57 found
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  1.  96
    The struggle against dogmatism: Wittgenstein and the concept of philosophy.Oskari Kuusela - 2008 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Wittgenstein on philosophical problems : from one fundamental problem to particular problems -- The Tractatus on philosophical problems -- Wittgenstein's later conception of philosophical problems -- Examples of philosophical problems as based on misunderstandings -- Tendencies and inclinations of thinking : philosophy as therapy -- Wittgenstein's notion of peace in philosophy : the contrast with the Tractatus -- Two conceptions of clarification -- The Tractatus's conception of philosophy as logical analysis -- Wittgenstein's later critique of the Tractatus's notion of logical (...)
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  2.  16
    Wittgenstein on Logic as the Method of Philosophy: Re-Examining the Roots and Development of Analytic Philosophy.Oskari Kuusela - 2019 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Oskari Kuusela explores Wittgenstein's account of logic in the context of the history of analytic philosophy. He presents Wittgenstein as developing the logical-philosophical approaches of his contemporaries and credits him with resolving the long-standing dispute between the ideal language and ordinary language schools of analytic philosophy.
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  3. Carnap and the Tractatus' Philosophy of Logic.Oskari Kuusela - 2012 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 1 (3):1-25.
    This article discusses the relation between the early Wittgenstein’s and Carnap’s philosophies of logic, arguing that Carnap’s position in The Logical Syntax of Language is in certain respects much closer to the Tractatus than has been recognized. In Carnapian terms, the Tractatus’ goal is to introduce, by means of quasi-syntactical sentences, syntactical principles and concepts to be used in philosophical clarification in the formal mode. A distinction between the material and formal mode is therefore already part of the Tractatus’ view, (...)
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  4. Wittgenstein, Ethics and Philosophical Clarification.Oskari Kuusela - 2018 - In Reshef Agam-Segal & Edmund Dain (eds.), Wittgenstein’s Moral Thought. New York: Routledge. pp. 37-65.
    In this chapter I discuss Wittgenstein’s early and later views on ethics in the light of the development of his views on logic and philosophical method, maintaining that these developments are motivated by his aspiration to discover a method that enables one to do justice to the complexity of though and language use, and the richness of phenomena. I begin by discussing certain continuous features of Wittgenstein’s views on ethics and philosophy, in particular his conception that philosophy can only offer (...)
     
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  5.  53
    The tree and the net: reading the tractatus two-dimensionally.Oskari Kuusela - 2015 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 70 (1):229-232.
  6.  9
    Defending Diamond Against Harcourt: Wittgensteinian Moral Philosophy and the Subject Matter of Ethics.Oskari Kuusela - 2021 - In Maria Balaska (ed.), Cora Diamond on Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 81-102.
    This chapter discusses Edward Harcourt’s recent criticism of Cora Diamond’s account of Wittgensteinian moral philosophy, and the view she associates with Wittgenstein that ethics has no specific subject matter. I argue that Harcourt has misconstrued Diamond’s account, and that his own proposal for what a Wittgensteinian moral philosophy would be like is not consistent with what Wittgenstein says about morality. In particular, Wittgenstein’s suggestion in his later philosophy that goodness is not a quality or property of actions in addition to (...)
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  7.  47
    Wittgenstein and His Interpreters: Essays in Memory of Gordon Baker.Guy Kahane, Edward Kanterian & Oskari Kuusela (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Comprising specially commissioned essays from some of the most significant contributors to the field, this volume provides a uniquely authoritative and thorough survey of the main lines of Wittgenstein scholarship over the past 50 years, tracing the history and current trends as well as anticipating the future shape of work on Wittgenstein. The first collection of its kind, this volume presents a range of perspectives on the different approaches to the philosophy of Wittgenstein Written by leading experts from America, Britain, (...)
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  8.  55
    Wittgenstein and the unity of good.Oskari Kuusela - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):428-444.
    This paper discusses the problem of the unity of moral good, concerning the kind of unity that moral good or the concept thereof constitutes. In particular, I am concerned with how Wittgenstein’s identification of various complex modes of conceptual unity, and his introduction of a methodology of clarification for dealing with such complex concepts, can help with the problem of unity, as it rises from the moral philosophical tradition. Relating to this I also address the disputed question, whether Wittgenstein regards (...)
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  9.  59
    The Method of Language-Games as a Method of Logic.Oskari Kuusela - 2014 - Philosophical Topics 42 (2):129-160.
    This paper develops an account of Wittgenstein’s method of language-games as a method of logic that exhibits important continuities with Russell’s and the early Wittgenstein’s conceptions of logic and logical analysis as the method of philosophy. On the proposed interpretation, the method of language-games is a method for isolating and modeling aspects of the uses of linguistic expressions embedded in human activities that enables one to make perspicuous complex uses of expressions by gradually building up the complexity of clarificatory models. (...)
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  10. The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein.Oskari Kuusela & Marie McGinn (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Since the middle of the 20th century Ludwig Wittgenstein has been an exceptionally influential and controversial figure wherever philosophy is studied. This is the most comprehensive volume ever published on Wittgenstein: thirty-five leading scholars explore the whole range of his thought, offering critical engagement and original interpretation.
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  11.  36
    Gordon Baker, Wittgensteinian Philosophical Conceptions and Perspicuous Representation: the Possibility of Multidimensional Logical Descriptions.Oskari Kuusela - 2014 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2):71-98.
    This paper discusses Gordon Baker’s interpretation of the later Wittgenstein, in particular his interpretation of the notion of Wittgensteinian philosophical conceptions and the notions of non-exclusivity, local incompatibility, non-additivity and global pluralism which Baker uses to characterize Wittgensteinian conceptions. On the basis of this discussion, and a critique of certain features of Baker’s interpretation of Wittgensteinian conceptions, I introduce the notion of a multidimensional logical description of language use, explaining how this notion, which Baker’s interpretation excludes, constitutes and important element (...)
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  12. Wittgensteinian : Looking at the World From the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy.A. C. Grayling, Shyam Wuppuluri, Christopher Norris, Nikolay Milkov, Oskari Kuusela, Danièle Moyal-Sharrock, Beth Savickey, Jonathan Beale, Duncan Pritchard, Annalisa Coliva, Jakub Mácha, David R. Cerbone, Paul Horwich, Michael Nedo, Gregory Landini, Pascal Zambito, Yoshihiro Maruyama, Chon Tejedor, Susan G. Sterrett, Carlo Penco, Susan Edwards-Mckie, Lars Hertzberg, Edward Witherspoon, Michel ter Hark, Paul F. Snowdon, Rupert Read, Nana Last, Ilse Somavilla & Freeman Dyson (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    “Tell me," Wittgenstein once asked a friend, "why do people always say, it was natural for man to assume that the sun went round the earth rather than that the earth was rotating?" His friend replied, "Well, obviously because it just looks as though the Sun is going round the Earth." Wittgenstein replied, "Well, what would it have looked like if it had looked as though the Earth was rotating?” What would it have looked like if we looked at all (...)
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  13. Transcendental arguments and the problem of dogmatism.Oskari Kuusela - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (1):57 – 75.
    Transcendental arguments have been described as undogmatic or non-dogmatic arguments. This paper examines this contention critically and addresses the question of what is required from an argument for which the characterization is valid. I shall argue that although transcendental arguments do in certain respects meet what one should require from non-dogmatic arguments, they - or more specifically, what I shall call 'general transcendental arguments' - involve an assumption about conceptual unity that constitutes a reason for not attributing to them the (...)
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  14.  70
    Ethics in the Wake of Wittgenstein.Benjamin De Mesel & Oskari Kuusela (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    Edited collection on Wittgensteinian ethics. With contributions by Oskari Kuusela, Edward Harcourt, Anne-Marie Christensen, Sabina Lovibond, Alexander Miller, Benjamin De Mesel, Cora Diamond, Lars Hertzberg, Jeremy Johnson, Craig Taylor, Alice Crary, Lynette Reid.
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  15. Nonsense and Clarification in the Tractatus-Resolute and Ineffability Readings and the Tractatus' Failure.Oskari Kuusela - 2006 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 80:35.
     
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  16.  82
    From metaphysics and philosophical theses to grammar: Wittgenstein's turn.Oskari Kuusela - 2005 - Philosophical Investigations 28 (2):95–133.
    The paper discusses Wittgenstein's conception of philosophy as devoid of theses. Although already the _Tractatus aims to abandon philosophical theses, it relapses to such theses. In his later work Wittgenstein develops a novel conception of the status of philosophical statements. Rather than to state what his object of investigation, e.g., the use of a word, must be, the philosopher is to employ rules, examples etc., as 'objects of comparison'. A philosophical statement does not describe a necessity in reality. The modality (...)
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  17.  30
    The Problem of Domination by Reason and Its Non-Relativistic Solution.Oskari Kuusela - 2019 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 8:23-42.
    This paper outlines a solution to what can be called “the problem of domination by reason”, “conceptual domination” or “clarificatorory injustice”, connected with how a philosopher may appear to be in a position to legitimately coerce, by means of arguments, an interlocutor who shares with her a concept or a conceptual system to accept a philosophical characterization of a concept or whatever the concept concerns. The proposed solution is based on a particular interpretation of what Wittgenstein means by agreement in (...)
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  18.  29
    Introduction. Editors' introduction.Oskari Kuusela & Marie McGinn - 2011 - In Oskari Kuusela & Marie McGinn (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. pp. 10-14.
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  19.  34
    Wittgenstein’s Comparison between Philosophy, Aesthetics and Ethics.Oskari Kuusela - 2017 - In Anja Weiberg & Stefan Majetschak (eds.), Aesthetics Today: Contemporary Approaches to the Aesthetics of Nature and of Arts. Proceedings of the 39th International Wittgenstein Symposium in Kirchberg. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 333-348.
    Wittgenstein compares philosophical explanations with explanations in aesthetics and ethics. According to him, the similarity between aesthetics and philosophy ‘reaches very far’, and as I aim to show, the comparison can be used to elucidate certain characteristic features of Wittgenstein’s philosophical approach. In particular, it can explain how his approach differs from metaphysical philosophy as well as clarifying the sense in which there are no theses or theories in philosophy, as Wittgenstein conceives it. In the last section of the essay, (...)
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  20.  17
    Ethics After Wittgenstein: Contemplation and Critique (edited by Richard Amesbury and Hartmut von Sass).Oskari Kuusela - 2023 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 12.
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  21. Introduction.Oskari Kuusela & Benjamin De Mesel - 2019 - In Oskari Kuusela & Benjamin De Mesel (eds.), Ethics in the Wake of Wittgenstein. New York: Routledge. pp. 1-16.
    Introduction to our edited volume on Wittgensteinian ethics with papers by Oskari Kuusela, Edward Harcourt, Anne-Marie Christensen, Sabina Lovibond, Alexander Miller, Benjamin De Mesel, Cora Diamond, Lars Hertzberg, Jeremy Johnson, Craig Taylor, Alice Crary, Lynette Reid.
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  22.  24
    Note from the Editors and Open Review Information (Volume 12).Simo Säätelä, Gisela Bengtsson, Oskari Kuusela & Cato Wittusen - 2023 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 12.
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  23.  67
    Do the concepts of grammar and use in Wittgenstein articulate a theory of language or meaning?Oskari Kuusela - 2006 - Philosophical Investigations 29 (4):309–341.
    The paper elucidates Wittgenstein's later conception of philosophy as devoid of theories or theses, comprehending this as an articulation of a strategy for avoiding dogmatism in philosophy. More specifically, it clarifies Wittgenstein's conception by using what he says about the concepts of meaning and language as an example and by developing an interpretation that purports to make plain that what Wittgenstein says about these issues does not constitute a philosophical thesis. Adopting Wittgenstein's approach, we can, arguably, have a richer view (...)
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  24.  16
    Wittgenstein’s Tractatus without paradox.Oskari Kuusela - 2022 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 34 (63).
    This article proposes an interpretation of Wittgenstein’s so-called picture theory of propositions that forgoes the attribution of unsayable truths or theses to the Tractatus. Consequently, the interpretation avoids describing the Tractatus as entangled in a paradox of nonsensical theses. Rather, I argue, the proper expression for Wittgenstein’s logical insights is a logical symbolism into whose structure they are encoded. This also applies to his account of propositions as pictures. Its purpose is to clarify the principles governing a correct logical language (...)
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  25. Tractatus' Failure.Oskari Kuusela - unknown
    In this paper I discuss the role of the nonsensical ‘statements’ of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and the aims of the book, a topic which has in recent years been the subject of, at times heated, controversy among Wittgenstein’s readers.1 In this debate the so-called ineffability interpretation argues that the role of nonsense in the Tractatus is to make us grasp ineffable truths which ‘strictly speaking’ cannot be said or thought2. By contrast, the interpretation known as the resolute reading emphasises the incomprehensibility (...)
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  26.  11
    Introduction.Guy Kahane, Edward Kanterian & Oskari Kuusela - 2007 - In Guy Kahane, Edward Kanterian & Oskari Kuusela (eds.), Wittgenstein and His Interpreters: Essays in Memory of Gordon Baker. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1–36.
    This chapter contains section titled: Main Approaches to Wittgenstein Interpretation Themes and Controversies Questions of Style and Method The Articles in This Volume.
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  27. Engaging Kripke with Wittgenstein: The Standard Meter, Contingent Apriori, and Beyond.Martin Gustafsson, Oskari Kuusela & Jakub Mácha (eds.) - 2023 - New York: Routledge.
    This volume draws connections between Wittgenstein's philosophy and the work of Saul Kripke, especially his Naming and Necessity. Saul Kripke is regarded as one of the foremost representatives of contemporary analytic philosophy. His most important contributions include the strict distinction between metaphysical and epistemological questions, the introduction of the notions of contingent a priori truth and necessary a posteriori truth and original accounts of names, descriptions, identity, necessity and realism. The chapters in this book elucidate the relevant connections between Kripke's (...)
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  28.  4
    Engaging Kripke with Wittgenstein: the standard metre, contingent apriori, and beyond.Martin Gustafsson, Oskari Kuusela & Jakub Mácha (eds.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This volume draws connections between Wittgenstein's philosophy and the work of Saul Kripke, especially his Naming and Necessity. Saul Kripke is regarded as one of the foremost representatives of contemporary analytic philosophy. His most important contributions include the strict distinction between metaphysical and epistemological questions, the introduction of the notions of contingent a priori truth and necessary a posteriori truth and original accounts of names, descriptions, identity, necessity and realism. The chapters in this book elucidate the relevant connections between Kripke's (...)
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  29. Method. The development of Wittgenstein's philosophy.Oskari Kuusela - 2011 - In Oskari Kuusela & Marie McGinn (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
     
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  30. Overlooked distinctions : the mirage of contingent A priori.Oskari Kuusela - 2023 - In Martin Gustafsson, Oskari Kuusela & Jakub Mácha (eds.), Engaging Kripke with Wittgenstein: the standard metre, contingent apriori, and beyond. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  31. Overlooked distinctions : the mirage of contingent A priori.Oskari Kuusela - 2023 - In Martin Gustafsson, Oskari Kuusela & Jakub Mácha (eds.), Engaging Kripke with Wittgenstein: The Standard Meter, Contingent Apriori, and Beyond. New York: Routledge.
  32.  50
    On Wittgenstein's and Carnap's Conceptions of the Dissolution of Philosophical Problems, and against a Therapeutic Mix: How to Solve the Paradox of the Tractatus.Oskari Kuusela - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 42 (3):213-240.
    In this article, I distinguish Wittgenstein's conception of the dissolution of philosophical problems from that of Carnap. I argue that the conception of dissolution assumed by the therapeutic interpretations of the Tractatus is more similar to Carnap's than to Wittgenstein's for whom dissolution involves spelling out an alternative in the context of which relevant problems do not arise. To clarify this I outline a non‐therapeutic resolute reading of the Tractatus that explains how Wittgenstein thought to be able to make a (...)
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  33.  16
    Philosophy as Education in Thinking: Why Getting the Reader to Think Matters to Wittgenstein.Oskari Kuusela - 2019 - In Shyam Wuppuluri & Newton da Costa (eds.), Wittgensteinian : Looking at the World From the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 21-37.
    Wittgenstein writes in the preface to the Philosophical Investigations: ‘I should not like my writing to spare other people the trouble of thinking. But if possible, to stimulate someone to thoughts of his own.’ In the following I argue that this indicates something essential about Wittgenstein’s approach. In order to remain true to his conception of philosophy without theses, he could not, for example, aim to instruct his reader about about grammar or put forward prescriptions about grammar, logic or language (...)
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  34.  6
    Philosophy as Education in Thinking: Why Getting the Reader to Think Matters to Wittgenstein.Oskari Kuusela - 2019 - In A. C. Grayling, Shyam Wuppuluri, Christopher Norris, Nikolay Milkov, Oskari Kuusela, Danièle Moyal-Sharrock, Beth Savickey, Jonathan Beale, Duncan Pritchard, Annalisa Coliva, Jakub Mácha, David R. Cerbone, Paul Horwich, Michael Nedo, Gregory Landini, Pascal Zambito, Yoshihiro Maruyama, Chon Tejedor, Susan G. Sterrett, Carlo Penco, Susan Edwards-Mckie, Lars Hertzberg, Edward Witherspoon, Michel ter Hark, Paul F. Snowdon, Rupert Read, Nana Last, Ilse Somavilla & Freeman Dyson (eds.), Wittgensteinian : Looking at the World From the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 21-37.
    Wittgenstein writes in the preface to the Philosophical Investigations: ‘I should not like my writing to spare other people the trouble of thinking. But if possible, to stimulate someone to thoughts of his own.’ In the following I argue that this indicates something essential about Wittgenstein’s approach. In order to remain true to his conception of philosophy without theses, he could not, for example, aim to instruct his reader about about grammar or put forward prescriptions about grammar, logic or language (...)
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  35. The color-exclusion problem and the development of Wittgenstein's philosophy of logic.Oskari Kuusela - 2023 - In Florian Franken Figueiredo (ed.), Wittgenstein's philosophy in 1929. New York, NY: Routledge.
  36.  31
    The Methodological Significance of Intuitions in Philosophy.Oskari Kuusela - 2019 - In James Conant & Sebastian Sunday (eds.), Wittgenstein on Philosophy, Objectivity, and Meaning. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 62-83.
    This chapter discusses the methodological and epistemological significance of so-called intuitions in philosophy; that is, whether intuitions can be understood as evidence for or against philosophical claims or, if not, whether they might have some other kind of methodological significance. A closely connected issue which the chapter addresses, is whether our comprehension of logical, conceptual, or metaphysical possibilities and necessities can be explained by reference to intuitions or the capacity of intuition or, if not, how our capacity to understand such (...)
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  37.  74
    The problem of dogmatism.Oskari Kuusela - 2009 - The Philosophers' Magazine 44 (44):36-41.
    Wittgenstein’s rejection of philosophical theories doesn’t mean that he, or whoever adopts his method, couldn’t have any positive views about the objects of philosophical investigation. It merely means not presenting those views in a dogmatic manner, as theses that all relevant cases must fit. Wittgenstein’s approach allows one not to take sides in philosophical disputes and to take on board whatever might be correct in the traditional theories.
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  38.  14
    The problem of dogmatism.Oskari Kuusela - 2009 - The Philosophers' Magazine 44:36-41.
    Wittgenstein’s rejection of philosophical theories doesn’t mean that he, or whoever adopts his method, couldn’t have any positive views about the objects of philosophical investigation. It merely means not presenting those views in a dogmatic manner, as theses that all relevant cases must fit. Wittgenstein’s approach allows one not to take sides in philosophical disputes and to take on board whatever might be correct in the traditional theories.
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  39.  25
    Wittgenstein and Phenomenology.Oskari Kuusela, Mihai Ometita & Timur Ucan (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    This volume of new essays explores the relationship between the thought of Wittgenstein and the key figures of phenomenology: Husserl, Heidegger, Levinas, Merleau-Ponty and Sartre. It is the first book to provide an overview of how Wittgenstein’s philosophy in its different phases, including his own so-called phenomenological phase, relates to the variety of phenomenological approaches developed in continental Europe. In so doing, the volume seeks to throw light on both sides of the comparison, and to clarify more broadly the relations (...)
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  40.  6
    Wittgenstein's Conception of Philosophy and Philosophical Method.Oskari Kuusela - 2003 - Dissertation, University of Oxford
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  41.  9
    Wittgenstein’s Investigations: Awakening the Imagination by Beth Savickey.Oskari Kuusela - 2020 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 1:86-92.
  42.  20
    Wittgenstein on Logic and Philosophical Method.Oskari Kuusela - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element outlines Wittgenstein's early and later philosophies of logic, and explains Wittgenstein's views regarding the methodological significance of logic for philosophy. Wittgenstein's early philosophy of logic is presented as a further development of Frege's and Russell's accounts of logic, and Wittgenstein later philosophy as a response to problems with his early views, including confusions about idealization and abstraction in logic. The later Wittgenstein's novel logical methods, such as the method of language-games, are outlined, and the new kind of logical (...)
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  43. Wittgenstein's reception of Socrates.Oskari Kuusela - 2019 - In Christopher Moore (ed.), Brill's Companion to the Reception of Socrates. Leiden: Brill.
    A main theme of this chapter is Ludwig Wittgenstein’s critical reception of Socrates in the 1930s, during which time Wittgenstein was developing a new philosophical methodology that he described as being antithetical to that of Socrates and best explained by way of this contrast. In particular, Wittgenstein is critical of an unexamined assumption relating to conceptual unity that seems to inform Socrates’ philosophical engagements, according to which one can always define a concept, or cases that fall under it, with reference (...)
     
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  44.  23
    Note from the Editors.Simo Säätelä, Gisela Bengtsson, Cato Wittusen & Oskari Kuusela - 2020 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 9.
    Originally published March 20, 2020. This version published December 30, 2020.
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  45.  15
    Note from the Editors and Prepublication Open Review Information.Simo Säätelä, Gisela Bengtsson, Cato Wittusen & Oskari Kuusela - 2020 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 9.
    Originally published March 20, 2020. This version published December 30, 2020.
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  46.  12
    Note from the Editors and Prepublication Open Review Information.Simo Säätelä, Gisela Bengtsson, Oskari Kuusela & Cato Wittusen - 2021 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 10.
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  47.  14
    Note from the Editors and Open Review Information.Simo Säätelä, Gisela Bengtsson, Oskari Kuusela & Cato Wittusen - 2022 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 11.
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  48.  22
    Baltas, Aristides. Peeling Potatoes or Grinding Lenses: Spinoza and Young Wittgenstein Converse on Immanence and Its Logic (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012). Beiser, Frederick C. The German Historicist Tradition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011). [REVIEW]Donna Bowman, Clayton Crockett, John Dudly, Avery Goldman, Martin Heidegger, Oskari Kuusela & Sebastian Luft - 2012 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 33 (1).
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  49.  24
    Book Review: Wittgenstein on Rules and NatureDrommKeithWittgenstein on Rules and NatureLondon: Continuum, 2008. 124 pp. $130/£65. [REVIEW]Oskari Kuusela - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (3):400-405.
  50.  35
    Review of Barry Stocker (ed.), Post-analytic tractatus. [REVIEW]Oskari Kuusela - 2008 - European Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):478-482.
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