Results for 'Owen Pikkert'

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  1.  62
    The Modal Status of Leibniz's Principle of Sufficient Reason.Owen Pikkert - 2021 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 7 (1):40-58.
    Leibniz's principle of sufficient reason is the claim that everything has a sufficient reason. But is Leibniz committed to the necessity or to the contingency of his great principle? I argue that Leibniz is committed to its contingency, given that he allows for the absolute possibility of entities that he claims violate the PSR. These are all cases of qualitatively indiscernible entities, such as indiscernible atoms, vacua, and bodies. However, Leibniz's commitment to the contingency of the PSR seems to stand (...)
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  2.  51
    Leibniz on the Grounds of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Owen Pikkert - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):566-589.
    I examine several alleged grounds of the principle of sufficient reason in Leibniz’s philosophy. These include the nature of a requisite and a sufficient condition, the nature of truth, and the nature of harmony. I argue that Leibniz does not ground the PSR in any of these ways. Instead, he is committed to a value-based grounds of the PSR: God creates the best possible world, and the fact that the PSR obtains in this world contributes to it being the best. (...)
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  3. Hume's reason.David Owen - 1999 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book explores Hume's account of reason and its role in human understanding, seen in the context of other notable accounts by philosophers of the early modern period. David Owen offers new interpretations of many of Hume's most famous arguments about induction, belief, scepticism, the passions, and moral distinctions.
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  4. Aristotelian Causation and Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Matthew Owen - 2018 - Topoi 39 (5):1-12.
    Neural correlates of consciousness (NCC) are neural states or processes correlated with consciousness. The aim of this article is to present a coherent explanatory model of NCC that is informed by Thomas Aquinas’s human ontology and Aristotle’s metaphysics of causation. After explicating four starting principles regarding causation and mind-body dependence, I propose the Mind-Body Powers model of NCC.
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  5.  46
    Eleatic Questions.G. E. L. Owen - 1960 - Classical Quarterly 10 (1-2):84-102.
    The following suggestions for the interpretation of Parmenides and Melissus can be grouped for convenience about one problem. This is the problem whether, as Aristotle thought and as most commentators still assume, Parmenides wrote his poem in the broad tradition of Ionian and Italian cosmology. The details of Aristotle's interpretation have been challenged over and again, but those who agree with his general assumptions take comfort from some or all of the following major arguments. First, the cosmogony which formed the (...)
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  6. What is Sidgwick's dualism of practical reason?Owen McLeod - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):273–290.
    Sidgwick's ‘Dualism of Practical Reason’ has attracted the attention of many interpreters, and the Dualism itself seems to be an historically important version of the view, recently defended by Thomas Nagel, Susan Wolf, and others, that there exists a fundamental fragmentation of value – that the ‘cosmos of duty is reduced to chaos,’ in Sidgwick's words. In this paper, I consider and reject the leading interpretations of Sidgwick's Dualism, and propose an alternative reading. I conclude by offering what I hope (...)
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  7. Temporal inabilities and decision-making capacity in depression.Gareth S. Owen, Fabian Freyenhagen, Matthew Hotopf & Wayne Martin - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):163-182.
    We report on an interview-based study of decision-making capacity in two classes of patients suffering from depression. Developing a method of second-person hermeneutic phenomenology, we articulate the distinctive combination of temporal agility and temporal inability characteristic of the experience of severely depressed patients. We argue that a cluster of decision-specific temporal abilities is a critical element of decision-making capacity, and we show that loss of these abilities is a risk factor distinguishing severely depressed patients from mildly/moderately depressed patients. We explore (...)
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  8.  31
    Two dogmas of dynamicism.James Owen Weatherall - 2020 - Synthese 199 (S2):253-275.
    I critically discuss two dogmas of the “dynamical approach” to spacetime in general relativity, as advanced by Harvey Brown [Physical Relativity Oxford:Oxford University Press] and collaborators. The first dogma is that positing a “spacetime geometry” has no implications for the behavior of matter. The second dogma is that postulating the “Strong Equivalence Principle” suffices to ensure that matter is “adapted” to spacetime geometry. I conclude by discussing “spacetime functionalism”. The discussion is presented in reaction to and sympathy with recent work (...)
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  9.  64
    Criticism and captivity: On genealogy and critical theory.David Owen - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):216–230.
  10.  62
    Refugees and responsibilities of justice.David Owen - 2018 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 11 (1).
    This essay develops, within the terms of the recent New York Declaration, an account of the shared responsibility of states to refugees and of how the character of that responsibility effects the ways in which it can be fairly shared. However, it also moves beyond the question of the general obligations that states owe to refugees to consider ways in which refugee choices and refugee voice can be given appropriate standing with the global governance of refuge. It offers an argument (...)
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  11.  41
    Zeno and the Mathematicians.G. E. L. Owen - 1958 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 58 (1):199-222.
  12.  30
    Plato and Parmenides on the Timeless Present.G. E. L. Owen - 1974 - In Alexander P. D. Mourelatos (ed.), The pre-Socratics: a collection of critical essays. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. pp. 271-292.
  13.  35
    Neural adaptation of visual ERP components: Effects of adaptor stimulus duration and interstimulus interval.Feuerriegel Daniel, Churches Owen, Kohler Mark & Keage Hannah - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  14.  72
    Some Philosophical Prehistory of the (Earman-Norton) hole argument.James Owen Weatherall - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 70:79-87.
    The celu of the philosophical literature on the hole argument is the 1987 paper by Earman \& Norton ["What Price Space-time Substantivalism? The Hole Story" Br. J. Phil. Sci.]. This paper has a well-known back-story, concerning work by Stachel and Norton on Einstein's thinking in the years 1913-15. Less well-known is a connection between the hole argument and Earman's work on Leibniz in the 1970s and 1980s, which in turn can be traced to an argument first presented in 1975 by (...)
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  15.  24
    What is Sidgwick’s Dualism of Practical Reason?Mcleod Owen - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):273-290.
    Sidgwick's ‘Dualism of Practical Reason’ has attracted the attention of many interpreters, and the Dualism itself seems to be an historically important version of the view, recently defended by Thomas Nagel, Susan Wolf, and others, that there exists a fundamental fragmentation of value – that the ‘cosmos of duty is reduced to chaos,’ in Sidgwick's words. In this paper, I consider and reject the leading interpretations of Sidgwick's Dualism, and propose an alternative reading. I conclude by offering what I hope (...)
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  16. Inherence.G. E. L. Owen - 1965 - Phronesis 10 (1):97-105.
  17. Concepts of Deity.H. P. Owen - 1971 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 33 (2):400-400.
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  18. Circumnavigating the causal pairing problem with hylomorphism and the integrated information theory of consciousness.Matthew Owen - 2021 - Synthese (S11):2829-2851.
    The causal pairing problem allegedly renders nonphysical minds causally impotent. This article demonstrates how a dualist view I call neo-Thomistic hylomorphism can circumnavigate the causal pairing problem. After explicating the problem and hylomorphism, I provide an account of causal pairing that appeals to a foundational tenet of hylomorphism. Subsequently, I suggest that a prominent view of consciousness in theoretical neuroscience—the integrated information theory—can learn from hylomorphism and likewise account for causal pairing.
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  19.  25
    Risk stratification: an important tool in the special review of research using oocytes and embryos.G. Owen Schaefer & Teck Chuan Voo - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (9):599-600.
    Like all research, embryo research can take a variety of forms, some posing substantially more risks to persons than others. Savulescu et al argue persuasively that regulatory regimes specially designed for sensitive embryo research should differentiate between person-affecting and non-person-affecting embryo research, with substantial scrutiny only warranted for the former.1 Yet if we find Savulescu et al ’s argument persuasive, what practical implications would it have? In this commentary, we focus in particular on how such an argument might apply in (...)
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  20.  67
    Saving the appearances: a study in idolatry.Owen Barfield - 1957 - Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press.
    INTRODUCTION There may be times when what is most needed is, not so much a new discovery or a new idea as a different 'slant'; I mean a comparatively slight ...
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  21.  28
    Ways of (Not) Seeing: (In)visibility, Equality and the Politics of Recognition.David Owen - 2023 - Critical Horizons 24 (4):353-370.
    ABSTRACT This article explores the theorization of (in)visibility in Honneth, Ranciere, Cavell and Tully. It situates the work of Honneth and Ranciere against the background of Wittgenstein's account of continuous aspect perception and aspect change in order to draw out their accounts of invisibility and the aesthetic character of transitions to visibility. In order to develop a critical standpoint on these theoretical positions, it turns to Cavell's concept of soul-blindness and investigates the form of invisibility through the example of racism (...)
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  22. Logic, Science and Dialectic: Collected Papers in Greek Philosophy.G. E. L. Owen & Martha Nussbaum - 1987 - Phronesis 32 (2):242-252.
  23. Neural Correlates of Consciousness and the Nature of the Mind.Matthew Owen - 2018 - In Mihretu P. Guta (ed.), Consciousness and the Ontology of Properties. New York: Routledge. pp. 241-260.
    It is often thought that contemporary neuroscience provides strong evidence for physicalism that nullifies dualism. The principal data is neural correlates of consciousness (for brevity NCC). In this chapter I argue that NCC are neutral vis- à-vis physicalist and dualist views of the mind. First I clarify what NCC are and how neuroscientists identify them. Subsequently I discuss what NCC entail and highlight the need for philosophical argumentation in order to conclude that physicalism is true by appealing to NCC. Lastly, (...)
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  24.  12
    The English Plastic Bag Charge Changed Behavior and Increased Support for Other Charges to Reduce Plastic Waste.Gregory Owen Thomas, Elena Sautkina, Wouter Poortinga, Emily Wolstenholme & Lorraine Whitmarsh - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  25.  27
    Equivalence and Duality in Electromagnetism.James Owen Weatherall - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (5):1172-1183.
    In this article I bring the recent philosophical literature on theoretical equivalence to bear on dualities in physics. Focusing on electromagnetic duality, which is a simple example of S-duality i...
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  26. Plato on the Undepictable.G. E. L. Owen - 1973 - Phronesis 18:349.
  27.  26
    ‘Rorty’s “Continental” Interlocutors,’ contribution to Book Roundtable.Lasse Thomassen, Joe Hoover, David Owen, Paul Patton & Clayton Chin - 2020 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 67 (162):88-116.
    Clayton Chin provides a helpful reconstruction of Rorty’s philosophy that aims to show its usefulness for political thought, while also shedding light on its relationships with Continental philosophy and on Rorty’s reading strategy employed in relation to some Continental thinkers. In relation to the first aim, Chin argues convincingly that Rorty’s primary contribution to political thought is located at the meta-theoretical level, by which he means the level at which questions may be asked about the nature and purpose of political (...)
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  28.  17
    Anxiety & inhibition: dissociating the involvement of state and trait anxiety in inhibitory control deficits observed on the anti-saccade task.Owen Myles, Ben Grafton & Colin MacLeod - 2020 - Tandf: Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1746-1752.
    Volume 34, Issue 8, December 2020, Page 1746-1752.
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  29.  49
    Nietzsche, politics, and modernity: a critique of liberal reason.David Owen - 1995 - SAGE Publications.
    Written in a clear and engaging style, this text demonstrates Nietzsche's significance as a philosopher and as a political theorist by highlighting his critique of liberalism (in both its philosophical and political forms) and by elaborating the form of ethical and political understanding which his philosophy discloses.
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  30.  16
    Nietzsche, Re‐evaluation and the Turn to Genealogy.David Owen - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):249-272.
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  31. Authenticity, Insight and Impaired Decision-Making Capacity in Acquired Brain Injury.Gareth S. Owen, Fabian Freyenhagen & Wayne Martin - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (1):29-32.
    Thanks to Barton Palmer and John McMillan for these thoughtful commentaries. We found much to agree with and it is striking how so many of the issues relating to decision-making capacity assessment find resonances outside of an English jurisdiction. California and New Zealand are clearly grappling with a very similar set of issues and the commentaries speak to the international nature of these discussions.We will pick up on some main points the commentaries raise.As Palmer notes, DMC law is vulnerable to (...)
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  32. Locke and Hume on belief, judgment and assent.David Owen - 2003 - Topoi 22 (1):15-28.
    Hume's account of belief has been much reviled, especially considered as an account of what it is to assent to or judge a proposition to be true. In fact, given that he thinks that thoughts about existence can be composed of a single idea, and that relations are just complex ideas, it might be wondered whether he has an account of judgment at all. Nonetheless, Hume was extremely proud of his account of belief, discussing it at length in the Abstract, (...)
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  33.  31
    Solidarity and The Politics of Redress: Structural Injustice, History and Counter-Finalities.David Owen - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (5):1213-1227.
    This paper examines Nuti’s accounts of structural injustice and historical injustice in the light of a political dilemma that confronted Young’s work on structure injustice. The dilemma emerges from a paradox that can be stated simply: justly addressing structural injustice would require that those subject to structural injustice enjoy the kind of privileged position of decision-making power that their being subject to structural injustice denies them. The dilemma thus concerns how to justly address structural injustice. I argue that Nuti’s account (...)
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  34.  2
    Reason, Belief, and the Passions.David Owen - 2016 - In Paul Russell (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of David Hume. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Hume said that reason alone cannot motivate and that passions are required to produce volitions and actions. It is argued that the widely, though not universally, held “Humean” view of motivation—that beliefs require desires to motivate actions—does not accurately reflect Hume’s own view. The author argues here that beliefs, especially beliefs about pleasure, do motivate. But beliefs are produced by probable reasoning. And this seems to imply that reason alone does motivate, i.e., produces, via beliefs, volitions and actions. It is (...)
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  35.  33
    The right to withdraw from research.G. Owen Schaefer Alan Wertheimer - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (4):329-352.
    The right to withdraw from participation in research is recognized in virtually all national and international guidelines for research on human subjects. It is therefore surprising that there has been little justification for that right in the literature. We argue that the right to withdraw should protect research participants from information imbalance, inability to hedge, inherent uncertainty, and untoward bodily invasion, and it serves to bolster public trust in the research enterprise. Although this argument is not radical, it provides a (...)
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  36.  32
    Republicanism and the constitution of migrant statuses.David Owen - 2014 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (1):90-110.
    This paper addresses republican conditions of legitimacy for the constitution of the civic statuses of migrants. It identifies two legitimacy tests to which any civic status is subject, namely, that it does not make its bearers more vulnerable to the arbitrary exercise of private or public power and that the constitution of the person as bearer of this status is not itself the product of an arbitrary exercise of public power . It is argued that R1 puts significant constraints on (...)
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  37.  26
    Reflections on Phenomenological Method in Depression.Gareth Owen - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (3):219-222.
    For phenomenological psychopathologists an important methodological question is which philosopher, or philosophical corpus, one is going to draw on to help organize and illuminate raw psychopathological data. For the main phenomenological psychopathologists of the past this involved selecting from among phenomenological philosophers and keeping close to them to varying degrees. For Minkowski it was Bergson, for von Gebsattel it was Scheler, and for Binswanger it was Heidegger and then Husserl. A question that arises is what makes the choice of philosopher (...)
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  38.  21
    Phenomenology in Action in Psychotherapy: On Pure Psychology and its Applications in Psychotherapy and Mental Health Care.Ian Rory Owen - 2015 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This book takes Edmund Husserl's phenomenology and applies it to help psychotherapy practitioners formulate complex psychological problems. The reader will learn about Husserl's system of understanding and its concepts that point to first-person lived experience, and about the work of Husserl scholars who have developed a way to be precise about the experiences that clients have. Through exploring the connection between academic philosophy of consciousness and mental health, themes of biopsychosocial treatment planning, psychopathology of personality and psychological disorders, and the (...)
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  39.  42
    Activist political theory and the question of power.David Owen - 2013 - Ethics and Global Politics 6 (2):85-91.
    Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency is, first and foremost, a manifesto for an approach to political philosophy*what Ypi calls ‘activist political theory’*and can, I think, be best understood as an attempt to disturb analytic political philosophy from its ‘dogmatic slumber’ and motivate its movement towards the tradition of critical theory. In the first section of this commentary, I will lay out the grounds for this view. Having thus sketched an account of the point and purpose of this text, I (...)
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  40.  5
    The structure and form of the French Enlightenment.Ira Owen Wade - 1977 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
    v. 1. Esprit philosophique.--v. 2. Esprit révolutionnaire.
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  41.  23
    Impartiality and particularity.Owen J. Flanagan Jr & Jonathan E. Adler - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  42. Aristotle on Mind and the Senses.G. E. R. Lloyd & G. E. L. Owen - 1979 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 41 (2):319-319.
  43.  67
    On Fate.David Owen & Aaron Ridley - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (3):63-78.
  44.  4
    Recognition, Reification and Value.David Owen - 2008 - Constellations 15 (4):576-586.
  45.  1
    Man of reason.Alfred Owen Aldridge - 1959 - London,: Cresset Press.
  46.  10
    Membrane extraction by calmodulin underpins the disparate signalling of RalA and RalB.Samuel G. Chamberlain, Darerca Owen & Helen R. Mott - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (6):2200011.
    Both RalA and RalB interact with the ubiquitous calcium sensor, calmodulin (CaM). New structural and biophysical characterisation of these interactions strongly suggests that, in the native membrane‐associated state, only RalA can be extracted from the membrane by CaM and this non‐canonical interaction could underpin the divergent signalling roles of these closely related GTPases. The isoform specificity for RalA exhibited by CaM is hypothesised to contribute to the disparate signalling roles of RalA and RalB in mitochondrial dynamics. This would lead to (...)
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  47. Foreword vii Acknowledgements viii.Essays on Cooperative Games, in Honor of Guillermo Owen & Gianfranco Gambarelli - 2004 - Theory and Decision 56:405-408.
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  48.  6
    UPDATE-Comment-Response: Cortical function in the persistent vegetative state.D. Menon, Adrian M. Owen & John D. Pickard - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):44-45.
  49. Meeting Others in the Space of Reasons: Fallibilism for Sellarsians.Mark Owen Webb - 2007 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 92 (1):217-231.
    Certainty has proved to be a troublesome epistemological concept, which motivates many philosophers to be fallibilists. But fallibilism proves troublesome, too, as it is hard to state in a way that does not either imply skepticism, or deny that there are necessary truths. The Sellarsian idea of a space of reasons in which there are normative proprieties attached to epistemic positions allows for an understanding of fallibilism which allows that there is knowledge, there are necessary truths, and yet we can (...)
     
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  50.  17
    Compulsory Public Service and the Right to Exit.David Owen - 2016 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1).
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