Results for 'Otto Schäfer'

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  1. Globalisierung Herausforderung Für Die Philosophie : Erste Philosophie Heute? Von der Zeitgemässen Letztbegründung der Philosophie Zur Antwort der Philosophie Auf Die Herausforderung der "Globalisierung".Karl-Otto Apel, Vittorio Hösle, Roland Simon-Schaefer & Bamberger Hegelwochen - 1998
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  2.  26
    Reassessing Diagrams of Cardiac Mechanics: From Otto Frank and Ernest Starling to Hiroyuki Suga.Johann-Peter Kuhtz-Buschbeck, Reidar K. Lie, Jochen Schaefer & Nicolaus Wilder - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (4):471-490.
    The main topic of this article is Otto Frank's forgotten notion of the pressure-volume diagram of the cardiac ventricle as a means to assess the external mechanical work of the heart. Developed by Frank at the end of the 19th century, this idea was reenvisioned as pressure-volume area about 70 to 80 years later by Hiroyuki Suga. This notion now serves as a perspective for defining cardiac contractility and thus enabling the controlled clinical application of cardiac assist devices. We (...)
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  3.  29
    International Law, Social Change and Resistance: A Conversation Between Professor Anna Grear (Cardiff) and Professorial Fellow Dianne Otto.Dianne Otto & Anna Grear - 2018 - Feminist Legal Studies 26 (3):351-363.
    This conversation between two scholars of international law focuses on the contemporary realities of feminist analysis of international law and on current and future spaces of resistance. It notes that feminism has moved from the margin towards the centre, but that this has also come at a cost. As the language of women’s rights and gender equality has travelled into the international policy worlds of crisis management and peace and security, feminist scholars need to become more careful in their analysis (...)
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  4.  24
    Karl-Otto Apel.Karl-Otto Apel - 2004 - In Gisela Riescher (ed.), Politische Theorie der Gegenwart in Einzeldarstellungen. Von Adorno Bis Young. Alfred Kröner Verlag. pp. 343--15.
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  5. The Ethics of Producing In Vitro Meat.G. Owen Schaefer & Julian Savulescu - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):188-202.
    The prospect of consumable meat produced in a laboratory setting without the need to raise and slaughter animals is both realistic and exciting. Not only could such in vitro meat become popular due to potential cost savings, but it also avoids many of the ethical and environmental problems with traditional meat productions. However, as with any new technology, in vitro meat is likely to face some detractors. We examine in detail three potential objections: 1) in vitro meat is disrespectful, either (...)
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  6. Philosophie der Gegenwart, Gegenwart der Philosophie.Herbert Schnädelbach & Geert Keil (eds.) - 1993 - Hamburg:
    Kolloquiumsbeiträge des XV. Deutschen Kongresses für Philosophie 1990 in Hamburg. Mit Beiträgen von Herbert Schnädelbach, Hilary Putnam, Karl-Otto Apel, Walter Ch. Zimmerli, Rudolf A. Makkreel, Wolfgang Bartuschat, Elke Hahn und Klaus Vieweg, Roland Simon-Schaefer, Ruedi Imbach, Georg Wieland, Jan Peter Beckmann, Pierre Aubenque, Annemarie Gethmann-Siefert, Gernot Böhme, Dietrich Böhler, Jürgen Habermas, Friedrich Kambartel, Oswald Schwemmer, Dieter Birnbacher, Karl-Friedrich Wessel, Friedrich Rapp, Otfried Höffe, Henning Ottmann und Terry Pinkard.
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  7.  3
    Graf, Otto, Gottfried Keller als Erzieher. Gottfried Keller-Nummer der Zeitschrift „Der Wegweiser“.Otto Graf - 1920 - Kant-Studien 25 (1).
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  8.  22
    Wichtigkeit vorsichtiger formulierung otto neurath.Otto Neurath - 1946 - Synthese 5 (1/2):93 - 94.
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  9.  16
    Werner, Otto, Der Hang zum Bösen oder das Doppelgesetz im Weltgang.Otto Werner - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  10. Karl-Otto Apel: Selected Essays.Karl-Otto Apel - 1994 - Humanities Press.
    v. 1. Towards a transcendental semiotics -- v. 2. Ethics and the theory of rationality.
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  11.  37
    Einheitswissenschaft. Schriften herausgegeben von Otto Neurath in Verbindung mit Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Hans Hahn.Otto Neurath, Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank & Hans Hahn - 1935 - Erkenntnis 5 (1):371-374.
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  12.  6
    Klemm, Otto, Dr., Privatdozent. Geschichte der Psychologie.Otto Klemm - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  13.  39
    Ethics Education in the Workplace: An Effective Tool to Combat Employee Theft. [REVIEW]Arthur Gross-Schaefer, Jeff Trigilio, Jamie Negus & Ceng-Si Ro - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (2):89 - 100.
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  14. Dialog Und System Otto Muck Zum 65. Geburtstag.Otto Muck, Winfried Lèoffler & Edmund Runggaldier - 1997
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  15.  12
    Boelitz, Otto Dr. Die Lehre Vom Zufall Bei Émile Boutroux.Otto Boelitz - 1908 - Kant-Studien 13 (1-3).
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  16. Otto Friedrich Bollnow Im Gespräch.Otto Friedrich Bollnow, Hans-Peter Göbbeler & Hans-Ulrich Lessing - 1983
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  17.  12
    Braun, Otto, Der Student und die neue Zeit.Otto Braun - 1920 - Kant-Studien 25 (1).
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  18.  6
    Braun, Otto, Geistesprobleme und Lebensfragen. Ausgewählte Abschnitte aus Euckens Werken.Otto Braun - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  19.  24
    Brann, Otto α.Nora. Herders Ideen zur K ulturphilosophie. Ausgewählt und herausgegeben von Otto Braun und Nora Braun.Otto Braun - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  20.  14
    Braun, Otto, Schellings Philosophie herausgegeben und eingeleitet.Otto Braun - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  21.  14
    Otto Neurath: Marxist Member of the Vienna Circle.Struan Jacobs & Karl-Heinz Otto - unknown
  22.  25
    Contributing to Discourse.Herbert H. Clark & Edward F. Schaefer - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):259-294.
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  23.  67
    Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics.Nancy Cartwright, Jordi Cat, Lola Fleck & Thomas E. Uebel (eds.) - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    An international team of four authors, led by distinguished philosopher of science, Nancy Cartwright, and leading scholar of the Vienna Circle, Thomas E. Uebel, have produced this lucid and elegant study of a much-neglected figure. The book, which depicts Neurath's science in the political, economic and intellectual milieu in which it was practised, is divided into three sections: Neurath's biographical background and the socio-political context of his economic ideas; the development of his theory of science; and his legacy as illustrated (...)
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  24.  2
    Brann, Otto, Dr. phil. Zum Bildungsproblem.F. Eckardt & Otto Braun - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  25. Direct Vs. Indirect Moral Enhancement.G. Owen Schaefer - 2015 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (3):261-289.
    Moral enhancement is an ostensibly laudable project. Who wouldn’t want people to become more moral? Still, the project’s approach is crucial. We can distinguish between two approaches for moral enhancement: direct and indirect. Direct moral enhancements aim at bringing about particular ideas, motives or behaviors. Indirect moral enhancements, by contrast, aim at making people more reliably produce the morally correct ideas, motives or behaviors without committing to the content of those ideas, motives and/or actions. I will argue, on Millian grounds, (...)
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  26. Autonomy and Enhancement.G. Owen Schaefer, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (2):123-136.
    Some have objected to human enhancement on the grounds that it violates the autonomy of the enhanced. These objections, however, overlook the interesting possibility that autonomy itself could be enhanced. How, exactly, to enhance autonomy is a difficult problem due to the numerous and diverse accounts of autonomy in the literature. Existing accounts of autonomy enhancement rely on narrow and controversial conceptions of autonomy. However, we identify one feature of autonomy common to many mainstream accounts: reasoning ability. Autonomy can then (...)
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  27. An Ethics Framework for Big Data in Health and Research.Vicki Xafis, G. Owen Schaefer, Markus K. Labude, Iain Brassington, Angela Ballantyne, Hannah Yeefen Lim, Wendy Lipworth, Tamra Lysaght, Cameron Stewart, Shirley Sun, Graeme T. Laurie & E. Shyong Tai - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (3):227-254.
    Ethical decision-making frameworks assist in identifying the issues at stake in a particular setting and thinking through, in a methodical manner, the ethical issues that require consideration as well as the values that need to be considered and promoted. Decisions made about the use, sharing, and re-use of big data are complex and laden with values. This paper sets out an Ethics Framework for Big Data in Health and Research developed by a working group convened by the Science, Health and (...)
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  28.  5
    Rationality, Uncertainty, and Unanimity: An Epistemic Critique of Contractarianism.Alexander Schaefer - 2021 - Economics and Philosophy 37 (1):82-117.
    This paper considers contractarianism as a method of justification. The analysis accepts the key tenets of contractarianism: expected utility maximization, unanimity as the criteria of acceptance, and social-scientific uncertainty of modelled agents. In addition to these three features, however, the analysis introduces a fourth feature: a criteria of rational belief formation, viz. Bayesian belief updating. Using a formal model, this paper identifies a decisive objection to contractarian justification. Insofar as contractarian projects approximate the Agreement Model, therefore, they fail to justify (...)
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  29. Bollnow, Otto Friedrich: Mensch und Raum. [REVIEW]Otto Pöggeler - 1964 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 72 (1):180.
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  30.  99
    Assessing the Effectiveness of a Large Database of Emotion-Eliciting Films: A New Tool for Emotion Researchers.Alexandre Schaefer, Frédéric Nils, Xavier Sanchez & Pierre Philippot - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1153-1172.
  31. Consent and the Ethical Duty to Participate in Health Data Research.Angela Ballantyne & G. Owen Schaefer - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):392-396.
    The predominant view is that a study using health data is observational research and should require individual consent unless it can be shown that gaining consent is impractical. But recent arguments have been made that citizens have an ethical obligation to share their health information for research purposes. In our view, this obligation is sufficient ground to expand the circumstances where secondary use research with identifiable health information is permitted without explicit subject consent. As such, for some studies the Institutional (...)
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  32. Karl-Otto Apel — Three Dimensions of Understanding Meaning in Analytic Philosophy: Linguistic Conventions, Intentions, and Reference to Things.Karl-Otto Apel - 1980 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 7 (2):116-142.
  33.  40
    Infallibility and Intentionality: Franz Brentano's Diagnosis of German Catholicism.Richard Schaefer - 2007 - Journal of the History of Ideas 68 (3):477-499.
  34.  41
    Clarifying How to Deploy the Public Interest Criterion in Consent Waivers for Health Data and Tissue Research.G. Owen Schaefer, Graeme Laurie, Sumytra Menon, Alastair V. Campbell & Teck Chuan Voo - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-10.
    Background Several jurisdictions, including Singapore, Australia, New Zealand and most recently Ireland, have a public interest or public good criterion for granting waivers of consent in biomedical research using secondary health data or tissue. However, the concept of the public interest is not well defined in this context, which creates difficulties for institutions, institutional review boards and regulators trying to implement the criterion. Main text This paper clarifies how the public interest criterion can be defensibly deployed. We first explain the (...)
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  35. Code-Consistent Ethics Review: Defence of a Hybrid Account.G. Owen Schaefer - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (7):494-495.
    It is generally unquestioned that human subjects research review boards should assess the ethical acceptability of protocols. It says so right on the tin, after all: they are explicitly called research ethics committees in the UK. But it is precisely those sorts of unchallenged assumptions that should, from time to time, be assessed and critiqued, in case they are in fact unfounded. John Stuart Mill's objection to suppressers of dissent is instructive here: “If the opinion is right, they are deprived (...)
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  36.  35
    Justice or Tyranny?: A Critique of John Rawls's a Theory of Justice.David Lewis Schaefer - 1979 - Kennikat Press.
  37.  72
    Public Interest in Health Data Research: Laying Out the Conceptual Groundwork.Angela Ballantyne & G. Owen Schaefer - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):610-616.
    The future of health research will be characterised by three continuing trends: rising demand for health data; increasing impracticability of obtaining specific consent for secondary research; and decreasing capacity to effectively anonymise data. In this context, governments, clinicians and the research community must demonstrate that they can be responsible stewards of health data. IRBs and RECs sit at heart of this process because in many jurisdictions they have the capacity to grant consent waivers when research is judged to be of (...)
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  38. Die Stimme des Volkes/Otto Pögeller.Otto Pöggeler - 1995 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 40:151-158.
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  39.  35
    The Perfect Moral Storm: Diverse Ethical Considerations in the COVID-19 Pandemic.Vicki Xafis, G. Owen Schaefer, Markus K. Labude, Yujia Zhu & Li Yan Hsu - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (2):65-83.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has both exposed and created deep rifts in society. It has thrust us into deep ethical thinking to help justify the difficult decisions many will be called upon to make and to protect from decisions that lack ethical underpinnings. This paper aims to highlight ethical issues in six different areas of life highlighting the enormity of the task we are faced with globally. In the context of COVID-19, we consider health inequity, dilemmas in triage and allocation of (...)
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  40.  72
    Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW]Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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  41.  18
    Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics. [REVIEW]T. A. Ryckman, Nancy Cartwright, Jordi Cat, Lola Fleck & Thomas E. Uebel - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):327.
    Four distinguished authors have been brought together to produce this elegant study of a much-neglected figure. The book is divided into three sections: Neurath's biographical background and the economic and social context of his ideas; his theory of science; and the development of his role in debates on Marxist concepts of history and his own conception of science. Coinciding with the emerging serious interest in logical positivism, this timely publication will redress a current imbalance in the history and philosophy of (...)
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  42. Procedural Moral Enhancement.G. Owen Schaefer & Julian Savulescu - 2019 - Neuroethics 12 (1):73-84.
    While philosophers are often concerned with the conditions for moral knowledge or justification, in practice something arguably less demanding is just as, if not more, important – reliably making correct moral judgments. Judges and juries should hand down fair sentences, government officials should decide on just laws, members of ethics committees should make sound recommendations, and so on. We want such agents, more often than not and as often as possible, to make the right decisions. The purpose of this paper (...)
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  43. The Obligation to Participate in Biomedical Research.G. Owen Schaefer, Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Alan Wertheimer - 2009 - Journal of the American Medical Association 302 (1):67-72.
    The current prevailing view is that participation in biomedical research is above and beyond the call of duty. While some commentators have offered reasons against this, we propose a novel public goods argument for an obligation to participate in biomedical research. Biomedical knowledge is a public good, available to any individual even if that individual does not contribute to it. Participation in research is a critical way to support an important public good. Consequently, all have a duty to participate. The (...)
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  44.  40
    Zwei Briefe von Otto Neurath an Ernst Mach.Otto Neurath - 1980 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 10:3-5.
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  45.  6
    Zwei Briefe von Otto Neurath an Ernst Mach: Herausgegeben von Rudolf Haller.Otto Neurath - 1980 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 10:3-5.
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  46. Precision Medicine and Big Data: The Application of an Ethics Framework for Big Data in Health and Research.G. Owen Schaefer, E. Shyong Tai & Shirley Sun - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (3):275-288.
    As opposed to a ‘one size fits all’ approach, precision medicine uses relevant biological, medical, behavioural and environmental information about a person to further personalize their healthcare. This could mean better prediction of someone’s disease risk and more effective diagnosis and treatment if they have a condition. Big data allows for far more precision and tailoring than was ever before possible by linking together diverse datasets to reveal hitherto-unknown correlations and causal pathways. But it also raises ethical issues relating to (...)
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  47.  7
    Martin Heidegger’s Path of Thinking.Otto Poggeler - 1987 - Humanities Press.
    This book offers a rich introduction to Heidegger that reveals Poggeler's sound scholarship and philosophical criticism.
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  48. Humanism and Public Policy in Germany: The Point Is to Change the World Interview with Frieder Otto Wolf.Frieder Otto Wolf & Murn - 2016 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 24 (2):177-186.
    Prof. Dr. Frieder Otto Wolf, President of the Humanistischer Verband Deutschlands, provides an overview of the main currents of modern humanism in Germany. He describes the central stream of German humanism as practical, in that it combines the principled imperative to overcome all structures and situations in which people are not treated as human beings with seeking to widen the horizons of humane existence in the arts and sciences and in capabilities of leading a fulfilling life. This humanism compels (...)
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  49.  38
    Humanism and Public Policy in Germany: The Point Is to Change the World Interview with Frieder Otto Wolf.Frieder Otto Wolf & Murn - 2016 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 24 (2):177-186.
    Prof. Dr. Frieder Otto Wolf, President of the Humanistischer Verband Deutschlands, provides an overview of the main currents of modern humanism in Germany. He describes the central stream of German humanism as practical, in that it combines the principled imperative to overcome all structures and situations in which people are not treated as human beings with seeking to widen the horizons of humane existence in the arts and sciences and in capabilities of leading a fulfilling life. This humanism compels (...)
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  50.  22
    RNAs, Phase Separation, and Membrane‐Less Organelles: Are Post‐Transcriptional Modifications Modulating Organelle Dynamics?Aleksej Drino & Matthias R. Schaefer - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (12):1800085.
    Membranous organelles allow sub‐compartmentalization of biological processes. However, additional subcellular structures create dynamic reaction spaces without the need for membranes. Such membrane‐less organelles (MLOs) are physiologically relevant and impact development, gene expression regulation, and cellular stress responses. The phenomenon resulting in the formation of MLOs is called liquid–liquid phase separation (LLPS), and is primarily governed by the interactions of multi‐domain proteins or proteins harboring intrinsically disordered regions as well as RNA‐binding domains. Although the presence of RNAs affects the formation and (...)
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