Results for 'Parisa Tahafchi'

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  1.  9
    Safety and Tolerability of Burst-Cycling Deep Brain Stimulation for Freezing of Gait in Parkinson’s Disease.Joshua K. Wong, Wei Hu, Ryan Barmore, Janine Lopes, Kathryn Moore, Joseph Legacy, Parisa Tahafchi, Zachary Jackson, Jack W. Judy, Robert S. Raike, Anson Wang, Takashi Tsuboi, Michael S. Okun & Leonardo Almeida - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Background: Freezing of gait is a common symptom in Parkinson’s disease and can be difficult to treat with dopaminergic medications or with deep brain stimulation. Novel stimulation paradigms have been proposed to address suboptimal responses to conventional DBS programming methods. Burst-cycling deep brain stimulation delivers current in various frequencies of bursts, while maintaining an intra-burst frequency identical to conventional DBS.Objective: To evaluate the safety and tolerability of BCDBS in PD patients with FOG.Methods: Ten PD subjects with STN or GPi DBS (...)
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  2. Will intelligent machines become moral patients?Parisa Moosavi - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    This paper addresses a question about the moral status of Artificial Intelligence (AI): will AIs ever become moral patients? I argue that, while it is in principle possible for an intelligent machine to be a moral patient, there is no good reason to believe this will in fact happen. I start from the plausible assumption that traditional artifacts do not meet a minimal necessary condition of moral patiency: having a good of one's own. I then argue that intelligent machines are (...)
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  3.  9
    Understanding Co-authorship: Phenomenological Investigation of Faculty Members’ Experience in Iran Universities.Parisa Gholami, Rozhin Ghaslani & Keyvan Bolandhematan - 2022 - Human Studies 45 (2):243-264.
    The present study, using a qualitative approach and interpretive phenomenological method, was conducted to examine the co-authorship experiences of faculty members as a visible aspect of scientific collaboration. Using purposive sampling and considering the theoretical saturation of the data, 15 faculty members participated in the present study. The required data were collected using a semi-structured interview and analyzed using Smith and Osborne’s method and MAXQDA 2020 software. The experiences of faculty members were interpreted in the form of two encouraging and (...)
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  4.  12
    Attitudes of Iranian students about organ donation: a qualitative study.Parisa Parsa, Malihe Taheri, Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai & Samane Shirahmadi - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):36.
    Organ donation is a life-saving process for patients suffering from an advanced organ failure. A disparity between donated organs and required organs for transplantation is one of the major problems in Iran. Since personal attitudes about organ donation is a main factor influencing willingness to donate organ, the present study sought to provide a deeper understanding of the attitudes of university students in Iran regarding organ donation. This qualitative study was conducted in 2016. Semi-structured interviews were held for collecting data (...)
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  5. Natural goodness without natural history.Parisa Moosavi - 2022 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research:78-100.
    Neo‐Aristotelian ethical naturalism purports to show that moral evaluation of human action and character is an evaluation of natural goodness—a kind of evaluation that applies to living things in virtue of their nature and based on their form of life. The standard neo‐Aristotelian view defines natural goodness by way of generic statements describing the natural history, or the ‘characteristic’ life, of a species. In this paper, I argue that this conception of natural goodness commits the neo‐Aristotelian view to a problematic (...)
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  6. From Biological Functions to Natural Goodness.Parisa Moosavi - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism aims to place moral virtue in the natural world by showing that moral goodness is an instance of natural goodness—a kind of goodness supposedly also found in the biological realm of plants and non-human animals. One of the central issues facing neo-Aristotelian naturalists concerns their commitment to a kind of function ascription based on the concept of the flourishing of an organism that seems to have no place in modern biology. In this paper, I offer a novel (...)
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  7.  37
    Ethical and Traditional Concerns in Contemporary Japanese Design.Parisa Yazdanpanah Abdolmaleki & Ehsan Daneshfar - 2011 - Asian Culture and History 3 (1):115-124.
    Similar to its old history, Japan has a rich traditional and ethical Architecture. Based on these tenets and ethics, different concepts and spaces are formed through the time, as now Japan's ethical and traditional design ideas has its standard principles. Linking the present and the past has always been a momentous criterion in the countries with an old rich Architecture. This fact is indeed important in Japan due to the blend of ethics and religions with peoples` life. Through this idea, (...)
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  8.  7
    Emotional-based pedagogy and facilitating EFL learners' perceived flow in online education.Parisa Abdolrezapour & Nasim Ghanbari - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Given the fundamental role of emotional intelligence in learning, especially in virtual learning contexts where individuals experience more stress and anxiety, the need to understand and recognize one's own feelings and the mutual feelings of peers has gained more importance. Flow as the ultimate state in harnessing emotions in the service of performance and learning has been introduced as the main reason for one's willingness to perform activities which are connected to no external motivation. In this regard, the present study (...)
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  9.  29
    Divergent effects of instructed and reported emotion regulation strategies on children’s memory for emotional information.Parisa Parsafar & Elizabeth L. Davis - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1726-1735.
    ABSTRACTDistraction can reduce adults’ memory for emotion-eliciting information, whereas reappraisal can preserve or enhance it. Yet, when given instructions to use specific emotion regulation...
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  10. Neo-Aristotelian Naturalism and the Evolutionary Objection: Rethinking the Relevance of Empirical Science.Parisa Moosavi - 2018 - In John Hacker-Wright (ed.), Philippa Foot on Goodness and Virtue. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 277-307.
    Neo-Aristotelian metaethical naturalism is a modern attempt at naturalizing ethics using ideas from Aristotle’s teleological metaphysics. Proponents of this view argue that moral virtue in human beings is an instance of natural goodness, a kind of goodness supposedly also found in the realm of non-human living things. Many critics question whether neo-Aristotelian naturalism is tenable in light of modern evolutionary biology. Two influential lines of objection have appealed to an evolutionary understanding of human nature and natural teleology to argue against (...)
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  11. Neo-Aristotelian Naturalism as Ethical Naturalism.Parisa Moosavi - 2022 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 19 (4):335-360.
    Neo-Aristotelian naturalism purports to explain morality in terms of human nature, while maintaining that the relevant aspects of human nature cannot be known scientifically. This has led some to conclude that neo-Aristotelian naturalism is not a form of ethical naturalism in the standard, metaphysical sense. In this paper, I argue that neo-Aristotelian naturalism is in fact a standard form of ethical naturalism that is committed to metaphysical naturalism about moral truths and presents a distinctive and underappreciated argument for it. I (...)
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  12.  25
    Natural goodness without natural history.Parisa Moosavi - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 104 (1):78-100.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Volume 104, Issue 1, Page 78-100, January 2022.
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  13.  3
    Efficacy of virtual reality exposure therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy on symptoms of acrophobia and anxiety sensitivity in adolescent girls: A randomized controlled trial.Parisa Azimisefat, Ad de Jongh, Soran Rajabi, Philipp Kanske & Fatemeh Jamshidi - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:919148.
    BackgroundAcrophobia is a specific phobia characterized by a severe fear of heights. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of two therapies that may ameliorate symptoms of acrophobia and anxiety sensitivity, i.e., virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy with a Waiting List Control Condition (WLCC).MethodsWe applied a three-armed randomized controlled pre-post-test design with 45 female adolescent students. Students who met DSM-5 criteria for acrophobia were randomly assigned to either VRET (...)
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  14.  11
    Salt-flux synthesis of complex oxides: Cs0.33MoO3, CsFe2, and the inverse salt-inclusion phase Cs2Mo0.65O0.21Cl5.44.Parisa Mahjoor & Susan E. Latturner - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (19-21):2582-2595.
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  15.  12
    False Differends.Parisa Vaziri - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):237-259.
    The Holocaust serves as a foundational critical resource in postwar philosophy. Interventions into the logic of its exemplarity tend to treat exemplarity as a matter of archival selection that ignores earlier histories of genocide and slavery. A recent example is Alexander Weheliye’s critique of Giorgio Agamben, which seeks to restitute racial slavery as a theoretically significant moment of biological precarity. In a continuation of this logic, this essay introduces the history of Indian Ocean slavery, which precedes transatlantic slavery but is (...)
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  16.  3
    False Differends in advance.Parisa Vaziri - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
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  17. Is the Neo-Aristotelian Concept of Organism Presupposed in Biology?Parisa Moosavi - 2020 - In Martin Hähnel (ed.), Aristotelian Naturalism: A Research Companion. Springer.
    According to neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism, moral goodness is an instance of natural goodness, a kind of normativity supposedly already present in nature in the biological realm of non-human living things. Proponents of this view appeal to Michael Thompson’s conception of a life-form--the form of a living organism--to give an account of natural goodness. However, although neo-Aristotelians call themselves naturalists, they hardly ever consult the science of biology to defend their commitments regarding biological organisms. This has led many critics to argue (...)
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  18.  5
    Revisiting The Father: Precarity and subversive performativity.Parisa Shams - 2018 - Feminist Theory 19 (3):289-302.
    The ambiguity of August Strindberg’s approach to women has engendered varying interpretations, including accusations of misogyny. Among his allegedly misogynistic plays is the 1887 naturalistic masterpiece, The Father. Chronologically coinciding with the rise of the women’s movement in Sweden, The Father, rather than endorsing a misogynistic culture, allows for an alternative reading that contributes to the destabilisation of gender binaries and an understanding of gender identities as relational and performative. In its portrayal of a fierce struggle between a seemingly diabolic (...)
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  19. On the Relevance of Evolutionary Biology to Ethical Naturalism.Parisa Moosavi - 2017 - In Gary Keogh (ed.), The Ethics of Nature and The Nature of Ethics. pp. 37-50.
    Neo-Aristotelian metaethical naturalism aims to naturalize ethical normativity by showing that it is continuous with natural normativity, a kind of normativity already present in nature among plants and animals. Opponents of this view argue that evolutionary biology rejects the neo-Aristotelian notion of natural normativity, while its proponents argue that the opponents’ appeal to evolutionary biology is misguided and misses the point of the metaethical project. In this paper, I first argue that evolutionary biology is in fact relevant for assessing the (...)
     
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  20.  3
    The effect of using mitigation devices on request compliance in Persian and American English.Abbass Eslami-Rasekh & Parisa Abdolrezapour - 2012 - Discourse Studies 14 (2):145-163.
    Strategies used in requestive speech act and their effects on compliance have been the focus of a number of studies. Previous research, however, has dealt mainly with perceptive data elicited from one of the interlocutors involved in the use of mitigation. A sociolinguistic study could explore the perception of both the requestor and the requestee with respect to using such strategies. This article aims to study the possible correlation between request compliance and the use of mitigation devices. The question is (...)
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  21. COLLECTIVES. Set in stone.Sonja van Kerkhoff, Parisa Damandan & Rudi Struik - 2021 - In Helen Westgeest, Kitty Zijlmans & Thomas J. Berghuis (eds.), Mix & stir: new outlooks on contemporary art from global perspectives. Valiz.
     
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  22.  30
    The Frequency of Reporting Ethical Issues in Human Subject Articles Published in Iranian Medical Journals: 2009–2013.Behrooz Astaneh & Parisa Khani - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):159-170.
    Researchers should strictly consider the participants’ rights. They are required to document such protections as an ethical approval of the study proposal, the obtaining “informed consent”, the authors’ “conflict of interests”, and the source of “financial support” in the published articles. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of reporting ethical issues in human subject articles published in Iranian medical journals during 2009–2013. In this cross-sectional study, we randomly reviewed 1460 human subject articles published in Iranian medical (...)
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  23.  22
    Discourse, ideology and heritage language socialization: micro and macro perspectives. [REVIEW]Parisa Badrkhani - 2018 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (2):237-239.
    In this book, the author presents an ontological discussion of whether our comprehension of what constitutes language use and language, should be based on what the speakers say or think, they do. T...
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  24.  38
    Pragmatism, Bohr, and the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Reza Maleeh & Parisa Amani - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):353-367.
    In this article, we argue that although Bohr's version of the Copenhagen interpretation is in line with several key elements of logical positivism, pragmatism is the closest approximation to a classification of the Copenhagen interpretation, whether or not pragmatists directly influenced the key figures of the interpretation. Pragmatism already encompasses important elements of operationalism and logical positivism, especially the liberalized Carnapian reading of logical positivism. We suggest that some elements of the Copenhagen interpretation, which are in line with logical positivism, (...)
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  25.  15
    10th Royan Institute's International Summer School on “Molecular Biomedicine: From Diagnostics to Therapeutics”.Sharif Moradi, Parisa Torabi, Saeed Mohebbi, Sara Amjadian, Piter Bosma, Farnoush Faridbod, Vahid Khoddami, Morteza Hosseini, Sadegh Babashah, Maryam Ghotbaddini, Arezoo Rasti, Faezeh Shekari, Hamid Sadeghi-Abandansari, Jafar Kiani, Mehdi Shamsara, Mohammad Kazemi-Ashtiani & Samira Gholami - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (6):2000042.
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  26.  26
    Virtual reality and human consciousness: The use of immersive environments in delirium therapy.Marko Suvajdzic, Azra Bihorac, Parisa Rashidi, Triton Ong & Joel Applebaum - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (1):75-83.
    Immersive virtual environments can produce a state of behaviour referred to as ‘presence’, during which the individual responds to the virtual environment as if it were real. Presence can be arranged to scientifically evaluate and affect our consciousness within a controlled virtual environment. This phenomenon makes the use of virtual environments amenable to existing and in-development forms of therapy for various conditions. Delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU) is one such condition for which virtual reality (VR) technology has not (...)
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  27.  6
    Stress, Professional Lifestyle, and Telomere Biology in Elite Athletes: A Growing Trend in Psychophysiology of Sport.Amir Hossien Mehrsafar, Miguel Angel Serrano Rosa, Ali Moghadam Zadeh & Parisa Gazerani - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  28.  3
    Iranian and American Moral Judgments for Everyday Dilemmas Are Mostly Similar.Aryan Yazdanpanah, Sarvenaz Soltani, Fatemeh Sadat Mirfazeli, Seyed Vahid Shariat, Amin Jahanbakhshi, Faraneh GhaffariHosseini, Kaveh Alavi, Parisa Hosseinpour, Parisa Javadnia & Jordan Grafman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12:640620.
    Moral judgment is a complex cognitive process that partly depends upon social and individual cultural values. There have been various efforts to categorize different aspects of moral judgment, but most studies depend upon rare dilemmas. We recruited 25 subjects from Tehran, Iran, to rate 150 everyday moral scenarios developed by Knutson et al. Using exploratory factor analysis (EFA), we observed that the same moral dimensions (except socialness dimension) were driven by the same moral cognitive factors (norm violation, intention, and social (...)
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  29.  5
    Optimization of Energy in Sustainable Architecture and Green Roofs in Construction: A Review of Challenges and Advantages. [REVIEW]Sara Ziaee, Zeynab Gholampour, Mina Soleymani, Parisa Doraj, Omid Hossein Eskandani & Samireh Kadaei - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-15.
    Sustainability has been one of architecture’s most significant trends over the last twenty years. The environmental consciousness of professionals has put sustainability at the heart of the architectural profession and has contributed to adopting and implementing sustainable designs on the scale of urban landscapes. A green roof or living roof, which is a sustainable solution in architecture, is a roof on the surface of which plants are grown. The roof is covered by plants, covering the waterproof layer beneath the vegetation. (...)
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  30.  5
    Ethical challenges as perceived by nurses in pediatric oncology units.Fateme Mohammadi, Zeinab Naderi, Leila Nikrouz, Khodayar Oshvandi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Parisa Sabetsarvestani & Mostafa Bijani - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics.
    Background Providing care to children with cancer is one of the most challenging areas of ethical care for nurses. Few studies have addressed nurses’ perception of the barriers to giving ethical care in oncology departments. Thus, it is essential that the ethical challenges in caregiving as perceived by oncology nurses be investigated. Objective The present study was conducted to investigate the ethical challenges as perceived by nurses in pediatric oncology units in the south of Iran. Research design The present study (...)
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  31. Paris ṿi-Yerushalayim: poʼeṭiḳah teʼosofit u-viḳoret tarbut be-tosefet muvaʼot Parisaʼiyot prozaʼiyoot.Tal Sessler - 2007 - Tel Aviv: Nimrod.
     
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