Results for 'Panayot K. Butchvarov'

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  1. Skepticism About the External World.Panayot K. Butchvarov - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    One of the most important and perennially debated philosophical questions is whether we can have knowledge of the external world. Butchvarov here considers whether and how skepticism with regard to such knowledge can be refuted or at least answered. He argues that only a direct realist view of perception has any hope of providing a compelling response to the skeptic and introduces the radical innovation that the direct object of perceptual, and even dreaming and hallucinatory, experience is always a (...)
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  2. Adverbial Theories of Consciousness.Panayot K. Butchvarov - 1980 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (3):261-80.
  3.  82
    The Concept of Knowledge.Panayot Butchvarov - 1970 - Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
    not analytic. This seems to be the point of Kant's claim that the concept of the sum of seven and five does not include its equality to the number twelve ...
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  4.  3
    [Book Review] Skepticism in Ethics. [REVIEW]Panayot Butchvarov - 1989 - Ethics 100 (4):934-938.
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  5. Metaphysical Realism and Logical Nonrealism.Panayot Butchvarov - 2002 - In Richard M. Gale (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 282.
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  6.  14
    Being Qua Being: A Theory of Identity, Existence, and Predication.Michael Slote & Panayot Butchvarov - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (119):168.
    Are there nonexistent things? What is the nature of informative identity statements? Are the notions of essential property and of essence intelligible, and, if so, how are they to be understood? Are individual things material substances or clusters of qualities? Can the account of the unity of a complex entity avoid vicious infinite regresses? These questions have attracted widespread attention among philosophers recently, as evidenced by a proliferation of articles in the leading philosophical journals. In Being Qua Being they receive (...)
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  7.  86
    Epistemology Dehumanized.Panayot Butchvarov - 2008 - In Quentin Smith (ed.), Epistemology: New Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 301.
    Fundamental disagreements in epistemology arise from legitimate differences of interest, not genuine conflict. It is because of such differences that there are three varieties of epistemology: naturalistic, subjective, and what I shall call epistemology-as-logic. All three have been with us at least since Socrates. My chief concern will be with the third, but I must begin with the first and second, which constitute standard epistemology.
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  8.  13
    Resemblance and Identity: An Examination of the Problem of Universals.Panayot Butchvarov - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (3):386-389.
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  9.  38
    On Reference and Sense.Panayot Butchvarov - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (10):551-553.
  10.  36
    The Demand for Justification in Ethics.Panayot Butchvarov - 1990 - Journal of Philosophical Research 15:1-14.
    The common belief that the epistemic credentials of ethics are quite questionable, and therefore in need of special justification, is an illusion made possible by the logical gap between reason and belief. This gap manifests itself sometimes even outside ethics. In ethics its manifestations are common, because of the practical nature of ethics. The attempt to cover it up takes the form of exorbitant demands for justification and often leads to espousing noncognitivism.
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  11.  10
    Resemblance and Identity.Panayot Butchvarov - 1966 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
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  12.  43
    Ethics Dehumanized.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (s):165-183.
    It is too early to judge how 20th century philosophy ended, but its beginning was remarkable. Both Moore’s Principia Ethica and Russell’s Principles of Mathematics appeared in 1903, the first volume of Husserl’s Logical Investigations in 1900-01, and four of William James’s major philosophical books in 1902-09. There was not a significant difference, except in style and temperament, between Anglo-American and European philosophers. The analytic/continental schism came much later. Both Russell and Husserl began as mathematicians. Moore wrote in the preface (...)
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  13. Being Qua Being.Panayot Butchvarov - 1982 - Noûs 16 (1):143-149.
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  14.  43
    The Untruth and the Truth of Skepticism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (4):41 - 61.
    The skepticism I propose to discuss concerns the reality of an external world of perceivable material objects. There are three questions our skeptic may ask. The first is nonmodal and nonepistemic: Are some of the objects we perceive real? The second is also nonmodal but epistemic: Do we know, or at least have evidence, that some of the objects we perceive are real? The third is both modal and epistemic: Can we know, or at least have evidence, that some of (...)
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  15.  40
    Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance – Jan Westerhoff.Panayot Butchvarov - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):301–303.
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  16.  32
    Review of Albert Casullo, A Priori Justification[REVIEW]Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (8).
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  17.  13
    Letter From the Editor.Panayot Butchvarov - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Research 25:1-1.
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  18.  13
    Being, Identity, and Truth.Panayot Butchvarov - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):487-490.
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  19.  13
    The Metaphysics of G.E. Moore.Panayot Butchvarov - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (4):868-870.
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  20.  10
    That Simple, Indefinable, Nonnatural Property Good.Panayot Butchvarov - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):51 - 75.
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  21.  21
    The Examined Life.Panayot Butchvarov - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (2):406-408.
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  22.  12
    Our Robust Sense of ReaUty.Panayot Butchvarov - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25:403-421.
    Anti-Meinongian philosophers, such as Russell, do not explain what they mean by existence when they deny that there are nonexistent objects — they just sense robustly. I argue that any plausible explanation of what they mean tends to undermine their view and to support the Meinongian view. But why are they so strongly convinced that they are right? I argue that the reason is to be found in the special character of the concept of existence, which has been insufficiently examined (...)
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  23.  33
    Bergmann And Wittgenstein On Generality.Panayot Butchvarov - 2006 - Metaphysica 7 (1):121-145.
    General statements have been the chief subject matter of logic since Aristotle’s syllogistic. They have also been a fundamental concern of metaphysics, though only since Frege invented modern quantification theory. Indeed, logicians and even metaphysicians seldom ask what, if anything, general statements correspond to in the world. But Frege and Russell did, and the question became a major theme in Wittgenstein’s early (pre-1929) and Gustav Bergmann’s later (post- 1959) works. All four were aware that, as Bergmann put it in his (...)
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  24.  26
    Direct Realism Without Materialism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1994 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):1-21.
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  25.  7
    Ethical and Religious Thought in Analytic Philosophy of Language.Panayot Butchvarov - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):732-735.
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  26.  29
    Generic Statements and Antirealism.Panayot Butchvarov - 2010 - Logos and Episteme 1 (1):11-29.
    The standard arguments for antirealism are densely abstract, often enigmatic, and thus unpersuasive. The ubiquity and irreducibility of what linguists call generic statements provides a clear argument from a specific and readily understandable case. We think and talk about the world as necessarily subject to generalization. But the chief vehicles of generalization are generic statements, typically of the form “Fs are G,” not universal statements, typically of the form “All Fs are G.” Universal statements themselves are usually intended and understood (...)
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  27.  15
    A Paradigm of Existence: Onto-Theology Vindicated by William F. Vallicella.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - Philo 6 (2):314-319.
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  28.  17
    Metaphysics.Panayot Butchvarov - 1992 - International Studies in Philosophy 24 (1):83-84.
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  29.  17
    On an Alleged Mistake of Logical Atomism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1958 - Analysis 19 (6):132 - 137.
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  30. Stephan Körner, Metaphysics: Its Structure and Function Reviewed By.Panayot Butchvarov - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (6):288-289.
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  31.  14
    On What There Must Be.Panayot Butchvarov - 1976 - International Studies in Philosophy 8:195-196.
  32.  8
    Russell's Views on Reality.Panayot Butchvarov - 1988 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 32:165-167.
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  33.  15
    The Categorial Structure of the World.Panayot Butchvarov - 1987 - International Studies in Philosophy 19 (3):81-82.
  34.  13
    Metaphysics and Its Task.Panayot Butchvarov - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):728-730.
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  35.  20
    The Self and Perceptions; a Study in Humean Philosophy.Panayot Butchvarov - 1959 - Philosophical Quarterly 9 (35):97-115.
  36.  21
    The Ontology of Philosophical Analysis.Panayot Butchvarov - 1981 - Noûs 15 (1):3-13.
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  37.  14
    Davidson's Theory of Truth and Its Implications for Rorty's Pragmatism.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):339-340.
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  38.  14
    Human Thought.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):373-374.
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  39.  15
    Knowledge of Meanings and Knowledge of the World.Panayot Butchvarov - 1964 - Philosophy 39 (148):145 - 160.
    One of the most characteristic claims of the dominant movement in contemporary British philosophy, to which we shall refer as the philosophy of ordinary language, is that traditional philosophical discourse has usually been logically improper because it has depended upon systematic misuses of certain expressions in ordinary language and that philosophy is a legitimate cognitive discipline only if it is concerned with the description of the actual use of language. To substantiate this claim, the philosopher of ordinary language has had (...)
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  40.  12
    The Philosophy of Appearances.Panayot Butchvarov - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (3):613-614.
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  41.  14
    Identity.Panayot Butchvarov - 1977 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):70-89.
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  42.  12
    Universals, Qualities, and Quality-Instances.Panayot Butchvarov - 1989 - International Studies in Philosophy 21 (3):137-138.
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  43.  6
    Saying and Showing the Good.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - In Heather Dyke (ed.), Time and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 137--158.
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  44.  10
    Reality.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):497-500.
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  45.  8
    Concrete Entities and Concrete Relations.Panayot Butchvarov - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (3):412 - 422.
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  46.  12
    Realism in Ethics.Panayot Butchvarov - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):395-412.
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  47.  5
    Knowledge of the External World.Panayot Butchvarov - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):490-492.
  48.  12
    The Concept of Possibility.Panayot Butchvarov - 1959 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20 (3):318-337.
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  49.  11
    Version Mailed 12/31/2002 and Being Revised Saying and Showing the Good.Panayot Butchvarov - unknown
    Wittgenstein’s distinction in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus between what can be said and what can only be shown provides a welcome alternative to the stark choice between contemporary realism and antirealism.[i] It concerns what he thought was “the cardinal problem of philosophy.” Tough-minded philosophers often ask, “What are those things that can only be shown?” But their question misses the point of the distinction. What can only be shown is not a part of reality. But neither is it unreal.
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  50.  8
    Philosophical Arguments.Panayot Butchvarov - 1999 - International Studies in Philosophy 31 (4):134-135.
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