87 found
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  1.  30
    Art and Intention.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 68 (2):414-415.
    In aesthetics, the topic of intentions comes up most often in the perennial debate between intentionalists and anti-intentionalists over standards of interpretation. The underlying assumptions about the nature and functions of intentions are, however, rarely explicitly developed, even though divergent and at times tendentious premises are often relied upon in this controversy. Livingston provides a survey of contentions about the nature and status of intentions and intentionalist psychology more generally, arguing for an account that recognizes the multiple functions fulfilled by (...)
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  2.  17
    Art and Intention: A Philosophical Study.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2005 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 65 (3):299-305.
    In aesthetics, the topic of intentions comes up most often in the perennial debate between intentionalists and anti-intentionalists over standards of interpretation. The underlying assumptions about the nature and functions of intentions are, however, rarely explicitly developed, even though divergent and at times tendentious premises are often relied upon in this controversy. Livingston provides a survey of contentions about the nature and status of intentions and intentionalist psychology more generally, arguing for an account that recognizes the multiple functions fulfilled by (...)
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  3.  88
    On an Apparent Truism in Aesthetics.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2003 - British Journal of Aesthetics 43 (3):260-278.
    It has often been claimed that adequate aesthetic judgements must be grounded in the appreciator's first-hand experience of the item judged. Yet this apparent truism is misleading if adequate aesthetic judgements can instead be based on descriptions of the item or on acquaintance with some surrogate for it. In a survey of responses to such challenges to the apparent truism, I identify several contentions presented in its favour, including stipulative definitions of ‘aesthetic judgement’, assertions about conceptual gaps between determinate aesthetic (...)
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  4. The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Film.Paisley Nathan Livingston & Carl Plantinga (eds.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    _The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Film_ is the first comprehensive volume to explore the main themes, topics, thinkers and issues in philosophy and film. The _Companion_ features sixty specially commissioned chapters from international scholars and is divided into four clear parts: • issues and concepts • authors and trends • genres • film as philosophy. Part one is a comprehensive section examining key concepts, including chapters on acting, censorship, character, depiction, ethics, genre, interpretation, narrative, reception and spectatorship and style. (...)
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  5.  72
    Artistic Collaboration and the Completion of Works of Art.Paisley Nathan Livingston & Carol Archer - 2010 - British Journal of Aesthetics 50 (4):439-455.
    We present an analysis of work completion couched in terms of an effective completion decision identified by its characteristic contents and functions. In our proposal, the artist's completion decision can take a number of distinct forms, including a procedural variety referred to as an ‘extended completion decision’. In the second part of this essay, we address ourselves to the question of whether collaborative art-making projects stand as counterexamples to the proposed analysis of work completion.
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  6.  24
    Literary Knowledge: Humanistic Inquiry and the Philosophy of Science.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1988 - Cornell University Press.
    Paisley Livingston here addresses contemporary controversies over the role of "theory" within the humanistic disciplines. In the process, he suggests ways in which significant modern texts in the philosophy of science relate to the study of literature. Livingston first surveys prevalent views of theory, and then proposes an alternative: theory, an indispensable element in the study of literature, should be understood as a Cogently argued and informed in its judgments, this book points the way to a fuller understanding of the (...)
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  7.  68
    Counting Fragments, and Frenhofer’s Paradox.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1999 - British Journal of Aesthetics 39 (1):14-23.
    It is quite common to draw a distinction between complete and unfinished works of art. For example, it is uncontroversial to think that Vermeer had actually completed View of Delft before inept restorers added layers of coloured varnish to give the picture an antique quality, and there is very good evidence to support the related claim that the artist had not finished the work before he effected several pentimenti, including the painting over of a figure in the foreground on the (...)
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  8.  17
    History of the Ontology of Art.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Questions central to the ontology of art include the following: what sort of things are works of art? Do all works of art belong to any one basic ontological category? Do all or only some works have multiple instances? Do works have parts or constituents, and if so, what is their relation to the work as a whole? How are particular works of art individuated? Are they created or discovered? Can they be destroyed? Explicit and extensive treatments of these topics (...)
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  9. History of the Ontology of Art.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    First critical survey devoted to the history of philosophical contributions to this topic. Brings to light neglected contributions prior to the second half of the 20th century including works in Danish, German, and French. Provides a division of issues and clarifies key ambiguities related to modality.
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  10.  22
    Counting Fragments, and Frenhofer’s Paradox.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    It is quite common to draw a distinction between complete and unfinished works of art. For example, it is uncontroversial to think that Vermeer had actually completed View of Delft before inept restorers added layers of coloured varnish to give the picture an antique quality, and there is very good evidence to support the related claim that the artist had not finished the work before he effected several pentimenti, including the painting over of a figure in the foreground on the (...)
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  11. Philosophical Perspectives on Fictional Characters.Paisley Nathan Livingston & Andrea Sauchelli - 2011 - New Literary History 42 (2):337-360.
    This paper takes up a series of basic philosophical questions about the nature and existence of fictional characters. We begin with realist approaches that hinge on the thesis that at least some claims about fictional characters can be right or wrong because they refer to something that exists, such as abstract objects. Irrealist approaches deny such realist postulations and hold instead that fictional characters are a figment of the human imagination. A third family of approaches, based on work by Alexius (...)
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  12.  19
    Discussion Paper : When a Work is Finished : A Response to Darren Hudson Hick.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    [Discussion article, no abstract is available].
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  13.  4
    Literary Knowledge: Humanistic Inquiry and the Philosophy of Science.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1988 - Cornell University Press.
    Paisley Livingston here addresses contemporary controversies over the role of "theory" within the humanistic disciplines. In the process, he suggests ways in which significant modern texts in the philosophy of science relate to the study of literature. Livingston first surveys prevalent views of theory, and then proposes an alternative: theory, an indispensable element in the study of literature, should be understood as a Cogently argued and informed in its judgments, this book points the way to a fuller understanding of the (...)
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  14.  28
    Bolzano on Beauty.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2014 - British Journal of Aesthetics 54 (3):269-284.
    This paper sets forth Bolzano’s little-known 1843 account of beauty. Bolzano accepted the thesis that beauty is what rewards contemplation with pleasure. The originality of his proposal lies in his claim that the source of this pleasure is a special kind of cognitive process, namely, the formation of an adequate concept of the object’s attributes through the successful exercise of the observer’s proficiency at obscure and confused cognition. To appreciate this proposal we must understand how Bolzano explicated a number of (...)
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  15.  29
    Intentionalism in Aesthetics.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Intentionalism in aesthetics is, quite generally, the thesis that the artist's or artists' intentions have a decisive role in the creation of a work of art, and that knowledge of such intentions is a necessary component of at least some adequate interpretive and evaluative claims. In this paper I develop and defend this thesis. I begin with a discussion of some anti-intentionalist arguments. Surveying a range of intentionalist responses to them, I briefly introduce and criticize a fictionalist version of intentionalism (...)
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  16.  27
    Bolzano on Art.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2016 - British Journal of Aesthetics 56 (4):333-345.
    In his little-known essay published posthumously in 1849, Über die Eintheilung der schönen Künste, Bernard Bolzano proposes an explication of the concept of beautiful art as well as a classification of these arts. Bolzano’s divisions allowed him not only to provide a principled and comprehensive classification of actual, well-established arts, but also to anticipate kinds of beautiful art that would not exist or be widely recognized until decades after his death, such as moving pictures, abstract paintings, and what he called (...)
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  17.  13
    C.I. Lewis and the Outlines of Aesthetic Experience.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    The current essay describes aspects of C. I. Lewis’s rarely cited contributions to aesthetics, focusing primarily on the conception of aesthetic experience developed in An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation. Lewis characterized aesthetic value as a proper subset of inherent value, which he understood as the power to occasion intrinsically valued experiences. He distinguished aesthetic experiences from experiences more generally in terms of eight conditions. Roughly, he proposed that aesthetic experiences have a highly positive, preponderantly intrinsic value realized through contemplation, (...)
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  18.  29
    On the Appreciation of Cinematic Adaptations.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    This article explores basic constraints on the nature and appreciation of cinematic adaptations. An adaptation, it is argued, is a work that has been intentionally based on a source work and that faithfully and overtly imitates many of this source's characteristic features, while diverging from it in other respects. Comparisons between an adaptation and its source are essential to the appreciation of adaptations as such. In spite of many adaptation theorists' claims to the contrary, some of the comparisons essential to (...)
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  19.  54
    Du Bos' Paradox.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2013 - British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (4):393-406.
    What is now generally known as the paradox of art and negative affect was identified as a paradox by the Abbé Jean-Baptiste Du Bos in 1719. In his attempt to explain how people can admire and enjoy representational works that ‘afflict’ them, Du Bos claims that such representations give rise to ‘artificial’ emotions, provide a pleasurable relief from boredom, and offer us epistemic, artistic, and moral rewards. The paper delineates Du Bos’ proposal, considers the question of Du Bos’ originality, and (...)
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  20.  12
    Intentions and Interpretations.Alfred R. Mele & Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1992 - MLN 107 (5):931-949.
    Even if everything is up for grabs in philosophy, some things are very difficult to doubt. It is hard to believe, for example, that no one ever acts intentionally. Even the most powerful arguments for the unreality of intentional action could do no more, we believe, than place one in roughly the position in which pre-Aristotelian Greeks found themselves when presented with one of Zeno's arguments that nothing can move from any given point A to any other point B. One (...)
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  21.  56
    C. I. Lewis and the Outlines of Aesthetic Experience.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2004 - British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (4):378-392.
    The current essay describes aspects of C. I. Lewis’s rarely cited contributions to aesthetics, focusing primarily on the conception of aesthetic experience developed in An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation. Lewis characterized aesthetic value as a proper subset of inherent value, which he understood as the power to occasion intrinsically valued experiences. He distinguished aesthetic experiences from experiences more generally in terms of eight conditions. Roughly, he proposed that aesthetic experiences have a highly positive, preponderantly intrinsic value realized through contemplation, (...)
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  22.  36
    What's the Story?Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1993 - Substance 22 (2/3):98.
    People often ask each other “what happens” in a novel or film, and they are inclined to think that some answers are better than others. Some claims about what happens in a story are deemed inaccurate or false, while others are the object of a fairly widespread consensus. The fact that a statement about a narrative discourse is deemed accurate does not mean that it will or should be accepted as an adequate statement about the story told in the discourse. (...)
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  23.  12
    Authorial Intention and the Varieties of Intentionalism.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2010 - In Garry Hagberg & Walter Jost (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  24.  10
    Disorder and Order: Proceedings of the Stanford International Symposium (Sept. 14-16, 1981).Paisley Nathan Livingston (ed.) - 1984 - Anma Libri.
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  25.  22
    Realism/Anti-Realism : A Debate.Adam Muller & Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
  26.  19
    From Virtual Reality to Phantomatics and Back.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Paisley Livingston on Stanislaw Lem and the history and philosophy of Virtual Reality. The technologies and speculations associated with “virtual reality” and cognate terms have recently made it possible for scores of journalists and academics to develop variations on a favorite theme - the newness of the new, and more specifically, the newness of that new and wildly different world-historical epoch, era, or Zeitgeist into which we are supposedly entering with the creation of powerful new machines of simulation. The innovative (...)
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  27.  18
    Arguing Over Intentions.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1996 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 50 (198):615-633.
  28.  12
    Literature and Rationality: Ideas of Agency in Theory and Fiction.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1994 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 52 (2):255.
    Although rationality is a central topic in contemporary analytic philosophy and in the social sciences, literary scholars generally assume that the notion has little or no relevance to literature. In this interdisciplinary study, Paisley Livingston promotes a dialogue between these different fields, arguing that recent theories of rationality can contribute directly to literary enquiry and that literary analysis can in turn enhance our understanding of human agency. The result is a work that helps bring literary studies into a more productive (...)
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  29.  18
    From Work to Work.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1996 - Philosophy and Literature 20 (2):436-454.
    Is it legitimate to interpret and evaluate works in terms of their place within the writer's Oeuvres complètes? Is the notion of the life-work, and of relations between works and the life-work to which they belong, theoretically uninteresting, or worse, unjustifiable? The publication of a beautiful, five-volume edition of Roland Barthes's Oeuvres complètes is a good thing, but if we were to rely on this theorist's meta-hermeneutical dicta alone, it would be hard to say why. Barthes and other advocates of (...)
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  30.  7
    Literary Studies and the Sciences.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    We may begin to grasp the importance of exploring the relations between literary studies and the sciences by reflecting on some of the implications of a recent scholarly publication in literary theory. The example that I have in mind is an article by Ruth Salvaggio, entitled "Shakespeare in the Wilderness; or Deconstruction ithe Classroom," which was included in an anthology called Demarcating the Disciplines. In her article Salvaggio reproduces and comments on a paper written by Andrew Scott Jennings, a second-year (...)
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  31.  5
    Authorship Redux : On Some Recent and Not-so-Recent Work in Literary Theory.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Did Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, or other "poststructuralist" theorists writing in the wake of May '68 come up with any good ideas about authorship and related topics in the philosophy of literature? The three volumes under review have a common point of departure in that broad question, but offer a number of contrasting responses to it. In what follows I describe and assess some of the various perspectives on offer in these 700 or so pages. The short answer (...)
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  32.  67
    Authorship Redux: On Some Recent and Not-so-Recent Work in Literary Theory.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2008 - Philosophy and Literature 32 (1):pp. 191-197.
    Did Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, or other "poststructuralist" theorists writing in the wake of May '68 come up with any good ideas about authorship and related topics in the philosophy of literature? The three volumes under review have a common point of departure in that broad question, but offer a number of contrasting responses to it. In what follows I describe and assess some of the various perspectives on offer in these 700 or so pages. The short answer (...)
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  33.  8
    A Response to Michael Sprinker.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
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  34.  7
    A Response to Michael Sprinker.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
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  35.  3
    Artistic Self-Reflexivity in Strindberg and Bergman.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    In an essay first published in 1959, Roland Barthes declared that modern literature had become “a mask pointing to itself ”.1 Barthes described this self-reflexivity as an anxious, even tragic condition, a tortured process in which literature divides itself into the two logically distinct, yet inter-related levels of object-language and meta-language. Asking itself continually the single, self-absorbing question of its own identity, literature becomes a meta-language and thereby ceases to be an object-language capable of depicting or describing anything other than (...)
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  36.  29
    Bernard Bolzano: On the Concept of the Beautiful - A Philosophical Essay.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2015 - Estetika 52 (2):203-266.
    An intorduction to an English translation of Bernad Bolzano´s On the Concept of the Beautiful. A neglected gem in the history of aesthetics, Bolzano’s essay on beauty is best understood when read alongside his other writings and philosophical sources. This introduction is designed to contribute to such a reading. In Part I, I identify and discuss three salient ways in which Bolzano’s account can be misunderstood. As a lack of familiarity with Bolzano’s background assumptions is one source of these misunderstandings, (...)
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  37.  1
    Beyond Literary Knowledge.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
  38.  1
    Book Review : Ted Nannicelli, A Philosophy of the Screenplay. [REVIEW]Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    [Book review article, no abstracts available].
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  39.  1
    Book Review : The Wolves and the Manger : Analytic Aesthetics and the Dogmas of Poststructuralism. [REVIEW]Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    [Book review article, no abstract available].
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  40.  1
    Book Review : Language, Truth, and Literature : A Defence of Literary Humanism. [REVIEW]Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    [Book review article, no abstract is available].
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  41.  8
    Book Review : Interpretive Reasoning. [REVIEW]Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    The article reviews the book "Interpretive Reasoning," by Laurent Stern.
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  42.  10
    Book Review: Seeing Fictions in Film: The Epistemology of Movies. [REVIEW]Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Review of Seeing fictions in film: the epistemology of movies, by George M. Wilson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
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  43.  16
    Book Symposium on : Seeing Fictions in Film : The Epistemology of Movies, by George M. Wilson.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
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  44.  2
    Creativity.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
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  45.  27
    Cinema and the Artificial Passions: A Conversation with the Abbé Du Bos.Paisley Nathan Livingston - 2013 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 69 (3-4):419-430.
    Resumo Na entrevista ficcional que se segue, as ideias de Abbé Jean-Baptiste Du Bos sobre as artes de representação serão aplicadas a aspectos relevantes do cinema. Du Bos argumenta que, normalmente, as obras de ficção cinematográfica são projectadas para dar origem a “paixões artificiais”, que têm a função de fornecer alívio ao tédio, sem as consequências negativas que muitas actividades alternativas têm. Também será considerada a questão, se os filmes têm um significado filosófico. O resultado é uma perspectiva desconhecida, do (...)
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  46.  4
    Cinema and the Artificial Passions : A Conversation with the Abbé Du Bos.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    In the following fictional interview, the Abbé Jean-Baptiste Du Bos’ ideas about the representational arts are applied to relevant aspects of the cinema. Du Bos argues that normally works of cinematic fiction are designed to give rise to ‘artificial passions’ that have the function of providing relief from boredom without the negative consequences that many alternative pursuits would have. Du Bos’ solution to the paradox of negative affect and his position on Aristotle’s doctrine of catharsis are also set forth in (...)
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  47.  1
    Coherence, Discourse.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    What is a discourse? What makes a discourse coherent or incoherent? Investigation into these difficult questions has yielded so many sophisticated proposals that a short, comprehensive survey is well out of reach.
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  48.  26
    Conversational Implicature.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    The British philosopher Herbert Paul Grice observed that the total significance of an utterance embraces not only “what is said” but what is implied. His term of art for the latter was “implicature,” and he identified conversational implicature as an important type of implicit meaning or signification.
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  49.  8
    Communicative Intention.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Late twentieth-century discussion of the nature of communicative intention was dominated by the theories of British philosopher Herbert Paul Grice. Grice initially argued that the primary intended effect of an indicative utterance was to get the hearer to believe the proposition expressed; an essential component of this communicative intention was the intention to have this effect be achieved through the hearer's recognition of that intention. He eventually acknowledged that there were counterexamples to this analysis and subsequently proposed that the primary (...)
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  50.  3
    Coherence, Logical.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Logicians generally employ coherence and consistency as synonyms naming the absence of contradictions in a group of SENTENCES, propositions, or beliefs, where a contradiction is the conjunction of a proposition and its negation. In metaphysical terms, logical incoherence or contradiction is the impossible instantiation of a property and some other, incompatible property, as in "the circle was square." Epistemically, a contradiction is an irrational belief in both a proposition and its denial.
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