Results for 'Pascal Wagner-Egger'

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  1.  93
    Conditional Reasoning and the Wason Selection Task: Biconditional Interpretation Instead of Reasoning Bias.Pascal Wagner-Egger - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):484 – 505.
    Two experiments were conducted to show that the IF … THEN … rules used in the different versions of Wason 's selection task are not psychologically—though they are logically—equivalent. Some of these rules are considered by the participants as strict logical conditionals, whereas others are interpreted as expressing a biconditional relationship. A deductive task was used jointly with the selection task to show that the original abstract rule is quite ambiguous in this respect, contrary to deontic rules: the typical “error” (...)
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  2. Social Science's Conspiracy Theory Panic: Now They Want to Cure Everyone.Lee Basham & Matthew Dentith - 2016 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 5 (10):12-19.
    A response to a declaration in 'Le Monde', 'Luttons efficacement contre les théories du complot' by Gérald Bronner, Véronique Campion-Vincent, Sylvain Delouvée, Sebastian Dieguez, Karen Douglas, Nicolas Gauvrit, Anthony Lantian, and Pascal Wagner-Egger, published on June the 6th, 2016.
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  3. Clearing Up Some Conceptual Confusions About Conspiracy Theory Theorising.Matthew R. X. Dentith & Martin Orr - 2017 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 6 (1):9-16.
    A reply to Gérald Bronner, Véronique Campion-Vincent, Sylvain Delouvée, Sebastian Dieguez, Nicolas Gauvrit, Anthony Lantian, and Pascal Wagner-Egger's piece, '“They” Respond: Comments on Basham et al.’s “Social Science’s Conspiracy-Theory Panic: Now They Want to Cure Everyone”.
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  4. The Iniquity of the Conspiracy Inquirers.M. R. X. Dentith - 2019 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 8 (8):1-11.
    A reply to “Why ‘Healthy Conspiracy Theories’ Are (Oxy)morons” by Pascal Wagner-Egger, Gérald Bronner, Sylvain Delouvée, Sebastian Dieguez and Nicolas Gauvrit.
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  5.  2
    Pascal Payen – Évelyne Scheid-Tissinier , Anthropologie de l’Antiquité. Anciens objects, nouvelles approches, Turnhout 2012, 441 S., ISBN 978-2-503-54697-1 , € 80,–)Anthropologie de l’Antiquité. Anciens objects, nouvelles approches. [REVIEW]Beate Wagner-Hasel - 2019 - Klio 101 (2):679-684.
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  6.  6
    New Artistic Rhythm Practices and Conceptions.Pascal Michon - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Previous chapter The notion of rhuthmos slowly reappeared in the second half of the 19th century through various and sometimes very complicated paths. In the 1850s and 1860s Baudelaire and Wagner explicitly belittled “rhythm” they asso­ciated with “meter” and “architecture” and preferred to cele­brate “har­mo­ny” and “melody” considered as more fit to grasp the “lyrical impulses of the soul.” In The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music though, Nietzsche equally praised “rhythm” and “harmony” - Sur le concept (...)
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  7.  65
    Realistic Opinion Aggregation: Lehrer-Wagner with a Finite Set of Opinion Values.R. Bradley & C. Wagner - 2012 - Episteme 9 (2):91-99.
    An allocation problem is a type of aggregation problem in which the values of individuals' opinions on some set of variables sum to a constant. This paper shows that for realistic allocation problems, namely ones in which the set of possible opinion values is finite, the only universal aggregation methods that satisfy two commonly invoked conditions are the dictatorial ones. The two conditions are, first, that the aggregate opinion on any variable depends only on the individuals' opinions on that variable (...)
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  8.  1
    The Thoughts of Blaise Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1961 - Greenwood Press.
    Pascal was a scientist and man of the world who came to be a passionately devout Christian. The fragments of his great defense of Christianity, left unfinished at his death in 1662, survive in the form of the Pensees. This series of brief, dramatic notes on his religious convictions are here translated into English. These thoughts expose Pascal's vision of the world and display powerful reasoning and a profound faith.
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  9. Salvaging Pascal’s Wager.Elizabeth Jackson & Andrew Rogers - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (1):59-84.
    Many think that Pascal’s Wager is a hopeless failure. A primary reason for this is because a number of challenging objections have been raised to the wager, including the “many gods” objection and the “mixed strategy” objection. We argue that both objections are formal, but not substantive, problems for the wager, and that they both fail for the same reason. We then respond to additional objections to the wager. We show how a version of Pascalian reasoning succeeds, giving us (...)
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  10.  4
    A Concordance to Pascal's Pensées.Blaise Pascal, Hugh McCullough Davidson & Pierre H. Dubé (eds.) - 1952 - Cornell University Press.
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  11. The Essential Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1966 - New York: New American Library.
     
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  12.  38
    Pascal, Pascalberg, and Friends.Samuel Lebens - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (1):109-130.
    Pascal’s wager has to face the many gods objection. The wager goes wrong when it asks us to chose between Christianity and atheism, as if there are no other options. Some have argued that we’re entitled to dismiss exotic, bizarre, or subjectively unappealing religions from the scope of the wager. But they have provided no satisfying justification for such a radical wager-saving dispensation. This paper fills that dialectical gap. It argues that some agents are blameless or even praiseworthy for (...)
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  13.  55
    Pascal's Apology for Religion: Extracted From the Pensees.Blaise Pascal (ed.) - 1942 - Cambridge University Press.
    ... of Dubois) and in the authorized Preface to the Pensées from the pen of ... Pensées de M. Pascal sur la religion et sur quelques autres sujets, ...
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  14.  6
    Afterword. Pascal Bruckner’s Paradoxes.Pascal Bruckner - 2012 - In The Paradox of Love. Princeton University Press. pp. 221-230.
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  15.  18
    A0 Pascal Paper.Read Pascal - unknown
    This assignment is to be worked alongside other homework and is due at the class period following the midterm exam. Though you should do reading and start thinking about the issues right away, details will make most sense after we have made some progress with other assignments.
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  16.  18
    Pascal Engel. Publications.Pascal Engel - 2017 - Philosophia Scientiae 21:209-234.
    Livres [1] P. Engel, Identité et référence, la théorie des noms propres chez Frege et Kripke, Paris : Presses de l’École normale supérieure. [2] P. Engel, La Norme du vrai, philosophie de la logique, Paris : Gallimard, 3e éd. [3] P. Engel, The Norm of Truth, An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic, New York : Harvester Wheatsheaf. Traduction en anglais de [2] par P. Engel & M. Kochan. [4] P. Engel, États d’esprit, questions de philosophie de l’esprit, Aix-en-Pro...
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  17.  1
    Pascal Engel. Publications.Pascal Engel - 2017 - Philosophia Scientae 21:209-234.
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  18. Simon Icard, Port-Royal Et Saint Bernard de Clairvaux (1608-1709). Saint-Cyran, Jansénius, Arnauld, Pascal, Nicole, Angélique de Saint-Jean. [REVIEW]Pascale Thouvenin - 2015 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 89:113-115.
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  19.  9
    Continental Insularity: Contemporary French Analytical Philosophy: Pascal Engel.Pascal Engel - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 21:1-19.
    People outside France have always wondered why analytical philosophy has had so little influence in this country, while it has gained currency in many other European countries, such as Germany and Italy, not to speak of Northern Europe, where the analytical tradition is strongly established. This can be explained only by a particular conjunction of historical, cultural, sociological and maybe economical factors, which it would be too long to detail here. If there are natural characters of nations, there is no (...)
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  20.  7
    A Dynamical Systems Perspective on Flexible Motor Timing.Evan D. Remington, Seth W. Egger, Devika Narain, Jing Wang & Mehrdad Jazayeri - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (10):938-952.
  21.  36
    The Heart of Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1945 - Cambridge University Press.
    PREFACE When in the year 1940 I ventured a small volume under the title The Secret of Pascal, I honestly did not expect to write further on the topic. But circumstances ordered otherwise. The needs of Cambridge students and the difficulty, ...
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  22.  90
    A Mechanism for Cognitive Dynamics: Neuronal Communication Through Neuronal Coherence.Pascal Fries - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):474-480.
  23.  7
    Machiavellian Apparatus of Cyberbullying: Its Triggers Igniting Fury With Legal Impacts.Anne Wagner & Wei Yu - 2021 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 34 (4):945-963.
    Young netizens are an emerging generator of online content, engaging in an increasing number of online flaming interactions. This shortened communication mode has incorporated power amplifiers, enabling the inclusion of both verbal and non-verbal triggers, thereby initiating abuses akin to cyberbullying. Cyberbullying has emerged as an extremely unstable hot issue, which is difficult to regulate upstream, severely impacting inexperienced young netizens. This Machiavellian apparatus proves to be sophisticated, given its powerful nature, and results in its victims being ensnared in a (...)
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  24. Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God.Jeff Jordan - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Is it reasonable to believe in God even in the absence of strong evidence that God exists? Pragmatic arguments for theism are designed to support belief even if one lacks evidence that theism is more likely than not. Jeff Jordan proposes that there is a sound version of the most well-known argument of this kind, Pascal's Wager, and explores the issues involved - in epistemology, the ethics of belief, decision theory, and theology.
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  25.  69
    Considerations in Ethical Decision-Making and Software Piracy.Suzanne C. Wagner & G. Lawrence Sanders - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):161 - 167.
    Individuals are faced with the many opportunities to pirate. The decision to pirate or not may be related to an individual''s attitudes toward other ethical issues. A person''s ethical and moral predispositions and the judgments that they use to make decisions may be consistent across various ethical dilemmas and may indicate their likelihood to pirate software. This paper investigates the relationship between religion and a theoretical ethical decision making process that an individual uses when evaluating ethical or unethical situations. An (...)
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  26. Pensées de M. Pascal Sur la Religion, Et Sur Quelques Autres Sujets Qui Ont Esté Trouvées Aprés Sa Mort Parmy Ses Papiers.Blaise Pascal & David Berthelin - 1675 - Chez David Berthelin,.
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  27. Pensées de Pascal Disposées Suivant Un Plan Nouveau.Blaise Pascal & J. Astié - 1883 - Fischbacher (Société Anonyme).
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  28. The Living Thoughts of Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1940 - Toronto, Longmans, Green and Co..
     
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  29. Œvres de Blaise Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1819 - Lefèvre.
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  30. Les Modèles Comme Fictions.Pascal Ludwig & Anouk Barberousse - unknown
    We propose a philosophical theory of scientific models. Our main claim is that they should be understood as fictions. We illustrate the relevance of the claim by illustrations drawn from the history of science, and we propose a typology.
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  31. Pascal’s Wager and the Nature of God.Greg Janzen - 2011 - Sophia 50 (3):331-344.
    This paper argues that Pascal's formulation of his famous wager argument licenses an inference about God's nature that ultimately vitiates the claim that wagering for God is in one's rational self-interest. In particular, it is argued that if we accept Pascal's premises, then we can infer that the god for whom Pascal encourages us to wager is irrational. But if God is irrational, then the prudentially rational course of action is to refrain from wagering for him.
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  32.  58
    Omissions and Expectations: A New Approach to the Things We Failed to Do.Pascale Willemsen - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1587-1614.
    Imagine you and your friend Pierre agreed on meeting each other at a café, but he does not show up. What is the difference between a friend’s not showing up meeting? and any other person not coming? In some sense, all people who did not come show the same kind of behaviour, but most people would be willing to say that the absence of a friend who you expected to see is different in kind. In this paper, I will spell (...)
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  33. Pascal's Wager.Alan Hájek - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Pascal's Wager” is the name given to an argument due to Blaise Pascal for believing, or for at least taking steps to believe, in God. The name is somewhat misleading, for in a single paragraph of his Pensées, Pascal apparently presents at least three such arguments, each of which might be called a ‘wager’ — it is only the final of these that is traditionally referred to as “Pascal's Wager”. We find in it the extraordinary confluence (...)
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  34.  21
    Recent Empirical Work on the Relationship Between Causal Judgements and Norms.Pascale Willemsen & Lara Kirfel - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (1):e12562.
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  35. Mental Causation. [REVIEW]Pascal Engel - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (1):105-106.
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  36. Pascal's Wager and the Many Gods Objection.Paul Saka - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (3):321-341.
    Pascal's Wager is finding ever more defenders who aim to undermine the old Many Gods Objection. It is my thesis that they are mistaken. After describing the Wager and the objection, I report on Jeff Jordan's repeated attempt to limit legitimate religious hypotheses to those that are traditional. In separate sections I criticize Jordan, first coming from epistemology and second from anthropology. Then I describe George Schlesinger's repeated appeal to the ‘simplest’ religious hypothesis, and argue that it fails for (...)
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  37. Jean-Luc Nancy: A Negative Politics?Andreas Wagner - 2006 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (1):89-109.
    Taking his critique of totalitarianizing conceptions of community as a starting point, this text examines Jean-Luc Nancy's work of an ‘ontology of plural singular being’ for its political implications. It argues that while at first this ontology seems to advocate a negative or an anti-politics only, it can also be read as a ‘theory of communicative praxis’ that suggests a certain ethos – in the form of a certain use of symbols that would render the ontological plurality of singulars perceptible (...)
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  38.  91
    Pascal's Wager: A Study of Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology.Nicholas Rescher - 1985 - University of Notre Dame Press.
  39.  26
    Quine’s Substitutional Definition of Logical Truth and the Philosophical Significance of the Löwenheim-Hilbert-Bernays Theorem.Henri Wagner - 2018 - History and Philosophy of Logic 40 (2):182-199.
    The Löwenheim-Hilbert-Bernays theorem states that, for an arithmetical first-order language L, if S is a satisfiable schema, then substitution of open sentences of L for the predicate letters of S...
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  40. Synchronization of Oscillatory Responses in Visual Cortex Correlates with Perception in Interocular Rivalry.Pascal Fries, Pieter R. Roelfsema, Andreas K. Engel & Wolf Singer - 1997 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Usa 94:12699-12704.
  41.  51
    Old Evidence and New Explanation III.Carl G. Wagner - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):S165 - S175.
    Garber (1983) and Jeffrey (1991, 1995) have both proposed solutions to the old evidence problem. Jeffrey's solution, based on a new probability revision method called reparation, has been generalized to the case of uncertain old evidence and probabilistic new explanation in Wagner 1997, 1999. The present paper reformulates some of the latter work, highlighting the central role of Bayes factors and their associated uniformity principle, and extending the analysis to the case in which an hypothesis bears on a countable (...)
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  42. Waging War on Pascal’s Wager.Alan Hájek - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (1):27-56.
    Pascal’s Wager is simply too good to be true—or better, too good to be sound. There must be something wrong with Pascal’s argument that decision-theoretic reasoning shows that one must (resolve to) believe in God, if one is rational. No surprise, then, that critics of the argument are easily found, or that they have attacked it on many fronts. For Pascal has given them no dearth of targets.
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  43.  66
    Peer Disagreement and Independence Preservation.Carl G. Wagner - 2011 - Erkenntnis 74 (2):277-288.
    It has often been recommended that the differing probability distributions of a group of experts should be reconciled in such a way as to preserve each instance of independence common to all of their distributions. When probability pooling is subject to a universal domain condition, along with state-wise aggregation, there are severe limitations on implementing this recommendation. In particular, when the individuals are epistemic peers whose probability assessments are to be accorded equal weight, universal preservation of independence is, with a (...)
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  44.  86
    Thinking the Voice: Neural Correlates of Voice Perception.Pascal Belin, Shirley Fecteau & Catherine Bédard - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):129-135.
  45.  4
    Pensées and Other Writings.Blaise Pascal - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    For much of his life Pascal (1623-62) worked on a magnum opus which was never published in its intended form. Instead, he left a mass of fragments, some of them meant as notes for the Apologie. These were to become known as the Pensées, and they occupy a crucial place in Western philosophy and religious writing. Pascal's general intention was to confound scepticism about metaphysical questions. Some of the Pensées are fully developed literary reflections on the human condition,, (...)
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  46.  32
    Hans Wagner: Die Würde des Menschen. Wesen und Normfunktion. Hrsg. v. Stephan Nachtsheim.Hans Wagner & Reinhold Breil - 2015 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 68 (1):022-032.
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  47.  54
    Hans Wagner: Kleinere Schriften I: Systematische Abhandlungen. Hrsg. v. Bernward Grünewald.Hans Wagner, Bernward Grünewald & Reinhold Breil - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):153-165.
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  48.  59
    Wagner, Richard, Fichtes.Anteil an der Einführung der Pestalozzischen Methode in Preußen.Richard Wagner - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  49.  23
    Embodied Communication: Speakers’ Gestures Affect Listeners’ Actions.Michael K. Tanenhaus Susan Wagner Cook - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):98.
  50.  20
    Empirical Ethics: A Challenge to Bioethics.Pascal Borry, Paul Schotsmans & Kris Dierickx - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):1-3.
    The field of bioethics is increasingly coming into contact with empirical research findings. In this article, we ask what role empirical research can play in the process of ethical clarification and decision-making. Ethical reflection almost always proceeds in three steps: the description of the moral question,the assessment of the moral question and the evaluation of the decision-making. Empirical research can contribute to each step of this process. In the description of the moral object, first of all, empirical research has a (...)
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