Results for 'PAST-TENSE'

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  1.  10
    Quasiregularity and Its Discontents: The Legacy of the Past Tense Debate.Mark S. Seidenberg & David C. Plaut - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1190-1228.
    Rumelhart and McClelland's chapter about learning the past tense created a degree of controversy extraordinary even in the adversarial culture of modern science. It also stimulated a vast amount of research that advanced the understanding of the past tense, inflectional morphology in English and other languages, the nature of linguistic representations, relations between language and other phenomena such as reading and object recognition, the properties of artificial neural networks, and other topics. We examine the impact of the Rumelhart and McClelland (...)
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  2. The English Resultative Perfect and its Relationship to the Experiential Perfect and the Simple Past Tense.Anita Mittwoch - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (3):323-351.
    A sentence in the Resultative perfect licenses two inferences: (a) the occurrence of an event (b) the state caused by this event obtains at evaluation time. In this paper I show that this use of the perfect is subject to a large number of distributional restrictions that all serve to highlight the result inference at the expense of the event inference. Nevertheless, only the event inference determines the truth conditions of this use of the perfect, the result inference being a (...)
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  3. Children's Acquisition of the English Past‐Tense: Evidence for a Single‐Route Account From Novel Verb Production Data.Ryan P. Blything, Ben Ambridge & Elena V. M. Lieven - forthcoming - Cognitive Science.
    This study adjudicates between two opposing accounts of morphological productivity, using English past-tense as its test case. The single-route model posits that both regular and irregular past-tense forms are generated by analogy across stored exemplars in associative memory. In contrast, the dual-route model posits that regular inflection requires use of a formal “add -ed” rule that does not require analogy across regular past-tense forms. Children saw animations of an animal performing a novel action described with a novel (...)
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  4.  33
    The Past and Future of the Past Tense.Steven Pinker & Michael Ullman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):456-463.
    What is the interaction between storage and computation in language processing? What is the psychological status of grammatical rules? What are the relative strengths of connectionist and symbolic models of cognition? How are the components of language implemented in the brain? The English past tense has served as an arena for debates on these issues. We defend the theory that irregular past-tense forms are stored in the lexicon, a division of declarative memory, whereas regular forms can be computed by (...)
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  5.  24
    The Past-Tense Debate The Past and Future of the Past Tense.Steven Pinker & Michael T. Ullman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):456-463.
    What is the interaction between storage and computation in language processing? What is the psychological status of grammatical rules? What are the relative strengths of connectionist and symbolic models of cognition? How are the components of language implemented in the brain? The English past tense has served as an arena for debates on these issues. We defend the theory that irregular past-tense forms are stored in the lexicon, a division of declarative memory, whereas regular forms can be computed by (...)
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  6.  12
    A Connectionist Model of English Past Tense and Plural Morphology.Kim Plunkett & Patrick Juola - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):463-490.
    The acquisition of English noun and verb morphology is modeled using a single-system connectionist network. The network is trained to produce the plurals and past tense forms of a large corpus of monosyllabic English nouns and verbs. The developmental trajectory of network performance is analyzed in detail and is shown to mimic a number of important features of the acquisition of English noun and verb morphology in young children. These include an initial error-free period of performance on both nouns and (...)
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  7.  3
    The Acquisition of the English Past Tense in Children and Multilayered Connectionist Networks.G. F. Marcus - 1995 - Cognition 56 (3):271-279.
    The apparent very close similarity between the learning of the past tense by Adam and the Plunkett and Marchman model is exaggerated by several misleading comparisons--including arbitrary, unexplained changes in how graphs were plotted. The model's development differs from Adam's in three important ways: Children show a U-shaped sequence of development which does not depend on abrupt changes in input; U-shaped development in the simulation occurs only after an abrupt change in training regimen. Children overregularize vowel-change verbs more than no-change (...)
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  8.  5
    Learning From a Connectionist Model of the Acquisition of the English Past Tense.K. Plunkett & V. A. Marchman - 1996 - Cognition 61 (3):299-308.
    Comments on G. Marcus' criticisms (see record 1996-24670-001) of K. Plunkett's and V. Marcham's (see record 1994-35650-001) connectionist account of the acquisition of the English past tense (verb morphology). The original model is reviewed. Graphing, overregularization, and other criticisms are addressed (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved).
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  9. Immunity to Error Through Misidentification and Past-Tense Memory Judgements.J. L. Bermudez - 2013 - Analysis 73 (2):211-220.
    Autobiographical memories typically give rise either to memory reports (“I remember going swimming”) or to first person past-tense judgements (“I went swimming”). This article focuses on first person past-tense judgements that are (epistemically) based on autobiographical memories. Some of these judgements have the IEM property of being immune to error through misidentification. This article offers an account of when and why first person past-tense judgements have the IEM property.
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  10.  8
    The Past-Tense Debate.S. Pinker & M. T. Ullman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):456-463.
    What is the interaction between storage and computation in language processing? What is the psychological status of grammatical rules? What are the relative strengths of connectionist and symbolic models of cognition? How are the components of language implemented in the brain? The English past tense has served as an arena for debates on these issues. We defend the theory that irregular past-tense forms are stored in the lexicon, a division of declarative memory, whereas regular forms can be computed by (...)
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  11.  39
    Universal and Past-Tense Prescriptions: A Reply to Mr. Ibberson.R. M. Hare - 1979 - Analysis 39 (4):161 - 165.
    Properly universal prescriptions (necessary in analysis of value-judgments) entail past-tense imperatives. does the unusability of the latter rule out the former? no, because there are many usable rules which entail past-tense imperatives. else we could not point to past breaches when teaching the rule, which remains the same throughout the teaching process, or punish for past breaches of the same rule which is still in force. similar problem about imperatives in other than the second person succumbs to kenny's (...)
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  12.  61
    Memory, Expression, and Past-Tense Self-Knowledge.William Child - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (1):54–76.
    How should we understand our capacity to remember our past intentional states? And what can we learn from Wittgenstein's treatment of this topic? Three questions are considered. First, what is the relation between our past attitudes and our present beliefs about them? Realism about past attitudes is defended. Second, how should we understand Wittgenstein's view that self-ascriptions of past attitudes are a kind of "response" and that the "language-game" of reporting past attitudes is "the primary thing"? The epistemology and metaphysics (...)
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  13.  11
    The Past and Future of the Past Tense Debate.Steven Pinker & Michael T. Ullman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):456-463.
    What is the interaction between storage and computation in language processing? What is the psychological status of grammatical rules? What are the relative strengths of connectionist and symbolic models of cognition? How are the components of language implemented in the brain? The English past tense has served as an arena for debates on these issues. We defend the theory that irregular past-tense forms are stored in the lexicon, a division of declarative memory, whereas regular forms can be computed by (...)
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  14.  1
    Memory, Expression, and Past-Tense Self-Knowledge.William Child - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (1):54-76.
    How should we understand our capacity to remember our past intentional states? And what can we learn from Wittgenstein's treatment of this topic? Three questions are considered. First, what is the relation between our past attitudes and our present beliefs about them? Realism about past attitudes is defended. Second, how should we understand Wittgenstein's view that self-ascriptions of past attitudes are a kind of "response" and that the "language-game" of reporting past attitudes is "the primary thing"? The epistemology and metaphysics (...)
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  15.  3
    Children's Frequency , Productivity Phonology, in the and English Past Tense : The Role of Neighborhood Structure.Virginia A. Marchman - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (3):283-304.
    The productive use of English past tense morphology in school-aged children (N= 74; 3 years, 8 months to 13 years, 5 months) is explored using on elicited production task. Errors represented 20% of the responses overall. Virtually all of the children demonstrated productivity with regular (e.g., good) and irregular patterns (zero-marking, e.g., sit + sit; vowel-change, e.g., ride -+ rid). Overall frequency of errors decreased with age, yet the tendency for certain types of irregularizations increased in the older groups. Analyses (...)
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  16.  65
    The Dynamics of Tense Under Attitudes: Anaphoricity and de Se Interpretation in the Backward Shifted Past.Corien Bary & Emar Maier - 2009 - In Hattori et al (ed.), New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 146--160.
    Shows that both anaphoricity and egocentric de se binding play a crucial role in the interpretation of tense in discourse. Uses the English backwards shifted reading of the past tense in a mistaken time scenario to bring out the tension between these two features. Provides a suitable representational framework for the observed clash in the form of an extension of DRT in which updates of the common ground are accompanied by updates of each relevant agent's complex attitudinal state.
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  17.  47
    Beyond the Past, Present, and Future: Towards the Semantics of ‘Graded Tense’ in Gĩkũyũ. [REVIEW]Seth Cable - 2013 - Natural Language Semantics 21 (3):219-276.
    In recent years, our understanding of how tense systems vary across languages has been greatly advanced by formal semantic study of languages exhibiting fewer tense categories than the three commonly found in European languages. However, it has also often been reported that languages can sometimes distinguish more than three tenses. Such languages appear to have ‘graded tense’ systems, where the tense morphology serves to track how far into the past or future a reported event occurs. This paper presents a formal (...)
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  18.  45
    Rules or Connections in Past-Tense Inflections: What Does the Evidence Rule Out?James L. McClelland & Karalyn Patterson - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):465-472.
  19.  3
    Why Do Children Learn to Say “Broke”? A Model of Learning the Past Tense Without Feedback.Niels A. Taatgen & John R. Anderson - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):123-155.
  20. A Challenge to Current Models of Past Tense Inflection: The Impact of Phonotactics.Chloe R. Marshall & Heather K. J. van der Lely - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):302-320.
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  21.  48
    Rules, Representations, and the English Past Tense.William Marslen-Wilson & Lorraine K. Tyler - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (11):428-435.
  22.  5
    Past Time Reference in a Language with Optional Tense.M. Ryan Bochnak - 2016 - Linguistics and Philosophy 39 (4):247-294.
    In this paper, I analyze the verbal suffix -uŋil in Washo as an optional past tense. It is optional in the sense that it is not part of a paradigm of tenses, and morphologically tenseless clauses are also compatible with past time reference. Specifically, I claim that -uŋil is the morphological exponent of a tense feature [past], which presupposes that the reference time of the clause, denoted by a temporal pronoun, precedes the evaluation time. Meanwhile, morphologically tenseless clauses lack a (...)
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  23.  84
    Children's Productivity in the English Past Tense: The Role of Frequency, Phonology, and Neighborhood Structure.Virginia A. Marchman - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (3):283-304.
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  24.  4
    Past Tense and Past Times in Subjunctive Conditionals.Mackay John - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (S1):520-535.
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  25. Consistency Effects in the Generation of Past Tense Morphology.Mark S. Seidenberg & Maggie Bruck - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):522-522.
     
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  26.  4
    Past Tense Route Priming.Emily R. Cohen-Shikora & David A. Balota - 2013 - Cognition 126 (3):397-404.
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  27. The Effect of Frequency and Phonological Neighbourhood Density on the Acquisition of Past Tense Verbs by Finnish Children.Minna Kirjavainen, Alexandre Nikolaev & Evan Kidd - 2012 - Cognitive Linguistics 23 (2).
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  28. A Neuroconstructivist Model of Past Tense Development and Processing.Gert Westermann & Nicolas Ruh - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):649-667.
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  29.  3
    Errors of Omission in English‐Speaking Children's Production of Plurals and the Past Tense: The Effects of Frequency, Phonology, and Competition.Danielle E. Matthews & Anna L. Theakston - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (6):1027-1052.
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  30.  14
    The Past-Tense Debate: Exocentric Form Versus the Evidence.Michael Ramscar - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):107-108.
  31.  14
    Past Tense Learning.Amit Almor - 2002 - In M. Arbib (ed.), The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press. pp. 848--851.
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  32.  13
    Synthetic Brain Imaging of English Past Tense Inflection.Gert Westermann & Nicolas Ruh - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1364--1369.
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  33.  2
    Simple Past Tense Markers in Turkish and Some American Indian Languages in Terms of Evidentiality.Demi̇rci̇ Kerim - 2010 - Journal of Turkish Studies 5:281-293.
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  34.  3
    The English Past Tense: Analogy Redux.Steve Chandler - 2010 - Cognitive Linguistics 21 (3).
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  35.  1
    A Structure That Is Used With The Function Of Past Tense In The Dialects Of Aydın And Of Its Districts: {-Ip-Durur}.Ali İhsan Yapici - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8.
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  36.  2
    Selective Attention in the Acquisition of the Past Tense.Dan Jackson Rodger M. Constandse & Garrison W. Cottrell - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 183.
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  37. A Connectionist Model of English Past Tense and Plural Morphology-Acquiring Verb Morphology in Children and Connectionist Nets.V. Merlin, M. Tataru, F. Valognes, K. Plunkett & P. Juola - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):463-490.
  38.  1
    The Role of Meaning in Past-Tense Inflection: Evidence From Polysemy and Denominal Derivation.Shoba Bandi-Rao & Gregory L. Murphy - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):150-162.
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  39.  1
    ""Middle Mongolian Past-Tense-" BA" in the" Secret History".John C. Street - 2008 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 128 (3):399-422.
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  40. A Different Shape Of Simple Past Tense Form Of Verb In Turkish Dialects In Azarbaijan And Iran.Bilgehan Atsız Gökdağ - 2009 - Journal of Turkish Studies 4:210-215.
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  41. Universal and past-tense prescriptions: a reply to Mr. Ibberson.R. M. Hare - 1979 - Erkenntnis 39 (4):161.
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  42. Knowledge in the Past Tense.Bart Pattyn - 2006 - Ethical Perspectives 13 (2):191-219.
    The traditional concern universities have had with public, universal knowledge seems to be waning, with an ever-greater stress upon privatised knowledge. Nevertheless, this is an old quarrel. Since Plato saw knowledge as in service of society, he scorned the Sophists for commercialising knowledge. For the mediaeval university, which continued and developed certain strands of Plato’s thinking, the privatisation of knowledge was also unthinkable, since all knowledge ultimately belonged to God.The success of the mediaeval university lay in its autonomy, and its (...)
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  43. Understanding the Past Tense.Christopher Peacocke - 2001 - In Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormark (eds.), Time and Memory. Oxford University Press.
     
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  44. Past Tense, Logic and Pedagogy.L. Tasmowskideryck - 1985 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 39 (155):375-387.
     
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  45. English Past Tense Inflection: Regular Vs. Irregular or Easy Vs. Hard.G. Westermann, V. Kovic & N. Ruh - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 739--744.
     
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  46.  2
    Past Interpretation and Graded Tense in Medumba.Anne Mucha - 2017 - Natural Language Semantics 25 (1):1-52.
    This paper provides a formal semantic analysis of past interpretation in Medumba, a graded tense language. Based on original fieldwork, the study explores the empirical behavior and meaning contribution of graded past morphemes in Medumba and relates these to the account of the phenomenon proposed in Cable for Gĩkũyũ. Investigation reveals that the behavior of Medumba gradedness markers differs from that of their Gĩkũyũ counterparts in meaningful ways and, more broadly, discourages an analysis as presuppositional eventuality or reference time modifiers. (...)
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  47. The Past, Present, and Future of the Debate About Tense.Robin Le Poidevin - 2002 - In Questions of Time and Tense. Clarendon Press.
     
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  48.  53
    Taking Tense Seriously in Differentiating Past and Future.William Lane Craig - 2010 - Faith and Philosophy 27 (4):451-456.
    Wes Morriston argues that even if we take an endless series of events to be merely potentially, rather than actually, infinite, still no distinction between a beginningless and an endless series of events has been established which is relevant to arguments against the metaphysical possibility of an actually infinite number of things: if a beginningless series is impossible, so is an endless series. The success of Morriston’s argument, however, comes to depend on rejecting the characterization of an endless series of (...)
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  49. Taking Tense Seriously in Differentiating Past and Future: A Response to Wes Morriston.William Lane Craig - 2010 - Faith and Philosophy 27 (4):451.
    Wes Morriston argues that even if we take an endless series of events to be merely potentially, rather than actually, infinite, still no distinction between a beginningless and an endless series of events has been established which is relevant to arguments against the metaphysical possibility of an actually infinite number of things: if a beginningless series is impossible, so is an endless series. The success of Morriston’s argument, however, comes to depend on rejecting the characterization of an endless series of (...)
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  50. Fatalism, Tense, and Changing the Past.Mark Bernstein - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 56 (2):175 - 186.
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