13 found
  1.  13
    Smarter Than We Think When Our Brains Detect That We Are Biased.Wim De Neys, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2008 - Psychological Science 19 (5):483-489.
    Human reasoning is often biased by stereotypical intuitions. The nature of such bias is not clear. Some authors claim that people are mere heuristic thinkers and are not aware that cued stereotypes might be inappropriate. Other authors claim that people always detect the conflict between their stereotypical thinking and normative reasoning, but simply fail to inhibit stereotypical thinking. Hence, it is unclear whether heuristic bias should be attributed to a lack of conflict detection or a failure of inhibition. We introduce (...)
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  2.  18
    Negative emotions can attenuate the influence of beliefs on logical reasoning.Vinod Goel & Oshin Vartanian - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):121-131.
  3.  14
    Dissociating the Roles of Right Ventral Lateral and Dorsal Lateral Prefrontal Cortex in Generation and Maintenance of Hypotheses in Set-shift Problems.Vinod Goel & Oshin Vartanian - 2005 - Cerebral Cortex 15 (8):1170-1177.
    Although patient data have traditionally implicated the left prefrontal cortex in hypothesis generation, recent lesion data implicate right PFC in hypothesis generation tasks that involve set shifts. To test the involvement of the right prefrontal cortex in a hypothesis generation task involving set shifts, we scanned 13 normal subjects with fMRI as they completed Match Problems and a baseline task. In Match Problems subjects determined the number of possible solutions for each trial. Successful solutions are indicative of set shifts. In (...)
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  4.  48
    The effects of a single night of sleep deprivation on fluency and prefrontal cortex function during divergent thinking.Oshin Vartanian, Fethi Bouak, J. L. Caldwell, Bob Cheung, Gerald Cupchik, Marie-Eve Jobidon, Quan Lam, Ann Nakashima, Michel Paul, Henry Peng, Paul J. Silvia & Ingrid Smith - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  5.  42
    Taboo or tragic: effect of tradeoff type on moral choice, conflict, and confidence. [REVIEW]David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
    Historically, cognitivists considered moral choices to be determined by analytic processes. Recent theories, however, have emphasized the role of intuitive processes in determining moral choices. We propose that the engagement of analytic and intuitive processes is contingent on the type of tradeoff being considered. Specifically, when a tradeoff necessarily violates a moral principle no matter what choice is made, as in tragic tradeoffs, its resolution should result in greater moral conflict and less confidence in choice than when the tradeoff offers (...)
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  6.  9
    Dissociable Neural Systems Underwrite Logical Reasoning in the Context of Induced Emotions with Positive and Negative Valence.Kathleen W. Smith, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  17
    The prospects of working memory training for improving deductive reasoning.Erin L. Beatty & Oshin Vartanian - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  8.  18
    Psychological and neural responses to art embody viewer and artwork histories.Oshin Vartanian & James C. Kaufman - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):161-162.
    The research programs of empirical aesthetics and neuroaesthetics have reflected deep concerns about viewers' sensitivities to artworks' historical contexts by investigating the impact of two factors on art perception: viewers' developmental (and educational) histories and the contextual histories of artworks. These considerations are consistent with data demonstrating that art perception is underwritten by dynamically reconfigured and evolutionarily adapted neural and psychological mechanisms.
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  9. What Is Targeted When We Train Working Memory? Evidence From a Meta-Analysis of the Neural Correlates of Working Memory Training Using Activation Likelihood Estimation.Oshin Vartanian, Vladyslava Replete, Sidney Ann Saint, Quan Lam, Sarah Forbes, Monique E. Beaudoin, Tad T. Brunyé, David J. Bryant, Kathryn A. Feltman, Kristin J. Heaton, Richard A. McKinley, Jan B. F. Van Erp, Annika Vergin & Annalise Whittaker - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Working memory is the system responsible for maintaining and manipulating information, in the face of ongoing distraction. In turn, WM span is perceived to be an individual-differences construct reflecting the limited capacity of this system. Recently, however, there has been some evidence to suggest that WM capacity can increase through training, raising the possibility that training can functionally alter the neural structures supporting WM. To address the hypothesis that the neural substrates underlying WM are targeted by training, we conducted a (...)
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  10.  27
    Syllogisms delivered in an angry voice lead to improved performance and engagement of a different neural system compared to neutral voice.Kathleen W. Smith, Laura-Lee Balkwill, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  11.  11
    Psychological models of art reception must be empirically grounded.Marcos Nadal, Oshin Vartanian & Martin Skov - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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    An investigation of the neural substrates of mind wandering induced by viewing traditional Chinese landscape paintings.Tingting Wang, Lei Mo, Oshin Vartanian, Jonathan S. Cant & Gerald Cupchik - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  13.  3
    The Creative Brain Under Stress: Considerations for Performance in Extreme Environments.Oshin Vartanian, Sidney Ann Saint, Nicole Herz & Peter Suedfeld - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Over the last two decades, we have begun to gain traction on the neural systems that support creative cognition. Specifically, a converging body of evidence from various domains has demonstrated that creativity arises from the interaction of two large-scale systems in the brain: Whereas the default network (DN) is involved in internally-oriented generation of novel concepts, the executive control network (ECN) exerts top-down control over that generative process to select task-appropriate output. In addition, the salience network (SN) regulates switching between (...)
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