Results for 'Patrick R. Daly'

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Patrick Daly
Boston College
  1.  70
    A Theory of Health Science and the Healing Arts Based on the Philosophy of Bernard Lonergan.Patrick R. Daly - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):147-160.
    This paper represents a preliminary investigation relating Bernard Lonergan’s thought to health science and the healing arts. First, I provide background for basic elements of Lonergan’s theoretical terminology that I employ. As inquiry is the engine of Lonergan’s method, next I specify two questions that underlie medical insights and define several terms, including health, disease, and illness, in relation to these questions. Then I expand the frame of reference to include all disciplines involved in the cycle of clinical interaction under (...)
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  2.  77
    Kant's Empirical Psychology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Throughout his life, Kant was concerned with questions about empirical psychology. He aimed to develop an empirical account of human beings, and his lectures and writings on the topic are recognizable today as properly 'psychological' treatments of human thought and behavior. In this book Patrick R. Frierson uses close analysis of relevant texts, including unpublished lectures and notes, to study Kant's account. He shows in detail how Kant explains human action, choice, and thought in empirical terms, and how a (...)
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  3.  52
    R. Budd Dwyer: A Case Study in Newsroom Decision Making.Patrick R. Parsons & William E. Smith - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):84 – 94.
    In late January of 1987, the State Treasurer of Pennsylvania, R. Budd Dwyer, shot himself to death in front of a dozen reporters and camera crews during a news conference in his office. Much was subsequently made in the popular press, and within the profession, about the difficult ethical decision television journalists were faced with in determining how much of the very graphic suicide tape to air. A review of the literature in this area suggests, however, that journalists have established (...)
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  4.  29
    My Bioethics Will Be Intersectional or It Will Be [Bleep].Patrick R. Grzanka, Jenny Dyck Brian & Janet K. Shim - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):27-29.
  5.  49
    Freedom and Anthropology in Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Patrick R. Frierson - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a comprehensive account of Kant's theory of freedom and his moral anthropology. The point of departure is the apparent conflict between three claims to which Kant is committed: that human beings are transcendentally free, that moral anthropology studies the empirical influences on human beings, and that more anthropology is morally relevant. Frierson shows why this conflict is only apparent. He draws on Kant's transcendental idealism and his theory of the will and describes how empirical influences can affect (...)
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  6.  19
    What is the Human Being?Patrick R. Frierson - 2013 - Routledge.
    Philosophers, anthropologists and biologists have long puzzled over the question of human nature. It is also a question that Kant thought about deeply and returned to in many of his writings. In this lucid and wide-ranging introduction to Kant’s philosophy of human nature - which is essential for understanding his thought as a whole - Patrick R. Frierson assesses Kant’s theories and examines his critics. He begins by explaining how Kant articulates three ways of addressing the question ‘what is (...)
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  7.  90
    Rational Responsibility and the Assertoric Character of Bald-Faced Lies.Patrick R. Leland - 2015 - Analysis 75 (4):550-554.
    According to a traditional view, one lies if and only if one asserts what one believes is false and with the intent to deceive one’s audience. Recently, many theorists have challenged the requirement of intent to deceive. The principal reason offered appeals to so-called bald-faced lies wherein one asserts what one believes is false without intent to deceive. I argue that, assuming a reasonable model of assertion, two of the most prominent examples of bald-faced lies fail to be genuinely assertoric. (...)
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  8.  21
    Kant and the Primacy of Judgment Before the First Critique.Patrick R. Leland - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (2):281-312.
    Some claim Kant’s commitment to the explanatory priority of judgments over concepts is one of his most important contributions to the philosophy of mind. There is, however, extensive disagreement over the nature and extent of this commitment. Existing interpretations ignore a substantial body of textual evidence and offer no account of the origins of Kant’s view. This paper corrects for these deficiencies. I explain, first, the relevant accounts of concept possession Kant encountered in the writings of his predecessors; and, second, (...)
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  9.  80
    Adam Smith and the Possibility of Sympathy with Nature.Patrick R. Frierson - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):442–480.
    As J. Baird Callicott has argued, Adam Smith's moral theory is a philosophical ancestor of recent work in environmental ethics. However, Smith's "all important emotion of sympathy" (Callicott, 2001, p. 209) seems incapable of extension to entities that lack emotions with which one can sympathize. Drawing on the distinctive account of sympathy developed in Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments, as well as his account of anthropomorphizing nature in "History of Astronomy and Physics," I show that sympathy with non-sentient nature is (...)
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  10.  79
    Making Room for Children's Autonomy: Maria Montessori's Case for Seeing Children's Incapacity for Autonomy as an External Failing.Patrick R. Frierson - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (3):332-350.
    This article draws on Martha Nussbaum's distinction between basic, internal, and external capacities to better specify possible locations for children's ‘incapacity’ for autonomy. I then examine Maria Montessori's work on what she calls ‘normalization’, which involves a release of children's capacities for autonomy and self-governance made possible by being provided with the right kind of environment. Using Montessori, I argue that, in contrast to many ordinary and philosophical assumptions, children's incapacities for autonomy are best understood as consequences of an absence (...)
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  11.  68
    Maria Montessori's Epistemology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (4):767-791.
    This paper lays out the epistemology of Maria Montessori . I start with what I call Montessori's ‘interested empiricism’, her empiricist emphasis on the foundational role of the senses combined with her insistence that all cognition is infused with ‘interest’. I then discuss the unconscious. Partly because of her emphasis on early childhood, Montessori puts great emphasis on unconscious cognitive processes and develops a conceptual vocabulary to make sense of the continuity between conscious and unconscious processes. The final sections turn (...)
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  12.  20
    Psychotherapy Participants Show Increased Physiological Responsiveness to a Lab Stressor Relative to Matched Controls.Patrick R. Steffen, Louise Fidalgo, Dominic Schmuck, Yoko Tsui & Tracy Brown - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  13.  15
    Unconscious Representations in Kant’s Early Writings.Patrick R. Leland - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (2):257-284.
    There is an emerging consensus among interpreters that in his Critical writings Kant ascribes unconscious representations to the mind. The nature and extent of this ascription over the course of Kant’s philosophical development is however not well understood. I argue that from his earliest published writings Kant consistently ascribes unconscious representations to the mind; that some of these representations are unconscious in the strong sense that they are not available to introspection; and that Kant extends his commitment to unconscious representations (...)
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  14. Kant on Consciousness in Animals.Patrick R. Leland - 2018 - Studi Kantiani 31:75-107.
     
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  15.  57
    The Virtue Epistemology of Maria Montessori.Patrick R. Frierson - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (1):79-98.
    This paper shows how Maria Montessori's thought can enrich contemporary virtue epistemology. After a short overview of her ‘interested empiricist’ epistemological framework, I discuss four representative intellectual virtues: sensory acuity, physical dexterity, intellectual love, and intellectual humility. Throughout, I show how Montessori bridges the divide between reliabilist and responsibilist approaches to the virtues and how her particular treatments of virtues offer distinctive and compelling alternatives to contemporary accounts. For instance, she emphasizes how sensory acuity is a virtue for which one (...)
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  16.  35
    A Concise Guide to Clinical Reasoning.Patrick Daly - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):966-972.
    What constitutes clinical reasoning is a disputed subject regarding the processes underlying accurate diagnosis, the importance of patient‐specific versus population‐based data, and the relation between virtue and expertise in clinical practice. In this paper, I present a model of clinical reasoning that identifies and integrates the processes of diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutic decision making. The model is based on the generalized empirical method of Bernard Lonergan, which approaches inquiry with equal attention to the subject who investigates and the object under (...)
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  17.  66
    Maria Montessori’s Philosophy of Experimental Psychology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (2):240-268.
    Through philosophical analysis of Montessori’s critiques of psychology, I aim to show the enduring relevance of those critiques. Maria Montessori sees experimental psychology as fundamental to philosophy and pedagogy, but she objects to the experimental psychology of her day in four ways: as disconnected from practice, as myopic, as based excessively on methods from physical sciences, and—most fundamentally—as offering detailed examinations of human beings (particularly children) under abnormal conditions. In place of these prevailing norms, Montessori suggests a model of the (...)
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  18.  14
    Focusing Strategy for Eight Concept Rules.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):661.
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  19.  11
    School Counselors’ General Self-Efficacy, Ethical and Legal Self-Efficacy, and Ethical and Legal Knowledge.Patrick R. Mullen, Glenn W. Lambie, Catherine Griffith & Renee Sherrell - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (5):415-430.
    School counselors encounter ethical and legal situations that necessitate the knowledge and confidence to apply decision-making skills. We report the findings from a correlational investigation that examines practicing school counselors’ ethical and legal self-efficacy, ethical and legal knowledge, and general self-efficacy. Higher ethical and legal self-efficacy was associated with higher general self-efficacy and ethical and legal knowledge. The implications of these findings are discussed.
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  20.  7
    Self-Enhancement Diminished.Patrick R. Heck & Joachim I. Krueger - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (5):1003-1020.
  21.  12
    Selection Strategies in Conjunctive, Disjunctive, and Biconditional Concept Attainment.Patrick R. Laughlin & Richard M. Jordan - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):188.
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  22.  22
    The Naked Self: Kierkegaard and Personal Identity by Patrick Stokes.Patrick R. Frierson - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4):685-686.
    The Naked Self is a great book. It is good Kierkegaard scholarship and an excellent model of bringing history of philosophy to bear on contemporary metaphysics. After a stage-setting introduction, the book has eight main chapters and a conclusion including questions and answers from an imagined interlocutor. Stokes takes the reader from how “Kierkegaard’s phenomenology of self-experience may… be a useful resource for neo-Lockean metaphysics” to a sustained defense that “Kierkegaard himself is playing a different, and altogether more interesting, game”.Stokes’s (...)
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  23.  46
    The Impact of a Brief Mindfulness Meditation Intervention on Cognitive Control and Error-Related Performance Monitoring.Michael J. Larson, Patrick R. Steffen & Mark Primosch - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  24.  12
    An Integral Approach to Health Science and Healthcare.Patrick Daly - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (1):15-40.
    Defining disease and delineating its boundaries is a contested area in contemporary philosophy of medicine. The leading naturalistic theory faces a new round of difficulties related to defining a normal environment alongside normal organismic functioning and to delineating a discrete boundary between risk factors and disease. Normative theories face ongoing and seemingly intractable difficulties related to value pluralism and the problematic relation between theory and practice. In this article, I argue for an integral—as opposed to a hybrid—philosophy of health based (...)
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  25.  16
    Selection Strategies in Concept Attainment as a Function of Number of Persons and Stimulus Display.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (3):323.
    The selection strategies of individuals and 2-person cooperative groups were investigated in 5 concept-attainment problems. 2 types of stimulus displays were used: (a) form displays, consisting of geometric forms varying in 6 attributes with 2 levels of each, (b) sequence displays, consisting of 6 plus and/or minus signs in a row. The arrangement of cards in the stimulus displays was ordered or random. The principal results were: (a) 2-person groups used the focusing strategy more, required fewer card choices to solution, (...)
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  26.  11
    The Effects of Antecedent Instruction on Visual Habituation of Preschool Children.Patrick R. Harrison & Michael D. Ruch - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (2):105-108.
  27.  56
    Palliative Sedation, Foregoing Life-Sustaining Treatment, and Aid-in-Dying: What is the Difference?Patrick Daly - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (3):197-213.
    After a review of terminology, I identify—in addition to Margaret Battin’s list of five primary arguments for and against aid-in-dying—the argument from functional equivalence as another primary argument. I introduce a novel way to approach this argument based on Bernard Lonergan’s generalized empirical method. Then I proceed on the basis of GEM to distinguish palliative sedation, palliative sedation to unconsciousness when prognosis is less than two weeks, and foregoing life-sustaining treatment from aid-in-dying. I conclude that aid-in-dying must be justified on (...)
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  28.  19
    Grounding Medical Ethics in Philosophy of Medicine: Problematic and Potential.Patrick Daly - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (3):169-182.
    After considering two of Pellegrino’s papers that address the relation between philosophy of medicine and medical ethics, I identify several overarching problems in his account that revolve around his self-described essentialism and the lack of a systematic attempt to relate clinical medicine to biomedicine and public health. I address these from the critical realist position of Bernard Lonergan, who grounds both metaphysics and ethics on the normative structure of human inquiry and seeks to understand historical development, such as we are (...)
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  29.  22
    Evidence‐Based Practice – an Incomplete Model of the Relationship Between Theory and Professional Work.Helen C. Hancock & Patrick R. Easen - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):187-196.
  30.  16
    Concept Attainment as a Function of Information Specification and Concept Complexity.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):334-343.
  31.  39
    Cognitive Deficits, Schizophrenia, and the Anterior Cingulate Cortex.Glenn S. Sanders, Gordon G. Gallup, Helmut Heinsen, Patrick R. Hof & Christoph Schmitz - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (5):190-192.
  32.  8
    Patrick R. Frierson Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004). Pp. X+210. £40.00 (Hbk). ISBN 0 521 82400. [REVIEW]Peter Byrne - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (2):247-248.
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  33.  6
    Patrick R. Frierson Freedom and Anthropology in Kants Moral Philosophy. . Pp. X+210. 40.00 . ISBN 0 521 82400 1.Peter Byrne - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (2):247-248.
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  34.  4
    What's Right with Patients'Rights.Patrick R. Carroll - 1980 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 8 (1):9-11.
  35.  1
    What's Right with Patients 'Rights'.Patrick R. Carroll - 1980 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 8 (1):9-11.
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  36.  88
    Pugin and Ruskin.Patrick R. M. Conner - 1978 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41:344-350.
  37.  8
    Allen W. Wood, The Free Development of Each: Studies of Freedom, Right and Ethics in Classical German Philosophy Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014 Pp. 352 ISBN 9780199685530 £45.00. [REVIEW]Patrick R. Frierson - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (3):506-512.
  38.  10
    Constructing Authorities: Reason, Politics, and Interpretation in Kant’s Philosophy, Written by Onora O’Neill.Patrick R. Frierson - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (4):509-512.
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  39. Freedom and Anthropology in Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Patrick R. Frierson & Jens Timmermann - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):516-519.
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  40.  38
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by Laura Papish.Patrick R. Frierson - 2019 - Mind 128 (512):1344-1355.
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by PapishLaura. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xvii + 257.
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  41.  63
    Providence and Divine Mercy in Kant’s Ethical Cosmopolitanism.Patrick R. Frierson - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (2):144-164.
    For Kant, cosmopolitan ethical community is a necessary response to humans’ radical evil. To be cosmopolitan, this community must not depend on particular historical religions. But Kant’s defense of ethical community uses Christian concepts such as providence and divine mercy. This paper explores two ways—one more liberal and the other more religious—to relate the theological commitments underlying ethical cosmopolitanism with the non-dogmatic nature of Kantian religion.
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  42.  23
    Symbolic Representation in Kant’s Practical Philosophy. [REVIEW]Patrick R. Frierson - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):232-238.
  43.  14
    Towards a Research Program in Kantian Positive Psychology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 71:89-98.
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  44.  15
    Theodor W. Adorno, Can One Live After Auschwitz? A Philosophical Reader, Trans. Rodney Livingstone and Others, Ed. Rolf Tiedmann (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003). Julian Baggini, Making Sense (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). [REVIEW]Patrick R. Frierson - 2003 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 24 (2).
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  45.  18
    Weltschmerz: Pessimism in German Philosophy, 1860–1900 by Frederick C. Beiser.Patrick R. Frierson - 2018 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (1):180-181.
    Frederick Beiser continues to unfold the German philosophical tradition, refusing to let a static and narrowly construed canon of "big names" obscure important philosophical debates in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Germany. Weltschmerz focuses on the pessimism controversy, the debate over "the thesis that life is not worth living, that nothingness is better than being, or that it is worse to be than not be".The most important philosopher in the book is Arthur Schopenhauer. Chapters 1–4 are devoted to Schopenhauer's legacy, metaphysics, pessimism, (...)
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  46. Mirrors in Mind.Patrick R. Green - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):76-76.
  47.  11
    Patrick R. Frierson, Kant’s Empirical Psychology Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014 Pp. 288 ISBN 9781107032651 $95.00. [REVIEW]Jeanine M. Grenberg - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (1):130-137.
  48.  26
    Recognising Actions.Patrick R. Green & Frank E. Pollick - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):106-107.
    The ability to recognise the actions of conspecifics from displays of biological motion is an essential perceptual capacity. Physiological and psychological evidence suggest that the visual processing of biological motion involves close interaction between the dorsal and ventral systems. Norman's strong emphasis on the functional differences between these systems may impede understanding of their interactions.
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  49. Book Review: Magnetic Appeal: MRI and the Myth of Transparency by Kelly A. Joyce Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 2008, Pp. 198, ISBN 978-0-8014-7456-9. [REVIEW]Patrick R. Grzanka - 2010 - Body and Society 16 (2):169-173.
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  50.  15
    The Biopolitics of Passing and the Possibility of Radically Inclusive Transgender Health Care.Patrick R. Grzanka, Elliott DeVore, Kirsten A. Gonzalez, Lex Pulice-Farrow & David Tierney - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):17-19.
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