21 found
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  1.  14
    Religious Fundamentalism in Iran: Religious and Psychological Adjustment Within a Muslim Cultural Context.Nima Ghorbani, Zhuo Job Chen, Fatemeh Rabiee & P. J. Watson - 2019 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 41 (2):73-88.
    This first analysis of the Religious Fundamentalism Scale in Iran further examined findings that conservative religious commitments have positive adjustment implications outside the West. Religious Fundamentalism in a sample of 385 Iranian university students displayed direct relationships with Muslim religiosity and spirituality and correlated positively with the Transcendence and negatively with the Symbolism Post-Critical Beliefs factors. Religious Fundamentalism, and conservative religiosity more generally, predicted better mental health in relationship with variables related to self-regulation, narcissism, and splitting. PCB factors defined a (...)
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  2.  26
    Varieties of Openness and Religious Commitment in India.Savitri Marigoudar, Zhuo Chen, P. J. Watson & Shanmukh V. Kamble - 2014 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 36 (2):172-198.
    The Religious Openness Hypothesis argues that traditional religions have resources for integrating intellect with faith. In a test of this hypothesis, Hindu graduate students in India responded to Hindu religious reflection, attitudes toward Hinduism, religious schema, religious orientation, and psychological openness scales. Faith and intellect oriented religious reflection correlated positively with each other and with the all three religious schemas, which also correlated directly. Linkages with attitudes toward Hinduism and intrinsic and extrinsic personal religious orientations documented the compatibility of religious (...)
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  3.  31
    Self-Compassion and Cultural Values: A Cross-Cultural Study of Self-Compassion Using a Multitrait-Multimethod (MTMM) Analytical Procedure.Jesus Montero-Marin, Willem Kuyken, Catherine Crane, Jenny Gu, Ruth Baer, Aida A. Al-Awamleh, Satoshi Akutsu, Claudio Araya-Véliz, Nima Ghorbani, Zhuo Job Chen, Min-Sun Kim, Michail Mantzios, Danilo N. Rolim dos Santos, Luiz C. Serramo López, Ahmed A. Teleb, P. J. Watson, Ayano Yamaguchi, Eunjoo Yang & Javier García-Campayo - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  4.  29
    Ramadan Experience and Behavior: Relationships with Religious Orientation Among Pakistani Muslims.Ziasma Haneef Khan & P. J. Watson - 2010 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32 (2):149-168.
    Within the Ideological Surround Model of the social sciences and religion, so-called “universal” perspectives within the psychology of religion can dialogically clarify and be clarified by the “particular” elements of Muslim commitment. This study developed new scales for operationalizing the experience and behavior of Pakistani Muslims during Ramadan. In a sample of university students, one set of experiential factors apparently facilitated, whereas another interfered with the practices of Ramadan. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Personal Religious Orientations correlated with greater and the Extrinsic (...)
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  5.  16
    Muslim Religious Openness and Ilm.Mustafa Tekke, Nik A. Hisham İsmail, Zhuo Chen & P. J. Watson - 2015 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 37 (3):295-320.
    Religious Reflection Scales yield cross-cultural data suggesting that religious traditions have potentials to integrate intellect with faith. This investigation extended analysis of that possibility to Sunni Muslim university students in Malaysia and also examined the hypothesis that Islamic commitments to knowledge promote religious openness. Faith and Intellect Oriented Religious Reflection correlated positively and predicted openness. The Truth of Texts and Teachings factor from the Religious Schema Scales essentially assesses a form of fundamentalism and displayed direct linkages with religious openness as (...)
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  6.  43
    Analyzing the Spirituality of Muslim Experiential Religiousness: Relationships with Psychological Measures of Islamic Religiousness in Iran.Zhuo Chen, P. J. Watson, Shiva Geranmayepour & Nima Ghorbani - 2013 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (2):233-258.
    This investigation analyzed Islamic spirituality as measured by a Muslim Experiential Religiousness Scale. Iranian university and seminary students responded to this instrument along with the Psychological Measure of Islamic Religiousness and Perceived Stress and Self-Esteem scales. Muslim Experiential Religiousness correlated predictably with all PMIR sub-scales, Perceived Stress, and Self-Esteem, and mediated almost all relationships of the PMIR Islamic Beliefs subscale with religious functioning. When evaluated by participants, Muslim Experiential Religiousness items proved to be “rational” relative to their Muslim religious ideals. (...)
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  7.  17
    Religious Commitment in Iran: Correlates and Factors of Quest and Extrinsic Religious Orientations.Nima Ghorbani, P. J. Watson & Vahideh Saleh Mirhasani - 2007 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):245-257.
    Iranians responded to Quest and Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scales in order to assess their validity and factor structure within a Muslim context. A sample of 251 Iranian university students received Persian versions of these instruments along with Intrinsic Religious Orientation, Interpersonal Reactivity, Constructive inking, Need for Cognition, and Openness to Experience Scales. Analysis of these data revealed that the Quest Scale contained four factors and validly measured Iranian religious commitments. Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation Scales also clarified the psychological implications (...)
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  8.  51
    Dialogical Validity of Religious Measures in Iran: Relationships with Integrative Self-Knowledge and Self-Control of the “Perfect Man”.Zahra Rezazadeh, P. J. Watson, Christopher J. L. Cunningham & Nima Ghorbani - 2011 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (1):93-113.
    According to the ideological surround model of research, a more “objective” psychology of religion requires efforts to bring etic social scientific and emic religious perspectives into formal dialog. This study of 245 Iranian university students illustrated how the dialogical validity of widely used etic measures of religion can be assessed by examining an emic religious perspective on psychology. Integrative Self-Knowledge and Self-Control Scales recorded two aspects of the “Perfect Man” as described by the Iranian Muslim philosopher Mortazā Motahharī. Use of (...)
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  9.  17
    Further Contrasts Between Self-Reflectiveness and Internal State Awareness Factors of Private Self-Consciousness.P. J. Watson, R. J. Morris & A. Hickman Ramsey - 1996 - Journal of Psychology 130:183-92.
  10.  12
    Religious Schema Within a Muslim Ideological Surround.Nima Ghorbani, P. J. Watson, Mahmood Amirbeigi & Zhuo Job Chen - 2016 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 38 (3):253-277.
    With Religious Schema Scales in the West, Truth of Texts and Teachings correlates negatively with the commitment to interreligious dialogue recorded by Xenosophia. This measure of fundamentalism also predicts problematic religious and psychosocial functioning. The present project examined Religious Schema Scales in university students and Islamic seminarians in the Muslim cultural context of Iran. Truth of Texts and Teachings correlated positively rather than negatively with Xenosophia and predicted religious and psychological adjustment. The adaptive implications of Truth of Texts and Teachings (...)
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  11.  12
    Friends of the Truth, Violence, and the Ideological Surround: Social Science as Meetings for Clearness.P. J. Watson - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):123-132.
    In response to criticisms of the use of the Ideological Surround Model to analyze Tolerance of Ambiguity, emphasis is placed on how the methodologies of this model operate from Christian pacifist assumptions. This model seeks to promote social scientific methodologies that will allow competing perspectives to obtain increasing clarity on points of conflict.
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  12.  29
    Meanings of Animal Sacrifice During Eid-Ul-Adha.Ziasma Haneef Khan, Zhuo Chen & P. J. Watson - 2015 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 37 (1):37-53.
    This investigation examined Pakistani Muslim understandings of the animal sacrifice that occurs during Eid-ul-Adha at the end of the Hajj. Pakistani university students responded to a number of items expressing possible interpretations of this ritual. A Faithful Sacrifice factor operationalized sincere religious reasons for the sacrifice and correlated positively with an Intrinsic Religious Orientation and with Muslim Experiential Religiousness. Extrinsic and Troublesome Sacrifice factors recorded nonreligious implications of the practice and displayed direct associations with the Extrinsic Social Religious Orientation and (...)
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  13.  7
    Friends of the Truth, Violence, and the Ideological Surround: Social Science as Meetings for Clearness.P. J. Watson - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):123-132.
  14.  52
    Model of Muslim Religious Spirituality: Impact of Muslim Experiential Religiousness on Religious Orientations and Psychological Adjustment Among Iranian Muslims.Nima Ghorbani, P. J. Watson, Hamid Reza Gharibi & Zhuo Job Chen - 2018 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 40 (2-3):117-140.
    Previous research indicates that spirituality expressed in tradition-specific terms may initiate, invigorate, and integrate Muslim religious commitments, suggesting a 3-I Model of Religious Spirituality. In a test of this model, Islamic seminarians, university students, and office workers in Iran responded to Muslim Experiential Religiousness, Religious Orientation, and mental health scales. The tradition- specific spirituality of MER displayed correlation, moderation, and mediation results with Intrinsic and Extrinsic Personal Religious Orientations that pointed toward initiation, invigoration, and integration effects, respectively. MER also clarified (...)
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  15.  24
    Intolerance of Ambiguity Within a Religious Ideological Surround: Christian Translations and Relationships with Religious Orientation, Need for Cognition, and Uncertainty Response.P. J. Watson & Ronald J. Morris - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):81-101.
    This study assessed the possibility that the Budner Intolerance of Ambiguity Scale can offer an ideologically biased understanding of religious commitments. In a large sample of university undergraduates , Budner Scale correlations with Religious Interest, Religious Orientation, Need for Cognition, and Response Uncertainty supported the conclusion that religion predicts an inability to cope with uncertainty. At the same time, however, special procedures were used to create new scales expressing a Christian Tolerance of Ambiguity by translating Budner Scale items into a (...)
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  16.  15
    Inhibited Drinking and Reduced Glucoprivic Feeding After 2-Deoxy-D-Glucose in Rats Adapted to Quinine-Adulterated Water.P. J. Watson, Shannon Beatey, Michael D. Biderman & Martha L. Pierce - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (1):81-83.
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  17.  15
    Intolerance of Ambiguity Within a Religious Ideological Surround: Christian Translations and Relationships with Religious Orientation, Need for Cognition, and Uncertainty Response.P. J. Watson & Ronald J. Morris - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie 28 (1):81-101.
    This study assessed the possibility that the Budner Intolerance of Ambiguity Scale can offer an ideologically biased understanding of religious commitments. In a large sample of university undergraduates , Budner Scale correlations with Religious Interest, Religious Orientation, Need for Cognition, and Response Uncertainty supported the conclusion that religion predicts an inability to cope with uncertainty. At the same time, however, special procedures were used to create new scales expressing a Christian Tolerance of Ambiguity by translating Budner Scale items into a (...)
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  18.  14
    Diminished Ingestive Behavior of Fischer 344 Rats Following Treatment with Polyethylene Glycol.P. J. Watson & Betty J. Plank - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):237-239.
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  19.  12
    Body Weight Reduction Prior to Quinine Adulteration of Water: Interactive Complexities in Measures of Ingestive Behavior.P. J. Watson, Martha L. Swindoll & Michael D. Biderman - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (2):97-100.
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  20.  6
    Catalogue of Cuneiform Tablets in Birmingham City Museum, Vol. 2: Neo-Sumerian Texts From Umma and Other Sites.Mark E. Cohen & P. J. Watson - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (1):148.
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  21.  11
    A Second Look at Religious Orientation, Social Desirability, and Prejudice.Ronald J. Morris, Ralph W. Hood & P. J. Watson - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (1):81-84.
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