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Panayot Butchvarov [94]Panayot Krustev Butchvarov [2]
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Panayot Butchvarov
University of Iowa
  1.  6
    Anthropocentrism in Philosophy: Realism, Antirealism, Semirealism.Panayot Butchvarov - 2015 - De Gruyter.
  2.  8
    [Book Review] Skepticism in Ethics. [REVIEW]Panayot BUTCHVAROV - 1989 - Ethics 100 (4):934-938.
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  3.  96
    The Concept of Knowledge.Panayot Butchvarov - 1970 - Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
    not analytic. This seems to be the point of Kant's claim that the concept of the sum of seven and five does not include its equality to the number twelve ...
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  4. Adverbial Theories of Consciousness.Panayot Butchvarov - 1980 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):261-80.
  5. Skepticism About the External World.Panayot Butchvarov - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    One of the most important and perennially debated philosophical questions is whether we can have knowledge of the external world. Butchvarov here considers whether and how skepticism with regard to such knowledge can be refuted or at least answered. He argues that only a direct realist view of perception has any hope of providing a compelling response to the skeptic and introduces the radical innovation that the direct object of perceptual, and even dreaming and hallucinatory, experience is always a material (...)
  6.  10
    Ethical and Religious Thought in Analytic Philosophy of Language.Panayot Butchvarov - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):732-735.
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  7.  31
    Being Qua Being: A Theory of Identity, Existence, and Predication.Michael Slote & Panayot Butchvarov - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (119):168.
    Are there nonexistent things? What is the nature of informative identity statements? Are the notions of essential property and of essence intelligible, and, if so, how are they to be understood? Are individual things material substances or clusters of qualities? Can the account of the unity of a complex entity avoid vicious infinite regresses? These questions have attracted widespread attention among philosophers recently, as evidenced by a proliferation of articles in the leading philosophical journals. In Being Qua Being they receive (...)
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  8.  13
    Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance.Panayot Butchvarov - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):301-303.
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  9. Metaphysical Realism and Logical Nonrealism.Panayot Butchvarov - 2002 - In Richard M. Gale (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 282.
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  10. Epistemology Dehumanized.Panayot Butchvarov - 2008 - In Quentin Smith (ed.), Epistemology: New Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 301.
    Fundamental disagreements in epistemology arise from legitimate differences of interest, not genuine conflict. It is because of such differences that there are three varieties of epistemology: naturalistic, subjective, and what I shall call epistemology-as-logic. All three have been with us at least since Socrates. My chief concern will be with the third, but I must begin with the first and second, which constitute standard epistemology.
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  11.  30
    Experience and Theory. An Essay in the Philosophy of Science. Stephan Körner.Panayot Butchvarov - 1968 - Philosophy of Science 35 (3):292-294.
  12.  10
    Linguistic Representation.Panayot Butchvarov - 1981 - Noûs 15 (1):81-84.
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  13. The Concept of Knowledge.Panayot Butchvarov - 1970 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 164 (2):241-241.
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  14.  9
    Being Qua Being.Panayot Butchvarov - 1982 - Noûs 16 (1):143-149.
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  15.  8
    Outline of a Nominalist Theory of Propositions.Panayot Butchvarov - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):122-125.
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  16.  32
    Davidson’s Theory of Truth and Its Implications for Rorty’s Pragmatism. [REVIEW]Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):339-340.
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  17.  12
    Knowledge of the External World.Panayot Butchvarov - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):490-492.
  18.  6
    The Vindication of Absolute Idealism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1988 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (4):768-772.
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  19.  28
    Being, Identity, and Truth.Panayot Butchvarov - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):487-490.
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  20. Skepticism in Ethics.Panayot BUTCHVAROV - 1989 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (2):441-442.
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  21.  51
    The Untruth and the Truth of Skepticism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (4):41 - 61.
    The skepticism I propose to discuss concerns the reality of an external world of perceivable material objects. There are three questions our skeptic may ask. The first is nonmodal and nonepistemic: Are some of the objects we perceive real? The second is also nonmodal but epistemic: Do we know, or at least have evidence, that some of the objects we perceive are real? The third is both modal and epistemic: Can we know, or at least have evidence, that some of (...)
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  22.  19
    Realism in Ethics.Panayot Butchvarov - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):395-412.
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  23.  47
    On Reference and Sense.Panayot Butchvarov - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (10):551-553.
  24.  32
    Direct Realism Without Materialism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1994 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):1-21.
  25.  19
    That Simple, Indefinable, Nonnatural Property Good.Panayot Butchvarov - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):51 - 75.
    AT THE end of the earliest exposition of his emotive theory of ethics, Charles Stevenson acknowledged that the obvious response of many would be: "When we ask 'Is X good?' we don't want mere influence, mere advice.... We want our interests to be guided by... truth, and by nothing else. To substitute for such a truth mere emotive meaning and suggestion is to conceal from us the very object of our search." To this Stevenson replied: "I can only answer that (...)
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  26.  47
    The Demand for Justification in Ethics.Panayot Butchvarov - 1990 - Journal of Philosophical Research 15:1-14.
    The common belief that the epistemic credentials of ethics are quite questionable, and therefore in need of special justification, is an illusion made possible by the logical gap between reason and belief. This gap manifests itself sometimes even outside ethics. In ethics its manifestations are common, because of the practical nature of ethics. The attempt to cover it up takes the form of exorbitant demands for justification and often leads to espousing noncognitivism.
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  27. The Felt Meanings of the World: A Metaphysics of Feeling.Panayot Butchvarov - 1989 - Noûs 23 (2):281-284.
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  28.  39
    A Paradigm of Existence: Onto-Theology Vindicated by William F. Vallicella.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - Philo 6 (2):314-319.
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  29.  19
    Resemblance and Identity.Panayot Butchvarov - 1966 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
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  30.  54
    Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance – Jan Westerhoff.Panayot Butchvarov - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):301–303.
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  31.  47
    Ethics Dehumanized.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (s):165-183.
    It is too early to judge how 20th century philosophy ended, but its beginning was remarkable. Both Moore’s Principia Ethica and Russell’s Principles of Mathematics appeared in 1903, the first volume of Husserl’s Logical Investigations in 1900-01, and four of William James’s major philosophical books in 1902-09. There was not a significant difference, except in style and temperament, between Anglo-American and European philosophers. The analytic/continental schism came much later. Both Russell and Husserl began as mathematicians. Moore wrote in the preface (...)
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  32.  47
    The Self and Perceptions; a Study in Humean Philosophy.Panayot Butchvarov - 1959 - Philosophical Quarterly 9 (35):97-115.
  33.  24
    The Ontology of Philosophical Analysis.Panayot Butchvarov - 1981 - Noûs 15 (1):3-13.
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  34.  40
    Review of Albert Casullo, A Priori Justification[REVIEW]Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (8).
  35. Being qua Being. A Theory of Identity, Existence and Predication.Panayot Butchvarov - 1979 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 86 (2):262-262.
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  36.  44
    Bergmann And Wittgenstein On Generality.Panayot Butchvarov - 2006 - Metaphysica 7 (1):121-145.
    General statements have been the chief subject matter of logic since Aristotle’s syllogistic. They have also been a fundamental concern of metaphysics, though only since Frege invented modern quantification theory. Indeed, logicians and even metaphysicians seldom ask what, if anything, general statements correspond to in the world. But Frege and Russell did, and the question became a major theme in Wittgenstein’s early (pre-1929) and Gustav Bergmann’s later (post- 1959) works. All four were aware that, as Bergmann put it in his (...)
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  37.  30
    The Examined Life.Panayot Butchvarov - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (2):406-408.
    This is a welcome addition to the growing literature in an ethics that is unself-consciously and unabashedly normative. It is concerned with what good lives are and how they can be achieved. At least in civilized contexts, good lives depend on self-direction, which itself depends on possessing the virtues of self-control, self-knowledge, moral sensitivity, and wisdom. These are discussed in detail and with insight. The other-regarding virtues of justice and benevolence are also acknowledged but not discussed, except that Kekes makes (...)
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  38.  34
    On an Alleged Mistake of Logical Atomism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1958 - Analysis 19 (6):132 - 137.
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  39.  13
    Being Qua Being: A Theory of Identity, Existence, and Predication.Craig Knoche & Panayot Butchvarov - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (2):310.
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  40.  7
    Intuition and Ideality.Panayot Butchvarov - 1990 - Noûs 24 (2):349-352.
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  41.  7
    The Philosophy of F. H. Bradley.Panayot Butchvarov - 1986 - Noûs 20 (3):435-437.
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  42.  34
    Generic Statements and Antirealism.Panayot Butchvarov - 2010 - Logos and Episteme 1 (1):11-29.
    The standard arguments for antirealism are densely abstract, often enigmatic, and thus unpersuasive. The ubiquity and irreducibility of what linguists call generic statements provides a clear argument from a specific and readily understandable case. We think and talk about the world as necessarily subject to generalization. But the chief vehicles of generalization are generic statements, typically of the form “Fs are G,” not universal statements, typically of the form “All Fs are G.” Universal statements themselves are usually intended and understood (...)
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  43.  28
    Knowledge of Meanings and Knowledge of the World.Panayot Butchvarov - 1964 - Philosophy 39 (148):145 - 160.
    One of the most characteristic claims of the dominant movement in contemporary British philosophy, to which we shall refer as the philosophy of ordinary language, is that traditional philosophical discourse has usually been logically improper because it has depended upon systematic misuses of certain expressions in ordinary language and that philosophy is a legitimate cognitive discipline only if it is concerned with the description of the actual use of language. To substantiate this claim, the philosopher of ordinary language has had (...)
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  44.  18
    Our Robust Sense of ReaUty.Panayot Butchvarov - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):403-421.
    Anti-Meinongian philosophers, such as Russell, do not explain what they mean by existence when they deny that there are nonexistent objects — they just sense robustly. I argue that any plausible explanation of what they mean tends to undermine their view and to support the Meinongian view. But why are they so strongly convinced that they are right? I argue that the reason is to be found in the special character of the concept of existence, which has been insufficiently examined (...)
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  45.  25
    Universals, Qualities, and Quality-Instances.Panayot Butchvarov - 1989 - International Studies in Philosophy 21 (3):137-138.
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  46. Stephan Körner, Metaphysics: Its Structure and Function Reviewed By.Panayot Butchvarov - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (6):288-289.
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  47.  17
    Letter From the Editor.Panayot Butchvarov - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Research 25:1-1.
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  48.  17
    The Metaphysics of G.E. Moore.Panayot Butchvarov - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (4):868-870.
    This book is a welcome addition to the growing literature on the classics of analytic philosophy. O'Connor's discussion of Moore's philosophy is intelligent, useful, and generally accurate and informed. The title of the book is somewhat misleading. For O'Connor discusses all major parts of Moore's philosophy except his ethics. Hence much of the book is concerned with Moore's defense of common sense, his philosophy of perception, and his conception of analysis, topics that have received much attention and on which it (...)
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  49.  21
    Metaphysics and Its Task: The Search for the Categorial Foundation of Knowledge.Panayot Butchvarov - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):728-730.
    Much of Jorge Gracia’s book is devoted to the definition of metaphysics. But he follows the traditional, though today ignored, distinction between nominal and real definitions. If we think of a definition of x as an answer to the question “What is x?”, an example of the former would be the entry under “bachelor” in a dictionary. An example of the latter would be the account in a chemistry textbook of the chemical structure of water. It is seldom clear that (...)
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  50.  13
    Ethical and Religious Thought in Analytic Philosophy of Language.Panayot Butchvarov - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):732-735.
    Quentin Smith’s new book appears at a time appropriate for judgment of what analytic ethics and philosophy of religion have accomplished during a century of their existence. His emphasis is on ethics, presumably because only recently analytic philosophers have devoted attention to the philosophy of religion. Much of the book is a judicious historical account that distinguishes four stages in the development of analytic philosophy: logical realism, logical positivism, ordinary language analysis, and what Smith calls linguistic essentialism. It begins with (...)
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