Results for 'Pathology'

749 found
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  1.  22
    The Pathology of Man: A Study of Human Evil.Steven James Bartlett - 2005 - Springfield, IL, USA: Charles C. Thomas.
    The Pathology of Man is the first comprehensive study of the psychology and epistemology of human evil, long urged by leading psychiatrists and psychologists, including Freud, Jung, Menninger, Fromm, and Peck. The book breaks new ground by offering a clear, empirically based, and theoretically sound understanding of human evil as a widespread, real, non-metaphorical pathology. With deliberate and thorough scholarship the author proposes a new framework-relative theory of disease and justifies the provocative thesis that human evil should be (...)
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  2. Semantic Pathology and the Open Pair. [REVIEW]James A. Woodbridge & Bradley Armour-Garb - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):695–703.
    In Vagueness and Contradiction (2001), Roy Sorensen defends and extends his epistemic account of vagueness. In the process, he appeals to connections between vagueness and semantic paradox. These appeals come mainly in Chapter 11, where Sorensen offers a solution to what he calls the no-no paradox—a “neglected cousin” of the more famous liar—and attempts to use this solution as a precedent for an epistemic account of the sorites paradox. This strategy is problematic for Sorensen’s project, however, since, as we establish, (...)
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  3. The Pathology of Validity.James A. Woodbridge & Bradley Armour-Garb - 2008 - Synthese 160 (1):63-74.
    Stephen Read has presented an argument for the inconsistency of the concept of validity. We extend Read's results and show that this inconsistency is but one half of a larger problem. Like the concept of truth, validity is infected with what we call "semantic pathology," a condition that actually gives rise to two symptoms: inconsistency and indeterminacy. After sketching the basic ideas behind semantic pathology and explaining how it manifests both symptoms in the concept of truth, we present (...)
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  4.  54
    Pretense and Pathology: Philosophical Fictionalism and its Applications.Bradley Armour-Garb & James A. Woodbridge - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Bradley Armour-Garb and James A. Woodbridge distinguish various species of fictionalism, locating and defending their own version of philosophical fictionalism. Addressing semantic and philosophical puzzles that arise from ordinary language, they consider such issues as the problem of non-being, plural identity claims, mental-attitude ascriptions, meaning attributions, and truth-talk. They consider 'deflationism about truth', explaining why deflationists should be fictionalists, and show how their philosophical fictionalist account of truth-talk underwrites a dissolution of the Liar Paradox and its kin. (...)
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  5.  85
    Understanding Pathology in the Context of Physiological Mechanisms: The Practicality of a Broken-Normal View.Sara Moghaddam-Taaheri - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):603-611.
    The topic of disease mechanisms is of clinical importance, as our understanding of such mechanisms plays an important role in how we approach devising treatments for disease. In this paper, I critique an argument made by Mauro Nervi, in which he asserts that pathology is often better viewed in the context of distinct theoretical mechanisms. I use this critique as a starting point to argue that viewing pathology as a broken-normal, malfunctioning mechanism is more therapeutically practical and more (...)
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  6. Is Pathology Dysfunctional?G. Loek J. Schönbeck - 2012 - Philosophy of Management 11 (3):47-65.
    An enterprising odyssey might be one way to investigate whether a unique role is afforded to ‘a’ philosophy of management. The question is, first, which philosophy is at stake and what finery such a philosophy might bear. Second, three cardinal questions arise: (1) “What can we say about it?“; (2) “How do we know we can or cannot say something about it?“; and (3) “What is its relation to rationality?” Third, by an old scepticist tradition one may choose tantalising innersubjects (...)
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  7. The Pathology of Freedom: An Essay on Non-Identification.Günther Anders - 2009 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 3 (2):278-310.
    In the twenty-second series of The Logic of Sense, Gilles Deleuze references a remarkable essay by Günther (Stern) Anders. Anders’ essay, translated here as ‘The Pathology of Freedom’, addresses the sickness and health of our negotiation with the negative anthropological condition of ‘not being cut out for the world’.
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  8. Irrationality and Pathology of Beliefs.Eisuke Sakakibara - 2016 - Neuroethics 9 (2):147-157.
    Just as sadness is not always a symptom of mood disorder, irrational beliefs are not always symptoms of illness. Pathological irrational beliefs are distinguished from non-pathological ones by considering whether their existence is best explained by assuming some underlying dysfunctions. The features from which to infer the pathological nature of irrational beliefs are: un-understandability of their progression; uniqueness; coexistence with other psycho-physiological disturbances and/or concurrent decreased levels of functioning; bizarreness of content; preceding organic diseases known to be associated with irrational (...)
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  9.  5
    The Pathology of Mind: A Study of its Distempers, Deformities, and Disorders.W. D. Morrison - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (1):119-121.
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  10.  8
    The pathology of mind, a study of its distempers, diformities and disorders.W. D. Morrison - 1896 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 42 (1):94-95.
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  11.  37
    Biological Pathology From an Organizational Perspective.Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (1):83-95.
    In contrast to the “normativist” view, “naturalist” theorists claim that the concept of health refers to natural or normal states and propose different characterizations of healthy and diseased conditions that are meant to be objectivist and biologically grounded. In this article, we examine the core concept of these naturalist accounts of disease, i.e., the concept of biological malfunction, and develop a new formulation of the notion of malfunction following the recent organizational approach to functions in the philosophy of biology. We (...)
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  12.  1
    Four Conceptions of Social Pathology.Arvi Särkelä & Arto Laitinen - 2019 - European Journal of Social Theory 22 (1):80-102.
    This article starts with the idea that the task of social philosophy can be defined as the diagnosis and therapy of social pathologies. It discusses four conceptions of social pathology. The first two conceptions are ‘normativist’ and hold that something is a social pathology if it is socially wrong. On the first view, there is no encompassing characterization of social pathologies available: it is a cluster concept of family resemblances. On the second view, social pathologies share a structure. (...)
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  13. Dialetheism, Semantic Pathology, and the Open Pair.Bradley Armour-Garb & James A. Woodbridge - 2006 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (3):395 – 416.
    Over the past 25 years, Graham Priest has ably presented and defended dialetheism, the view that certain sentences are properly characterized as true with true negations. Our goal here is neither to quibble with the tenability of true, assertable contradictions nor, really, with the arguments for dialetheism. Rather, we wish to address the dialetheist's treatment of cases of semantic pathology and to pose a worry for dialetheism that has not been adequately considered. The problem that we present seems to (...)
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  14.  10
    Social Pathology.F. C. S. Schiller - 1912 - The Eugenics Review 4 (3):317.
  15.  5
    Plant Pathology in the Penultimate Century.Neil E. Stevens - 1934 - Isis 21 (1):98-122.
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  16.  10
    Dementia Beyond Pathology: What People Diagnosed Can Teach Us About Our Shared Humanity.Steven Sabat - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (2):163-172.
    In this article, I explore how methods of investigation can allow us either to appreciate the intact cognitive and social abilities of people with Alzheimer’s disease or unwittingly obscure those same abilities. Specifically, I shall assert that the biomedical- quantitative approach, while being generally appropriate for drug efficacy studies, does not allow us to appreciate the many significant strengths possessed by people diagnosed with dementia, qualitative/narrative approaches do so admirably, and understanding the cognitive and social strengths of people diagnosed is (...)
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  17.  36
    The Discourse of Pathology: Reproducing the Able Mind Through Bodies of Color.Ashley Taylor - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (1):181-198.
    The growing field of feminist disability studies explores how human bodies are interpreted through cultural values and expectations surrounding physical and mental ability. This paper contributes to and expands upon this conversation by examining how the ideal of “able-mindedness” functions to maintain racial divisions and inequalities through attributions of cognitive and psychiatric disability to bodies of color. Drawing upon contemporary examples from popular social media, public policy, and academic discourse, the author shows how racialized and nonnormatively gendered bodies are identified (...)
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  18.  32
    Cognitive Pathology and Moral Judgment in Managers.Alan Strudler - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (4):27-39.
    We examine the moral and managerial significance of some empirical studies in cognitive psychology. We suggest that these results may plausibly be interpreted as expressing deontological commitments of experimental subjects, even though psychologists who discuss the results seem to suppose that they show that people are irrational consequentialists. We argue that the plausibility of our interpretation suggests how managers who wish to take seriously entrenched social views on morality might best craft corporate policy on corporate responsibility, and we suggest that (...)
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  19.  12
    Market Pathology and the Range of Commodity Exchange: A Preliminary Sketch.Adrian J. Walsh - 1998 - Public Affairs Quarterly 12 (2):203-219.
  20.  5
    Probabilizing Pathology.Richard Jeffrey & Michael Hendrickson - 1989 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89:211 - 225.
  21.  18
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Pathology of Self-Confidence?Julian Kiverstein, Erik Rietveld, Heleen A. Slagter & Damiaan Denys - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (5):369-372.
  22. The Kantian Roots of Merleau-Ponty's Account of Pathology.Samantha Matherne - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (1):124-149.
    One of the more striking aspects of Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (1945) is his use of psychological case studies in pathology. For Merleau-Ponty, a philosophical interpretation of phenomena like aphasia and psychic blindness promises to shed light not just on the nature of pathology, but on the nature of human existence more generally. In this paper, I show that although Merleau-Ponty is surely a pioneer in this use of pathology, his work is deeply indebted to an (...)
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  23. Belief and Pathology of Self-Awareness: A Phenomenological Contribution to the Classification of Delusions.Josef Parnas - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (10-11):148-161.
    Delusions are usually defined as false beliefs about the state of affairs in the public world. Taking this premise as unquestionable, the debate in cognitive science tends to oscillate between the so-called 'rationalist approach'- proposing some breakdown in the central intellective modules embodying human rationality - and the 'empiricist approach' - proposing a primary peripheral deficit , followed by explanatory efforts in the form of delusions. In this article the foundational assumption about delusion is questioned. Especially in the case of (...)
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  24. A Social Pathology of Reason: On the Intellectual Legacy of Critical Theory.Axel Honneth - 2004 - In Fred Leland Rush (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Critical Theory. Cambridge University Press. pp. 336--360.
  25.  5
    Sleep: Its Physiology, Pathology, Hygiene, and Psychology.M. Manaceine - 1898 - Philosophical Review 7:445.
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  26.  22
    Mental Pathology in its Relation to Normal Psychology.I. Madison Bentley - 1908 - Philosophical Review 17 (5):549.
  27. The Pathology of Politics Violence, Betrayal, Corruption, Secrecy, and Propaganda.Carl J. Friedrich - 1972
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  28. The Pathology of Politics.Carl J. Friedrich - 1972 - New York: Harper & Row.
     
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  29. Liars, Truthtellers and Naysayers: A Broader View of Semantic Pathology I.Bradley Armour-Garb & James A. Woodbridge - 2012 - Language and Communication 32 (4):293-311.
    Semantic pathology is most widely recognized in the liar paradox, where an apparent inconsistency arises in ‘‘liar sentences’’ and their ilk. But the phenomenon of semantic pathology also manifests a sibling symptom—an apparent indeterminacy—which, while not largely discussed (save for the occasional nod to ‘‘truthteller sentences’’), is just as pervasive as, and exactly parallels, the symptom of inconsistency. Moreover, certain ‘‘dual symptom’’ cases, which we call naysayers, exhibit both inconsistency and indeterminacy and also manifest a higher-order indeterminacy between (...)
     
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  30.  37
    Alzheimer's Disease -Like Pathology in Aged Monkeys After Infantile Exposure to Environmental Metal Lead : Evidence for a Developmental Origin and Environmental Link for AD.J. Wu, M. R. Basha, B. Brock, D. P. Cox, F. Cardozo-Pelaez, C. A. McPherson, J. Harry, D. C. Rice, B. Maloney, D. Chen, D. K. Lahiri & N. H. Zawia - 2008 - J Neurosci 28:3-9.
    The sporadic nature of Alzheimer's disease argues for an environmental link that may drive AD pathogenesis; however, the triggering factors and the period of their action are unknown. Recent studies in rodents have shown that exposure to lead during brain development predetermined the expression and regulation of the amyloid precursor protein and its amyloidogenic beta-amyloid product in old age. Here, we report that the expression of AD-related genes [APP, BACE1 ] as well as their transcriptional regulator were elevated in aged (...)
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  31.  94
    The Politics of Pathology: How Obesity Became an Epidemic Disease.J. Eric Oliver - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):611-627.
  32.  16
    Culture and the Trajectories of Developmental Pathology: Insights From Control and Information Theories.Rodrick Wallace - 2018 - Acta Biotheoretica 66 (2):79-112.
    Cognition in living entities -- and their social groupings or institutional artifacts -- is necessarily as complicated as their embedding environments, which, for humans, includes a particularly rich cultural milieu. The asymptotic limit theorems of information and control theories permit construction of a new class of empirical 'regression-like' statistical models for cognitive developmental processes, their dynamics, and modes of dysfunction. Such models may, as have their simpler analogs, prove useful in the study and remediation of cognitive failure at and across (...)
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  33.  9
    Right Hemisphere Pathology and the Self: Delusional Misidentification and Reduplication.Todd E. Feinberg, John Deluca, J. T. Giacino, D. M. Roane & M. Solms - 2005 - In Todd E. Feinberg & Julian Paul Keenan (eds.), The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity. Oxford University Press.
  34.  54
    Pathology Based Philosophy of Mind.Craig French - 2015 - iCog.
    In this post the author defends a pathology based approach to the philosophy of mind.
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  35.  42
    The Oppressor's Pathology.Pedro Alexis Tabensky - 2010 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 57 (125):77-98.
    In Black Skin, White Masks Frantz Fanon discusses the neurotic condition that typifies the oppressed black subject, their 'psychoexistential complex'. He argues that this neurotic condition is closely related to another, the 'psychoexistential complex' of the white oppressor. Both of these complexes sustain and are sustained by social and economic injustice. But Fanon does not delve in detail into the nature of this second neurosis, for he was primarily interested in discussing this neurosis only insofar as it helps him understand (...)
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  36.  98
    A Case Study in Explanatory Power: John Snow’s Conclusions About the Pathology and Transmission of Cholera.Dana Tulodziecki - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (3):306-316.
    In the mid-1800s, there was much debate about the origin or 'exciting cause' of cholera. Despite much confusion surrounding the disease, the so-called miasma theory emerged as the prevalent account about cholera's cause. Going against this mainstream view, the British physician John Snow inferred several things about cholera's origin and pathology that no one else inferred. Without observing the vibrio cholerae, however,-data unavailable to Snow and his colleagues-, there was no way of settling the question of what exactly was (...)
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  37. A Sisyphean Tale: The Pathology Of Ethnic Nationalism And The Pedagogy Of Forging Humane Democracies In The Balkans.Rory J. Conces - 2005 - Studies in East European Thought 57 (2):139-184.
  38.  10
    Normality and Pathology in a Biological Age.Nicolas Rose - 2001 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 3 (1):19-33.
    The article is the text of a lecture given at the Faculty of the Humanities, March 2001. It argues that one implication of recent advances in the sciences of life may be that the binary opposition of the normal and the pathological is put into question. Canguilheim’s distinction between vital and social norms is challenged and superseded by a Foucauldian genealogical approach to programs for the government of individuals, and the norms of life that emerged in the nineteenth and twentieth (...)
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  39. A Relativistic Theory of Phenomenological Constitution: A Self-Referential, Transcendental Approach to Conceptual Pathology.Steven James Bartlett - 1970 - Dissertation, Universite de Paris X (Paris-Nanterre) (France)
    A RELATIVISTIC THEORY OF PHENOMENOLOCICAL CONSTITUTION: A SELF-REFERENTIAL, TRANSCENDENTAL APPROACH TO CONCEPTUAL PATHOLOGY. (Vol. I: French; Vol. II: English) -/- Steven James Bartlett -/- Doctoral dissertation director: Paul Ricoeur, Université de Paris Other doctoral committee members: Jean Ladrière and Alphonse de Waehlens, Université Catholique de Louvain Defended publically at the Université Catholique de Louvain, January, 1971. -/- Universite de Paris X (France), 1971. 797pp. -/- The principal objective of the work is to construct an analytically precise methodology which can (...)
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  40.  25
    Progress and Pathology in Managerial Practice: An Evolutionary Perspective.Mika Pantzar, Risto Tainio & Kari Lilja - 1993 - World Futures 37 (2):151-161.
    (1993). Progress and pathology in managerial practice: An evolutionary perspective. World Futures: Vol. 37, The Evolution of Socio-Economic Systems, pp. 151-161.
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  41.  20
    Between Normativism and Naturalism: Honneth on Social Pathology.Arvi Särkelä & Arto Laitinen - 2019 - Constellations 26 (2):286-300.
  42.  7
    Age and Location in Severity of COVID‐19 Pathology: Do Lactoferrin and Pneumococcal Vaccination Explain Low Infant Mortality and Regional Differences?Robert Root‐Bernstein - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (11):2000076.
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  43.  58
    The Pathology of Normalcy: Its Genius for Good and Evil.Erich Fromm - 2010 - American Mental Health Foundation Books.
    Modern man's pathology of normalcy -- The concept of mental health -- Humanistic science of man -- Is man lazy by nature?.
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  44.  18
    XIV—Probabilizing Pathology.Richard Jeffrey & Michael Hendrickson - 1989 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89 (1):211-226.
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  45. Religious Pathology and Christian Faith.James E. Loder - 1966 - Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
     
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  46.  25
    Pathology of the Mind: Disorder Versus Disability.Richard G. T. Gipps - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (4):341-344.
  47.  51
    The Pathology of the Father's Rule.Charles E. Scott - 1986 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 61 (1):118-130.
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  48. Mental Pathology in its Relation to Normal Psychology, a Course of Lects., Tr. [From Vorlesungen Über Psychopathologie] by T. Loveday. [REVIEW]Gustav Störring & Thomas Loveday - 1907
     
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  49.  10
    Cellular Pathology, as Based on Physiological and Pathological Histology. Rudolf Virchow, Frank Chance.J. Théodoridès - 1972 - Isis 63 (2):292-292.
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  50.  17
    The Pathology of a Genealogist.John N. Vielkind - 1997 - Research in Phenomenology 27 (1):226-233.
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