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Peter Adamson
Creighton University
  1.  49
    Al-Kindi.Peter Adamson - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through (...)
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  2. The Arabic Plotinus: A Philosophical Study of the Theology of Aristotle.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Duckworth.
  3. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century.Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider (...)
     
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  4.  26
    I—Memory From Plato to Damascius.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):161-184.
    Taking its cue from a passage in which the late pagan Neoplatonist Damascius criticizes his predecessor Proclus, this paper explores the way that ancient philosophers understood the soul’s access to its own tacit contents through the power of memory. Late ancient discussions of this issue respond to a range of passages in Plato and to Aristotle’s On Memory. After a survey of this material it is shown that for Damascius, but not Proclus, memory requires a distinction between the subject and (...)
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  5.  50
    The Thought Experimental Method: Avicenna's Flying Man Argument.Peter Adamson & Fedor Benevich - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (2):147-164.
    No argument from the Arabic philosophical tradition has received more scholarly attention than Avicenna's ‘flying man’ thought experiment, in which a human is created out of thin air and is able to grasp his existence without grasping that he has a body. This paper offers a new interpretation of the version of this thought experiment found at the end of the first chapter of Avicenna's treatment of soul in theHealing. We argue that it needs to be understood in light of (...)
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  6. Interpreting Avicenna: Critical Essays.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Avicenna is the greatest philosopher of the Islamic world. His immense impact on Christian and Jewish medieval thought, as well as on the subsequent Islamic tradition, is charted in this volume alongside studies which provide a comprehensive introduction to and analysis of his philosophy. Contributions from leading scholars address a wide range of topics including Avicenna's life and works, conception of philosophy and achievement in logic and medicine. His ideas in the main areas of philosophy, such as epistemology, philosophy of (...)
     
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  7.  62
    The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy.Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy written in Arabic and in the Islamic world represents one of the great traditions of Western philosophy. Inspired by Greek philosophical works and the indigenous ideas of Islamic theology, Arabic philosophers from the ninth century onwards put forward ideas of great philosophical and historical importance. This collection of essays, by some of the leading scholars in Arabic philosophy, provides an introduction to the field by way of chapters devoted to individual thinkers or groups, especially during the 'classical' period from (...)
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  8. The Philosophical Works of Al-Kindi.Peter E. Pormann & Peter Adamson (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Pakistan.
    Al-Kindī, honoured as the 'philosopher of the Arabs', was the first philosopher of Islam. His pioneer philosophical writings engage with ideas that became available through the Graeco-Arabic translation movement. This volume makes his entire philosophical output-some two dozen works-available in English, most of them for the first time. An overall introduction, introductions to each work and extensive notes explain al-Kindī's ideas, sources, and influence.
     
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  9. Al-Kindi and the Reception of Greek Philosophy.Peter Adamson - 2005 - In Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 32--51.
  10. On Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273–294.
    Avicenna's notorious claim that God knows particulars only 'in a universal way' is argued to have its roots in Aristotelian epistemology, and especially in the "Posterior Analytics". According to Avicenna and Aristotle as understood by Avicenna, there is in fact no such thing as 'knowledge' of particulars, at least not as such. Rather, a particular can only be known by subsuming it under a universal. Thus Avicenna turns out to be committed to a much more surprising epistemological thesis: even humans (...)
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  11.  96
    Vision, Light and Color in Al-Kindi, Ptolemy and the Ancient Commentators.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):207-236.
    Al-Kindi was influenced by two Greek traditions in his attempts to explain vision, light and color. Most obviously, his works on optics are indebted to Euclid and, perhaps indirectly, to Ptolemy. But he also knew some works from the Aristotelian tradition that touch on the nature of color and vision. Al-Kindi explicitly rejects the Aristotelian account of vision in his De Aspectibus, and adopts a theory according to which we see by means of a visual ray emitted from the eye. (...)
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  12. Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī on Animals.Peter Adamson - 2012 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 94 (3):249-273.
    Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. 925), a doctor known not only for his medical expertise but also for his notorious philosophical ideas, has not yet been given due credit for his ideas on the ethical treatment of animals. This paper explores the philosophical and theological background of his remarks on animal welfare, arguing that al-Rāzī did not (as has been claimed) see animals as possessing rational, intellectual souls like those of humans. It is also argued that al-Rāzī probably did not, as (...)
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  13.  21
    Fakhr Al-Dīn Al-Rāzī on Place.Peter Adamson - 2017 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 27 (2):205-236.
  14. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 3.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to the philosophical relevance of Islamic theology and mysticism--the Sufi (...)
     
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  15. Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life.Peter Adamson - 2003 - Mind 112 (446):363-366.
  16.  47
    Xi*-on Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273-294.
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  17.  6
    Xi *-on Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (1):257-278.
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  18.  50
    Neoplatonism: The Last Ten Years.Peter Adamson - 2015 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 9 (2):205-220.
  19. In the Age of Al-Fārābī: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth-Tenth Century.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2008 - Warburg Institute.
  20. Before Essence and Existence: Al-Kindi's Conception of Being.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):297-312.
    This paper studies the first metaphysical theory in Arabic philosophy, that of al-Kindi, as found in "On First Philosophy" and other of his works. Placing these works against the background of translations produced in al-Kindi's circle (the "Theology of Aristotle," which is the Arabic version of Plotinus, and the "Liber de Causis," the Arabic version of Proclus' "Elements of Theology"), it argues that al-Kindi has two conceptions of being: "simple" being, which excludes predication and derives from Neoplatonism, and "complex" being, (...)
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  21.  1
    Yaḥyā Ibn ʿAdī on the Location of God.Peter Adamson & Robert Wisnovsky - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 1 (1).
    This piece offers an edition, translation, and analysis of a newly discovered text by Yaḥyā Ibn ʿAdī, a leading Aristotelian of the Baghdad school in the tenth century. It briefly discusses what Aristotle meant, at the end of the Physics, by saying that the Prime Mover is “in” the outermost heaven. Ibn ʿAdī argues, in part through an exhaustive discussion of the senses of the word “in,” that God is in the sphere only in the sense that an object of (...)
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  22.  19
    Arabic Philosophy and Theology Before Avicenna.Peter Adamson - 2012 - In John Marenbon (ed.), The Oxford Handbook to Medieval Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 58.
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  23.  2
    Structure and Energy of Crystal Interfaces I. Formal Development.N. H. Fletcher & Peggy L. Adamson - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (127):99-110.
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  24. Al-KindĪ and the Mu‘Tazila: Divine Attributes, Creation and Freedom: Peter Adamson.Peter Adamson - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):45-77.
    The paper discusses al-Kindī's response to doctrines held by contemporary theologians of the Mu‘tazilite school: divine attributes, creation, and freedom. In the first section it is argued that, despite his broadly negative theology, al-Kindī recognizes a special kind of “essential” positive attribute belonging to God. The second section argues that al-Kindī agreed with the Mu‘tazila in holding that something may not yet exist but still be an object of God's knowledge and power. Also it presents a new parallel between al-Kindī (...)
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  25. Knowledge of Universals and Particulars in the Baghdad School.Peter Adamson - 2007 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 18:141-164.
    L'analisi dell'aristotelismo «platonizzante» nell'ambito della filosofia araba prima della sistemazione della Shifa di Avicenna, secondo cui Dio non avrebbe conoscenza dei particolari, consente all'A. di dimostrare come ci siano stati anche approcci platonici ad Aristotele , che non sono passati attraverso il filtro dei neoplatonici greci. L'altra cosa significativa è il fatto che all'interno della scuola di Baghdad vi sono modi diversi di intendere lo stato ontologico degli universali. L'A. tenta anche di ridimensionare la figura di al-Farabi all'interno della scuola (...)
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  26.  8
    Neoplatonism.Peter Adamson - 2011 - Phronesis 56 (4):426-440.
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  27.  26
    Al-Kindi.Peter Adamson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through (...)
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  28.  41
    Abū Ma'šar, Al-Kindī and the Philosophical Defense of Astrology.P. Adamson - 2002 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 69 (2):245-270.
    This paper explores the philosophical aspects of the "Great Introduction" of Abū Ma'šar, one of the great figures of Arabic astrology and an associate of al-Kindī, the great 9th century philosopher. I argue that the following points of philosophical interest may be found in this text: 1. Astrology is described as a "master science" along the lines proposed by Aristotle, i.e. it provides principles for lower sciences. Also he supplies arguments to ground astrology on methodological grounds, such as the use (...)
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  29. Boethius of Dacia, 117 Bolton, R., 2, 6, 20.M. H. Abrams, J. G. Ackermann, C. Adam, P. Adam, P. Adamson, J. Aertsen, M. Alonso, Alphonso Vargas, F. Alquié & R. Andrews - 2008 - In Kärkkäinen Knuuttila (ed.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy.
     
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  30.  27
    Al-Kind=I.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Oup Usa.
    The first book in the Great Medieval Thinkers series to focus on an Islamic philosopher. It offers a brief, accessible introduction to the thought of the philosopher al -Kindi. His works, though brief, are of great historical importance. Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. Peter Adamson will survey what is known of al-Kindi's life, examine his thought on a wide range of topics, and consider the relationship of al-Kindi's work to his Greek sources.
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  31.  62
    Avicenna and Aristotle R. Wisnovsky: Avicenna's Metaphysics in Context . Pp. XII + 305. London: Duckworth, 2003. Cased, £50. Isbn: 0-7156-3221-. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (02):354-.
  32.  37
    Avicenna And Aristotle. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (2):354-356.
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  33. Animals: A History (Oxford Philosophical Concepts).Peter Adamson & G. Fay Edwards (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume traces the history of animals in philosophy, from antiquity down to contemporary times. Negative attitudes towards animals, as found in Aristotle and Descartes, turn out to be more nuanced than usually supposed, while remarkable discussions of animal welfare appear in late antiquity, India, the Islamic world, and Kant.
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  34. Animals: A History.Peter Adamson & Fey Edwards (eds.) - 2018
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  35. Avicenna and His Commentators on Human and Divine Self-Intellection.Peter Adamson - 2011 - In Dag Nikolaus Hasse & Amos Bertolacci (eds.), The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna's Metaphysics. De Gruyter. pp. 97-122.
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  36.  9
    al-Sarakhsī, Aḥmad ibn al-Ṭayyib.Peter Adamson - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 1174--1176.
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  37.  26
    Aristotle and the Arabic Tradition.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Nazariyat, Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 2 (4):153-156.
  38.  15
    Al-Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb Ibn Isḥāq.Peter Adamson - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 672--676.
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  39.  48
    Aristotle's Categories and the Soul : An Annotated Translation of Al-Kindī's That There Are Separate Substances.Peter Adamson & Peter E. Pormann - 2009 - In Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth & John M. Dillon (eds.), The Afterlife of the Platonic Soul: Reflections of Platonic Psychology in the Monotheistic Religions. Brill.
  40. Al-Ghaz'lî, Causality, and Knowledge.Peter Adamson - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 9:1-7.
    Few passages in Arabic philosophy have attracted as much attention as al-Ghazâlî's discussion of causality in the seventeenth discussion of Tahâfut al-Falsafa, along with the response of Ibn Rushd in his Tahâfut al-Tahâfut. A question often asked is to what extent al-Ghazâlî can be called an occasionalist; that is, whether he follows other Kalâm thinkers in restricting causal agency to God alone. What has not been thoroughly addressed in previous studies is a question which al-Ghazâlî and Ibn Rushd both see (...)
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  41. Abel, Félix M.,'Saint Jérome et les prophéties messianiques', Revue biblique, ns, 13 (1916), 423–40; 14 (1917), 247–69 Abū Macshar al-Balkhī, Kitāb al-madkhal al-kabīr ilā cilm ah kām al-nujūm: Liber introductorii maioris ad scientiam judiciorum astrorum, ed. by Richard Lemay, 9 vols (Naples: Istituto universitario Orientale, 1995–96). [REVIEW]Peter Adamson, H. Baltussen & M. W. F. Stone - 2005 - Dionysius 23:105-16.
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  42.  45
    All for One, or One for All?Peter C. Adamson, Carmen Paradis & Martin L. Smith - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (4):13-15.
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  43.  13
    Burnyeat Collected - Burnyeat Explorations in Ancient and Modern Philosophy. In Two Volumes. Pp. X + 382 + X + 356. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Cased, £75, Us$130 . Isbn: 978-0-521-75072-1 , 978-0-521-75073-8 , 978-1-107-4006-1. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2014 - The Classical Review 64 (1):68-71.
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  44.  28
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2010 - Phronesis 55 (4):357-375.
  45.  5
    Book Notes: Neoplatonism. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2009 - Phronesis 54 (4-5):423-439.
  46.  21
    Culture and Philosophy in the Age of Plotinus.Peter Adamson - 2008 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 2 (1):79-81.
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  47.  3
    Creation and the God of Abraham Edited by D. B. Burrell, C. Cogliati, J. M. Soskice, and W. R. Stoeger. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2012 - Journal of Islamic Studies 23 (1):89-91.
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  48.  71
    Classical Philosophy: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 1.Peter Adamson - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In 43 lively chapters Peter Adamson tells the story of philosophy from its beginnings to Plato and Aristotle. Most histories jump from one famous name to another, but Adamson shows that the people and ideas in between, usually overlooked, are fascinating and significant. Based on his popular podcasts, this is serious history with a light touch.
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  49.  41
    Dialectical Methiod in Alexander of Aphrodisias' Treaties on Fate and Providence.Peter Adamson - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 54.
    This article offers an analysis of the argumentative method of two treatises by Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate and On Providence, the latter of which is preserved only in Arabic translation. It is argued that both texts use techniques from Aristotelian dialectic, albeit in different ways, with On Fate adhering to methods outlined in Aristotle's Topics whereas On Providence uses the ‘aporetic’ method familiar from texts such as MetaphysicsΒ‎. This represents a revision of a previous study of Alexander's method in (...)
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  50.  4
    Economy, Family, and Society From Rome to Islam: A Critical Edition, English Translation, and Study of Bryson's 'Management of the Estate' by Simon Swain.P. Adamson - 2015 - Journal of Islamic Studies 26 (2):206-208.
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1 — 50 / 113