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Patrick Lee [55]Patrick W. K. Lee [1]
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Profile: Patrick Lee (Franciscan University of Steubenville)
  1.  29
    Patrick Lee (2004). The Pro-Life Argument From Substantial Identity: A Defence. Bioethics 18 (3):249–263.
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  2. John Haldane & Patrick Lee (2003). Aquinas on Human Ensoulment, Abortion and the Value of Life. Philosophy 78 (2):255-278.
    Although there is a significant number of books and essays in which Aquinas's thought is examined in some detail, there are still many aspects of his writings that remain unknown to those outside the field of Thomistic studies; or which are generally misunderstood. An example is Aquinas's account of the origins of individual human life. This is the subject of a chapter in a recent book by Robert Pasnau on Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature (Cambridge: CUP, 2001). Since there will (...)
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  3.  67
    Patrick Lee & Robert P. George (2008). The Nature and Basis of Human Dignity. In Adam Schulman (ed.), Human Dignity and Bioethics: Essays Commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics. [President's Council on Bioethics. pp. 173-193.
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  4.  54
    Patrick Lee & Germain Grisez (2012). Total Brain Death: A Reply to Alan Shewmon. Bioethics 26 (5):275-284.
    D. Alan Shewmon has advanced a well-documented challenge to the widely accepted total brain death criterion for death of the human being. We show that Shewmon's argument against this criterion is unsound, though he does refute the standard argument for that criterion. We advance a distinct argument for the total brain death criterion and answer likely objections. Since human beings are rational animals – sentient organisms of a specific type – the loss of the radical capacity for sentience involves a (...)
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  5.  18
    Patrick Lee, Christopher Tollefsen & Robert P. George (2014). The Ontological Status of Embryos: A Reply to Jason Morris. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (5):483-504.
    In various places we have defended the position that a new human organism, that is, an individual member of the human species, comes to be at fertilization, the union of the spermatozoon and the oocyte. This individual organism, during the ordinary course of embryological development, remains the same individual and does not undergo any further substantial change, unless monozygotic twinning, or some form of chimerism occurs. Recently, in this Journal Jason Morris has challenged our position, claiming that recent findings in (...)
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  6. Patrick Lee (2007). Substantial Identity and the Right to Life: A Rejoinder to Dean Stretton. Bioethics 21 (2):93-97.
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  7. Patrick Lee (2008). Marriage, Procreation, and Same-Sex Unions. The Monist 91 (3/4):422-438.
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  8.  18
    John Haldane & Patrick Lee (2003). Rational Souls and the Beginning of Life (A Reply to Robert Pasnau). Philosophy 78 (306):532 - 540.
    The present essay takes up matters discussed by Robert Pasnau in his response to our previous criticism of his account of Aquinas's view of when a foetus acquires a human soul. We are mainly concerned with metaphysical and biological issues and argue that the kind of organization required for ensoulment is that sufficient for the full development of a human being, and that this is present from conception. We contend that in his criticisms of our account Pasnau fails clearly to (...)
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  9.  23
    Patrick Lee (2001). Personhood, Dignity, Suicide, and Euthanasia. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (3):329-343.
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  10.  46
    Patrick Lee (2008). Lee's Rejoinder to Mercier's Reply. The Monist 91 (3/4):442-445.
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  11.  43
    Patrick Lee (2007). Evil as Such is a Privation: A Reply to John Crosby. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):469-488.
    I reply to an article in the ACPA Proceedings of 2001 by John Crosby in which he challenged the position that evil as such is a privation. Each of his arguments attempts to present a counterexample to the privation position. His first argument, claiming that annihilation is evil but not a privation, fails to consider that a privation need not be contemporaneous with the subject suffering the privation. Contrary to his second argument, I explain that the repugnance of pain is (...)
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  12.  4
    Patrick Lee (2016). Total Brain Death and the Integration of the Body Required of a Human Being. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (3):300-314.
    I develop and refine an argument for the total brain death criterion of death previously advanced by Germain Grisez and me: A human being is essentially a rational animal, and so must have a radical capacity for rational operations. For rational animals, conscious sensation is a pre-requisite for rational operation. But total brain death results in the loss of the radical capacity for conscious sensation, and so also for rational operations. Hence, total brain death constitutes a substantial change—the ceasing to (...)
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  13.  43
    Patrick Lee (1997). Is Thomas's Natural Law Theory Naturalist? American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 71 (4):567-587.
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  14. J. Haldane & Patrick Lee (2003). Aquinas, the Embryo and the Ethics of Abortion. Philosophy 78 (2):255-278.
     
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  15.  10
    Patrick Lee (2001). John I. Jenkins: Knowledge and Faith in Thomas Aquinas. Faith and Philosophy 18 (1):127-132.
  16. Patrick Lee (1981). St. Thomas and Avicenna on the Agent Intellect. The Thomist 45 (1):41.
     
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  17.  22
    Patrick Lee (1986). Aquinas on Knowledge of Truth and Existence. New Scholasticism 60 (1):46-71.
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  18.  24
    Patrick Lee (1982). Aquinas and Scotus on Liberty and Natural Law. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 56:70-78.
  19.  25
    Patrick Lee (1989). Reasons and Religious Belief. Faith and Philosophy 6 (1):19-34.
    The problem addressed is: whether religious belief, defined here as accepting that God has revealed and that what he has revealed is true, could ever be rational. That is, does the idea of religious belief imply that it is irrational? The author attempts to resolve this problem in favor of religious belief, and suggests how reasons can legitimately function in religious belief. The evidentialist objection to religion is answered, and it is proposed that reasons might function, not to prove that (...)
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  20.  21
    Patrick Lee (2005). Modern Writings on Thomism. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (2):350-353.
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  21.  14
    Patrick Lee (2013). The Basis for Being a Subject of Rights: The Natural Law Position. In John Keown & Robert P. George (eds.), Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis. Oxford University Press. pp. 236.
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  22.  6
    Patrick Lee (1998). Performing Politics and the Limits of Language. Theory and Event 2 (1).
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  23.  7
    Patrick Lee (1987). Logical Analysis. New Scholasticism 61 (4):480-482.
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  24. Patrick Lee (1985). The Relationship Between Intellect and Will in Free Choice According to Aquinas and Scotus. The Thomist 49 (3):321.
     
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  25.  17
    Patrick Lee (1997). Human Beings Are Animals. International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3):291-303.
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  26.  8
    Patrick Lee (1991). The Definition of Moral Virtue. By Yves R. Simon. Modern Schoolman 68 (2):179-181.
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  27.  8
    Patrick Lee (1997). George, Robert. Making Men Moral: Civil Liberties and Public Morality. Review of Metaphysics 50 (4):891-893.
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  28.  8
    Patrick Lee (1981). The Ethics of Homicide. By Philip E. Devine. Modern Schoolman 59 (1):75-76.
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  29.  5
    Patrick Lee (2004). Presentation of the Aquinas Medal. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 78:11-12.
  30.  14
    Patrick Lee (1989). Back to 'Things in Themselves'. Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):852-853.
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  31.  6
    Patrick Lee (1986). Privacy. By Paul Weiss. Modern Schoolman 63 (2):149-151.
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  32.  9
    Patrick Lee (1990). Reply to Mark Wauck. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 64 (3):411-413.
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  33.  10
    Patrick Lee (1997). Thomas Aquinas and His Legacy. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 71 (4):633-634.
  34.  5
    Patrick Lee (2008). The Papal Allocution Concerning Care for PVS Patients: A Reply to Fr. O'Rourke. In C. Tollefsen (ed.), Artificial Nutrition and Hydration. Springer Press. pp. 179--188.
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  35.  3
    Patrick Lee (2007). Evil as Such Is a Privation. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):469 - 488.
    I reply to an article in the ACPA Proceedings of 2001 by John Crosby in which he challenged the position that evil as such is a privation. Each of his arguments attempts to present a counterexample to the privation position. His first argument, claiming that annihilation is evil but not a privation, fails to consider that a privation need not be contemporaneous with the subject suffering the privation. Contrary to his second argument, I explain that the repugnance of pain is (...)
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  36.  3
    Patrick Lee (2013). Physician-Assisted Suicide Is. In Arthur L. Caplan & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Bioethics. Wiley. pp. 25--213.
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  37.  8
    Patrick Lee (1984). Language About God and the Theory of Analogy. New Scholasticism 58 (1):40-66.
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  38.  6
    Patrick Lee (1989). Etienne Gilson. New Scholasticism 63 (1):81-100.
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  39.  7
    Patrick Lee (1998). Natural Law Theory. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72 (1):136-137.
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  40.  3
    Patrick Lee & Robert P. George (2010). The Not-so-Tell-Tale Heart. Hastings Center Report 41 (2):8-9.
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  41. Patrick Lee (2000). The Goodness of Creation, Evil, and Christian Teaching. The Thomist 64 (2):239-269.
     
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  42.  1
    Patrick W. K. Lee & Gustavo Leone (1994). Reovirus Protein?1: From Cell Attachment to Protein Oligomerization and Folding Mechanisms. Bioessays 16 (3):199-206.
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  43.  2
    Patrick Lee (1986). Jacques Maritain and the French Catholic Intellectuals. By Bernard Doering. Modern Schoolman 64 (1):60-61.
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  44.  1
    Patrick Lee & Robert P. George (2011). To the Editor. Hastings Center Report 41 (2):8-9.
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  45.  1
    Patrick Lee (2013). Reply to Lachs. In Arthur L. Caplan & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Bioethics. Wiley. pp. 25--225.
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  46. : Nicholas C. Lund-Molfese, Michael Kelly, Francis Cardinal George, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Patrick Lee, Peter Kreeft, Charles E. Rice & Gerard V. Bradley (2004). Bioethics: A Culture War. Upa.
    The purpose of this valuable book is to consider recent cultural trends in bioethics from a Catholic perspective. Bioethics is intended for a lay audience interested in understanding bioethical issues from a Catholic perspective.
     
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  47. Patrick Guinan, Francis Cardinal George, Jean Bethke Elshtain, John M. Haas, Steven Bozza, Daniel P. Toma, Patrick Lee, William E. May, Richard M. Doerflinger & Gerard V. Bradley (2003). Human Dignity and Reproductive Technology. Upa.
    The March 2002 symposium Human Dignity and Reproductive Technology brought together philosophers, theologians, scientists, lawyers, and scholars from across the United States. The essays of this book are the contributions of the symposium's participants.
     
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  48.  31
    Patrick Lee & Robert P. George (2007). Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics. Cambridge University Press.
    Profoundly important ethical and political controversies turn on the question of whether biological life is an essential aspect of a human person, or only an extrinsic instrument. Lee and George argue that human beings are physical, animal organisms - albeit essentially rational and free - and examine the implications of this understanding of human beings for some of the most controversial issues in contemporary ethics and politics. The authors argue that human beings are animal organisms and that their personal identity (...)
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  49. Patrick Lee & Robert P. George (2014). Conjugal Union, What Marriage Is and Why It Matters. Cambridge University Press.
    This book defends the conjugal view of marriage. Patrick Lee and Robert P. George argue that marriage is a distinctive type of community: the union of a man and a woman who have committed to sharing their lives on every level of their beings (bodily, emotionally, and spiritually) in the kind of union that would be fulfilled by conceiving and rearing children together. The comprehensive nature of this union, and its intrinsic orientation to procreation as its natural fulfillment, distinguishes marriage (...)
     
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  50. Patrick Lee (2015). Introduction to Catholic Bioethics. Quaestiones Disputatae 5 (2):4-9.
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