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Peter Adamson [94]P. Adamson [4]Peter C. Adamson [1]Peggy L. Adamson [1]
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Peter Adamson
Creighton University
  1.  14
    I—Memory From Plato to Damascius.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):161-184.
    Taking its cue from a passage in which the late pagan Neoplatonist Damascius criticizes his predecessor Proclus, this paper explores the way that ancient philosophers understood the soul’s access to its own tacit contents through the power of memory. Late ancient discussions of this issue respond to a range of passages in Plato and to Aristotle’s On Memory. After a survey of this material it is shown that for Damascius, but not Proclus, memory requires a distinction between the subject and (...)
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  2. The Arabic Plotinus: A Philosophical Study of the Theology of Aristotle.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Duckworth.
  3. Al-KindĪ and the Mu‘Tazila: Divine Attributes, Creation and Freedom: Peter Adamson.Peter Adamson - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):45-77.
    The paper discusses al-Kindī's response to doctrines held by contemporary theologians of the Mu‘tazilite school: divine attributes, creation, and freedom. In the first section it is argued that, despite his broadly negative theology, al-Kindī recognizes a special kind of “essential” positive attribute belonging to God. The second section argues that al-Kindī agreed with the Mu‘tazila in holding that something may not yet exist but still be an object of God's knowledge and power. Also it presents a new parallel between al-Kindī (...)
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  4.  44
    Al-Kindi.Peter Adamson - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through (...)
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  5. Interpreting Avicenna: Critical Essays.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Avicenna is the greatest philosopher of the Islamic world. His immense impact on Christian and Jewish medieval thought, as well as on the subsequent Islamic tradition, is charted in this volume alongside studies which provide a comprehensive introduction to and analysis of his philosophy. Contributions from leading scholars address a wide range of topics including Avicenna's life and works, conception of philosophy and achievement in logic and medicine. His ideas in the main areas of philosophy, such as epistemology, philosophy of (...)
     
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  6. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 3.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to the philosophical relevance of Islamic theology and mysticism--the Sufi (...)
     
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  7. Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī on Animals.Peter Adamson - 2012 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 94 (3):249-273.
    Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. 925), a doctor known not only for his medical expertise but also for his notorious philosophical ideas, has not yet been given due credit for his ideas on the ethical treatment of animals. This paper explores the philosophical and theological background of his remarks on animal welfare, arguing that al-Rāzī did not (as has been claimed) see animals as possessing rational, intellectual souls like those of humans. It is also argued that al-Rāzī probably did not, as (...)
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  8.  29
    The Thought Experimental Method: Avicenna's Flying Man Argument.Peter Adamson & Fedor Benevich - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (2):147-164.
    No argument from the Arabic philosophical tradition has received more scholarly attention than Avicenna's 'flying man' thought experiment, in which a human is created out of thin air and is able to grasp his existence without grasping that he has a body. This paper offers a new interpretation of the version of this thought experiment found at the end of the first chapter of Avicenna's treatment of soul in the Healing. We argue that it needs to be understood in light (...)
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  9. The Philosophical Works of Al-Kindi.Peter E. Pormann & Peter Adamson (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Pakistan.
    Al-Kindī, honoured as the 'philosopher of the Arabs', was the first philosopher of Islam. His pioneer philosophical writings engage with ideas that became available through the Graeco-Arabic translation movement. This volume makes his entire philosophical output-some two dozen works-available in English, most of them for the first time. An overall introduction, introductions to each work and extensive notes explain al-Kindī's ideas, sources, and influence.
     
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  10.  42
    Xi*-on Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273-294.
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  11.  30
    The Simplicity of Self-Knowledge After Avicenna.Peter Adamson - 2018 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 28 (2):257-277.
    Alongside his much-discussed theory that humans are permanently, if only tacitly, self-aware, Avicenna proposed that in actively conscious self-knowers the subject and object of thought are identical. He applies to both humans and God the slogan that the self-knower is “intellect, intellecting, and object of intellection (‘aql, ‘āqil, ma‘qūl)”. This paper examines reactions to this idea in the Islamic East from the 12th-13th centuries. A wide range of philosophers such as Abū l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī, Faḫr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, al-Šahrastānī, Šaraf al-Dīn al-Mas‘ūdī, (...)
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  12. Al-Kindi and the Reception of Greek Philosophy.Peter Adamson - 2005 - In Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 32--51.
  13. Philosophy in the Hellenistic and Roman Worlds: A History of Philosophy Wthout Any Gaps, Volume 2.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson offers an accessible, humorous tour through a period of eight hundred years when some of the most influential of all schools of thought were formed. He introduces us to Cynics and Skeptics, Epicureans and Stoics, emperors and slaves, and traces the development of early Christian philosophy and of ancient science. A major theme of the book is in fact the competition between pagan and Christian philosophy in this period, and the Jewish tradition appears in the shape of Philo (...)
     
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  14.  8
    Philosophy Then: The Other Side of the Coins.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Philosophy Now 131:45-45.
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  15. Abel, Félix M.,'Saint Jérome et les prophéties messianiques', Revue biblique, ns, 13 (1916), 423–40; 14 (1917), 247–69 Abū Macshar al-Balkhī, Kitāb al-madkhal al-kabīr ilā cilm ah kām al-nujūm: Liber introductorii maioris ad scientiam judiciorum astrorum, ed. by Richard Lemay, 9 vols (Naples: Istituto universitario Orientale, 1995–96). [REVIEW]Peter Adamson, H. Baltussen & M. W. F. Stone - 2005 - Dionysius 23:105-16.
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  16.  36
    Neoplatonism: The Last Ten Years.Peter Adamson - 2015 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 9 (2):205-220.
  17.  82
    Vision, Light and Color in Al-Kindi, Ptolemy and the Ancient Commentators.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):207-236.
    Al-Kindi was influenced by two Greek traditions in his attempts to explain vision, light and color. Most obviously, his works on optics are indebted to Euclid and, perhaps indirectly, to Ptolemy. But he also knew some works from the Aristotelian tradition that touch on the nature of color and vision. Al-Kindi explicitly rejects the Aristotelian account of vision in his De Aspectibus, and adopts a theory according to which we see by means of a visual ray emitted from the eye. (...)
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  18. In the Age of Al-Fārābī: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth-Tenth Century.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2008 - Warburg Institute.
  19. Before Essence and Existence: Al-Kindi's Conception of Being.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):297-312.
    This paper studies the first metaphysical theory in Arabic philosophy, that of al-Kindi, as found in "On First Philosophy" and other of his works. Placing these works against the background of translations produced in al-Kindi's circle (the "Theology of Aristotle," which is the Arabic version of Plotinus, and the "Liber de Causis," the Arabic version of Proclus' "Elements of Theology"), it argues that al-Kindi has two conceptions of being: "simple" being, which excludes predication and derives from Neoplatonism, and "complex" being, (...)
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  20. On Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273–294.
    Avicenna's notorious claim that God knows particulars only 'in a universal way' is argued to have its roots in Aristotelian epistemology, and especially in the "Posterior Analytics". According to Avicenna and Aristotle as understood by Avicenna, there is in fact no such thing as 'knowledge' of particulars, at least not as such. Rather, a particular can only be known by subsuming it under a universal. Thus Avicenna turns out to be committed to a much more surprising epistemological thesis: even humans (...)
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  21.  10
    Burnyeat Collected - Burnyeat Explorations in Ancient and Modern Philosophy. In Two Volumes. Pp. X + 382 + X + 356. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Cased, £75, Us$130 . Isbn: 978-0-521-75072-1 , 978-0-521-75073-8 , 978-1-107-4006-1. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2014 - The Classical Review 64 (1):68-71.
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  22.  18
    Dialectical Methiod in Alexander of Aphrodisias' Treaties on Fate and Providence.Peter Adamson - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 54.
    This article offers an analysis of the argumentative method of two treatises by Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate and On Providence, the latter of which is preserved only in Arabic translation. It is argued that both texts use techniques from Aristotelian dialectic, albeit in different ways, with On Fate adhering to methods outlined in Aristotle's Topics whereas On Providence uses the ‘aporetic’ method familiar from texts such as MetaphysicsΒ‎. This represents a revision of a previous study of Alexander's method in (...)
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  23. Knowledge of Universals and Particulars in the Baghdad School.Peter Adamson - 2007 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 18:141-164.
    L'analisi dell'aristotelismo «platonizzante» nell'ambito della filosofia araba prima della sistemazione della Shifa di Avicenna, secondo cui Dio non avrebbe conoscenza dei particolari, consente all'A. di dimostrare come ci siano stati anche approcci platonici ad Aristotele , che non sono passati attraverso il filtro dei neoplatonici greci. L'altra cosa significativa è il fatto che all'interno della scuola di Baghdad vi sono modi diversi di intendere lo stato ontologico degli universali. L'A. tenta anche di ridimensionare la figura di al-Farabi all'interno della scuola (...)
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  24. The Arabic Tradition.Peter Adamson - 2010 - In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.
  25.  56
    The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy.Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy written in Arabic and in the Islamic world represents one of the great traditions of Western philosophy. Inspired by Greek philosophical works and the indigenous ideas of Islamic theology, Arabic philosophers from the ninth century onwards put forward ideas of great philosophical and historical importance. This collection of essays, by some of the leading scholars in Arabic philosophy, provides an introduction to the field by way of chapters devoted to individual thinkers or groups, especially during the 'classical' period from (...)
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  26. The Arabic Sea Battle: Al-Fārābī on the Problem of Future Contingents.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (2):163-188.
    Ancient commentators like Ammonius and Boethius tried to solve Aristotle's “sea battle argument” in On Interpretation 9 by saying that statements about future contingents are “indefinitely” true or false. They were followed by al-Fārābī in his commentary on On Interpretation. The article sets out two possible interpretations of what “indefinitely” means here, and shows that al-Fārābī actually has both conceptions: one applied in his interpretation of Aristotle, and another that he is forced into by the problem of divine foreknowledge. It (...)
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  27.  51
    Two Early Arabic Doxographies on the Soul: Al-Kindi and the "Theology of Aristotle".Peter Adamson - 2000 - Modern Schoolman 77 (2):105-125.
  28.  7
    M. Ullmann: Wörterbuch zu den griechisch-arabischen Übersetzungen des 9. Jahrhunderts. Pp. 904. Wiesbaden: Harassowitz Verlag, 2002. Cased, €175. ISBN: 3-447-04584-1. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (1):252-252.
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  29. Review: Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2003 - Mind 112 (446):363-366.
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  30. Platonic Pleasures in Epicurus and Al-Rāzī.P. Adamson - 2008 - In Peter Adamson (ed.), In the Age of Al-Fārābī: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth-Tenth Century. Warburg Institute. pp. 71--97.
  31.  4
    Interroga Virtutes Naturales: Nature in Giles of Rome’s On Ecclesiastical Power.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Vivarium 57 (1-2):22-50.
    Giles of Rome’s On Ecclesiastical Power, a polemical work arguing for the political supremacy of the pope, claims that the papacy holds a ‘plenitude of power’ and has direct or indirect authority over all aspects of human life. This paper shows how Giles uses themes from natural philosophy in developing his argument. He compares cosmic and human ordering and draws an analogy between the relations of soul to body and of Church to state. He also understands the pope’s power to (...)
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  32.  5
    Xi *-on Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (1):257-278.
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  33.  9
    Philosophy Then.Peter Adamson - 2018 - Philosophy Now 128:45-45.
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  34. The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy.Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor - 2006 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 68 (3):659-660.
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  35.  8
    Neoplatonism.Peter Adamson - 2011 - Phronesis 56 (4):426-440.
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  36. Plotinus on Astrology.Peter Adamson - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 35:265-91.
     
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  37.  1
    Philosophy Then: First Believe, Then Understand.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Philosophy Now 133:51-51.
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  38.  4
    Philosophy Then.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Philosophy Now 130:43-43.
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  39.  5
    Philosophy Then.Peter Adamson - 2018 - Philosophy Now 129:43-43.
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  40.  45
    Miskawayh on Pleasure.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 25 (2):199-223.
  41.  27
    Abū Ma'šar, Al-Kindī and the Philosophical Defense of Astrology.P. Adamson - 2002 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 69 (2):245-270.
    This paper explores the philosophical aspects of the "Great Introduction" of Abū Ma'šar, one of the great figures of Arabic astrology and an associate of al-Kindī, the great 9th century philosopher. I argue that the following points of philosophical interest may be found in this text: 1. Astrology is described as a "master science" along the lines proposed by Aristotle, i.e. it provides principles for lower sciences. Also he supplies arguments to ground astrology on methodological grounds, such as the use (...)
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  42.  8
    The History of Philosophy Podcast.Peter Adamson - 2018 - The Philosophers' Magazine 82:118-120.
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  43.  10
    Fakhr Al-Dīn Al-Rāzī on Place.Peter Adamson - 2017 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 27 (2):205-236.
  44.  14
    Philosophy Then: Can Confucians Have Friends?Peter Adamson - 2018 - Philosophy Now 124:41-41.
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  45.  77
    Aristotelianism and the Soul in the Arabic Plotinus.Peter Adamson - 2001 - Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (2):211-232.
  46.  90
    The Theology of Aristotle.Peter Adamson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  47.  23
    Aristotle and the Arabic Tradition.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Nazariyat, Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 2 (4):153-156.
  48.  1
    Structure and Energy of Crystal Interfaces I. Formal Development.N. H. Fletcher & Peggy L. Adamson - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (127):99-110.
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  49.  55
    Knowing What’s Good for You.Peter Adamson - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 53 (53):85-90.
    We should see a very close connection between two fields of philosophy which are nowadays kept well apart, namely ethics and epistemology. Indeed, if the good life and virtue consist in knowledge, then the study of knowledge just is the study of ethics.
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  50.  1
    Philosophy Then: Can Confucians Have Friends?Peter Adamson - 2018 - Philosophy Now 124:41-41.
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