34 found
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  1. Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought.Pascal Boyer - 2001 - Basic Books.
     
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  2.  65
    Religious Thought and Behaviour as by-Products of Brain Function.Pascal Boyer - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):119-124.
  3.  53
    Evolutionary Economics of Mental Time Travel?Pascal Boyer - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):219-224.
  4.  38
    Cognitive Templates for Religious Concepts: Cross‐Cultural Evidence for Recall of Counter‐Intuitive Representations.Pascal Boyer & Charles Ramble - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (4):535-564.
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  5.  57
    Why Ritualized Behavior? Precaution Systems and Action Parsing in Developmental, Pathological and Cultural Rituals.Pascal Boyer & Pierre Liénard - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):595-613.
    Ritualized behavior, intuitively recognizable by its stereotypy, rigidity, repetition, and apparent lack of rational motivation, is found in a variety of life conditions, customs, and everyday practices: in cultural rituals, whether religious or non-religious; in many children's complicated routines; in the pathology of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD); in normal adults around certain stages of the life-cycle, birthing in particular. Combining evidence from evolutionary anthropology, neuropsychology and neuroimaging, we propose an explanation of ritualized behavior in terms of an evolved Precaution System geared (...)
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  6. Minds Make Societies: How Cognition Explains the World Humans Create.Pascal Boyer - 2018 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
    A watershed book that masterfully integrates insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and more to explore the development and workings of human societies.
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  7.  67
    Explaining Moral Religions.Nicolas Baumard & Pascal Boyer - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (6):272-280.
  8. Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion.Pascal Boyer - unknown
    Recent work in biology, cognitive psychology, and archaeology has renewed evolutionary perspectives on the role of natural selection in the emergence and recurrent forms of religious thought and behavior, i.e., mental representations of supernatural agents, as well as artifacts, ritual practices, moral systems, ethnic markers, and specific experiences associated with these representations. One perspective, inspired from behavioral ecology, attempts to measure the fitness effects of religious practices. Another set of models, representative of evolutionary psychology, explain religious thought and behavior as (...)
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  9. Memory in Mind and Culture.Pascal Boyer & James Wertsch (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  10.  4
    Cognitive Science and Neuroscience of Religious Thought and Behavior.Pascal Boyer - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):119-24.
  11.  37
    What Are Memories For? Functions of Recall in Cognition and Culture.Pascal Boyer - 2009 - In Pascal Boyer & James Wertsch (eds.), Memory in Mind and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--28.
  12.  81
    Natural Epistemology or Evolved Metaphysics? Developmental Evidence for Early-Developed, Intuitive, Category-Specific, Incomplete, and Stubborn Metaphysical Presumptions.Pascal Boyer - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (3):277 – 297.
    Cognitive developmental evidence is sometimes conscripted to support ''naturalized epistemology'' arguments to the effect that a general epistemic stance leads children to build theory-like accounts of underlying properties of kinds. A review of the evidence suggests that what prompts conceptual acquisition is not a general epistemic stance but a series of category-specific intuitive principles that constitute an evolved ''natural metaphysics''. This consists in a system of categories and category-specific inferential processes founded on definite biases in prototype formation. Evidence for this (...)
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  13.  62
    Varieties of Self-Systems Worth Having.Pascal Boyer, Philip Robbins & Anthony I. Jack - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):647-660.
  14.  46
    Intuitive Expectations and the Detection of Mental Disorder: A Cognitive Background to Folk-Psychiatries.Pascal Boyer - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):95-118.
    How do people detect mental dysfunction? What is the influence of cultural models of dysfunction on this detection process? The detection process as such is not usually researched as it falls between the domains of cross-cultural psychiatry and anthropological ethno-psychiatry . I provide a general model for this “missing link” between behavior and cultural models, grounded in empirical evidence for intuitive psychology. Normal adult minds entertain specific intuitive expectations about mental function and behavior, and by implication they infer that specific (...)
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  15.  4
    Individual Choose-to-Transmit Decisions Reveal Little Preference for Transmitting Negative or High-Arousal Content.Florian van Leeuwen, Nora Parren, Helena Miton & Pascal Boyer - 2018 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 18 (1-2):124-153.
    Research on social transmission suggests that people preferentially transmit information about threats and social interactions. Such biases might be driven by the arousal that is experienced as part of the emotional response triggered by information about threats or social relationships. The current studies tested whether preferences for transmitting threat-relevant information are consistent with a functional motive to recruit social support. USA residents were recruited for six online studies. Studies 1a and 1B showed that participants more often chose to transmit positive, (...)
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  16.  23
    Folk-Economic Beliefs: An Evolutionary Cognitive Model.Pascal Boyer & Michael Bang Petersen - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:1-51.
    The domain of “folk-economics” consists in explicit beliefs about the economy held by laypeople, untrained in economics, about such topics as, for example, the causes of the wealth of nations, the benefits or drawbacks of markets and international trade, the effects of regulation, the origins of inequality, the connection between work and wages, the economic consequences of immigration, or the possible causes of unemployment. These beliefs are crucial in forming people's political beliefs and in shaping their reception of different policies. (...)
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  17.  75
    Precaution Systems and Ritualized Behavior.Pascal Boyer & Pierre Liénard - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):635-641.
    In reply to commentary on our target article, we supply further evidence and hypotheses in the description of ritualized behaviors in humans. Reactions to indirect fitness threats probably activate specialized precaution systems rather than a unified form of danger-avoidance or causal reasoning. Impairment of precaution systems may be present in pathologies other than obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), autism in particular. Ritualized behavior is attention-grabbing enough to be culturally transmitted whether or not it is associated with group identity, cohesion, or with any (...)
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  18.  16
    Projecting WEIRD Features on Ancient Religions.Pascal Boyer & Nicolas Baumard - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  19.  4
    Are Ghost Concepts "Intuitive," "Endemic" and "Innate"?Pascal Boyer - 2003 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 3 (3):233-243.
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  20. Natural Epistemology of Evolved Metaphysics? Developmental Evidence for Early-Developmental Evidence for Early-Developed, Intuitive, Category-Specific, Incomplete, and Stubborn Metaphysical Presumptions.Pascal Boyer - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13:277-297.
     
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  21.  36
    Extending the Range of Adaptive Misbelief: Memory “Distortions” as Functional Features.Pascal Boyer, Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):513.
    A large amount of research in cognitive psychology is focused on memory distortions, understood as deviations from various (largely implicit) standards. Many alleged distortions actually suggest a highly functional system that balances the cost of acquiring new information with the benefit of relevant, contextually appropriate decision-making. In this sense many memories may be examples of functionally adaptive misbelief.
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  22.  23
    Cognitive Predispositions and Cultural Transmission.Pascal Boyer - 2009 - In Pascal Boyer & James Wertsch (eds.), Memory in Mind and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 288 - 319.
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  23.  82
    Prosocial Aspects of Afterlife Beliefs: Maybe Another by-Product.Pascal Boyer - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):466-466.
    Bering argues that belief in posthumous intentional agency may confer added fitness via the inhibition of opportunistic behavior. This is true only if these agents are interested parties in our moral choices, a feature which does not result from Bering's imaginative constraint hypothesis and extends to supernatural agents other than dead people's souls. A by-product model might handle this better.
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  24. Cognitive Limits to Conceptual Relativity: The Limitingcase of Religious Categories.Pascal Boyer - 1996 - In J. Gumperz & S. Levinson (eds.), Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 203--231.
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  25.  27
    If “Tracking” is Category-Specific a “Common Structure” May Be Redundant.Pascal Boyer - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):67-68.
    Identifying objects as members of ontological domains activates category-specific processes. There is evidence that these processes include particular ways of “tracking” substances and could do all the “tracking” necessary for concept acquisition. There may be no functional need or evolutionary scenario for a general tracking capacity of the kind described by Millikan.
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  26.  14
    What is Seen and What is Not Seen in the Economy: An Effect of Our Evolved Psychology.Pascal Boyer & Michael Bang Petersen - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
    Specific features of our evolved cognitive architecture explain why some aspects of the economy are “seen” and others are “not seen.” Drawing from the commentaries of economists, psychologists, and other social scientists on our original proposal, we propose a more precise model of the acquisition and spread of folk-beliefs about the economy. In particular, we try to provide a clearer delimitation of the field of folk-economic beliefs and to dispel possible misunderstandings of the role of variation in evolutionary psychology. We (...)
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  27.  12
    Missing Links: The Psychology and Epidemiology of Shamanistic Beliefs.Pascal Boyer - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  28.  10
    Science, Erudition and Relevant Connections.Pascal Boyer - 2003 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 3 (4):344-358.
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  29.  23
    Refereeing in 1997.Patrick Baert, Brian Baigrie, Stanley Barrett, Pascal Boyer, Michael Chiarello, R. H. Coase, Lorraine Code, Wes Cooper, Timothy M. Costelloe & Robert D’Amico - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (3):480.
  30.  30
    Cultural Transmission with an Evolved Intuitive Ontology: Domain-Specific Cognitive Tracks of Inheritance.Pascal Boyer - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):570-571.
    Atran's account of cultural transmission can be further refined by considering constraints from early-developed, domain-specific intuitive ontological understanding. These suggest specific predictions about the cultural survival of “memes,” depending on the way they activate intuitive understanding. There is no general dynamic of cultural inheritance; only complex predictions for domain-specific competencies that cut across cultural domains.
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  31.  30
    Causal Thinking and its Anthropological Misrepresentation.Pascal Boyer - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):187-213.
    The study of causal inferences is an essential part of the study of other cultures. It is therefore crucial to describe the cognitive mechanisms whereby subjects are led to find specific causal explanations plausible and "natural." In the anthropological literature, specific causal connections are described as the result produced by applying a general "conception of causation" or some general "theories" to specific events; the essay aims to show that these answers are either trivial or false. The "naturalness" of explanations must (...)
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  32.  24
    The Stuff 'Traditions' Are Made Of: On the Implicit Ontology of an Ethnographic Category.Pascal Boyer - 1987 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 17 (1):49-65.
  33.  17
    Book Review Forum [Page 4]. [REVIEW]Pamela J. Stewart, Pascal Boyer, Robert N. McCauley, Luther H. Martin & Garry W. Trompf - unknown
    We are pleased to present the following Review Forum of Harvey Whitehouse’s book, Arguments and Icons: Divergent Modes of Religiosity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. 204 pages. ISBN 0-19- 823414-7 (cloth); 0-19-823415-5 (paper). We have given the contributors and the book’s author sufficient space to discuss its themes carefully and thus make a significant contribution to the further analysis of religion and ritual generally.
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  34. Human Cognition and Cultural Evolution.Pascal Boyer - 1999 - In Henrietta L. Moore (ed.), Anthropological Theory Today. Polity Press. pp. 206--33.
     
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