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Patricia S. Churchland [48]Patricia Smith Churchland [45]
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Patricia Churchland
University of California, San Diego
  1. Neurophilosophy: Toward A Unified Science of the Mind-Brain.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1986 - MIT Press.
    This is a unique book. It is excellently written, crammed with information, wise and a pleasure to read.' ---Daniel C. Dennett, Tufts University.
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  2.  72
    Word and Object.Willard Van Orman Quine, Patricia Smith Churchland & Dagfinn Føllesdal - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Willard Van Orman Quine begins this influential work by declaring, "Language is asocial art.
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  3.  35
    The Language of Thought.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1975 - Noûs 14 (1):120-124.
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  4. Braintrust: What Neuroscience Tells Us About Morality.Patricia S. Churchland - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    What is morality? Where does it come from? And why do most of us heed its call most of the time? In Braintrust, neurophilosophy pioneer Patricia Churchland argues that morality originates in the biology of the brain. She describes the "neurobiological platform of bonding" that, modified by evolutionary pressures and cultural values, has led to human styles of moral behavior. The result is a provocative genealogy of morals that asks us to reevaluate the priority given to religion, absolute rules, and (...)
     
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  5.  48
    Neurophilosophy: Toward a Unified Science of the Mind/Brain.Christopher S. Hill & Patricia Smith Churchland - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (4):573.
  6. Reduction and the Neurobiological Basis of Consciousness.Patricia S. Churchland - 1988 - In Anthony J. Marcel & E. Bisiach (eds.), Consciousness in Contemporary Science. Oxford University Press.
  7. Functionalism, Qualia and Intentionality.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia Smith Churchland - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):121-145.
  8. Brain-Wise: Studies in Neurophilosophy.Patricia Smith Churchland - 2002 - MIT Press.
    A neurophilosopher?s take on the self, free will, human understanding, and the experience of God, from the perspective of the brain.
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  9. Consciousness: The Transmutation of a Concept.Patricia S. Churchland - 1983 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64 (January):80-95.
     
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  10.  20
    Memory and Brain.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1991 - Behavior and Philosophy 19 (1):115-118.
  11. A Critique of Pure Vision.Patricia S. Churchland, V. S. Ramachandran & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1993 - In Christof Koch & Joel L. David (eds.), Large-scale neuronal theories of the brain. MIT Press. pp. 23.
    Anydomainofscientificresearchhasitssustainingorthodoxy. Thatis, research on a problem, whether in astronomy, physics, or biology, is con- ducted against a backdrop of broadly shared assumptions. It is these as- sumptionsthatguideinquiryandprovidethecanonofwhatisreasonable-- of what "makes sense." And it is these shared assumptions that constitute a framework for the interpretation of research results. Research on the problem of how we see is likewise sustained by broadly shared assump- tions, where the current orthodoxy embraces the very general idea that the business of the visual system is to (...)
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  12.  14
    Memory and Brain.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (3):539-540.
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  13. Epistemology in the Age of Neuroscience.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (10):544-553.
  14. Could a Machine Think?Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1990 - Scientific American 262 (1):32-37.
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  15. Stalking the Wild Epistemic Engine.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):5-18.
  16. The Timing of Sensations: Reply to Libet.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (3):492-7.
  17.  77
    On the Alleged Backward Referral of Experience and its Relevance to the Mind-Body Problem.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (June):165-81.
    A remarkable hypothesis has recently been advanced by Libet and promoted by Eccles which claims that there is standardly a backwards referral of conscious experiences in time, and that this constitutes empirical evidence for the failure of identity of brain states and mental states. Libet's neurophysiological data are critically examined and are found insufficient to support the hypothesis. Additionally, it is argued that even if there is a temporal displacement phenomenon to be explained, a neurophysiological explanation is most likely.
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  18. A Perspective on Mind-Brain Research.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (April):185-207.
  19. The Hornswoggle Problem.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (5-6):402-8.
    Beginning with Thomas Nagel, various philosophers have propsed setting conscious experience apart from all other problems of the mind as ‘the most difficult problem’. When critically examined, the basis for this proposal reveals itself to be unconvincing and counter-productive. Use of our current ignorance as a premise to determine what we can never discover is one common logical flaw. Use of ‘I-cannot-imagine’ arguments is a related flaw. When not much is known about a domain of phenomena, our inability to imagine (...)
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  20. Language, Thought, and Information Processing.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1980 - Noûs 14 (2):147-70.
  21. Control: Conscious and Otherwise.Christopher L. Suhler & Patricia S. Churchland - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (8):341-347.
  22.  70
    On the Contrary: Critical Essays, 1987-1997.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia Smith Churchland - 1998 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    This collection was prepared in the belief that the most useful and revealing of anyone's writings are often those shorter essays penned in conflict with...
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  23. The Neural Mechanisms of Moral Cognition: A Multiple-Aspect Approach to Moral Judgment and Decision-Making. [REVIEW]William D. Casebeer & Patricia S. Churchland - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):169-194.
    We critically review themushrooming literature addressing the neuralmechanisms of moral cognition (NMMC), reachingthe following broad conclusions: (1) researchmainly focuses on three inter-relatedcategories: the moral emotions, moral socialcognition, and abstract moral reasoning. (2)Research varies in terms of whether it deploysecologically valid or experimentallysimplified conceptions of moral cognition. Themore ecologically valid the experimentalregime, the broader the brain areas involved.(3) Much of the research depends on simplifyingassumptions about the domain of moral reasoningthat are motivated by the need to makeexperimental progress. This is a (...)
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  24.  25
    From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (3):418.
  25.  91
    Fodor on Language Learning.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1978 - Synthese 38 (May):149-59.
  26. Can Neurobiology Teach Us Anything About Consciousness?Patricia S. Churchland - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (4):23-40.
  27.  79
    Neural Representation and Neural Computation.Patricia Smith Churchland & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1990 - Philosophical Perspectives 4:343-382.
  28. The Impact of Neuroscience on Philosophy.Patricia Smith Churchland - unknown
    Philosophy, in its traditional guise, addresses questions where experimental science has not yet nailed down plausible explanatory theories. Thus, the ancient Greeks pondered the nature of life, the sun, and tides, but also how we learn and make decisions. The history of science can be seen as a gradual process whereby speculative philosophy cedes intellectual space to increasingly wellgrounded experimental disciplines—first astronomy, but followed by physics, chemistry, geology, biology, archaeology, and more recently, ethology, psychology, and neuroscience. Science now encompasses plausible (...)
     
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  29. Intertheoretic Reduction: A Neuroscientist's Field Guide.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Cambridge: Springer Verlag. pp. 18--29.
  30.  25
    Content: Semantic and Information-Theoretic.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):67-68.
  31.  25
    Internal States and Cognitive Theories.Patricia Smith Churchland & Paul M. Churchland - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):565-566.
  32. Gaps in Penrose's Toiling.Rick Grush & Patricia Smith Churchland - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (1):10-29.
    Using the Godel incompleteness result for leverage, Roger Penrose has argued that the mechanism for consciousness involves quantum gravitational phenomena, acting through microtubules in neurons. We show that this hypothesis is implausible. First the Godel result does not imply that human thought is in fact non-algorithmic. Second, whether or not non-algorithmic quantum gravitational phenomena actually exist, and if they did how that could conceivably implicate microtubules, and if microtubules were involved, how that could conceivably implicate consciousness, is entirely speculative. Third, (...)
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  33. Filling In: Why Dennett is Wrong.Patricia S. Churchland & Vilayanur S. Ramachandran - 1993 - In B. Dahlbom (ed.), Dennett and His Critics. Blackwell.
     
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  34. Neural Representation and Neural Computation.Patricia S. Churchland & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1989 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives. MIT Press. pp. 343-382.
  35. Moral Decision-Making and the Brain.Patricia S. Churchland - 2005 - In Judy Illes (ed.), Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Theory, Practice, and Policy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  36.  3
    Index.Patricia S. Churchland - 2018 - In Braintrust: What Neuroscience Tells Us About Morality. Princeton University Press. pp. 261-276.
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  37.  19
    Replies to Comments.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1986 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 29 (1-4):241 – 272.
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  38.  37
    The Neurobiological Platform for Moral Values.Patricia S. Churchland - 2015 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 76:97-110.
    What we humans call ethics or morality depends on four interlocking brain processes: caring. Learning local social practices and the ways of others – by positive and negative reinforcement, by imitation, by trial and error, by various kinds of conditioning, and by analogy. Recognition of others' psychological states. Problem-solving in a social context. These four broad capacities are not unique to humans, but are probably uniquely developed in human brains by virtue of the expansion of the prefrontal cortex.1.
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  39. Is Determinism Self-Refuting?Patricia Smith Churchland - 1981 - Mind 90 (January):99-101.
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  40. Recent Work on Consciousness: Philosophical, Theoretical, and Empirical.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 2003 - In Naoyuki Osaka (ed.), Neural Basis of Consciousness. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 49--123.
  41. Neural Worlds and Real Worlds.Patricia S. Churchland & Paul M. Churchland - manuscript
    States of the brain represent states of the world. A puzzle arises when one learns that at least some of the mind/brain’s internal representations, such as a sensation of heat or a sensation of red, do not genuinely resemble the external realities they allegedly represent: the mean kinetic energy of the molecules of the substance felt (temperature) and the mean electromagnetic reflectance profile of the seen object (color). The historical response has been to declare a distinction between objectively real properties, (...)
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  42.  43
    The Necessary-and-Sufficient Boondoggle.Patricia Smith Churchland - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):54-55.
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  43.  51
    Dennett' Instrumentalism: A Frog at the Bottom of the Mug.Patricia Smith Churchland - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):358.
  44.  97
    Mind-Brain Reduction: New Light From Philosophy of Science.Patricia S. Churchland - 1982 - Neuroscience 7:1041-7.
  45.  7
    6. Skills for a Social Life.Patricia S. Churchland - 2018 - In Braintrust: What Neuroscience Tells Us About Morality. Princeton University Press. pp. 118-162.
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  46.  19
    How Many Angels…?Patricia Smith Churchland - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):103-104.
  47. Filling In.Why Dennett is Wrong, Patricia Smith Churchland & Vilayanur S. Ramachandran - 1994 - In Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (eds.), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum.
     
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  48. Consciousness and the Neurosciences: Philosophical and Theoretical Issues.Ilya B. Farber & Patricia S. Churchland - 1995 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press.
  49.  24
    The Co-Evolutionary Research Ideology.Patricia S. Churchland - 1993 - In Alvin Goldman (ed.), Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Cambridge: MIT Press.
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  50. Computation and the Brain.Rick Grush & Patricia S. Churchland - 1998 - In Robert A. Wilson & Frank F. Keil (eds.), Mit Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (Mitecs). MIT Press.
    Two very different insights motivate characterizing the brain as a computer. One depends on mathematical theory that defines computability in a highly abstract sense. Here the foundational idea is that of a Turing machine. Not an actual machine, the Turing machine is really a conceptual way of making the point that any well-defined function could be executed, step by step, according to simple 'if-you-are-in-state-P-and-have-input-Q-then-do-R' rules, given enough time (maybe infinite time) [see COMPUTATION]. Insofar as the brain is a device whose (...)
     
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