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Peter Smith [128]Perry Smith [75]Paul Smith [36]Plínio Junqueira Smith [33]
P. Christopher Smith [33]Patricia Smith [27]Pamela H. Smith [26]Philip L. Smith [23]

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  1. Theories of Theories of Mind.Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.) - 1996 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Theories of Theories of Mind brings together contributions by a distinguished international team of philosophers, psychologists, and primatologists, who between them address such questions as: what is it to understand the thoughts, feelings, and intentions of other people? How does such an understanding develop in the normal child? Why, unusually, does it fail to develop? And is any such mentalistic understanding shared by members of other species? The volume's four parts together offer a state of the art survey of the (...)
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  2. Vagueness: A Reader.Rosanna Keefe & Peter Smith (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Vagueness is currently the subject of vigorous debate in the philosophy of logic and language. Vague terms -- such as 'tall', 'red', 'bald', and 'tadpole' -- have borderline cases ; and they lack well-defined extensions. The phenomenon of vagueness poses a fundamental challenge to classical logic and semantics, which assumes that propositions are either true or false and that extensions are determinate.This anthology collects for the first time the most important papers in the field. After a substantial introduction that surveys (...)
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  3.  77
    An Introduction to Gödel's Theorems.Peter Smith - 2007 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In 1931, the young Kurt Gödel published his First Incompleteness Theorem, which tells us that, for any sufficiently rich theory of arithmetic, there are some arithmetical truths the theory cannot prove. This remarkable result is among the most intriguing in logic. Gödel also outlined an equally significant Second Incompleteness Theorem. How are these Theorems established, and why do they matter? Peter Smith answers these questions by presenting an unusual variety of proofs for the First Theorem, showing how to prove the (...)
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  4.  23
    .Patricia Smith - 2004 - Univ of Kansas Pr.
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  5. Theories of Theories of Mind.Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith - 1999 - Philosophical Quarterly 49 (194):115-119.
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  6.  51
    Explaining Chaos.Peter Smith - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Chaotic dynamics has been hailed as the third great scientific revolution in physics this century, comparable to relativity and quantum mechanics. In this book, Peter Smith takes a cool, critical look at such claims. He cuts through the hype and rhetoric by explaining some of the basic mathematical ideas in a clear and accessible way, and by carefully discussing the methodological issues which arise. In particular, he explores the new kinds of explanation of empirical phenomena which modern dynamics can deliver. (...)
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  7. An Introduction to Gödel's Theorems.Peter Smith - 2009 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):218-222.
     
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  8.  92
    Varieties of Deep Epistemic Disagreement.Paul Simard Smith & Michael Patrick Lynch - 2020 - Topoi 40 (5):971-982.
    In this paper we discuss three different kinds of disagreement that have been, or could reasonably be, characterized as deep disagreements. Principle level disagreements are disagreements over the truth of epistemic principles. Sub-principle level deep disagreements are disagreements over how to assign content to schematic norms. Finally, framework-level disagreements are holistic disagreements over meaning not truth, that is over how to understand networks of epistemic concepts and the beliefs those concepts compose. Within the context of each of these kinds of (...)
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  9.  41
    Addressing Anti‐Black Racism in Bioethics: Responding to the Call.Faith E. Fletcher, Keisha S. Ray, Virginia A. Brown & Patrick T. Smith - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (S1):3-11.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue S1, Page S3-S11, March‐April 2022.
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  10.  23
    A Comparison of Sequential Sampling Models for Two-Choice Reaction Time.Roger Ratcliff & Philip L. Smith - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (2):333-367.
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  11. Vagueness: A Reader.R. Keefe & P. Smith - 2001 - Studia Logica 67 (1):120-122.
     
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  12.  37
    Gender-related differences in ethical and social values of business students: Implications for management.Patricia L. Smith & I. I. I. Ellwood F. Oakley - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):37-45.
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  13. The discourse of American civil society: a new proposal for cultural studies.Jeffrey C. Alexander & Philip Smith - 1993 - Theory and Society 22 (2):151-207.
  14. Squeezing arguments.P. Smith - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):22-30.
    Many of our concepts are introduced to us via, and seem only to be constrained by, roughand-ready explanations and some sample paradigm positive and negative applications. This happens even in informal logic and mathematics. Yet in some cases, the concepts in question – although only informally and vaguely characterized – in fact have, or appear to have, entirely determinate extensions. Here’s one familiar example. When we start learning computability theory, we are introduced to the idea of an algorithmically computable function (...)
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  15.  58
    Does play matter? Functional and evolutionary aspects of animal and human play.Peter K. Smith - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):139-155.
    In this paper I suggest that play is a distinctive behavioural category whose adaptive significance calls for explanation. Play primarily affords juveniles practice toward the exercise of later skills. Its benefits exceed its costs when sufficient practice would otherwise be unlikely or unsafe, as is particularly true with physical skills and socially competitive ones. Manipulative play with objects is a byproduct of increased intelligence, specifically selected for only in a few advanced primates, notably the chimpanzee.The adaptiveness of play in pongid (...)
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  16.  54
    Absolute Generality.Peter Smith - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (3):398-401.
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  17. Rejection and valuations.Luca Incurvati & Peter Smith - 2010 - Analysis 70 (1):3 - 10.
    Timothy Smiley’s wonderful paper ‘Rejection’ (1996) is still perhaps not as well known or well understood as it should be. This note first gives a quick presentation of themes from that paper, though done in our own way, and then considers a putative line of objection – recently advanced by Julien Murzi and Ole Hjortland (2009) – to one of Smiley’s key claims. Along the way, we consider the prospects for an intuitionistic approach to some of the issues discussed in (...)
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  18. Explaining Chaos.Peter Smith - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (198):126-128.
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  19.  26
    Racism, Broadly Speaking, and the Work of Bioethics: Some Conceptual Matters.Patrick T. Smith - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (2):7-10.
    Health care in the United States, being a microcosm of the broader society in which it developed, possesses a sordid legacy concerning racial prejudices, biases, and the perpetuation of health and...
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  20.  15
    Discerning the Subject.Paul Smith - 1988 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
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  21. An introduction to formal logic.Peter Smith - 2003 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Formal logic provides us with a powerful set of techniques for criticizing some arguments and showing others to be valid. These techniques are relevant to all of us with an interest in being skilful and accurate reasoners. In this highly accessible book, Peter Smith presents a guide to the fundamental aims and basic elements of formal logic. He introduces the reader to the languages of propositional and predicate logic, and then develops formal systems for evaluating arguments translated into these languages, (...)
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  22.  24
    Innate Ideas.Peter Smith - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):277-279.
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  23.  21
    Who Speaks for Plato?: Studies in Platonic Anonymity.Hayden W. Ausland, Eugenio Benitez, Ruby Blondell, Lloyd P. Gerson, Francisco J. Gonzalez, J. J. Mulhern, Debra Nails, Erik Ostenfeld, Gerald A. Press, Gary Alan Scott, P. Christopher Smith, Harold Tarrant, Holger Thesleff, Joanne Waugh, William A. Welton & Elinor J. M. West - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this international and interdisciplinary collection of critical essays, distinguished contributors examine a crucial premise of traditional readings of Plato's dialogues: that Plato's own doctrines and arguments can be read off the statements made in the dialogues by Socrates and other leading characters. The authors argue in general and with reference to specific dialogues, that no character should be taken to be Plato's mouthpiece. This is essential reading for students and scholars of Plato.
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  24. The Philosophical Significance of Tennenbaum’s Theorem.T. Button & P. Smith - 2012 - Philosophia Mathematica 20 (1):114-121.
    Tennenbaum's Theorem yields an elegant characterisation of the standard model of arithmetic. Several authors have recently claimed that this result has important philosophical consequences: in particular, it offers us a way of responding to model-theoretic worries about how we manage to grasp the standard model. We disagree. If there ever was such a problem about how we come to grasp the standard model, then Tennenbaum's Theorem does not help. We show this by examining a parallel argument, from a simpler model-theoretic (...)
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  25.  47
    Legitimacy and Non-Domination in Solar Radiation Management Research.Patrick Taylor Smith - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (3):341-361.
    The environmental impacts of anthropogenic climate change, from an increase in global temperatures melting polar ice caps to the generation of extreme weather events, appear to be happening even mo...
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  26.  34
    Sports Medicine and Ethics.Daniela Testoni, Christoph P. Hornik, P. Brian Smith, Daniel K. Benjamin & Ross E. McKinney - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):4 - 12.
    Physicians working in the world of competitive sports face unique ethical challenges, many of which center around conflicts of interest. Team-employed physicians have obligations to act in the club's best interest while caring for the individual athlete. As such, they must balance issues like protecting versus sharing health information, as well as issues regarding autonomous informed consent versus paternalistic decision making in determining whether an athlete may compete safely. Moreover, the physician has to deal with an athlete's decisions about performance (...)
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  27. Approximate truth and dynamical theories.Peter Smith - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (2):253-277.
    Arguably, there is no substantial, general answer to the question of what makes for the approximate truth of theories. But in one class of cases, the issue seems simply resolved. A wide class of applied dynamical theories can be treated as two-component theories—one component specifying a certain kind of abstract geometrical structure, the other giving empirical application to this structure by claiming that it replicates, subject to arbitrary scaling for units etc., the geometric structure to be found in some real-world (...)
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  28.  15
    The Shape of Space.Peter Smith - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (111):167-169.
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  29.  31
    Who May Geoengineer: Global Domination, Revolution, and Solar Radiation Management.Patrick Smith - 2021 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 13 (1):138-165.
    This paper uses a novel account of non-ideal political action that can justify radical responses to severe climate injustice, including and especially deliberate attempts to engineer the climate system in order reflect sunlight into space and cooling the planet. In particular, it discusses the question of what those suffering from climate injustice may do in order to secure their fundamental rights and interests in the face of severe climate change impacts. Using the example of risky geoengineering strategies such as sulfate (...)
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  30.  39
    Just research into killer robots.Patrick Taylor Smith - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (4):281-293.
    This paper argues that it is permissible for computer scientists and engineers—working with advanced militaries that are making good faith efforts to follow the laws of war—to engage in the research and development of lethal autonomous weapons systems. Research and development into a new weapons system is permissible if and only if the new weapons system can plausibly generate a superior risk profile for all morally relevant classes and it is not intrinsically wrong. The paper then suggests that these conditions (...)
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  31.  35
    Discerning the Subject.Laurie Edson & Paul Smith - 1989 - Substance 18 (3):131.
  32. Could We Be Brains in a Vat?Peter Smith - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):115--23.
    The course of my experience is quite consistent with the hypothesis that it is being produced by a mad scientist who is feeding into my sensory receptors entirely delusive stimuli. Indeed, I could at this very moment be nothing more than a brain floating in a vat of nutrients, my nerve ends linked up to some infernal apparatus by means of which my unknown deceiver induces in me utterly erroneous beliefs about the world.So begins a familiar line of thought which (...)
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  33.  30
    Psychophysically principled models of visual simple reaction time.Philip L. Smith - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (3):567-593.
  34.  20
    The Social Route to Abstraction: Interaction and Diversity Enhance Performance and Transfer in a Rule‐Based Categorization Task.Kristian Tylén, Riccardo Fusaroli, Sara Møller Østergaard, Pernille Smith & Jakob Arnoldi - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (9):e13338.
    Capacities for abstract thinking and problem‐solving are central to human cognition. Processes of abstraction allow the transfer of experiences and knowledge between contexts helping us make informed decisions in new or changing contexts. While we are often inclined to relate such reasoning capacities to individual minds and brains, they may in fact be contingent on human‐specific modes of collaboration, dialogue, and shared attention. In an experimental study, we test the hypothesis that social interaction enhances cognitive processes of rule‐induction, which in (...)
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  35. Pretend play.Chris Jarrold, Peter Carruthers, Jill Boucher & Peter K. Smith - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (4):445-468.
    Children’s ability to pretend, and the apparent lack of pretence in children with autism, have become important issues in current research on ‘theory of mind’, on the assumption that pretend play may be an early indicator of metarepresentational abilities.
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  36.  85
    Mutually Dependent: Power, Trust, Affect and the Use of Deception in Negotiation.Mara Olekalns & Philip L. Smith - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3):347-365.
    Using a simulated two-party negotiation, we examined how trustworthiness and power balance affected deception. In order to trigger deception, we used an issue that had no value for one of the two parties. We found that high cognitive trust increased deception whereas high affective trust decreased deception. Negotiators who expressed anxiety also used more deception whereas those who expressed optimism also used less deception. The nature of the negotiating relationship (mutuality and level of dependence) interacted with trust and negotiators’ affect (...)
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  37. An Introduction to Formal Logic.Peter Smith - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):563-565.
     
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  38. Making as Knowing : Craft as Natural Philosophy.Pamela H. Smith - 2014 - In Pamela H. Smith, Amy R. W. Meyers & Harold J. Cook (eds.), Ways of making and knowing: the material culture of empirical knowledge. New York City: Bard Graduate Center.
     
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  39. Ancestral arithmetic and Isaacson's Thesis.Peter Smith - 2008 - Analysis 68 (1):1-10.
  40.  25
    A Neo-Republican Theory of Just State Surveillance.Patrick Taylor Smith - 2020 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 7 (1):49-71.
    This paper develops a novel, neo-republican account of just state surveillance in the information age. The goal of state surveillance should be to avoid and prevent domination, both public and private. In light of that conception of justice, the paper makes three substantive points. First, it argues that modern state surveillance based upon information technology and predicated upon a close partnership with the tech sector gives the state significant power and represents a serious potential source of domination. Second, it argues (...)
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  41.  23
    Philosophical Problems of Modern Physics.Peter Smith & Peter Mittelstaedt - 1977 - Philosophical Quarterly 27 (107):188.
  42.  18
    An integrated theory of attention and decision making in visual signal detection.Philip L. Smith & Roger Ratcliff - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (2):283-317.
  43. Arguments as Abstract Objects.Paul L. Simard Smith & Andrei Moldovan - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (3):230-261.
    In recent discussions concerning the definition of argument, it has been maintained that the word ‘argument’ exhibits the process-product ambiguity, or an act/object ambigu-ity. Drawing on literature on lexical ambiguity we argue that ‘argument’ is not ambiguous. The term ‘argu-ment’ refers to an object, not to a speech act. We also examine some of the important implications of our argument by considering the question: what sort of abstract objects are arguments?
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  44. Modest reductions and the unity of science.Peter Smith - 1992 - In K. Lennon & D. Charles (eds.), Reduction, Explanation, and Realism. Oxford University Press. pp. 19--43.
     
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  45.  93
    The philosophy of mind.Peter Smith & Jones O. R. - 1986 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by O. R. Jones.
    This is a straightforward, elementary textbook for beginning students of philosophy. The general aim is to provide a clear introduction to the main issues arising in the philosophy of mind. Part I discusses the Cartesian dualist view which many find initially appealing, and contains a careful examination of arguments for and against. Part II introduces the broadly functionalist type of physicalism which has Aristotelian roots. This approach is developed to yield accounts of perception, action, belief and desire, and the emerging (...)
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  46.  57
    A normative foundation for statism.Patrick Taylor Smith - 2021 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 24 (4):532-553.
  47.  31
    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Health Behavior Change: A Contextually-Driven Approach.Chun-Qing Zhang, Emily Leeming, Patrick Smith, Pak-Kwong Chung, Martin S. Hagger & Steven C. Hayes - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  48.  17
    Could We Be Brains in a Vat?Peter Smith - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):115-123.
    The course of my experience is quite consistent with the hypothesis that it is being produced by a mad scientist who is feeding into my sensory receptors entirely delusive stimuli. Indeed, I could at this very moment be nothing more than a brain floating in a vat of nutrients, my nerve ends linked up to some infernal apparatus by means of which my unknown deceiver induces in me utterly erroneous beliefs about the world.So begins a familiar line of thought which (...)
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  49. Resources for Research on Analogy: A Multi-disciplinary Guide.Marcello Guarini, Amy Butchart, Paul Simard Smith & Andrei Moldovan - 2009 - Informal Logic 29 (2):84-197.
    Work on analogy has been done from a number of disciplinary perspectives throughout the history of Western thought. This work is a multidisciplinary guide to theorizing about analogy. It contains 1,406 references, primarily to journal articles and monographs, and primarily to English language material. classical through to contemporary sources are included. The work is classified into eight different sections (with a number of subsections). A brief introduction to each section is provided. Keywords and key expressions of importance to research on (...)
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  50.  60
    The Kantian Promise and Peril of Moral Bioenhancement.Karolina Kudlek & Patrick Taylor Smith - 2022 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (3):487-503.
    Journal of Applied Philosophy, EarlyView.
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