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Oscar Horta
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
  1.  50
    The Scope of the Argument From Species Overlap.Oscar Horta - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):142-154.
    The argument from species overlap has been widely used in the literature on animal ethics and speciesism. However, there has been much confusion regarding what the argument proves and what it does not prove, and regarding the views it challenges. This article intends to clarify these confusions, and to show that the name most often used for this argument (‘the argument from marginal cases’) reflects and reinforces these misunderstandings. The article claims that the argument questions not only those defences of (...)
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  2. Expanding Global Justice: The International Protection of Animals.Oscar Horta - 2013 - Global Policy 4:371-380.
    This article examines and rejects the view that nonhuman animals cannot be recipients of justice, and argues that the main reasons in favor of universal human rights and global justice also apply in the case of the international protection of the interests of nonhuman animals. In any plausible theory of wellbeing, sentience matters; mere species membership or the place where an animal is born does not. This does not merely entail that regulations of the use of animals aimed at reducing (...)
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  3. What is Speciesism?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):243-266.
    In spite of the considerable literature nowadays existing on the issue of the moral exclusion of nonhuman animals, there is still work to be done concerning the characterization of the conceptual framework with which this question can be appraised. This paper intends to tackle this task. It starts by defining speciesism as the unjustified disadvantageous consideration or treatment of those who are not classified as belonging to a certain species. It then clarifies some common misunderstandings concerning what this means. Next, (...)
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  4.  58
    The Ethics of the Ecology of Fear Against the Nonspeciesist Paradigm: A Shift in the Aims of Intervention in Nature.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Between the Species 13 (10):163-187.
    Humans often intervene in the wild for anthropocentric or environmental reasons. An example of such interventions is the reintroduction of wolves in places where they no longer live in order to create what has been called an “ecology of fear”, which is being currently discussed in places such as Scotland. In the first part of this paper I discuss the reasons for this measure and argue that they are not compatible with a nonspeciesist approach. Then, I claim that if we (...)
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  5.  21
    Concern for Wild Animal Suffering and Environmental Ethics: What Are the Limits of the Disagreement?Oscar Horta - 2018 - Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 13 (1):85-100.
    OSCAR HORTA | : This paper examines the extent of the opposition between environmentalists and those concerned with wild-animal suffering and considers whether there are any points they may agree on. The paper starts by presenting the reasons to conclude that suffering and premature death prevail over positive well-being in nature. It then explains several ways to intervene in order to aid animals and prevent the harms they suffer, and claims that we should support them. In particular, the paper argues (...)
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  6.  44
    Debunking the Idyllic View of Natural Processes: Population Dynamics and Suffering in the Wild.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Telos: Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas 17 (1):73-90.
  7.  77
    Why the Concept of Moral Status Should Be Abandoned.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (4):899-910.
    The use of the concept of moral status is commonplace today in debates about the moral consideration of entities lacking certain special capacities, such as nonhuman animals. This concept has been typically used to defend the view that adult human beings have a status higher than all those entities. However, even those who disagree with this claim have often accepted the idea of moral status as if it were part of an undisputed received way of thinking in ethics. This paper (...)
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  8.  13
    Egalitarianism and Animals.Oscar Horta - 2016 - Between the Species 19 (1):108-144.
    The moral consideration of nonhuman animals and the critique of speciesism have been defended by appeal to a variety of ethical theories. One of the main approaches in moral and political philosophy today from which to launch such a defense is egalitarianism, which is the view that we should aim at favoring the worse off by reducing inequality. This paper explains what egalitarianism is and shows the important practical consequences it has for nonhuman animals, both those that are exploited by (...)
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  9.  35
    Animal Suffering in Nature.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (3):261-279.
    Many people think we should refrain from intervening in nature as much as possible. One of the main reasons for thinking this way is that the existence of nature is a net positive. However, population dynamics teaches us that most sentient animals who come into existence in nature die shortly thereafter, mostly in painful ways. Those who survive often suffer greatly due to natural causes. If sentient beings matter, this gives us reasons to intervene to prevent such harms. This counterintuitive (...)
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  10. El particularismo neowittgensteiniano y el rechazo de la teorización en ética.Oscar Horta - 2009 - Contrastes: Revista Interdisciplinar de Filosofía 14 (1-2):141-157.
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  11.  8
    Does Discrimination Require Disadvantage?Oscar Horta - 2015 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (2).
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  12.  53
    Discrimination Against Vegans.Oscar Horta - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (3):359-373.
    There are many circumstances in which vegans are treated or considered worse than nonvegans, both in the private and the public sphere, either due to the presence of a bias against them or for structural reasons. For instance, vegans sometimes suffer harassment, have issues at their workplace, or find little vegan food available. In many cases they are forced to contribute to, or to participate in, animal exploitation against their will when states render it illegitimate to oppose or refuse to (...)
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  13.  96
    Discrimination in Terms of Moral Exclusion.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Theoria 76 (4):314-332.
    This article tries to define what discrimination is and to understand in particular detail its most important instances: those in which the satisfaction of interests is at stake. These cases of discrimination will be characterized in terms of deprivations of benefits. In order to describe and classify them we need to consider three different factors: the benefits of which discriminatees are deprived, the criteria according to which such benefits are denied or granted, and the justification that such deprivation of benefits (...)
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  14.  20
    Moral Considerability and the Argument From Relevance.Oscar Horta - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (3):369-388.
    The argument from relevance expresses an intuition that, although shared by many applied ethicists, has not been analyzed and systematized in the form of a clear argument thus far. This paper does this by introducing the concept of value relevance, which has been used before in economy but not in the philosophical literature. The paper explains how value relevance is different from moral relevance, and distinguishes between direct and indirect ways in which the latter can depend on the former. These (...)
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  15.  1
    Contra a Ética da Ecologia Do Medo: Por Uma Mudança Nos Objetivos de Intervenção Na Natureza.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Ethic@ - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 16 (1):165-188.
    Seres humanos intervêm frequentemente na natureza por razões antropocêntricas ou ambientalistas. Um exemplo de intervenção consiste na reintrodução de lobos em áreas previamente habitadas por eles com a finalidade de se criar o que é conhecido como “ecologia do medo”. Na primeira parte deste artigo discutem-se as razões que têm sido utilizadas em favor dessa medida, e explica-se por que são incompatíveis com um enfoque não especista. Para tal, expõem-se os motivos pelos quais tal medida prejudica notavelmente animais como os (...)
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  16. Betterness, Spectrum Cases and the Challenge to Transitivity in Axiology.Oscar Horta - 2011 - Diacritica 25:125-137.
    Larry Temkin and Stuart Rachels have argued that the “_ is better than _” relation need not be transitive. In support of this claim, they have presented several spectrum cases towards which our actual preferences appear not to be transitive. In this paper I examine one of them, and explain that there are several solutions we may give to the problem of what is the best global option within the spectrum. I point out that these solutions do not depend on (...)
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  17. Interés en vivir y complejidad psicológica: un criterio transespecífico.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Laguna 26:109-1222.
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  18.  34
    Animals, Moral Status Of.Oscar Horta - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley.
  19.  20
    In Defense of the Internal Aspects View: Person-Affecting Reasons, Spectrum Arguments and Inconsistent Intuitions.Oscar Horta - 2014 - Law, Ethics and Philosophy 2:91-111.
    According to the Internal Aspects View, the value of different outcomesdepends solely on the internal features possessed by each outcome and theinternal relations between them. This paper defends the Internal AspectsView against Larry Temkin’s defence of the Essentially Comparative View,according to which the value of different outcomes depends on what isthe alternative outcome they are compared with. The paper discusses bothperson-affecting arguments and Spectrum Arguments. The paper doesnot defend a person-affecting view over an impersonal one, but it arguesthat although there (...)
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  20. La ética y los animales.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Telos: Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas 17 (1):9-14.
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  21.  20
    Igualitarismo, igualación a la baja, antropocentrismo y valor de la vida.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 35 (1):133-152.
    Axiological egalitarianism claims that an outcome improves at least in some respect if the value it contains is more evenly distributed. In this paper I defend this form of egalitarianism and identify some of its corollaries. First, I consider and reject the levelling down objection. I then point out that egalitarianism casts doubt on the traditional view of the value of life in terms of maximization. Further, I argue that this theory also questions anthropocentric conceptions of value.
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  22.  11
    Motivación sin evaluación: definiendo la subjetividad moral.Oscar Horta - 2012 - Dilemata 9:89-104.
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  23.  10
    El antropocentrismo y el argumento de los vínculos emocionales.Oscar Horta - 2009 - Dilemata 1 (1):1-13.
    Nonhuman animals are routinarily used as resources for us to use. An important argument in the literature on the issue claims that this is justified because we are not attached to them by the emotional ties that bind us to other human beings. This line of reasoning is examined here and found to be faulty as regards both its factual and its normative assumptions. This implies that the burden of proof rests on the side of those who want to defend (...)
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  24. La cuestión de la personalidad legal más allá de la especie humana.Oscar Horta - 2011 - Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía Del Derecho 34:55-86.
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  25. La experimentación con animales. Cuestiones morales implicadas.Oscar Horta - 2006 - In Michael Cheng-Teh Tai, Begoña Román & Cristian Palazzi (eds.), Hacia Una Sociedad Responsable: Reflexiones Desde Las Éticas Aplicadas. Prohom.
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  26.  13
    La argumentación de Singer en Liberación animal: concepciones normativas, interés en vivir y agregacionismo.Oscar Horta - 2011 - Dianoia 56 (67):65-85.
    Este artículo examina los presupuestos metodológicos, axiológicos y normativos en los que descansa la que posiblemente sea la obra más conocida de Peter Singer, Liberación animal. Se exploran las tensiones entre la posición normativa, de compromisos mínimos, que se intenta adoptar en esa obra, y las posiciones de Singer acerca del utilitarismo de las preferencias y el argumento de la reemplazabilidad. Se buscará elucidar en particular el modo en el que surgen tales tensiones al abordarse la consideración del agregacionismo y (...)
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  27.  10
    La desconsideración de los animales no humanos en la bioética.Óscar Horta - 2010 - Isegoría 43:671-686.
    Este trabajo defiende dos tesis. En primer lugar, sostiene que, a pesar del amplio uso de animales no humanos en la investigación, esta cuestión no ha sido tomada realmente en serio en el ámbito de la bioética. Esta afirmación es respaldada mediante un rastreo por la literatura reciente. La segunda tesis consiste en que tal desatención no está justificada. Se asume habitualmente que los intereses de los animales no humanos no son moralmente significativos, o al menos que no lo son (...)
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  28. Relevancia moral y relevancia óntica.Oscar Horta - 2008 - Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 46 (119):29-37.
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  29.  9
    La argumentación de Singer en Liberación animal: concepciones normativas, interés en vivir y agregacionismo.Oscar Horta - 2011 - Dianoia 56 (67):65-85.
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  30.  7
    ¿ Quién puede poseer actitudes proposicionales?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (2):55-68.
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  31. El fracaso de las respuestas al argumento de la superposición de especies. Parte 1: la relevancia moral de los contraejemplos a las defensas del antropocentrismo.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 10:55-84.
    Conforme al antropocentrismo moral, está justificado tratar de forma desfavorable a los animales no humanos frente a los seres humanos. Esta idea se mantiene a menudo indicando que hay ciertas capacidades o relaciones, defendidas como moralmente relevantes, que solo tendrían estos últimos. El argumento de la superposición de especies apunta, sin embargo, que esta asunción se encuentra equivocada. Toda una serie de seres humanos incumplen también tal criterio. De este modo, si continuamos defendiendo su relevancia, estaremos aceptando que se dé (...)
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  32. No Hay Conducta Justa Sin Causa Justa.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 49:213-220.
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  33.  3
    Conexiones entre las concepciones de nuestra persistencia diacrónica Y de la temporalidad en axiología.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 66:215-226.
    La relación entre el problema de la temporalidad del valor y el de nuestra persistencia diacrónica prácticamente no ha sido explorada hasta ahora. Sin embargo, el análisis de cada una de estas cuestiones puede arrojar luz sobre la otra de manera interesante. Este artículo argumentará que las conexiones entre la asimetría de nuestras actitudes hacia el futuro y el pasado, y la cuestión de nuestra persistencia diacrónica pueden defenderse sin incurrir en modo alguno a una petición de principio. The relation (...)
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  34. Review. [REVIEW]Óscar Horta - 2008 - Critica 40 (119):84-93.
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  35. Un reino de este mundo: las aportaciones en ética de Ferrater Mora.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 44:35-49.
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  36. Who Can Have Propositional Attitudes?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (2):55-68.
     
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  37. El fracaso de las respuestas al argumento de la superposición de especies. Parte 2: consideración honoraria y evaluación general del argumento.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 10:85-104.
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