
    The Paradox of Sustainable Degrowth and a Convivial Alternative.Oscar Krüger - 2019 - Environmental Values 28 (2):233-251.
    Insofar as development implies economic growth, the term 'sustainable development' appears to some as a contradiction in terms. However, such conclusions still lack a thorough examination of the conceptual structure of the two terms between which there is a purported contradiction. In order to address this issue, the present paper scrutinises some of the assumptions which underwrite the ideologies of sustainability and of development. It is argued that there are key assumptions which both ideas have in common, and that sustainable (...)
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  50.  7
    Ryle a Collection of Critical Essays.Oscar Patrick Wood & George Pitcher (eds.) - 1970 - Garden City, NY, USA: Anchor Books, Doubleday.
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