Results for 'Pascal Wurtz'

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  1.  13
    The Feeling of Fluent Perception: A Single Experience From Multiple Asynchronous Sources☆.Pascal Wurtz, Rolf Reber & Thomas D. Zimmermann - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):171-184.
    Zeki and co-workers recently proposed that perception can best be described as locally distributed, asynchronous processes that each create a kind of microconsciousness, which condense into an experienced percept. The present article is aimed at extending this theory to metacognitive feelings. We present evidence that perceptual fluency—the subjective feeling of ease during perceptual processing—is based on speed of processing at different stages of the perceptual process. Specifically, detection of briefly presented stimuli was influenced by figure-ground contrast, but not by symmetry (...)
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  2.  43
    Exploring “Fringe” Consciousness: The Subjective Experience of Perceptual Fluency and its Objective Bases.Rolf Reber, Pascal Wurtz & Thomas D. Zimmermann - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):47-60.
    Perceptual fluency is the subjective experience of ease with which an incoming stimulus is processed. Although perceptual fluency is assessed by speed of processing, it remains unclear how objective speed is related to subjective experiences of fluency. We present evidence that speed at different stages of the perceptual process contributes to perceptual fluency. In an experiment, figure-ground contrast influenced detection of briefly presented words, but not their identification at longer exposure durations. Conversely, font in which the word was written influenced (...)
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  3.  56
    Pascal's Apology for Religion: Extracted From the Pensees.Blaise Pascal (ed.) - 1942 - Cambridge University Press.
    ... of Dubois) and in the authorized Preface to the Pensées from the pen of ... Pensées de M. Pascal sur la religion et sur quelques autres sujets, ...
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  4.  7
    Afterword. Pascal Bruckner’s Paradoxes.Pascal Bruckner - 2012 - In The Paradox of Love. Princeton University Press. pp. 221-230.
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  5.  19
    A0 Pascal Paper.Read Pascal - unknown
    This assignment is to be worked alongside other homework and is due at the class period following the midterm exam. Though you should do reading and start thinking about the issues right away, details will make most sense after we have made some progress with other assignments.
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  6. Œvres de Blaise Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1819 - Lefèvre.
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  7.  19
    Pascal Engel. Publications.Pascal Engel - 2017 - Philosophia Scientiae 21:209-234.
    Livres [1] P. Engel, Identité et référence, la théorie des noms propres chez Frege et Kripke, Paris : Presses de l’École normale supérieure. [2] P. Engel, La Norme du vrai, philosophie de la logique, Paris : Gallimard, 3e éd. [3] P. Engel, The Norm of Truth, An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic, New York : Harvester Wheatsheaf. Traduction en anglais de [2] par P. Engel & M. Kochan. [4] P. Engel, États d’esprit, questions de philosophie de l’esprit, Aix-en-Pro...
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  8.  4
    Pascal Engel. Publications.Pascal Engel - 2017 - Philosophia Scientae 21:209-234.
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  9.  2
    Pascal Selections.Blaise Pascal - 1989 - Macmillan Publishing Company.
  10.  38
    The Heart of Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1945 - Cambridge University Press.
    PREFACE When in the year 1940 I ventured a small volume under the title The Secret of Pascal, I honestly did not expect to write further on the topic. But circumstances ordered otherwise. The needs of Cambridge students and the difficulty, ...
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  11.  2
    The Thoughts of Blaise Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1961 - Greenwood Press.
    Pascal was a scientist and man of the world who came to be a passionately devout Christian. The fragments of his great defense of Christianity, left unfinished at his death in 1662, survive in the form of the Pensees. This series of brief, dramatic notes on his religious convictions are here translated into English. These thoughts expose Pascal's vision of the world and display powerful reasoning and a profound faith.
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  12.  28
    Truth.Pascal Engel - 2002 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Engel argues that, although the minimalist conception of truth is basically right, it does not follow that truth can be eliminated from our philosophical thinking, as is claimed by some radical deflationists. In particular, he shows that some deflationist views have a definitively relativist and "postmodernist" ring and should be rejected. Even if a metaphysically substantive theory of truth has little chance to succeed, he argues, truth plays a central role as a norm or guiding value of our rational inquiries (...)
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  13. Pensées de M. Pascal Sur la Religion, Et Sur Quelques Autres Sujets Qui Ont Esté Trouvées Aprés Sa Mort Parmy Ses Papiers.Blaise Pascal & David Berthelin - 1675 - Chez David Berthelin,.
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  14. Pensées de Pascal Disposées Suivant Un Plan Nouveau.Blaise Pascal & J. Astié - 1883 - Fischbacher (Société Anonyme).
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  15. The Living Thoughts of Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1940 - Toronto, Longmans, Green and Co..
     
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  16.  6
    A Concordance to Pascal's Pensées.Blaise Pascal, Hugh McCullough Davidson & Pierre H. Dubé (eds.) - 1952 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
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  17. The Essential Pascal.Blaise Pascal - 1966 - New York: New American Library.
     
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  18. Salvaging Pascal’s Wager.Elizabeth Jackson & Andrew Rogers - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (1):59-84.
    Many think that Pascal’s Wager is a hopeless failure. A primary reason for this is because a number of challenging objections have been raised to the wager, including the “many gods” objection and the “mixed strategy” objection. We argue that both objections are formal, but not substantive, problems for the wager, and that they both fail for the same reason. We then respond to additional objections to the wager. We show how a version of Pascalian reasoning succeeds, giving us (...)
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  19.  1
    Simon Icard, Port-Royal Et Saint Bernard de Clairvaux (1608-1709). Saint-Cyran, Jansénius, Arnauld, Pascal, Nicole, Angélique de Saint-Jean. [REVIEW]Pascale Thouvenin - 2015 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 89:113-115.
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  20.  2
    Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought.Pascal Boyer - 2001 - Basic Books.
    Many of our questions about religion, says renowned anthropologist Pascal Boyer, are no longer mysteries. We are beginning to know how to answer questions such as "Why do people have religion?" Using findings from anthropology, cognitive science, linguistics, and evolutionary biology, Religion Explained shows how this aspect of human consciousness is increasingly admissible to coherent, naturalistic explanation. This brilliant and controversial book gives readers the first scientific explanation for what religious feeling is really about, what it consists of, and (...)
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  21.  3
    Memory in Mind and Culture.Pascal Boyer & James V. Wertsch (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This text introduces students, scholars, and interested educated readers to the issues of human memory broadly considered, encompassing both individual memory, collective remembering by societies, and the construction of history. The book is organised around several major questions: How do memories construct our past? How do we build shared collective memories? How does memory shape history? This volume presents a special perspective, emphasising the role of memory processes in the construction of self-identity, of shared cultural norms and concepts, and of (...)
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  22.  1
    Perpetual Euphoria: On the Duty to Be Happy.Pascal Bruckner - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    Happiness today is not just a possibility or an option but a requirement and a duty. To fail to be happy is to fail utterly. Happiness has become a religion--one whose smiley-faced god looks down in rebuke upon everyone who hasn't yet attained the blessed state of perpetual euphoria. How has a liberating principle of the Enlightenment--the right to pursue happiness--become the unavoidable and burdensome responsibility to be happy? How did we become unhappy about not being happy--and what might we (...)
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  23.  46
    Modern Philosophy in France: A Discussion with Pierre Jacob and Pascal Engel.Pierre Jacob, Pascal Engel, Kim Davis, Jonathan Leigh-Pemberton & Simon Whiteside - 1987 - Cogito 1 (3):21-23.
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  24. Logique de Port-Royal Suivie des Trois Fragments de Pascal Sur L'autorité En Matière de Philosophie, L'esprit Géométrique Et L'art de Persuader.Antoine Arnauld, Pierre Nicole, Blaise Pascal & Charles Jourdain - 1861 - Librairie de L. Hachette Et Cie.
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  25.  49
    Pascal, Pascalberg, and Friends.Samuel Lebens - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (1):109-130.
    Pascal’s wager has to face the many gods objection. The wager goes wrong when it asks us to chose between Christianity and atheism, as if there are no other options. Some have argued that we’re entitled to dismiss exotic, bizarre, or subjectively unappealing religions from the scope of the wager. But they have provided no satisfying justification for such a radical wager-saving dispensation. This paper fills that dialectical gap. It argues that some agents are blameless or even praiseworthy for (...)
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  26.  88
    Pascal’s Wager: a Reason to Hesitate.Amos Wollen - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-8.
    One version of Pascal’s Wager says we should commit to, or cultivate belief in, whatever religion we think is most likely to bring us eternal joy. I pose a reductio for this version of the Wager. After exploring some ways the Pascalian might respond, the verdict is that it provides some reason to suspect that somewhere, somehow, the Wager goes wrong.
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  27.  11
    Continental Insularity: Contemporary French Analytical Philosophy: Pascal Engel.Pascal Engel - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 21:1-19.
    People outside France have always wondered why analytical philosophy has had so little influence in this country, while it has gained currency in many other European countries, such as Germany and Italy, not to speak of Northern Europe, where the analytical tradition is strongly established. This can be explained only by a particular conjunction of historical, cultural, sociological and maybe economical factors, which it would be too long to detail here. If there are natural characters of nations, there is no (...)
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  28.  5
    Thomas Würtz, Islamische Theologie im 14. Jahrhundert. Auferstehungslehre, Handlungstheorie und Schöpfungsvorstellungen im Werk von Saʿd ad-Dīn at-Taftāzānī Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 2016, , viii u. 295 Seiten, ISBN 978-3-11-039958-5. [REVIEW]Angelika Brodersen - 2019 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 96 (1):265-269.
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  29.  92
    A Mechanism for Cognitive Dynamics: Neuronal Communication Through Neuronal Coherence.Pascal Fries - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):474-480.
  30.  3
    What`s the Use of Truth?Pascal Engel & Richard Rorty - 2007 - Columbia University Press.
    American pragmatist Rorty and the French analytic philosopher Engel present their radically different perspectives on truth and its correspondence to reality. "What's the Use of Truth?" is a rare opportunity to experience each side of this impassioned debate clearly and concisely.
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  31. De ruimte van het hart. Kennen en willen in de antropologie van Blaise Pascal.Klaas Bom & Blaise Pascal - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (2):407-408.
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  32.  46
    Exploring "Fringe" Consciousness: The Subjective Experience of Perceptual Fluency and its Objective Bases.Rolf Reber, P. Wurtz & Thomas E. Zimmermann - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):47-60.
    Perceptual fluency is the subjective experience of ease with which an incoming stimulus is processed. Although perceptual fluency is assessed by speed of processing, it remains unclear how objective speed is related to subjective experiences of fluency. We present evidence that speed at different stages of the perceptual process contributes to perceptual fluency. In an experiment, figure-ground contrast influenced detection of briefly presented words, but not their identification at longer exposure durations. Conversely, font in which the word was written influenced (...)
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  33.  2
    Va Savoir!: De la Connaissance En Général.Pascal Engel - 2007 - Hermann.
    Le sceptique nous demande " Comment sais-tu que tu as deux mains? Peut-être rêves-tu, ou es-tu trompé par quelque Malin Génie? Peut-on même définir ce que c'est que la connaissance? Va savoir! " Lui rétorquer, comme le faisaient G.E. Moore et la tradition de la philosophie du sens commun : " Mais je sais bien que j'ai deux mains! " semble à la fois une pétition de principe et une bien mauvaise réponse. Le mieux, depuis que nous avons perdu le (...)
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  34. Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God.Jeff Jordan - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Is it reasonable to believe in God even in the absence of strong evidence that God exists? Pragmatic arguments for theism are designed to support belief even if one lacks evidence that theism is more likely than not. Jeff Jordan proposes that there is a sound version of the most well-known argument of this kind, Pascal's Wager, and explores the issues involved - in epistemology, the ethics of belief, decision theory, and theology.
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  35.  9
    Würtz, Dieter, "Das Verhältnis von Beobachtungs- Und Theoretischer Sprache in der Erkenntnistheorie B. Russells". [REVIEW]Hans-Joachim Dahms - 1982 - Erkenntnis 17 (3):405.
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  36. Pascal: The Great Philosophers.Ben Rogers - 1997 - Routledge.
    First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  37. Pascal's Wager.Alan Hájek - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Pascal's Wager” is the name given to an argument due to Blaise Pascal for believing, or for at least taking steps to believe, in God. The name is somewhat misleading, for in a single paragraph of his Pensées, Pascal apparently presents at least three such arguments, each of which might be called a ‘wager’ — it is only the final of these that is traditionally referred to as “Pascal's Wager”. We find in it the extraordinary confluence (...)
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  38.  72
    Pensées.Blaise Pascal - 1670 - In Aloysius Martinich, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger. London: Blackwell. pp. 111-112.
    "I know of no religious writer more pertinent to our time."—T. S. Eliot, Introduction to Pensees Intended to prove that religion is not contrary to reason, Pascal's Pensees rank among the liveliest and most eloquent defenses of Christianity. Motivated by the seventeenth-century view of the supremacy of human reason, Pascal (1623–1662) had intended to write an ambitious apologia for Christianity in which he argued the inability of reason to address metaphysical problems. His untimely death prevented the work's completion, (...)
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  39. Pascal's Mugger Strikes Again.Dylan Balfour - 2021 - Utilitas 33 (1):118-124.
    In a well-known paper, Nick Bostrom presents a confrontation between a fictionalised Blaise Pascal and a mysterious mugger. The mugger persuades Pascal to hand over his wallet by exploiting Pascal's commitment to expected utility maximisation. He does so by offering Pascal an astronomically high reward such that, despite Pascal's low credence in the mugger's truthfulness, the expected utility of accepting the mugging is higher than rejecting it. In this article, I present another sort of high (...)
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  40. After Pascal’s Wager: On Religious Belief, Regulated and Rationally Held.Jack Warman & David Efird - 2021 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 90 (1):61-78.
    In Pascal’s famous wager, he claims that the seeking non-believer can induce genuine religious belief in herself by joining a religious community and taking part in its rituals. This form of belief regulation is epistemologically puzzling: can we form beliefs in this way, and could such beliefs be rationally held? In the first half of the paper, we explain how the regimen could allow the seeking non-believer to regulate her religious beliefs by intervening on her evidence and epistemic standards. (...)
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  41.  38
    Dissecting the Algorithmic Leviathan: On the Socio-Political Anatomy of Algorithmic Governance.Pascal D. König - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (3):467-485.
    A growing literature is taking an institutionalist and governance perspective on how algorithms shape society based on unprecedented capacities for managing social complexity. Algorithmic governance altogether emerges as a novel and distinctive kind of societal steering. It appears to transcend established categories and modes of governance—and thus seems to call for new ways of thinking about how social relations can be regulated and ordered. However, as this paper argues, despite its novel way of realizing outcomes of collective steering and coordination, (...)
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  42.  25
    Thalamic Pathways for Active Vision.Rebecca A. Berman Robert H. Wurtz, Kerry McAlonan, James Cavanaugh - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):177.
  43. Pascal's Wager and the Many Gods Objection.Paul Saka - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (3):321-341.
    Pascal's Wager is finding ever more defenders who aim to undermine the old Many Gods Objection. It is my thesis that they are mistaken. After describing the Wager and the objection, I report on Jeff Jordan's repeated attempt to limit legitimate religious hypotheses to those that are traditional. In separate sections I criticize Jordan, first coming from epistemology and second from anthropology. Then I describe George Schlesinger's repeated appeal to the ‘simplest’ religious hypothesis, and argue that it fails for (...)
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  44.  27
    Recent Empirical Work on the Relationship Between Causal Judgements and Norms.Pascale Willemsen & Lara Kirfel - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (1):e12562.
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  45. Mental Causation. [REVIEW]Pascal Engel - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (1):105-106.
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  46.  63
    Omissions and Expectations: A New Approach to the Things We Failed to Do.Pascale Willemsen - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1587-1614.
    Imagine you and your friend Pierre agreed on meeting each other at a café, but he does not show up. What is the difference between a friend’s not showing up meeting? and any other person not coming? In some sense, all people who did not come show the same kind of behaviour, but most people would be willing to say that the absence of a friend who you expected to see is different in kind. In this paper, I will spell (...)
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  47.  36
    Thalamic Pathways for Active Vision.Robert H. Wurtz, Kerry McAlonan, James Cavanaugh & Rebecca A. Berman - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):177-184.
  48.  97
    Pascal's Wager: A Study of Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology.Nicholas Rescher - 1985 - University of Notre Dame Press.
  49. Synchronization of Oscillatory Responses in Visual Cortex Correlates with Perception in Interocular Rivalry.Pascal Fries, Pieter R. Roelfsema, Andreas K. Engel & Wolf Singer - 1997 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Usa 94:12699-12704.
  50. L'individu: Perspectives Contemporaines.Pascal Ludwig & Thomas Pradeu - 2008 - Vrin.
    Qu'est-ce qu'un individu? Tentative de réponse grâce aux apports de la métaphysique, de la philosophie du langage, de la philosophie des sciences du vivant, de la philosophie des sciences cognitives, de la philosophie politique et de la philosophie des sciences sociales.
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