Results for 'P. A. Sutton'

1000+ found
Order:
See also
Peter A. Sutton
Virginia Union University
  1.  81
    The Epoch of Incredulity: A Response to Katz and Olin's 'A Tale of Two Envelopes'.P. A. Sutton - 2010 - Mind 119 (473):159-169.
    When David Lewis ( 1986 ) told us that possible worlds were a ‘paradise for philosophers’, he neglected to add that they are a minefield for decision theorists. Possibilities — be they nomological, metaphysical, or epistemic possibilities — have little to do with subjective probabilities, and it is these latter that matter most to decision theory. Bernard Katz and Doris Olin ( 2007 ) have tried to solve the two-envelope problem by appealing to possible worlds and counterfactual conditionals. In this (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  15
    The Epoch of Incredulity.P. A. Sutton - 2010 - Mind 119 (473):159-169.
    When David Lewis (1986) told us that possible worlds were a ‘paradise for philosophers,’ he neglected to add that they are a minefield for decision theorists. Possibilities—be they nomological, metaphysical, or epistemic possibilities—have little to do with subjective probabilities, and it is these latter that matter most to decision theory. Bernard Katz and Doris Olin (2007) have tried to solve the two-envelope problem by appealing to possible worlds and counterfactual conditionals. In this paper I explain why any such attempt is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  15
    A New Approach to Dream Bizarreness: Graphing Continuity and Discontinuity of Visual Attention in Narrative Reports.Jeffrey P. Sutton, Cynthia D. Rittenhouse, Edward Pace-Schott, Robert Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):61-88.
    In this paper, a new method of quantitatively assessing continuity and discontinuity of visual attention is developed. The method is based on representing narrative information using graph theory. It is applicable to any type of narrative report. Since dream reports are often described as bizarre, and since bizarreness is partially characterized by discontinuities in plot, we chose to test our method on a set of dream data. Using specific criteria for identifying and arranging objects of visual attention, dream narratives from (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  4.  13
    Emotion and Visual Imagery in Dream Reports: A Narrative Graphing Approach.Jeffrey P. Sutton, Cynthia D. Rittenhouse, Edward Pace-Schott, Jane M. Merritt, Robert Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):89-99.
    To test the notion that shifts in visual imagery and attention are correlated with experiences of emotion, we studied 10 dream reports using an affirmative probe of emotion and a quantitative measure of plot discontinuity. We found that emotion, especially changes in emotion, are correlated with discontinuities in visual imagery. These correlations are quantified using a new graph theoretical method for analyzing narrative reports.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5.  7
    Cortical Organization of Inhibition-Related Functions and Modulation by Psychopathology.Stacie L. Warren, Laura D. Crocker, Jeffery M. Spielberg, Anna S. Engels, Marie T. Banich, Bradley P. Sutton, Gregory A. Miller & Wendy Heller - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  6.  33
    Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction, by Sutton, R.S. And Barto, A.G.P. Read Montague - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (9):360.
  7.  7
    Simulations of Weak-Beam Diffraction Contrast Images of Dislocation Loops by the Many-Beam Howie–Basinski Equations.Z. Zhou, M. L. Jenkins, S. L. Dudarev, A. P. Sutton & M. A. Kirk - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (29-31):4851-4881.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  57
    ""The Psychopathology of" Sex Reassignment" Surgery: Assessing Its Medical, Psychological, and Ethical Appropriateness.Richard P. Fitzgibbons, Philip M. Sutton & Dale O'Leary - 2009 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 9 (1):97-125.
    Is it ethical to perform a surgery whose purpose is to make a male look like a female or a female to appear male? Is it medically appropriate? Sexual reassignment surgery violates basic medical and ethical principles and is therefore not ethically or medically appropriate. SRS mutilates a healthy, non-diseased body. To perform surgery on a healthy body involves unnecessary risks; therefore, SRS violates the principle primum non nocere, “first, do no harm.” Candidates for SRS may believe that they are (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  7
    Comparing Aging and Fitness Effects on Brain Anatomy.Mark A. Fletcher, Kathy A. Low, Rachel Boyd, Benjamin Zimmerman, Brian A. Gordon, Chin H. Tan, Nils Schneider-Garces, Bradley P. Sutton, Gabriele Gratton & Monica Fabiani - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  10.  6
    Effects of Elastic Interactions on Post-Cascade Radiation Damage Evolution in Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations.T. S. Hudson, S. L. Dudarev, M. -J. Caturla & A. P. Sutton - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):661-675.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  16
    Diffuse Elastic Scattering of Electrons by Individual Nanometer-Sized Dislocation Loops.M. A. Kirk, M. L. Jenkins, Z. Zhou, R. D. Twesten, A. P. Sutton, S. L. Dudarev & R. S. Davidson - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (29-31):4797-4808.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Modern American Communes: A Dictionary.Robert P. Sutton - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (3):529-532.
  13.  18
    Evolution of a Non‐Transplant Hepatobiliary Unit.G. Garcea, H. Gallie, C. J. Pattenden, C. D. Sutton, C. P. Neal, A. R. Dennison & D. P. Berry - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):466-469.
  14. Stick to What You Know.Jonathan Sutton - 2005 - Noûs 39 (3):359–396.
    I will be arguing that a subject’s belief that p is justified if and only if he knows that p: justification is knowledge. I will start by describing two broad classes of allegedly justified beliefs that do not constitute knowledge and which, hence, cannot be what they are often taken to be if my view is correct. It is far from clear what my view is until I say a lot more about the relevant concept or concepts of justification that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   94 citations  
  15.  2
    Effects of Elastic Interactions on Post-Cascade Radiation Damage Evolution in Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations.T. S. Hudson *, S. L. Dudarev, Caturla M. -J. & A. P. Sutton - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):661-675.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Autobiographical Forgetting, Social Forgetting and Situated Forgetting.Celia B. Harris, John Sutton & Amanda Barnier - 2010 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Forgetting. Psychology Press. pp. 253-284.
    We have a striking ability to alter our psychological access to past experiences. Consider the following case. Andrew “Nicky” Barr, OBE, MC, DFC, (1915 – 2006) was one of Australia’s most decorated World War II fighter pilots. He was the top ace of the Western Desert’s 3 Squadron, the pre-eminent fighter squadron in the Middle East, flying P-40 Kittyhawks over Africa. From October 1941, when Nicky Barr’s war began, he flew 22 missions and shot down eight enemy planes in his (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17. From Individual to Collective Memory. Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives.John Sutton & Amanda Barnier - 2008 - Memory Studies 16 (3):177-182.
    The Psychological Study of Social Memory Phenomena Very often our memories of the past are of experiences or events we shared with others. And “in many circumstances in society, remembering is a social event” (Roediger, Bergman, & Meade, 2000, p.129): parents and children reminisce about significant family events, friends discuss a movie they just saw together, students study for exams with their roommates, colleagues remind one another of information relevant to an important group decision, and complete strangers discuss a crime (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  18.  66
    How to Mistake a Trivial Fact About Probability for a Substantive Fact About Justified Belief.Jonathan Sutton - unknown
    I am justified in believing that my lottery ticket—call it t1—will not win, on statistical grounds. Those grounds apply equally to any other ticket, so I am justified in believing of any other ticket ti (let i take values from 2 to 1000000) that it will not win. I am not, however, justified in believing the giant conjunctive proposition that t1 will not win & t2 will not win & . . . & t1,000,000 will not win. On the contrary, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Carelessness and Inattention: Mind-Wandering and the Physiology of Fantasy From Locke to Hume.John Sutton - 2010 - In Charles Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge: embodied empiricism in early modern science. Springer. pp. 243--263.
    1. The restless mind[1] Like us, early modern philosophers, both natural and moral, didn’t always understand the springs of their own actions. They didn’t want to feel everything they felt, and couldn’t trace the sources of all their thoughts and imaginings. Events from past experience come to mind again unwilled: abstract thought is interrupted by fantastical images, like the ‘winged horses, fiery dragons, and monstrous giants’ by which Hume exemplified ‘the liberty of the imagination’[2]. Then, as now, a failure to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  10
    Speaking and Writing About Godard: A Response to Nochimson and Sutton.David Sterritt - 2000 - Film-Philosophy 4 (1).
    Martha P. Nochimson A Modest Employee of the Cinema vs The Big Garage _Film-Philosophy_, vol. 4 no. 6, March 2000.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. From Individual Memory to Collective Memory: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives.Amanda Barnier & John Sutton - 2008 - Memory 16 (3):177-182.
    Very often our memories of the past are of experiences or events we shared with others. And ‘‘in many circumstances in society, remembering is a social event’’ (Roediger, Bergman, & Meade, 2000, p. 129): parents and children reminisce about significant family events, friends discuss a movie they just saw together, students study for exams with their roommates, colleagues remind one another of information relevant to an important group decision, and complete strangers discuss a crime they happened to witness together. Psychology (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  22. Critical Notice of Jonathan Sutton, Without Justification.E. J. Coffman - forthcoming - Philosophical Books.
    In Without Justification,[1] Jonathan Sutton undermines the orthodox view that a justified belief needn’t constitute knowledge; develops a battery of arguments for the unorthodox thesis that you justifiedly believe P iff you know P; and explores the topics of testimony and inference in light of his equation of justification and knowledge (J=K). This book is essential reading at epistemology’s cutting edge. In §I, we’ll take an extended tour of the book, raising various questions and objections along the way. In (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  15
    Intersections.J. S. Sutton - 2006 - American Journal of Semiotics 22 (1/4):131-148.
    Rhetoric and domination generally are considered to be exclusionary phenomena. In the case of women and the suffrage movement in the USA for example, rhetoric is regarded as a neutral art that women used to overcome masculine domination. There is another less considered phenomenon however. Drawing upon phenomenological insights of M. Merleau-Ponty and M. M. Bakhtin’s chronotope, this essay constructs a theoretical apparatus out of classical rhetoric and P. Bourdieu’s writings, particularly Masculine Domination. It displays the relation between domination and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  8
    Intersections: Woman, Rhetoric, and Domination.J. S. Sutton - 2006 - American Journal of Semiotics 22 (1/4):131-148.
    Rhetoric and domination generally are considered to be exclusionary phenomena. In the case of women and the suffrage movement in the USA for example, rhetoric is regarded as a neutral art that women used to overcome masculine domination. There is another less considered phenomenon however. Drawing upon phenomenological insights of M. Merleau-Ponty and M. M. Bakhtin’s chronotope, this essay constructs a theoretical apparatus out of classical rhetoric and P. Bourdieu’s writings, particularly Masculine Domination. It displays the relation between domination and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  72
    Review of Carl Zimmer, Soul Made Flesh: The Discovery of the Brain. [REVIEW]John Sutton - 2006 - Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 42:298-299.
    In telling the story of Thomas Willis and the collective investigations of body and brain in 17th-century England with tremendous energy and enthusiasm, journalist Carl Zimmer has written one of the best recent books of popular history of science. The full range of readers will be rewarded by Zimmer’s synthetic scholarship and his evident pleasure in the language of the primary texts. While he owes much to the work of Robert Frank and Robert Martensen in particular, Zimmer has negotiated a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  99
    Review of Joseph Tabbi's, Cognitive Fictions. [REVIEW]John Sutton - 2003 - Metapsychology 7 (8).
    In the closing chapter of his recent bestseller The Blank Slate, Steven Pinker attributes what he dislikes in modern literature to the influence of poor empiricist psychology. The modernist ‘denial of human nature’ resulted, Pinker informs us sadly, in the replacement of ‘omniscient narration, structured plots, the orderly introduction of characters, and general readability’ by ‘a stream of consciousness, events presented out of order, baffling characters and causal sequences, subjective and disjointed narration, and difficult prose’ (p.410). And, worse still, ‘in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Time, Experience, and Descriptive Experience Sampling.John Sutton - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (1):118-129.
    This rich book, the best I’ve read in consciousness studies, offers more at each encounter. It was a brilliant idea to evaluate Hurlburt’s Descriptive Experience Sampling method through concrete sceptical enquiry by Schwitzgebel, whose role as open-minded but hard-nosed interlocutor makes the debate an intriguing, even gripping read. The radically different views about introspective reports held by the two authors are put to the test in the concrete context of ‘an examination, in unprecedented detail, of random moments of one person’s (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  1
    Hermeneutiese uitgangspunte in historiese-Jesus navorsing, Deel 1: Sosiaal-wetenskaplike vooronderstellings P A Geyser.P. A. Geyser - 2000 - Hts Theological Studies 56 (2/3).
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29. The Principles of Quantum Mechanics.P. A. M. Dirac - 1930 - Clarendon Press.
    THE PRINCIPLE OF SUPERPOSITION. The need for a quantum theory Classical mechanics has been developed continuously from the time of Newton and applied to an ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   240 citations  
  30. Critical Review of 'Practicing Perfection: Memory & Piano Performance'.Wayne Christensen, Doris McIlwain, John Sutton & Andrew Geeves - 2008 - Empirical Musicology Review 3 (3).
    How do concert pianists commit to memory the structure of a piece of music like Bach’s Italian Concerto, learning it well enough to remember it in the highly charged setting of a crowded performance venue, yet remaining open to the freshness of expression of the moment? Playing to this audience, in this state, now, requires openness to specificity, to interpretation, a working dynamicism that mere rote learning will not provide. Chaffin, Imreh and Crawford’s innovative and detailed research suggests that the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. The Doctrine of Double Effect: Philosophers Debate a Controversial Moral Principle.P. A. Woodward (ed.) - 2003 - University of Notre Dame Press.
  32.  29
    Information and Integration in Plants: Towards a Quantitative Search for Plant Sentience.P. A. M. Mediano & A. Trewavas - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (1-2):80-105.
    Integrated information theory (IIT) is a candidate theory of consciousness that highlights the role of complex interactions between parts of a system as the basis of consciousness – and, due to its general information-theoretic formulation, is capable of making statements about consciousness in neural and non-neural systems alike. Here, we argue that a system radically different to a human brain, host to complex physiological and functional structures capable of integrating information, can be found in the meristems and vascular system of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. 'Ought' and Ability.P. A. Graham & Peter Graham - 2011 - Philosophical Review 120 (3):337-382.
    A principle that many have found attractive is one that goes by the name “'Ought' Implies 'Can'.” According to this principle, one morally ought to do something only if one can do it. This essay has two goals: to show that the principle is false and to undermine the motivations that have been offered for it. Toward the end, a proposal about moral obligation according to which something like a restricted version of 'Ought' Implies 'Can' is true is floated. Though (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  34. Analyticity.P. A. Boghossian - 1997 - In B. Hale & C. Wright (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Blackwell. pp. 331-368.
    This chapter aims to provide materials with which to substantiate the claim that, under the appropriate circumstances, the notion of analyticity can help explain how one might have a priori knowledge even in the strong sense. It argues that Implicit Definition, properly understood, is completely independent of any form of irrealism about logic. The chapter defends the thesis of Implicit Definition against Quine's criticisms, and examines the sort of account of the apriority of logic that this doctrine is able to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   103 citations  
  35.  50
    The Loeb Edition of Arrian P. A. Brunt: Arrian. History of Alexander and Indica, Vol. II: Anabasis Alexandri, Books V–VIII, Indica. (Loeb Classical Library.) Pp. X + 589. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, 1983. £6. [REVIEW]P. A. Stadter - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (01):26-27.
  36. Cerebral Correlates of Conscious Experience.P. A. Buser & A. Rougeul-Buser - 1978 - Elsevier.
  37. The Doctrine of Double Effect: Philosophers Debate a Controversial Moral Principle.P. A. Woodward - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (210):147-149.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  38. The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap.P. A. Schilpp - 1966 - Mind 75 (298):285-292.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  39. The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap.P. A. Schilpp - 1963 - Philosophy 42 (161):291-293.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  40.  17
    Learning of New Percept-Action Mappings Is a Constructive Process of Goal-Directed Self-Modification.P. A. Cariani - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (2):322-324.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Perception-Action Mutuality Obviates Mental Construction” by Martin Flament Fultot, Lin Nie & Claudia Carello. Upshot: In my view, the clash between ecological psychology, enactivism, and constructivism in general has more to do with irreconcilable metaphysical and theoretical incommensurabilities than disagreements about specific mechanisms or processes of perception. Even with mutual enabling of action and perception, some internal process of self-modification is still needed if novel behavior is to be adequately explained.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  41. The Philosophy of Karl Popper.P. A. Schilpp - 1974 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 9 (2):413-422.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  42.  19
    Examining the Public Refusal to Consent to DNA Biobanking: Empirical Data From a Swedish Population-Based Study.P. A. Melas, L. K. Sjoholm, T. Forsner, M. Edhborg, N. Juth, Y. Forsell & C. Lavebratt - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):93-98.
    Objectives To investigate empirically the motivations for not consenting to DNA biobanking in a Swedish population-based study and to discuss the implications. Design Structured questionnaires and semistructured interviews. Setting A longitudinal epidemiological project (PART) ongoing since 1998 in Stockholm, Sweden. The DNA-collection wave took place during 2006–7. Participants 903 individuals completed the questionnaire (participation rate 36%) and 23 were interviewed. All individuals had participated in both non-genetic waves of the project, but refused to contribute saliva samples during the DNA-collection wave. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  43. Political Science Confronts Populism: From a Conceptual Mirage to a Real Problem.P. -A. Taguieff - 1995 - Télos 1995 (103):9-43.
  44. Behavior Change or Empowerment: On the Ethics of Health-Promotion Strategies. [REVIEW]P. -A. Tengland - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):140-153.
    There are several strategies to promote health in individuals and populations. Two general approaches to health promotion are behavior change and empowerment. The aim of this article is to present those two kinds of strategies, and show that the behavior-change approach has some moral problems, problems that the empowerment approach (on the whole) is better at handling. Two distinct ‘ideal types’ of these practices are presented and scrutinized. Behavior change interventions use various kinds of theories to target people’s behavior, which (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  45.  7
    The Relationship Between CSP and Organizational Size, Financial Performance, and Environmental Performance: An Empirical Examination.P. A. Stanwick & S. D. Stanwick - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (2):195-204.
    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the corporate social performance of an organization and three variables: the size of the organization, the financial performance of the organization, and the environmental performance of the organization. By empirically testing data from 1987 to 1992, the results of the study show that a firm's corporate social performance is indeed impacted by the size of the firm, the level of profitability of the firm, and the amount of pollution emissions (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  46.  15
    Responsibilities in International Research: A New Look Revisited.S. R. Benatar & P. A. Singer - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):194-197.
    Following promulgation of the Nuremberg code in 1947, the ethics of research on human subjects has been a challenging and often contentious topic of debate. Escalation in the use of research participants in low-income countries over recent decades , has intensified the debate on the ethics of international research and led to increasing attention both to exploitation of vulnerable subjects and to considerations of how the 10:90 gap in health and medical research could be narrowed. In 2000, prompted by the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  47.  33
    The Primacy Model: A New Model of Immediate Serial Recall.Michael P. A. Page & Dennis Norris - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (4):761-781.
  48.  4
    Genetics and Health Care: A Paradigm Shift.P. A. Baird - 1990 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 33 (2):203-213.
  49.  34
    The Theory of the Mixed Constitution in Antiquity: A Critical Analysis of Polybius' Political Ideas. [REVIEW]P. A. Brunt - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 76 (23):143-144.
  50.  31
    Social Niche Construction and Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality.P. A. Ryan, S. T. Powers & R. A. Watson - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (1):59-79.
    Social evolution theory conventionally takes an externalist explanatory stance, treating observed cooperation as explanandum and the positive assortment of cooperative behaviour as explanans. We ask how the circumstances bringing about this positive assortment arose in the first place. Rather than merely push the explanatory problem back a step, we move from an externalist to an interactionist explanatory stance, in the spirit of Lewontin and the Niche Construction theorists. We develop a theory of ‘social niche construction’ in which we consider biological (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000