14 found
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  1.  41
    The double-edged sword of pedagogy: Instruction limits spontaneous exploration and discovery.Elizabeth Bonawitz, Patrick Shafto, Hyowon Gweon, Noah D. Goodman, Elizabeth Spelke & Laura Schulz - 2011 - Cognition 120 (3):322-330.
  2.  76
    Why essences are essential in the psychology of concepts.Woo-Kyoung Ahn, Charles Kalish, Susan A. Gelman, Douglas L. Medin, Christian Luhmann, Scott Atran, John D. Coley & Patrick Shafto - 2001 - Cognition 82 (1):59-69.
  3.  41
    Children’s imitation of causal action sequences is influenced by statistical and pedagogical evidence.Daphna Buchsbaum, Alison Gopnik, Thomas L. Griffiths & Patrick Shafto - 2011 - Cognition 120 (3):331-340.
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  4.  37
    Inductive reasoning about causally transmitted properties.Patrick Shafto, Charles Kemp, Elizabeth Baraff Bonawitz, John D. Coley & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2008 - Cognition 109 (2):175-192.
  5.  19
    Controlling the message: preschoolers’ use of information to teach and deceive others.Marjorie Rhodes, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Patrick Shafto, Annie Chen & Leyla Caglar - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  6.  18
    A probabilistic model of cross-categorization.Patrick Shafto, Charles Kemp, Vikash Mansinghka & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2011 - Cognition 120 (1):1-25.
  7.  16
    Infant-directed speech is consistent with teaching.Baxter S. Eaves, Naomi H. Feldman, Thomas L. Griffiths & Patrick Shafto - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (6):758-771.
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  8.  5
    Children Change Their Answers in Response to Neutral Follow‐Up Questions by a Knowledgeable Asker.Elizabeth Bonawitz, Patrick Shafto, Yue Yu, Aaron Gonzalez & Sophie Bridgers - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (1).
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  9.  12
    Faster Teaching via POMDP Planning.Anna N. Rafferty, Emma Brunskill, Thomas L. Griffiths & Patrick Shafto - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (6):1290-1332.
    Human and automated tutors attempt to choose pedagogical activities that will maximize student learning, informed by their estimates of the student's current knowledge. There has been substantial research on tracking and modeling student learning, but significantly less attention on how to plan teaching actions and how the assumed student model impacts the resulting plans. We frame the problem of optimally selecting teaching actions using a decision-theoretic approach and show how to formulate teaching as a partially observable Markov decision process planning (...)
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  10.  4
    Cooperative inference: Features, objects, and collections.Sophia Ray Searcy & Patrick Shafto - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (5):510-533.
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  11.  14
    A Unifying Computational Framework for Teaching and Active Learning.Scott Cheng-Hsin Yang, Wai Keen Vong, Yue Yu & Patrick Shafto - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (2):316-337.
    According to rational pedagogy models, learners take into account the way in which teachers generate evidence, and teachers take into account the way in which learners assimilate that evidence. The authors develop a framework for integrating rational pedagogy into models of active exploration, in which agents can take actions to influence the evidence they gather from the environment. The key idea is that a single agent can be both teacher and learner.
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  12.  18
    The Theoretical and Methodological Opportunities Afforded by Guided Play With Young Children.Yue Yu, Patrick Shafto, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Scott C.-H. Yang, Roberta M. Golinkoff, Kathleen H. Corriveau, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek & Fei Xu - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  13.  9
    When Children's Production Deviates From Observed Input: Modeling the Variable Production of the English Past Tense.Libby Barak, Zara Harmon, Naomi H. Feldman, Jan Edwards & Patrick Shafto - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (8):e13328.
    As children gradually master grammatical rules, they often go through a period of producing form‐meaning associations that were not observed in the input. For example, 2‐ to 3‐year‐old English‐learning children use the bare form of verbs in settings that require obligatory past tense meaning while already starting to produce the grammatical –ed inflection. While many studies have focused on overgeneralization errors, fewer studies have attempted to explain the root of this earlier stage of rule acquisition. In this work, we use (...)
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  14.  3
    Human Variability and the Explore–Exploit Trade‐Off in Recommendation.Scott Cheng-Hsin Yang, Chirag Rank, Jake A. Whritner, Olfa Nasraoui & Patrick Shafto - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (4):e13279.
    The enormous scale of the available information and products on the Internet has necessitated the development of algorithms that intermediate between options and human users. These algorithms attempt to provide the user with relevant information. In doing so, the algorithms may incur potential negative consequences stemming from the need to select items about which it is uncertain to obtain information about users versus the need to select items about which it is certain to secure high ratings. This tension is an (...)
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