Results for 'P. J. Milligan'

997 found
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  1.  39
    The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics.D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193-210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution. * Review of E. T. JAYNES (1983): Papers on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. Edited by R. D. Rosenkrantz. D. Reidel Publishing Company. US $49.50. Pp. xxiv + 434. We are grateful to Harvey Brown, Kenneth Denbigh, Udi Makov and Oliver Penrose for (...)
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  2.  89
    Review: The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. [REVIEW]E. T. Jaynes, D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193 - 210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  3.  33
    The Ethics of Space Exploration.James S. J. Schwartz & Tony Milligan (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
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  4.  48
    Is the Problem of Evil Misconceived?: P. J. McGRATH.P. J. McGrath - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (1):61-64.
    Theism, according to David O'Connor, has in recent centuries been on trial for its life, the charge being that the existence of so much evil in the world is incompatible with belief in a benevolent creator. But this trial, he claims is incapable of producing a reasoned verdict.
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  5.  93
    Taking Utilitarianism Seriously: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (3):341-355.
    With a book as wide ranging and insightful as Barry's Justice as Impartiality, it is perhaps a little churlish to criticize it for paying insufficient attention to one's own particular interests. That said, in what follows I am going to do just that and claim that in an important sense Barry does not take utilitarianism seriously. Utilitarianism does receive some discussion in Barry's book, and in an important section which I will discuss he even appears to concede that utilitarianism provides (...)
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  6. Hume, Malebranche and ‘Rationalism’: P. J. E. Kail.P. J. E. Kail - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (3):311-332.
    Traditionally Hume is seen as offering an ‘empiricist’ critique of ‘rationalism’. This view is often illustrated – or rejected – by comparing Hume's views with those of Descartes'. However the textual evidence shows that Hume's most sustained engagement with a canonical ‘rationalist’ is with Nicolas Malebranche. The author shows that the fundamental differences between the two on the self and causal power do indeed rest on a principled distinction between ‘rationalism’ and ‘empiricism’, and that there is some truth in the (...)
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  7. Utilitarianism and Distributive Justice: The Civil Law and the Foundations of Bentham's Economic Thought*: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):62-81.
    Between 1787, and the end of his life in 1832, Bentham turned his attention to the development and application of economic ideas and principles within the general structure of his legislative project. For seventeen years this interest was manifested through a number of books and pamphlets, most of which remained in manuscript form, that develop a distinctive approach to economic questions. Although Bentham was influenced by Adam Smith's An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, he (...)
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  8.  49
    Does the Ontological Argument Beg the Question?: P. J. MCGRATH.P. J. McGrath - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):305-310.
    In his paper ‘Has the Ontological Argument Been Refuted?’, 97–110) William F. Vallicella argues that my attempt to show that the Ontological Argument begs the question is unsuccessful. 1 I believe he is wrong about this, but before endeavouring to vindicate my position I must first make clear what precisely is the point at issue between us. The Ontological Argument is not a single argument, but a family of arguments. Newly devised formulations of the argument are frequently put forward by (...)
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  9.  96
    A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia.P. J. Rhodes - 1981 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first comprehensive commentary on the Athenaion Politeia since that of J.E. Sandys in 1912. The Introduction discusses the history of the text; the contents, purpose and sources of the work; its language and style; its date, and the evidence for revision after the completion of the original version; and the place of the work in the Aristotelian school. The Commentary concentrates on the historical and institutional facts which the work sets out to give, their sources and their (...)
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  10.  27
    Facts and Values. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):379-380.
    Subtitled "Studies in Ethical Analysis," this collection of eleven essays, most of which have previously appeared in journals, deals with a number of problems central to modern ethical theory: the emotive interpretation of ethical language, persuasive definitions and their role in ethical reasoning, the cognitive versus emotive conceptions of ethics: many of these problems were first raised and examined by Stevenson in his earlier book Ethics and Language. Other essays are of a less retrospective nature: studies on Moore and Dewey, (...)
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  11.  94
    Theories of Individuation: A Reconsideration of Bare Particulars.P. J. Moreland - 1998 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (3):251-263.
  12.  3
    Koinoonia, en gemeenschap van zaken bij de Grieken in den klassieken tijd. By P. J. T. Endenburg. Pp. xii + 218. Amersterdam: H. J. Paris, 1937. 3.50 fl. [REVIEW]M. Cary & P. J. T. Endenburg - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):158-158.
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  13.  30
    Hume on Knowledge, by Harold Noonan. [REVIEW]P. J. E. Kail - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1102-1105.
  14.  34
    The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):158-159.
    This volume is published concurrently with the one reviewed below and together they unite a number of Quine's previously scattered papers into two compact volumes; this volume deals with his more philosophical work while the other is concerned with more purely technical logical studies. The twenty-one essays cover the period 1934-1964 and none have appeared between hard covers before. Several of the articles—"The ways of paradox," "Foundations of mathematics," "On the application of modern logic," and "Necessary truth"—are essentially popular expositions. (...)
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  15.  11
    The Basic Laws of Arithmetic: Exposition of the System. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):810-810.
    This book is a translation of some of the more important parts of the Grundgesetze of Frege: the introduction, the first part of the first volume which gives an exposition of the construction, rules, axioms of Frege's formal system, and two appendices, one of which is from the second volume and gives Frege's analysis of the paradox found by Russell in his system. The editor has provided a long introduction "for those not familiar with Frege," although it will benefit those (...)
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  16.  18
    Political Dissent in Democratic Athens: Intellectual Critics of Popular Rule. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes & J. Ober - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:181-182.
  17.  73
    Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy.P. J. E. Kail - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Religion and the external world -- Projection, religion, and the external world -- The senses, reason and the imagination -- Realism, meaning and justification : the external world and religious belief -- Modality, projection and realism -- 'Our profound ignorance' : causal realism, and the failure to detect necessity -- Spreading the mind : projection, necessity and realism -- Into the labyrinth : persons, modality, and Hume's undoing -- Value, projection, and realism -- Gilding : projection, value and secondary qualities (...)
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  18.  86
    More on Bentham on Utility and Rights: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):165-167.
    This paper examines Rosen's claim that Bentham's principle of utility was a distributive rather than an aggregative principle.
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  19. About Time: A Philosophical Inquiry Into the Origin and Nature of Time.P. J. Zwart - 1976 - American Elsevier Pub. Co..
     
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  20.  37
    E. Boswinkel, P. W. Pestman, H.-A. Rupprecht: Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Ägypten, sechster Band. Pp. viii + 260. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976. Cloth, 96 Gld. [REVIEW]P. J. Parsons - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (01):145-.
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  21.  15
    E. Boswinkel, P. W. Pestman, H.-A. Rupprecht: Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Ägypten, sechster Band. Pp. viii + 260. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976. Cloth, 96 Gld. [REVIEW]P. J. Parsons - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (1):145-145.
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  22.  16
    Stimulating Debate: Ethics in a Multidisciplinary Functional Neurosurgery Committee.P. J. Ford - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):106-109.
    Multidisciplinary healthcare committees meet regularly to discuss patients’ candidacy for emerging functional neurosurgical procedures, such as Deep Brain Stimulation . Through debate and discussion around the surgical candidacy of particular patients, functional neurosurgery programs begin to mold practice and policy supported both by scientific evidence and clear value choices. These neurosurgical decisions have special considerations not found in non-neurologic committees. The professional time used to resolve these conflicts provides opportunities for the emergence of careful, ethical practices simultaneous with the expansion (...)
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  23. The Inverse Gambler's Fallacy and Cosmology--A Reply to Hacking.P. J. McGrath - 1988 - Mind 97 (386):265-268.
  24.  13
    Meier The Political Art of Greek Tragedy. Tr. A. Webber. Oxford: Polity P, 1993. Pp. Vii + 238. £39.50.P. J. Wilson, C. Meier & A. Webber - 1995 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 115:187-188.
  25.  12
    Low-Amplitude Fatigue of Copper and Copper-5 At. % Aluminium Single Crystals.P. J. Woods - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (1):155-191.
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  26. Readings in Classical Chinese Philosophy.P. J. Ivanhoe, Bryan W. Van Norden & Bryan Van Norden (eds.) - 2001 - Hackett.
    This new edition offers expanded selections from the works of Kongzi, Mengzi, Zhuangzi, and Xunzi ; two new works, the dialogues _Robber Zhi_ and _White Horse_; a concise general introduction; brief introductions to, and selective bibliographies for, each work; and four appendices that shed light on important figures, periods, texts, and terms in Chinese thought.
     
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  27.  31
    Predictive Genetic Testing of Children for Adult-Onset Diseases and Psychological Harm.P. J. Malpas - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):275-278.
    One of the central arguments given to resist testing currently healthy, asymptomatic children for adult-onset diseases is that they may be psychologically harmed by the knowledge gained from such tests. In this discussion I examine two of the most serious arguments: children who are tested may face limited futures, and that testing may result in damage to the child’s self esteem . I claim that these arguments do not stand up to critical evaluation. In conclusion, whilst I do not suggest (...)
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  28.  11
    Thucydides.P. J. Rhodes & S. Hornblower - 1989 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 109 (2):219-219.
  29.  20
    What is It Like to Be Schrodinger's Cat?P. J. Lewis - 2000 - Analysis 60 (1):22-29.
  30.  31
    Models and Analogies in Science. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):153-153.
    There is little doubt that in the actual practice of science, models, metaphors, analogies, reasoning by similar cases, and other "parallel" forms of argument are often essential for the discovery of new phenomena and their theoretical interpretation. The author has assembled in five essays, culled and developed from previous ones, her ideas on some basic questions concerning models and analogies. The first chapter considers in dialogue form the role of models in science; the next section is an exploration of the (...)
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  31.  16
    Greece in the Making, 1200-479 BC. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes & R. Osborne - 1998 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 118:235-236.
  32.  25
    Of the Standard of Taste and Other Essays. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):813-813.
    All the essays contained herein, with the exception of the last two—"On Suicide" and "On the Immortality of the Soul"—have appeared in the author's Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary ; the others were published posthumously. In this wide-ranging collection Hume addresses himself to aspects of aesthetics and literary criticism, the philosophy of history, philosophical "types", human nature and belief. The volume conveys a side of Hume too often forgotten in our present admiration of his foreshadowing of analytical philosophy: the man (...)
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  33.  20
    Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (3):587-588.
    This rather compendious volume contains twelve articles, eleven of which have been published in the last twenty years; the last, from which the book takes its title, appears in print for the first time. There are four chapters: "Confirmation, Induction, and Rational Belief" contains the paper "Inductive Inconsistencies" as well as "Studies in the Logic of Confirmation"; "Empiricist Criteria of Cognitive Significance" appears in the section "Conceptions of Cognitive Significance"; the very well-known "The Theoretician's Dilemma" appears in the third chapter—"Structure (...)
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  34.  51
    Athens and the USA Today J. P. Euben Et Al. (Edd.): Athenian Political Thought and the Reconstruction of American Democracy. Pp. Viii+352. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994. $45 (Paper, $16.95). [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (02):317-318.
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  35.  9
    Erasmus Papyri. Papyri in the Collection of the Erasmus University Ed. P. J. Sijpesteijn and P. A. Verdult. Brussels: Fondation Egyptologique Reine Elisabeth. 1986. Pp. 61, 8 Plates. Price Not Stated. [REVIEW]Dorothy J. Thompson, Erasmus Papyri, P. J. Sijpesteijn & P. A. Verdult - 1989 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 109:246-246.
  36.  15
    Selected Logic Papers. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):159-159.
    This collection of twenty-three papers from the period 1934-1960 is concerned with formal number theory and syntax, axiomatic set theory, truth functions, and quantification theory. In the first group appear "Concatenation as a basis for arithmetic" and "Definition of substitution," among others; the second includes "Set-theoretic foundations for logic," "On ω-inconsistency," and "Element and number." Quine's important articles "Completeness of the propositional calculus" and "Cores and prime implicants of truth functions" are in the third section; the last one includes "A (...)
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  37.  12
    Nomothesia in Fourth-Century Athens.P. J. Rhodes - 1985 - Classical Quarterly 35 (01):55-.
    There have been two recent attempts to disentangle the evidence for the procedures in fourth-century Athens for the enactment and revision of nomoi, by D. M. MacDowell and by M. H. Hansen. I have learned from both, but think that further progress can be made. MacDowell distinguishes five separate measures: The Old Legislation Law, requiring action at a specified time, advance publicity for the new proposal, concurrent repeal of any existing law with which the new proposal conflicts, and a decision (...)
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  38.  14
    Abstract Set Theory. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):366-366.
    The first edition of this now classical work appeared in 1953, the second heavily revised edition in 1961; this most recent edition is a revision in detail only of the previous one. The book is divided into three parts, the first two dealing with finite and infinite sets, infinite cardinals and their arithmetic, and related remarks on non-standard mathematics and the equivalence of various definitions of finitude. The third part considers ordered sets and isomorphism types, the special case of linearly (...)
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  39.  62
    The Flow of Time.P. J. Zwart - 1972 - Synthese 24 (1-2):133 - 158.
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  40.  9
    Mathematics and Science: Last Essays. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (4):778-778.
    A translation of the 1913 volume Dernières Pensées, this collection of papers contains much material of interest to the logician and the philosopher of science. In "The Logic of Infinity" Poincaré clarifies the notion of "predicative set" and discusses Zermelo's and Russell's approaches to set theory. "The Evolution of Laws" attempts to formulate the question "do laws of nature evolve?" Two papers concern space and time, two others, the electrostatic and quantum theories of matter. The collection concludes with a pair (...)
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  41. Atheism or Agnosticism.P. J. McGrath - 1987 - Analysis 47 (1):54 - 57.
  42.  15
    Is Genetic Information Relevantly Different From Other Kinds of Non-Genetic Information in the Life Insurance Context?P. J. Malpas - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (7):548-551.
    Within the medical, legal and bioethical literature, there has been an increasing concern that the information derived from genetic tests may be used to unfairly discriminate against individuals seeking various kinds of insurance; particularly health and life insurance. Consumer groups, the general public and those with genetic conditions have also expressed these concerns, specifically in the context of life insurance. While it is true that all insurance companies may have an interest in the information obtained from genetic tests, life insurers (...)
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  43.  12
    Friends of the Truth, Violence, and the Ideological Surround: Social Science as Meetings for Clearness.P. J. Watson - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):123-132.
    In response to criticisms of the use of the Ideological Surround Model to analyze Tolerance of Ambiguity, emphasis is placed on how the methodologies of this model operate from Christian pacifist assumptions. This model seeks to promote social scientific methodologies that will allow competing perspectives to obtain increasing clarity on points of conflict.
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  44.  38
    Consent and Confidentiality--Where Are the Limits? An Introduction.P. J. Lachmann - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (1):2-3.
    Introduction to, and overview of, the contents of the Symposium on consent and confidentialityThe papers in this symposium are based on a meeting held by the Academy of Medical Sciences in London on 12 February 2002. The decision to hold this meeting, and to explore in detail these important and contentious issues, arose from a number of concerns that the Academy felt about what may reasonably be called “impediments to medical research”.These include: The regulations arising from the implementation of the (...)
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  45.  28
    Nonidentity, Wrongful Conception and Harmless Wrongs.P. J. Markie - 2005 - Ratio 18 (3):290–305.
  46.  63
    Understanding Hume's Natural History of Religion.P. J. E. Kail - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):190–211.
    Hume's 'Natural History of Religion' offers a naturalized account of the causes of religious thought, an investigation into its 'origins' rather than its 'foundation in reason'. Hume thinks that if we consider only the causes of religious belief, we are provided with a reason to suspend the belief. I seek to explain why this is so, and what role the argument plays in Hume's wider campaign against the rational acceptability of religious belief. In particular, I argue that the work threatens (...)
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  47.  17
    Further Contrasts Between Self-Reflectiveness and Internal State Awareness Factors of Private Self-Consciousness.P. J. Watson, R. J. Morris & A. Hickman Ramsey - 1996 - Journal of Psychology 130:183-92.
  48.  14
    Bastards as Athenian Citizens.P. J. Rhodes - 1978 - Classical Quarterly 28 (01):89-.
    A. R. W. Harrison in The Law of Athens, i , 63–5, argued that the exclusion of bastards from the phratries and the severe restriction of their right of inheritance does not entail their exclusion from Athenian citizenship; and that the form of Pericles' citizenship law, not stating that were to be , and Solon's law restricting the inheritance rights of , both point to the conclusion that bastards were not ipso facto debarred from citizenship. D. M. MacDowell in CQ (...)
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  49.  7
    Friends of the Truth, Violence, and the Ideological Surround: Social Science as Meetings for Clearness.P. J. Watson - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):123-132.
  50.  11
    The Refutation of the Ontological Argument.P. J. McGarth - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (159):195-212.
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