Results for 'Pascale Https:'

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  1.  46
    Omissions and expectations: a new approach to the things we failed to do.Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1587-1614.
    Imagine you and your friend Pierre agreed on meeting each other at a café, but he does not show up. What is the difference between a friend’s not showing up meeting? and any other person not coming? In some sense, all people who did not come show the same kind of behaviour, but most people would be willing to say that the absence of a friend who you expected to see is different in kind. In this paper, I will spell (...)
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  2.  11
    Recent empirical work on the relationship between causal judgements and norms.Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen & Lara Kirfel - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (1):e12562.
    It has recently been argued that normative considerations play an important role in causal cognition. For instance, when an agent violates a moral rule and thereby produces a negative outcome, she will be judged to be much more of a cause of the outcome, compared to someone who performed the same action but did not violate a norm. While there is a substantial amount of evidence reporting these effects, it is still a matter of debate how this evidence is to (...)
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  3.  26
    The polarity effect of evaluative language.Lucien Baumgartner, Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen & Kevin Https://Orcidorg Reuter - 2022 - Philosophical Psychology.
    Recent research on thick terms like “rude” and “friendly” has revealed a polarity effect, according to which the evaluative content of positive thick terms like “friendly” and “courageous” can be more easily canceled than the evaluative content of negative terms like “rude” and “selfish”. In this paper, we study the polarity effect in greater detail. We first demonstrate that the polarity effect is insensitive to manipulations of embeddings (Study 1). Second, we show that the effect occurs not only for thick (...)
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  4. Direct and derivative moral responsibility : An overlooked distinction in experimental philosophy.Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen - unknown
    Moral philosophers draw an important distinction between two kinds of moral responsibility. An agent can be directly morally responsible, or they can be derivatively morally responsible. Direct moral responsibility, so many believe, presupposes that the agent could have behaved differently. However, in some situations, we hold agents responsible even though they could not have behaved differently, such as when they recklessly cause an accident or do not take adequate precautions to avoid harmful consequences. Moral philosophers typically argue that what we (...)
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  5.  9
    A new look at the attribution of moral responsibility: The underestimated relevance of social roles.Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen, Albert Newen & Kai Kaspar - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):595-608.
    What are the main features that influence our attribution of moral responsibility? It is widely accepted that there are various factors which strongly influence our moral judgments, such as the agent’s intentions, the consequences of the action, the causal involvement of the agent, and the agent’s freedom and ability to do otherwise. In this paper, we argue that this picture is incomplete: We argue that social roles are an additional key factor that is radically underestimated in the extant literature. We (...)
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  6.  28
    Lying, Deceptive Implicatures, and Commitment.Alex Wiegmann, Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen & Jörg Meibauer - 2021 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 8.
    Deceptive implicatures are a subtle communicative device for leading someone into a false belief. However, it is widely accepted that deceiving by means of deceptive implicature does not amount to lying. In this paper, we put this claim to the empirical test and present evidence that the traditional definition of lying might be too narrow to capture the folk concept of lying. Four hundred participants were presented with fourteen vignettes containing utterances that communicate conversational implicatures which the speaker believes to (...)
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  7.  27
    Can a question be a lie? An empirical investigation.Emanuel Https://Orcidorg Viebahn, Alex Wiegmann, Neele Engelmann & Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen - 2021 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 8 (7).
    In several recent papers and a monograph, Andreas Stokke argues that questions can be misleading, but that they cannot be lies. The aim of this paper is to show that ordinary speakers disagree. We show that ordinary speakers judge certain kinds of insincere questions to be lies, namely questions carrying a believed-false presupposition the speaker intends to convey. These judgements are robust and remain so when the participants are given the possibility of classifying the utterances as misleading or as deceiving. (...)
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  8.  18
    Empirically Investigating the Concept of Lying.Alex Wiegmann, Ronja Rutschmann & Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen - 2017 - Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research 34 (3):591-609.
    Lying is an everyday moral phenomenon about which philosophers have written a lot. Not only the moral status of lying has been intensively discussed but also what it means to lie in the first place. Perhaps the most important criterion for an adequate definition of lying is that it fits with people’s understanding and use of this concept. In this light, it comes as a surprise that researchers only recently started to empirically investigate the folk concept of lying. In this (...)
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  9. Tracing thick and thin concepts through corpora.Kevin Https://Orcidorg Reuter, Lucien Baumgartner & Pascale Willemsen - 2024 - Language and Cognition.
    Philosophers and linguists currently lack the means to reliably identify evaluative concepts and measure their evaluative intensity. Using a corpus-based approach, we present a new method to distinguish evaluatively thick and thin adjectives like ‘courageous’ and ‘awful’ from descriptive adjectives like ‘narrow,’ and from value-associated adjectives like ‘sunny.’ Our study suggests that the modifiers ‘truly’ and ‘really’ frequently highlight the evaluative dimension of thick and thin adjectives, allowing for them to be uniquely classified. Based on these results, we believe our (...)
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  10.  15
    Mutual entailment between causation and responsibility.Justin Sytsma, Pascale Willemsen & Kevin Https://Orcidorg Reuter - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (12):3593-3614.
    The standard view in philosophy is that responsibility entails causation. Most philosophers treat this entailment claim as an evident insight into the ordinary concepts of responsibility and causation. Further, it is taken to be equally obvious that the reversal of this claim does not hold: causation does not entail responsibility. In contrast, Sytsma and Livengood have put forward an account of the use of ordinary causal attributions (statements like “X caused Y”) that contends that they are typically used interchangeably with (...)
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  11.  26
    Pain Linguistics: A Case for Pluralism.Sabrina Coninx, Pascale Willemsen & Kevin Https://Orcidorg Reuter - 2023 - Philosophical Quarterly 74 (1):145-168.
    The most common approach to understanding the semantics of the concept of pain is third-person thought experiments. By contrast, the most frequent and most relevant uses of the folk concept of pain are from a first-person perspective in conversational settings. In this paper, we use a set of linguistic tools to systematically explore the semantics of what people communicate when reporting pain from a first-person perspective. Our results suggest that only a pluralistic view can do justice to the way we (...)
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  12.  5
    This is the theory – Response to Tez on the origins of paediatric cancers (https://doi.org/10.1002/bies.202000324).Jean-Pascal Capp & Frédéric Thomas - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (4):2100016.
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  13.  9
    De la relativité des jugements moraux.Pascal Ludwig - 2012 - Dialogue 51 (1):79-97.
    ABSTRACT: In the first part of this paper, I criticize the indexical interpretation of meta-ethical relativism. According to the indexical interpretation, the content of a moral statement varies with the context of its utterance. I argue that such an interpretation is not empirically plausible, and that it cannot explain the seriousness of radical moral disagreements. In the constructive part of the paper, I offer an alternative, minimalist interpretation of moral relativism, which is based upon an analogy with the case of (...)
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  14. What is a Conspiracy Theory?M. Giulia Https://Orcidorg Napolitano & Kevin Https://Orcidorg Reuter - 2021 - Erkenntnis 88 (5):2035-2062.
    In much of the current academic and public discussion, conspiracy theories are portrayed as a negative phenomenon, linked to misinformation, mistrust in experts and institutions, and political propaganda. Rather surprisingly, however, philosophers working on this topic have been reluctant to incorporate a negatively evaluative aspect when either analyzing or engineering the concept conspiracy theory. In this paper, we present empirical data on the nature of the concept conspiracy theory from five studies designed to test the existence, prevalence and exact form (...)
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  15. Conceptual Engineering and the Politics of Implementation.Matthieu Https://Orcidorg Queloz & Friedemann Https://Orcidorg Bieber - 2022 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 103 (3):670-691.
    Conceptual engineering is thought to face an ‘implementation challenge’: the challenge of securing uptake of engineered concepts. But is the fact that implementation is challenging really a defect to be overcome? What kind of picture of political life would be implied by making engineering easy to implement? We contend that the ambition to obviate the implementation challenge goes against the very idea of liberal democratic politics. On the picture we draw, the implementation challenge can be overcome by institutionalizing control over (...)
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  16.  7
    Autobiographical memory, autonoetic consciousness, and self-perspective in aging.Pascale Piolino, Béatrice Desgranges, David Clarys, Bérengère Guillery-Girard, Laurence Taconnat, Michel Isingrini & Francis Eustache - 2006 - Psychology and Aging 21 (3):510-525.
  17. “Die Vernunft ist praktisch”. Fichtes Ethik und Rechtslehre im System.Carla De Pascale - 2004 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (3):590-591.
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  18.  6
    Autobiographical memory and autonoetic consciousness: Triple dissociation in neurodegenerative diseases.Pascale Piolino, Béatrice Desgranges, Serge Belliard, Vanessa Matuszewski, Catherine Lalevée, Vincent de La Sayette & Francis Eustache - 2003 - Brain 126 (10):2203-2219.
  19.  11
    The Roar of a Tibetan Lion: Phya pa Chos kyi seng ge's Theory of Mind in Philosophical and Historical Perspective.Jonathan Stoltz & Pascale Hugon - 2019 - Vienna, Austria: Austrian Academy of Sciences Press.
    This book explores the contributions to the philosophy of mind made by the Tibetan Buddhist thinker Phya pa Chos kyi seng ge (1109–1169) in his seminal text, the “Dispeller of the Mind’s Darkness.” This study, which includes a critical edition and English translation of those portions of the “Dispeller” devoted to explicating the nature of mental episodes and their objects, contributes to a deeper understanding of Tibetan intellectual history, while also facilitating a wider appreciation of both Phya pa’s theory of (...)
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  20.  6
    Autour de Chantal Mouffe: le politique en conflit.Linda Cardinal & Pascale Devette (eds.) - 2015 - Ottawa, Canada: Invenire.
  21. Autobiographical memory and autonoetic consciousness in a case of semantic dementia.Pascale Piolino, Serge Belliard, Béatrice Desgranges, Mélisa Perron & Francis Eustache - 2003 - Cognitive Neuropsychology 20 (7):619-639.
  22.  4
    “I will survive” a construct validation study on the measurement of sustainable employability using different age conceptualizations.M. Le Blanc Pascale, I. J. M. Van der Heijden Beatrice & Van Vuuren Tinka - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  23.  3
    Les neurosciences cognitives : un « matérialisme cartésien »?Pascale Gillot - 2016 - Cités 65 (1):157-174.
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  24.  3
    Se sacrifier pour exister.Pascale Peretti - 2014 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 204 (2):79.
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  25.  11
    With great power comes great vulnerability: an ethical analysis of psychedelics’ therapeutic mechanisms proposed by the REBUS hypothesis.Daniel Https://Orcidorg624X Villiger & Manuel Trachsel - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (12):826-832.
    Psychedelics are experiencing a renaissance in mental healthcare. In recent years, more and more early phase trials on psychedelic-assisted therapy have been conducted, with promising results overall. However, ethical analyses of this rediscovered form of treatment remain rare. The present paper contributes to the ethical inquiry of psychedelic-assisted therapy by analysing the ethical implications of its therapeutic mechanisms proposed by the relaxed beliefs under psychedelics (REBUS) hypothesis. In short, the REBUS hypothesis states that psychedelics make rigid beliefs revisable by increasing (...)
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  26.  2
    Summaries of articles.Marie-Pascale Macia-Widemann - 1990 - Revue de Synthèse 111 (4):547-548.
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  27. Brocards, pastiches et mélanges : bas morceaux choisis des Epithetes de La Porte.Anne-Pascale Pouey-Mounou - 2015 - In Didier Kahn, Elsa Kammerer, Anne-Hélène Klinger-Dollé, Marine Molins, Anne-Pascale Pouey-Mounou & Marie-Madeleine Fontaine (eds.), Textes au corps: promenades et musardises sur les terres de Marie Madeleine Fontaine. Genève: Librairie Droz S.A..
     
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  28. Wilhelm von Humboldt between Criticism and Historicism.Carla De Pascale - 2006 - Archivio di Storia Della Cultura 19.
    In this essay, written for the public presentation of Wilhelm von Humboldt, Scritti filosofici, edited by Giovanni Moretto and Fulvio Tessitore , the author underlines the controversial relationship between Humboldt’s historical-anthropological thought and Kantian criticism, which represents nevertheless a premise both essential and encumbering of Humbolt’s reflection.
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  29.  1
    La pornographie « en situation ».Pascale Molinier - 2003 - Cités 15 (3):61.
    La porno straight est un genre littéraire, photographique et cinématographique socialement et historiquement situé, facilement accessible, jusque dans l’univers domestique – le câble – et le domaine professionnel – les écrans de veille. Je ne connais pas la pornographie..
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  30.  1
    Measurement Error in Health Insurance Reporting.Joanne Pascale - 2008 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 45 (4):422-437.
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  31. « Signa amoris et pignus sceleris. Comment (se) dire dans une tragédie sénéquienne ? ».Paré-Rey Pascale - 2006 - Paideia.
    Nous voulons réfléchir sur ce que Sénèque choisit de révéler et de taire, de montrer et de cacher sur la scène tragique, à travers l'étude de deux situations de Phèdre. En étudiant la parole de la protagoniste lors de deux moments cruciaux (face à Hippolyte à qui elle veut avouer son amour et face à Thésée à qui elle doit expliquer son souhait de mourir), nous mettons en lumière le processus de métamorphose du personnage à l'acte II, scandé par trois (...)
     
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  32.  2
    Rogues: Two Essays on Reason.Pascale-Anne Brault & Michael Naas (eds.) - 2005 - Stanford University Press.
    _Rogues_, published in France under the title _Voyous_, comprises two major lectures that Derrida delivered in 2002 investigating the foundations of the sovereignty of the nation-state. The term "_État voyou_" is the French equivalent of "rogue state," and it is this outlaw designation of certain countries by the leading global powers that Derrida rigorously and exhaustively examines. Derrida examines the history of the concept of sovereignty, engaging with the work of Bodin, Hobbes, Rousseau, Schmitt, and others. Against this background, he (...)
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  33.  5
    L'Etat et les femmes en Belgique: fin XIXe - début du XXe siècle : propositions pour un modèle d'analyse.Pascale Delfosse - 1985
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  34.  1
    Der Primat Deutschlands bei Fichte.Carla de Pascale - 1991 - Fichte-Studien 3:68-85.
  35.  2
    Die Trieblehre bei Fichte.Carla De Pascale - 1994 - Fichte-Studien 6:229-251.
  36.  4
    Fichtes Einfluss auf Schopenhauer.Carla De Pascale - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 36:45-59.
  37. Filosofia e rivoluzione nel primo Fichte (A proposito di una nuova edizione del «Contributo sulla Rivoluzione francese»).C. de Pascale - 1975 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 54 (4):566-581.
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  38.  3
    Fichtes politische und Rechtsphilosophie in der Deutung Richard Schottky.Carla De Pascale - 1999 - Fichte-Studien 16:323-349.
  39.  8
    Fichte und die Gesellschaft.Carla de Pascale - 2003 - Fichte-Studien 24:95-102.
    Die Betrachtungen, die ich Ihnen im Folgenden vortragen möchte, konzentrieren sich auf den Begriff der Gesellschaft in Fichtes Philosophie und überschneiden sich unvermeidlich mit einer Neubewertung des Begriffs des Politischen, wie er sich bei Fichte abzeichnet. Ausgangspunkt ist die Unterscheidung zwischen Gesellschaft und Staat: eine Unterscheidung, die philosophiegeschichtlich in Hegel ihren wichtigsten Exponenten hat, doch, obgleich nicht immer überlegt und vollständig ausgearbeitet, bereits in die Schriften vieler Autoren als Voraussetzung eingeflossen war. Und darüber hinaus war dies ein Gedanke, der auf (...)
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  40.  5
    Fichte und die Verfassung des Vernunftreichs.Carla De Pascale - 2006 - Fichte-Studien 29:101-110.
  41.  2
    Fichte und die Aufklärung.Carla De Pascale (ed.) - 2004 - New York: G. Olms.
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  42. L'archivio di Jakob Moleschott (con documenti inediti e lettere di F. De Sanctis, S. Tommasi, AC De Meis).Carla De Pascale & Alessandro Savorelli - 1986 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 6 (2):216-248.
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  43.  29
    La teoria e la pratica del diritto.Carla De Pascale - 1994 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 9:275-288.
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  44.  3
    Religion und Politik während des Atheismus-Streites.Carla de Pascale - 1997 - Fichte-Studien 11:179-196.
    Als Fichte sich mit seiner Appellation an ein »gemischtes« Publikum, an Philosophen aber auch an Nicht-Philosophen wandte, waren für ihn die Zeiten eines scheinbar unheilbaren Konflikts zwischen theoretischem Denken und religiösem Gefühl längst vorüber. Ebenso auch jene Zeiten, in denen Fichte etwas vorschnell seine Zustimmung zu den Dekreten, die über die Religion wachen sollten, zugegeben hatte.
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  45.  2
    Sechzehn Briefe von L. Feuerbach an J. Moleschott.Carla De Pascale & Alessandro Savorelli - 1988 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 70 (1):46-77.
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  46.  10
    Le rôle des affects : absurde et inquiétude chez Albert Camus et Jacques Lavigne.Pascale Devette - 2012 - PhaenEx 7 (2):159-184.
    L’absurdité du monde et l’inquiétude face au sens de l’existence semblent être des affects négatifs. Par un dialogue entre Albert Camus et Jacques Lavigne, nous tenterons d’explorer le caractère créatif de ces affects. Camus et Lavigne partent d’une critique du matérialisme et de l’idéalisme afin d’ancrer leur théorie dans l’existence , en pensant conjointement les idées et la matérialité. Ils découvrent le rôle précieux de l’absurde et de l’inquiétude. Ces affects agissent comme vecteurs de l’action humaine et permettent d’initier le (...)
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  47.  1
    Du sujet et de la réception des oeuvres de peinture.Pascale Dubus - 1991 - Horizons Philosophiques 2 (1):1.
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  48. Blameworthiness for Non-Culpable Attitudes.Sebastian Https://Orcidorg Schmidt - 2024 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 102 (1):48-64.
    Many of our attitudes are non-culpable: there was nothing that we should have done to avoid holding them. I argue that we can still be blameworthy for non-culpable attitudes: they can impair our relationships in ways that make our full practice of apology and forgiveness intelligible. My argument poses a new challenge to indirect voluntarists, who attempt to reduce all responsibility for attitudes to responsibility for prior actions and omissions. Rationalists, who instead explain attitudinal responsibility by appeal to reasons-responsiveness, can (...)
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  49.  15
    Collegial Relationships.Monika Https://Orcidorg Betzler & Jörg Https://Orcidorg Löschke - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):213-229.
    Although collegial relationships are among the most prevalent types of interpersonal relationships in our lives, they have not been the subject of much philosophical study. In this paper, we take the first step in the process of developing an ethics of collegiality by establishing what qualifies two people as colleagues and then by determining what it is that gives value to collegial relationships. We argue that A and B are colleagues if both exhibit sameness regarding at least two of the (...)
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  50.  5
    Welcome to the Gray Zone: Shades of Honesty and Earnings Management.Pascale Lapointe-Antunes, Kevin Veenstra, Kareen Brown & Heather Li - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 177 (1):125-149.
    We examine the influence of face-based judgments of CFO and CEO honesty on earnings management for the largest publicly traded companies in America. After controlling for incentives and opportunities to manage earnings, CFOs perceived to be less honest engage in higher levels of accruals earnings management and real earnings management. The beneficial impact of perceived honesty on earnings quality is most pronounced when both the CFO and the CEO are perceived to be more honest. Findings are consistent with our conjecture (...)
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