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Patrick Lee [69]Patrick W. K. Lee [1]
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Patrick Lee
Franciscan University of Steubenville
  1. Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics.Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Profoundly important ethical and political controversies turn on the question of whether biological life is an essential aspect of a human person, or only an extrinsic instrument. Lee and George argue that human beings are physical, animal organisms - albeit essentially rational and free - and examine the implications of this understanding of human beings for some of the most controversial issues in contemporary ethics and politics. The authors argue that human beings are animal organisms and that their personal identity (...)
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  2. The Nature and Basis of Human Dignity.Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2008 - In Adam Schulman (ed.), Human Dignity and Bioethics: Essays Commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics. [President's Council on Bioethics. pp. 173-193.
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  3. The Pro-Life Argument From Substantial Identity: A Defence.Patrick Lee - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (3):249–263.
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  4. Total Brain Death: A Reply to Alan Shewmon.Patrick Lee & Germain Grisez - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (5):275-284.
    D. Alan Shewmon has advanced a well-documented challenge to the widely accepted total brain death criterion for death of the human being. We show that Shewmon's argument against this criterion is unsound, though he does refute the standard argument for that criterion. We advance a distinct argument for the total brain death criterion and answer likely objections. Since human beings are rational animals – sentient organisms of a specific type – the loss of the radical capacity for sentience involves a (...)
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  5.  81
    The Ontological Status of Embryos: A Reply to Jason Morris.Patrick Lee, Christopher Tollefsen & Robert P. George - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (5):483-504.
    In various places we have defended the position that a new human organism, that is, an individual member of the human species, comes to be at fertilization, the union of the spermatozoon and the oocyte. This individual organism, during the ordinary course of embryological development, remains the same individual and does not undergo any further substantial change, unless monozygotic twinning, or some form of chimerism occurs. Recently, in this Journal Jason Morris has challenged our position, claiming that recent findings in (...)
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  6. Aquinas on Human Ensoulment, Abortion and the Value of Life.John Haldane & Patrick Lee - 2003 - Philosophy 78 (2):255-278.
    Although there is a significant number of books and essays in which Aquinas's thought is examined in some detail, there are still many aspects of his writings that remain unknown to those outside the field of Thomistic studies; or which are generally misunderstood. An example is Aquinas's account of the origins of individual human life. This is the subject of a chapter in a recent book by Robert Pasnau on Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature (Cambridge: CUP, 2001). Since there will (...)
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  7.  20
    Total Brain Death and the Integration of the Body Required of a Human Being.Patrick Lee - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (3):300-314.
    I develop and refine an argument for the total brain death criterion of death previously advanced by Germain Grisez and me: A human being is essentially a rational animal, and so must have a radical capacity for rational operations. For rational animals, conscious sensation is a pre-requisite for rational operation. But total brain death results in the loss of the radical capacity for conscious sensation, and so also for rational operations. Hence, total brain death constitutes a substantial change—the ceasing to (...)
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  8. Substantial Identity and the Right to Life: A Rejoinder to Dean Stretton.Patrick Lee - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (2):93-97.
  9.  2
    The Nature and Basis of Human Dignity.Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2008 - Ratio Juris 21 (2):173-193.
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  10.  42
    Ontological and Ethical Implications of Direct Nuclear Reprogramming: Response to Magill and Neaves.Maureen L. Condic, Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):pp. 33-40.
    The paper by Magill and Neaves in this issue of the Journal attempts to rebut the "natural potency" position, based on recent advances in direct reprogramming of somatic cells to yield "induced pluripotent stem" (iPS) cells. As stated by the authors, the natural potency position holds that because "a human embryo directs its own integral organismic function from its beginning . . . there is a whole, albeit immature, and distinct human organism that is intrinsically valuable with the status of (...)
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  11. Conjugal Union, What Marriage Is and Why It Matters.Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book defends the conjugal view of marriage. Patrick Lee and Robert P. George argue that marriage is a distinctive type of community: the union of a man and a woman who have committed to sharing their lives on every level of their beings (bodily, emotionally, and spiritually) in the kind of union that would be fulfilled by conceiving and rearing children together. The comprehensive nature of this union, and its intrinsic orientation to procreation as its natural fulfillment, distinguishes marriage (...)
     
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  12.  50
    Rational Souls and the Beginning of Life (A Reply to Robert Pasnau).John Haldane & Patrick Lee - 2003 - Philosophy 78 (306):532 - 540.
    The present essay takes up matters discussed by Robert Pasnau in his response to our previous criticism of his account of Aquinas's view of when a foetus acquires a human soul. We are mainly concerned with metaphysical and biological issues and argue that the kind of organization required for ensoulment is that sufficient for the full development of a human being, and that this is present from conception. We contend that in his criticisms of our account Pasnau fails clearly to (...)
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  13.  27
    The Basis for Being a Subject of Rights: The Natural Law Position.Patrick Lee - 2013 - In John Keown & Robert P. George (eds.), Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis. Oxford University Press. pp. 236.
  14.  44
    Personhood, Dignity, Suicide, and Euthanasia.Patrick Lee - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (3):329-343.
  15.  86
    Evil as Such Is a Privation: A Reply to John Crosby.Patrick Lee - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):469-488.
    I reply to an article in the ACPA Proceedings of 2001 by John Crosby in which he challenged the position that evil as such is a privation. Each of his arguments attempts to present a counterexample to the privation position. His first argument, claiming that annihilation is evil but not a privation, fails to consider that a privation need not be contemporaneous with the subject suffering the privation. Contrary to his second argument, I explain that the repugnance of pain is (...)
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  16. Marriage, Procreation, and Same-Sex Unions.Patrick Lee - 2008 - The Monist 91 (3-4):422-438.
  17.  35
    Aquinas on Knowledge of Truth and Existence.Patrick Lee - 1986 - New Scholasticism 60 (1):46-71.
  18.  32
    Human Beings Are Animals.Patrick Lee - 1997 - International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3):291-303.
  19.  65
    Is Thomas’s Natural Law Theory Naturalist?Patrick Lee - 1997 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 71 (4):567-587.
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  20. The Goodness of Creation, Evil, and Christian Teaching.Patrick Lee - 2000 - The Thomist 64 (2):239-269.
     
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  21. Bioethics: A Culture War.: Nicholas C. Lund-Molfese, Michael Kelly, Francis Cardinal George, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Patrick Lee, Peter Kreeft, Charles E. Rice & Gerard V. Bradley (eds.) - 2004 - Upa.
    The purpose of this valuable book is to consider recent cultural trends in bioethics from a Catholic perspective. Bioethics is intended for a lay audience interested in understanding bioethical issues from a Catholic perspective.
     
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  22. Human Dignity and Reproductive Technology.Patrick Guinan, Francis Cardinal George, Jean Bethke Elshtain, John M. Haas, Steven Bozza, Daniel P. Toma, Patrick Lee, William E. May, Richard M. Doerflinger & Gerard V. Bradley (eds.) - 2003 - Upa.
    The March 2002 symposium Human Dignity and Reproductive Technology brought together philosophers, theologians, scientists, lawyers, and scholars from across the United States. The essays of this book are the contributions of the symposium's participants.
     
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  23. Aquinas, the Embryo and the Ethics of Abortion.J. Haldane & Patrick Lee - 2003 - Philosophy 78 (2):255-278.
     
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  24.  36
    Aquinas and Scotus on Liberty and Natural Law.Patrick Lee - 1982 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 56:70.
  25.  25
    Back to 'Things in Themselves'.Patrick Lee - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):852-853.
  26.  7
    Back to 'Things in Themselves': A Phenomenological Foundation for Classical Realism. [REVIEW]Patrick Lee - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):852-852.
    Seifert explains here the distinctiveness of the method of phenomenology and, above all, seeks to reclaim the method from the idealists and for classical realism. The main question of the book is: "In our knowledge, do we also discover besides the appearances and constituted aspects of things, 'things themselves,' i.e., essential structures and laws, and existents, which are in no way constituted by human consciousness?".
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  27.  15
    Catholic Bioethics and the Gift of Human Life, Second Edition by William E. May.Patrick Lee - 2009 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 9 (2):392-394.
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  28.  29
    Distinguishing Between What is Intended and Foreseen Side Effects.Patrick Lee - 2017 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 62 (2):231-251.
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  29.  22
    Dependent Rational Animals: Why Human Beings Need the Virtues by Alasdair C. MacIntyre.Patrick Lee - 2000 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 45 (1):133-160.
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  30.  6
    Etienne Gilson.Patrick Lee - 1989 - New Scholasticism 63 (1):81-100.
  31.  7
    Etienne Gilson: Thomist Réalism and the Critique of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Patrick Lee - 1989 - New Scholasticism 63 (1):81-100.
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  32.  19
    God and New Natural Law Theory.Patrick Lee - 2019 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 19 (2):279-291.
    New natural law theory holds that the basic moral principles are prescriptions to pursue the goods to which our nature orients us. Since God is the author of our nature and intelligence, these moral principles are part of his plan for creation. These principles can be known prior to knowing that God exists and prior to knowing that they are in fact directives from him. Nevertheless, since God’s plan includes our active cooperation, morally good acts cooperate with God’s providence, and (...)
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  33.  15
    George, Robert. Making Men Moral: Civil Liberties and Public Morality.Patrick Lee - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (4):891-893.
  34.  9
    Introduction to Catholic Bioethics.Patrick Lee - 2015 - Quaestiones Disputatae 5 (2):4-9.
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  35.  29
    John I. Jenkins: Knowledge and Faith in Thomas Aquinas.Patrick Lee - 2001 - Faith and Philosophy 18 (1):127-132.
  36.  12
    Jacques Maritain and the French Catholic Intellectuals. By Bernard Doering.Patrick Lee - 1986 - Modern Schoolman 64 (1):60-61.
  37. Jeffrey Stout: "The Flight From Authority". [REVIEW]Patrick Lee - 1984 - The Thomist 48 (3):483.
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  38.  16
    Logical Analysis.Patrick Lee - 1987 - New Scholasticism 61 (4):480-482.
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  39.  11
    Logical Analysis: An Introduction to Systematic Learning. [REVIEW]Patrick Lee - 1987 - New Scholasticism 61 (4):480-482.
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  40.  20
    Language About God and the Theory of Analogy.Patrick Lee - 1984 - New Scholasticism 58 (1):40-66.
  41.  93
    Lee's Rejoinder to Mercier's Reply.Patrick Lee - 2008 - The Monist 91 (3-4):442-445.
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  42. Marriage and Acts Reproductive in Kind.Patrick Lee - 2005 - Vera Lex 6 (1/2):163-182.
  43.  8
    Mark F. Johnson.Patrick Lee - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (248).
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  44.  2
    Making Men Moral: Civil Liberties and Public Morality. [REVIEW]Patrick Lee - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (4):891-892.
    Robert George of Princeton University challenges the fundamental dogma of contemporary political philosophy, namely, that it is wrong to "legislate morality." George's positive argument for morals legislation is in the tradition of Aristotle and Aquinas. "The idea that public morality is a public good, and that immoral acts--even between consenting adults--can therefore do public harm, has not been refuted by liberal critics of the central tradition". Chapter 1 defends this, arguing that a healthy political society has a moral environment or (...)
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  45.  28
    Modern Writings on Thomism.Patrick Lee - 2005 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (2):350-353.
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  46.  22
    Natural Law Theory.Patrick Lee - 1998 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72 (1):136-137.
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  47.  8
    Natural Law Theory: Contemporary Essays. [REVIEW]Patrick Lee - 1998 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72 (1):136-137.
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  48.  7
    Privacy. By Paul Weiss.Patrick Lee - 1986 - Modern Schoolman 63 (2):149-151.
  49. Peter Klein: "Certainty: A Refutation of Scepticism". [REVIEW]Patrick Lee - 1984 - The Thomist 48 (4):690.
     
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  50.  13
    Presentation of the Aquinas Medal.Patrick Lee - 2004 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 78:11-12.