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Peter King [82]Preston King [20]Peter J. King [16]Patricia A. King [9]
Preston T. King [5]Patricia King [5]P. King [4]Peter King King [3]

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Peter R. King
Nottingham University (PhD)
Peter J. King
Oxford University
  1.  43
    B. Dainton: The Phenomenal Self. [REVIEW]Peter R. King - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (2):283-288.
  2.  58
    Two Conceptions of Experience.Peter King - 2003 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 11 (2):203-226.
  3.  36
    Abelard's Answers to Porphyry.Peter King - 2007 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 18:249-270.
    Abelardo eredita dall'Isagoge di Porfirio una questione filosofica fondamentale, relativa al problema degli universali, posto al centro della metafisica. Abelardo si pone subito fuori da questa linea interpretativa. L'A. esamina le risposte di Abelardo ai quattro quesiti di Porfirio formulati all'inizio dell'Isagoge punto per punto, attraverso l'esame di Dialectica, Logica «Ingredientibus» nella parte relativa al commento all'Isagoge, in rapporto con il Commentarius maior in Isagogen Porphyrii di Boezio, la Logica «Nostrorum petitioni sociorum», le Introductiones parvulorum, tentando di spodestare la metafisica (...)
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  4.  55
    Moral Judgement Development in Higher Education: Insights From the Defining Issues Test.Patricia M. King & Matthew J. Mayhew - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (3):247-270.
    This article reviews 172 studies that used the Defining Issues Test to investigate the moral development of undergraduate college students and provides an organisational framework for analysing educational contexts in higher education. These studies addressed collegiate outcomes related to character or civic outcomes, selected aspects of students' collegiate experiences related to moral judgement development and changes in moral reasoning during the college years as they related to changes in other domains of development. Findings suggest that dramatic gains in moral judgement (...)
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  5.  30
    Unintended Changes in Cognition, Mood, and Behavior Arising From Cell-Based Interventions for Neurological Conditions: Ethical Challenges.P. S. Duggan, A. W. Siegel, D. M. Blass, H. Bok, J. T. Coyle, R. Faden, J. Finkel, J. D. Gearhart, H. T. Greely, A. Hillis, A. Hoke, R. Johnson, M. Johnston, J. Kahn, D. Kerr & P. King - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):31-36.
    The prospect of using cell-based interventions to treat neurological conditions raises several important ethical and policy questions. In this target article, we focus on issues related to the unique constellation of traits that characterize CBIs targeted at the central nervous system. In particular, there is at least a theoretical prospect that these cells will alter the recipients' cognition, mood, and behavior—brain functions that are central to our concept of the self. The potential for such changes, although perhaps remote, is cause (...)
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  6.  21
    How Curricular Content and Pedagogical Strategies Affect Moral Reasoning Development in College Students.Matthew J. Mayhew & Patricia King - 2008 - Journal of Moral Education 37 (1):17-40.
    College instructors use a variety of approaches to teach students to reason more effectively about issues with a moral dimension and achieve mixed results. This pre?post study of 423 undergraduate students examined the effects of morally explicit and implicit curricular content and of selected pedagogical strategies on moral reasoning development. Using causal modelling to control for a range of student background variables as well as Time 1 scores, 52% of the variance in moral reasoning scores was explained; we found that (...)
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  7.  51
    Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy.Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao-Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, LeRoy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  8.  34
    They Do Care: An Interview with William Damon and Anne Colby on Moral Development.William Damon, Anne Colby & Pamela Ebstyne King - 2018 - Journal of Moral Education 47 (4):383-396.
    ABSTRACTWhat follows is an interview with William Damon and Anne Colby, pioneers in the fields of moral psychology and education. Throughout their careers, they have studied, moral identity, moral ideals, positive youth development, purpose, good work, vocation, character development in higher education, and professional responsibility. In their words, they are interested in the ‘best of humankind’—not only the competencies, but also the character necessary for living a good life—not only for the sake of the individual, but also for society. They (...)
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  9. No Plaything: Ethical Issues Concerning Child-Pornography.Peter J. King - 2008 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (3):327-345.
    Academic discussion of pornography is generally restricted to issues arising from the depiction of adults. I argue that child-pornography is a more complex matter, and that generally accepted moral judgements concerning pornography in general have to be revised when children are involved. I look at the question of harm to the children involved, the consumers, and society in general, at the question of blame, and at the possibility of a morally acceptable form of child-pornography. My approach involves an objectivist meta-ethics (...)
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  10. Augustine on Testimony.Peter King & Nathan Ballantyne - 2009 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):pp. 195-214.
    Philosophical work on testimony has flourished in recent years. Testimony roughly involves a source affirming or stating something in an attempt to transfer information to one or more persons. It is often said that the topic of testimony has been neglected throughout most of the history of philosophy, aside from contributions by David Hume (1711–1776) and Thomas Reid (1710–1796).1 True as this may be, Hume and Reid aren’t the only ones who deserve a tip of the hat for recognizing the (...)
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  11. The Inner Cathedral: Mental Architecture in High Scholasticism.Peter King - 2008 - Vivarium 46 (3):253-274.
    Mediaeval psychological theory was a “faculty psychology”: a confederation of semiautonomous sub-personal agents, the interaction of which constitutes our psychological experience. One such faculty was intellective appetite, that is, the will. On what grounds was the will taken to be a distinct faculty? After a brief survey of Aristotle's criteria for identifying and distinguishing mental faculties, I look in some detail at the mainstream mediaeval view, given clear expression by Thomas Aquinas, and then at the dissenting views of John Duns (...)
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  12.  15
    The Dangers of Difference.Patricia A. King - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):35-38.
  13. Abelard's Intentionalist Ethics.Peter King - 1995 - Modern Schoolman 72 (2-3):213-231.
  14. Why Isn't the Mind-Body Problem Medieval?Peter King - 2005 - In Forming the Mind. Springer Verlag.
    One answer: Because medieval philosophy is just the continuation of ancient philosophy by other means—the Latin language and the Catholic Church— and, as Wallace Matson pointed out some time ago, the mind-body problem isn’t ancient.
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  15.  8
    1 Scotus on Metaphysics.Peter King - 2003 - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15.
  16. The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus.Peter King - unknown
    [1] In twelve quite demanding chapters, outstanding scholars provide an overall view of the key issues of Scotus’s philosophical thought. To this a very concise introduction is added, concerning the life and works of John Duns (very good, especially the survey of works and the information on critical editions etc.). Throughout the book, I find the information clear and the difficult topics well explained. Moreover, the volume gives a quick entrance to the vast literature. Among the topics discussed are: ‘Metaphysics’ (...)
     
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  17.  61
    Augustine’s Encounter with Neoplatonism.Peter King - 2005 - Modern Schoolman 82 (3):213-226.
  18. Scotus's Rejection of Anselm.Peter King - unknown
    stance, Scotus adopts Anselm’s notion of a ‘(pure) perfection’ and elevates it to a fundamental principle of his metaphysics. Again, he distills Anselm’s Ontological Argument into something like its original Monologion components, and then treats each component part of the argument with a rigor and attention to detail far beyond anything Anselm suggested. In the case of Anselm’s so-called ‘two-wills’ theory, however, Scotus’s revisions are so extensive that they amount to a rejection of Anselm’s account, even though Scotus retains some (...)
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  19.  20
    Safety Issues In Cell-Based Intervention Trials.Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Mark Greene, Patricia King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel & Davor Solter - 2003 - Fertility and Sterility 80 (5):1077-1085.
    We report on the deliberations of an interdisciplinary group of experts in science, law, and philosophy who convened to discuss novel ethical and policy challenges in stem cell research. In this report we discuss the ethical and policy implications of safety concerns in the transition from basic laboratory research to clinical applications of cell-based therapies derived from stem cells. Although many features of this transition from lab to clinic are common to other therapies, three aspects of stem cell biology pose (...)
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  20.  82
    Abelard on Mental Language.Peter King - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):169-187.
    I argue that Abelard was the author of the first theory of mental language in the Middle Ages, devising a “language of thought” to provide the semantics for ordinary languages, based on the idea that thoughts have linguistic character. I examine Abelard’s semantic framework with special attention to his principle of compositionality (the meaning of a whole is a function of the meanings of the parts); the results are then applied to Abelard’s distinction between complete and incomplete expressions, as well (...)
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  21.  36
    Augustine on the Impossibility of Teaching.Peter King - 1998 - Metaphilosophy 29 (3):179-195.
  22.  43
    Jean Buridan's Philosophy of Science.Peter King - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (2):109.
    introduced the concept of effective demand in the nascent science of economics; his discussions of astronomy were acute enough to raise Duhem’s interest. Neither are Buridan’s credentials as a nominalist in doubt, although investigation into his precise relation to William of Ockham continues: he rejected all abstract entities, whether universals, common natures, the complexe significabile, or types above and beyond tokens; for Buridan, every thing which exists is a concrete individual. His anti-realism included an epistemological component as well, for Buridan (...)
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  23.  28
    Thomas Hobbes's Children.Peter King - unknown
    Children therefore, whether they be brought up and preserved by the father, or by the mother, or by whomsoever, are in most absolute subjection to him or her, that so bringeth them up, or preserveth them. And they may alienate them, that is, assign his or her dominion, by selling, or giving them, in adoption or servitude to others; or may pawn them for hostages, kill them for rebellion, or sacrifice them for peace, by the law of nature, when he (...)
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  24. Thinking Past a Problem Essays on the History of Ideas.Preston T. King - 2000
     
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  25.  68
    Thinking About Things: Singular Thought in the Middle Ages.Peter King - manuscript
    In one corner Socrates; in the other, on the mat, his cat Felix. Socrates, of course, thinks (correctly) that Felix the Cat is on the mat. But there’s the rub. For Socrates to think that Felix is on the mat, he has to be able to think about Felix, that is, he has to have some sort of cognitive grasp of an individual — and not just any individual, but Felix himself. How is that possible? What is going on when (...)
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  26. Jean Buridan's Logic the Treatise on Supposition, the Treatise on Consequences.Jean Buridan & Peter King - 1985
  27. From Intellectus Verus/Falsus to the Dictum Propositionis: The Semantics of Peter Abelard and His Circle.Klaus Jacobi, Christian Strub & Peter King - 1996 - Vivarium 34 (1):15-40.
    In his commentary on Aristotle’s Peri hermeneias,1 Abelard distinguishes the form of an expression2 (oratio) from what it says, that is, its content. The content of an expression is its understanding (intellectus). This distinction is surely the most well-known and central idea in Abelard’s commentary. It provides him with the opportunity to distinguish statements (enuntiationes) from other kinds of expressions without implying a diference in their content, since the ability of a statement to signify something true or false (verum vel (...)
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  28. Mediaeval Intentionality and Pseudo-Intentionality.Peter King - 2010 - Quaestio 10:25-44.
    Wilfrid Sellars charged that mediaeval philosophers confused the genuine intentionality of thinking with what he called the “pseudo-intentionality” of sensing. I argue that Sellars’s charge rests on importing a form of mind/body dualism that was foreign to the Middle Ages, but that he does touch on a genuine difficulty for mediaeval theories, namely whether they have the conceptual resources to distinguish between intentionality as a feature of consciousness and mere discriminative responses to the environment. In the end, it seems, intentionality (...)
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  29.  34
    John Buridan’s Solution to the Problem of Universals.Peter King - 2001 - In J. M. M. H. Thijssen & Jack Zupko (eds.), The Metaphysics and Natural Philosophy of John Buridan. Brill. pp. 1-28.
  30. Duns Scotus on Singular Essences.Peter King - 2005 - Medioevo 30:111-137.
    Socrates, for example, has an essence that includes more than his human nature, which is his specific essence; he has an essence proper to himself alone, an essence that cannot be had by anyone else. Although Socrates does have singular (individualized) forms, his singular essence is not a form—there is no form Socrateity for the singular essence parallelling the form humanity for the specific essence. Instead, Socrates has his singular essence in consequence of being an individual, that is, in consequence (...)
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  31.  54
    Duns Scotus on the Common Nature and the Individual Differentia.Peter King - 1992 - Philosophical Topics 20 (2):51-76.
  32.  45
    Harms of Excluding Pregnant Women From Clinical Research: The Case of HIV-Infected Pregnant Women.Nancy E. Kass, Holly A. Taylor & Patricia A. King - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (1):36-46.
  33.  18
    Beloved Community: Martin Luther King, Howard Thurman, and Josiah Royce.Kipton Jensen & Preston King - unknown
    Martin Luther King’s primary emphasis was upon ‘beloved community,’ a phrase he borrowed from Royce, but an idea that he shared with St. Augustine. Theories of the state tend to focus upon division, in which one stratum dominates another or others. King’s context is the US in the segregated South—a region whose internal divisions sharply instantiate the idea of the state as an unequal hierarchy of dominance. King’s appeal was less to end black subjugation than to end subjugation as such. (...)
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  34.  40
    Introduction.Preston King & Graham M. Smith - 2007 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (2):117-123.
    Augustine’s early works Against the Academicians (386) and The Teacher (389) belong together. In the former, which is directed at Cicero’s Academica, he defends the possibility of knowledge against the skeptical arguments of the New Academy;1 in the latter, directed at Plato’s Meno, he offers his theory of illumination to explain how knowledge is acquired. As a pair, they present Augustine’s alternative to the pose of ironical detachment fashionable among late Roman intellectuals.
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  35.  33
    Le rôle des concepts selon Ockham.Peter King - 2005 - Philosophiques 32 (2):435-447.
    Philosophiques 32 (2005), 435-447. [An English version is available here.].
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  36.  11
    Introduction to Medieval Logic.Peter King & Alexander Broadie - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (2):299.
  37.  64
    Angelic Sin in Augustine and Anselm.Peter King - unknown
    Augustine and Anselm form a common tradition in mediæval thought about angelic sin, a tradition rooted in patristic thought and centred on their attempts to give a philosophically coherent account of moral choice. Augustine concentrates on the reasons and causes of angelic sin, especially in reference to free will; Anselm adopts Augustine’s analysis and extends it to issues about the rationality of sinful choice. Each takes Lucifer’s primal sin to be the paradigm case. Lucifer, undistracted by bodily desires and unencumbered (...)
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  38.  53
    The Problem of Individuation in the Middle Ages.Peter King - 2000 - Theoria 66 (2):159-184.
  39.  53
    Emotion in Medieval Thought.Peter King - 2009 - In Peter Goldie (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. Oxford University Press.
  40. The Ideology of Order a Comparative Analysis of Jean Bodin and Thomas Hobbes.Preston T. King - 1974
     
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  41.  5
    Harms of Excluding Pregnant Women From Clinical Research: The Case of HIV-Infected Pregnant Women.Nancy E. Kass, Holly A. Taylor & Patricia A. King - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (1):36-46.
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  42.  12
    Late Scholastic Theories of the Passions: Controversies in the Thomist Tradition.Peter King - 2002 - In Henrik Lagerlund & Mikko Yrjonsuri (eds.), Emotions and Choice From Boethius to Descartes. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 229--258.
  43.  33
    Religious Revolution in the Philippines: Life and Death of Gregorio Aglipay, 1860-1960. [REVIEW]P. King - 1962 - Augustinianum 2 (2):384-385.
  44. Body and Soul.Peter King - 2011 - In John Marenbon (ed.), The Oxford Handbook to Medieval Philosophy. Oxford Up.
  45.  91
    Damaged Goods.Peter King - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):247-267.
    The Doctrine of Original Sin seems to require that human nature has literally undergone a change from its prelapsarian to its postlapsarian condition.It is not clear that this claim makes sense. How can human nature, the feature(s) in virtue of which human beings are what they are, change in time? (Think of the parallel claim about √2.) I consider three medieval attempts to resolve this problem: (1) Augustine’s two theories about shared human nature; (2) Anselm’s proposal that original sin is (...)
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  46. Thomas Hobbes: Critical Assessments.Preston T. King (ed.) - 1993 - Routledge.
    Thomas Hobbes is arguably the greatest of all English philosophers. In the second half of the twentieth century, he has been the subject of sustained critical attention. Hobbes was capable of powerful argument on virtually any level, whether logical, scriptural or historical. And he has attracted attention in all these areas and more questions of historical method, language and linguistics, metaphysics, ethics, law, politics, science and religion. Hobbes has been examined from a great variety of perspectives as an ethical positivist (...)
     
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  47. Emotions.Peter King - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press.
  48. Parapsychology Without the 'Para' (or the Psychology).Peter J. King - 2003 - Think 1 (3):43-54.
    possible, your investigation is unlikely ever to get off the ground), there’s no such excuse for philosophers. The philosopher should be unrestricted by fashions in thought, including the unquestioning acceptance of whatever scientific theories are currently dominant. The fact is, however, that in this field and in the philosophy of mind, many.
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  49. The Life of John Locke with Extracts From His Correspondence, Journals, and Common-Place Books.Peter King King & John Locke - 1991
     
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  50.  7
    Introduction.Preston King - 1999 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 2 (4):1-14.
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