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Peter Zachar [45]P. Zachar [6]
  1.  98
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 2: Issues of Conservatism and Pragmatism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):8-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  2.  22
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  3.  43
    The Removal of Pluto From the Class of Planets and Homosexuality From the Class of Psychiatric Disorders: A Comparison.Peter Zachar & Kenneth S. Kendler - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):4.
    We compare astronomers' removal of Pluto from the listing of planets and psychiatrists' removal of homosexuality from the listing of mental disorders. Although the political maneuverings that emerged in both controversies are less than scientifically ideal, we argue that competition for "scientific authority" among competing groups is a normal part of scientific progress. In both cases, a complicated relationship between abstract constructs and evidence made the classification problem thorny.
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  4. The Classification of Emotion and Scientific Realism.Peter Zachar - 2006 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 26 (1-2):120-138.
    The scientific study of emotion has been characterized by classification schemes that propose to 'carve nature at the joints.' This article examines several of these classifications, drawn from both the categorical and dimensional perspectives. Each classification is given credit for what it contributes to our understanding, but the dream of a single, all purpose taxonomy of emotional phenomena is called into question. Such hopes are often associated with the carving at the joints metaphor, which is here argued to be harmful (...)
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  5.  27
    The Practical Kinds Model as a Pragmatist Theory of Classification.Peter Zachar - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):219-227.
  6.  17
    Evidence-Based Medicine and Modernism: Still Better Than the Alternatives.Peter Zachar - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (4):313-316.
    Thomas, Bracken, and Timimi (2012) make an important contribution in critiquing the extent to which the profession of psychiatry can be so bureaucratic that patients are treated as problems to be solved in an ‘efficient’ assembly line fashion rather than as individual persons. The trouble with bureaucracies is that they promote a cold and impersonal accounting approach in which critical reflection on purposes is circumvented by decision-making algorithms (Zachar and Bartlett 2009). Psychotherapy treatment manuals definitely satisfy the bureaucratic instinct, and (...)
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  7.  22
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue. Part 4: General Conclusion.James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):14-.
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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  8.  8
    Is Incremental Validity Too Incremental in the Long Run? A Commentary on Stoyanov D., Machamer P.K. & Schaffner, K.F. (2012). [REVIEW]Peter Zachar - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):157-158.
  9.  47
    Personality Disorders: Moral or Medical Kinds—Or Both?Peter Zachar & Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):101-117.
    This article critically examines Louis Charland’s claim that personality disorders are moral rather than medical kinds by exploring the relationship between personality disorders and virtue ethics. We propose that the conceptual resources of virtue theory can inform psychiatry’s thinking about personality disorders, but also that virtue theory as understood by Aristotle cannot be reduced to the narrow domain of ‘the moral’ in the modern sense of the term. Some overlap between the moral domain’s notion of character-based ethics and the medical (...)
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  10.  9
    Psychiatric Comorbidity: More Than a Kuhnian Anomaly.Peter Zachar - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):13-22.
  11.  9
    Vice, Mental Disorder, and the Role of Underlying Pathological Processes.Nancy Nyquist & Peter Zachar - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (1):27-29.
  12.  29
    Has There Been Conceptual Progress in The Science of Emotion?Peter Zachar - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):381-382.
    Izard’s claim that the term emotion works well as an adjective is closer to B. F. Skinner’s position than is acknowledged. Based on Izard’s survey of scientists, I argue that the lack of consensus on emotion as a unitary construct could be considered to represent the dissolution of emotions. Given that something similar has happened in biology with the dissolution of the unitary gene construct, this development in psychology may not be as problematic as it initially sounds.
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  13. Real Kinds but No True Taxonomy : An Essay in Psychiatric Systematics.Peter Zachar - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  14.  17
    Basic Emotions and Their Biological Substrates: A Nominalistic Interpretation.Peter Zachar & S. Bartlett - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):189-221.
    The thesis of this article is that an attitude akin to pragmatism is internal to the scientific enterprise itself, and as a result many scientists will make the same types of non-essentialistic interpretations of their subject matter that are made by pragmatists. This is demonstrably true with respect to those scientists who study the biological basis of emotion such as Panksepp, LeDoux, and Damasio. Even though these scientists are also influenced by what cognitive psychologists call the essentialist bias, their research (...)
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  15.  13
    Progress and the Calibration of Scientific Constructs: The Role of Comparative Validity.Peter Zachar - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press. pp. 21.
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  16.  30
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 3: Issues of Utility and Alternative Approaches in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):9-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  17. Luc Faucher and Christine Tappolet.Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton & Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (2):105-144.
     
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  18.  30
    Valid Moral Appraisals and Valid Personality Disorders.Peter Zachar & Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):131-142.
    We are thankful for the opportunity to reflect more on the difficult problem of the relationship between moral evaluations and the construct of personality disorders in response to the commentaries by Mike Martin and Louis Charland. We begin by emphasizing to readers that this important problem is complicated by the different perspectives of the various disciplines involved, especially, philosophy, psychiatry, and psychology. Incredulity, anger, and dismay are among the reactions we encountered in discussions of these issues, especially with some mental (...)
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  19.  22
    The Clinical Nature of Personality Disorders: Answering the Neo-Szaszian Critique.Peter Zachar - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (3):191-202.
    When i was in graduate school, I inadvertently walked in on a fellow student taking his comprehensive exams. He was extremely frustrated because two of the questions asked about conceptual issues in personality and personality disorders. This student was not expecting such questions and considered them to be unfair. I knew other students in that same program who would have considered it a gift to get such “interesting” questions. Those clinical and counseling psychologists with theoretical–philosophical interests are often attracted to (...)
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  20.  26
    Review of “the Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness” by Antonio Damasio and of “the Evolution of the Emotion-Processing Mind: With an Introduction to Mental Darwinism” by Robert Langs. [REVIEW]P. Zachar - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):181-187.
  21.  8
    Defending the Validity of Pragmatism in the Classification of Emotion.Peter Zachar - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):113-116.
    I critically analyze Kagan’s claim that in order to advance the science of emotion we should abandon the practice of referring to emotions with common folk psychological names, such as fear and anger. Kagan recommends discovering more homogenous constructs that are segregated by the type of evidence used to infer those constructs. He also argues that variable origins, biological implementations, and psychological and sociocultural contexts may combine to create distinct kinds of emotional states that require distinct names. I acknowledge that (...)
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  22.  4
    The Abandonment of Latent Variables: Philosophical Considerations.Peter Zachar - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):177-178.
    Cramer et al.'s critique of latent variables implicitly advocates a type of scientific anti-realism which can be extended to many dispositional constructs in scientific psychology. However, generalizing Cramer et al.'s network model in this way raises concerns about its applicability to psychopathology. The model could be improved by articulating why a given cluster of symptoms should be considered disordered.
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  23.  2
    Pragmatism and Evidence-Based Medicine: A Role for “Objectivity” and “Reality” in Our Vocabulary.Peter Zachar - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (1):67-70.
  24.  19
    Review of “Worlds of Experience: Interweaving Philosophical and Clinical Dimensions in Psychoanalysis” by Robert D. Stolorow, George E. Atwood, and Donna M. Orange. [REVIEW]P. Zachar - 2003 - Consciousness and Emotion 4 (2):333-340.
  25.  6
    Why the One and the Many Will Not Go Away.Peter Zachar - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (2):131-136.
    The Contrast Between the nomothetic versus the idiographic was popularized in psychology by Gordon Allport (1937). In the early 1930s, Allport made his name by advocating for a quantitative, trait-based approach to the study of personality in contrast with the prevailing case study approach. In doing so, he was following the trend toward greater reliance on measurement in psychology as a whole. Allport, however, had grave doubts about the sufficiency of quantitative measurement for developing an understanding of individual psychological functioning. (...)
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  26.  2
    Comment: Five Uses of Philosophy in Scientific Theories of Emotion.P. Zachar - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):324-326.
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  27.  9
    Review of “the Subtlety of Emotions (MIT Press)” by Aaron Ben-Zé Ev (2000). [REVIEW]P. Zachar - 2001 - Consciousness and Emotion 2 (1):180-188.
  28.  3
    Recovery and the Partitioning of Scientific Authority in Psychiatry.Douglas Porter & Peter Zachar - 2012 - In Abraham Rudnick (ed.), Recovery of People with Mental Illness: Philosophical and Related Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 203.
  29.  3
    Validity, Utility and Reality: Explicating Schaffner's.Peter Zachar - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press. pp. 190.
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  30.  3
    Folk Taxonomies Should Not Have Essences, Either: A Response to the Commentary.Peter Zachar - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (3):191-194.
  31.  3
    Child Development and the Regulation of Affect and Cognition in Consciousness: A View From Object Relations Theory.Peter Zachar - 2000 - In Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.), The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization. John Benjamins. pp. 205-222.
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  32.  2
    Les troubles psychiatriques et le modèle des espèces pratiques.Peter Zachar - 2006 - Philosophiques 33 (1):81-97.
    Cet article explore la classification des troubles psychiatriques dans la perspective du modèle des espèces pratiques. En nous basant sur certains travaux en philosophie des sciences qui soutiennent que les éléments chimiques et les espèces biologiques ne possèdent pas de véritables essences, nous affirmons que les troubles psychiatriques ne devraient pas être compris, eux non plus, de façon essentialiste. Les troubles psychiatriques sont des « espèces pratiques », non des « espèces naturelles ». Ce modèle représente une approche pragmatiste de (...)
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  33.  2
    Comment: Psychiatry, Scientific Laws, and Realism About Entities.Peter Zachar - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 5--38.
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  34.  2
    A Partial (and Speculative) Reconstruction of the Biological Basis of Emotionality.Peter Zachar - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):249-250.
    It is argued that Mason and Capitanio (2012) are not clear on what would count as a “basic emotion,” and their reconstruction appears more geared toward emotionality in general. Their notion that species-typical outcome is the criterion of basicness requires making speculative assumptions about what is expected and average. Suggestions about an epigenetic approach to social construction of emotionality are also offered.
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  35.  1
    A Triptych on Affective Science: Response to the Commentary.Peter Zachar - 2008 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):444-453.
    Reply by the current authors to the comments made by Jaak Panksepps , James.A. Russell and Louise Sundararajan on the original article by Peter Zachar . I consider the utility of the concept of natural kind, and explore difficulties in applying it reliably. I examine categorical and dimensional approaches to affect with respect to both scientific realism and nominalist approaches to classification. I agree that eliminativist analogies are beneficial but argue that they cannot fully account for the relationship between folk (...)
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  36. Fact and Value in Emotion; Consciousness and Emotion Book Series.Louis Charland & Peter Zachar (eds.) - 2008 - John Benjamins.
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  37. James A. Russell.Jose Miguel Fernandez Dols Colombetti, Peter Zachar & Louise Sundararajan - 2008 - In Luc Faucher & Christine Tappolet (eds.), The Modularity of Emotions. University of Calgary Press. pp. 53.
     
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  38. Irwin Goldstein.Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton & Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (1):21-33.
     
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  39. The Incredible Insecurity of Psychiatric Nosology.Kenneth S. Kendler & Peter Zachar - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  40. Aaron Ben-Ze Ev: The Subtlety of Emotions.Peter Zachar - 2001 - Consciousness and Emotion 2 (1):180-188.
     
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  41. Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Validation: Dsm, Icd, Rdoc, and Beyond.Peter Zachar, Drozdstoj St Stoyanov, Massimiliano Aragona & Assen Jablensky (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In this important new book in the IPPP series, a group of leading thinkers in psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy offer alternative perspectives that address both the scientific and clinical aspects of psychiatric validation, emphasizing throughout their philosophical and historical considerations.
     
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  42. Comments: Validity, Utility and Reality: Explicating Schaffner's Pragmatism.Peter Zachar - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  43. G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham: When Self-Consciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts.P. Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (2):273-279.
  44. Reconciliation as Compromise and the Management of Rage.Peter Zachar - 2006 - In Nancy Potter (ed.), Trauma, Truth and Reconciliation: Healing Damaged Relationships. Oxford University Press. pp. 67--81.
     
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  45. Robert D. Stolorow, George E. Atwood, and Donna M. Orange: Worlds of Experience: Interweaving Philosophical and Clinical Dimensions in Psychoanalysis. [REVIEW]P. Zachar - 2003 - Consciousness and Emotion 4 (2):333-340.
  46. Technological Rationality in Psychiatry : Immanent Critique, Critical Theory, and a Pragmatist Alternative.Peter Zachar & Scott Bartlett - 2009 - In James Phillips (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives on Technology and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
  47. When Self-Consciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts by G. Lynn Stephens George Graham.Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (2):273-280.
  48.  28
    Psychiatric Disorders Are Not Natural Kinds.Peter Zachar - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (3):167-182.