Results for 'Paul A. Fadil'

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  1. Ethical Decision Making in Multinational Organizations: A Culture-Based Model. [REVIEW]Chris Robertson & Paul A. Fadil - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):385 - 392.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between national culture and ethical decision making. Established theories of ethics and moral development are reviewed and a culture-based model of ethical decision making in organizations is derived. Although the body of knowledge in both cross-cultural management and ethics is well documented, researchers have failed to integrate the influence of cultural values into the ethical decision-making paradigm. A conceptual understanding of how managers from different nations make decisions about highly ethical (...)
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  2.  34
    Paul A. Roth on The Fiction of Narrative: Essays on History, Literature, and Theory 1957–2007. By Hayden White. Edited with an Introduction by Robert Doran. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. Pp. 382. [REVIEW]Paul A. Roth - 2013 - History and Theory 52 (1):130-143.
    To claim that Hayden White has yet to be read seriously as a philosopher of history might seem false on the face of it. But do tropes and the rest provide any epistemic rationale for differing representations of historical events found in histories? As an explanation of White’s influence on philosophy of history, such a proffered emphasis only generates a puzzle with regard to taking White seriously, and not an answer to the question of why his efforts should be worthy (...)
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  3.  23
    In Defence of a Realist Interpretation of Theology: PAUL A. MACDONALD, JR.Paul A. Macdonald - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (1):23-42.
    In this essay, I defend theology against a recent argument made by Peter Byrne. According to Byrne, any discipline of thought that can be interpreted realistically shows the accumulation of reliable or widespread belief about the reality it investigates. I challenge this claim, first, by showing how theology, so construed as an exercise of ‘faith seeking understanding’, can and should be interpreted realistically, even if it does not show the accumulation of reliable or widespread belief about divine reality. Second, I (...)
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  4. Color as a Secondary Quality.Paul A. Boghossian & J. David Velleman - 1989 - Mind 98 (January):81-103.
    Should a principle of charity be applied to the interpretation of the colour concepts exercised in visual experience? We think not. We shall argue, for one thing, that the grounds for applying a principle of charity are lacking in the case of colour concepts. More importantly, we shall argue that attempts at giving the experience of colour a charitable interpretation either fail to respect obvious features of that experience or fail to interpret it charitably, after all. Charity to visual experience (...)
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  5. Epistemic Analyticity: A Defense.Paul A. Boghossian - 2003 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):15-35.
    The paper is a defense of the project of explaining the a priori via the notion of meaning or concept possession. It responds to certain objections that have been made to this project—in particular, that there can be no epistemically analytic sentences that are not also metaphysically analytic, and that the notion of implicit definition cannot explain a priori entitlement. The paper goes on to distinguish between two different ways in which facts about meaning might generate facts about entitlement—inferential and (...)
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  6.  1
    Early Postmodernism: Foundational Essays.Paul A. Bové (ed.) - 1995 - Duke University Press.
    In the decade that followed 1972, the journal _boundary 2_ consistently published many of the most distinguished and most influential statements of an emerging literary postmodernism. Recognizing postmodernism as a dominant force in culture, particularly in the literary and narrative imagination, the journal appeared when literary critical study in the United States was in a period of theory-induced ferment. The fundamental relations between postmodernism and poststructuralism were being initially examined and the effort to formulate a critical sense of the postmodern (...)
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  7. Content and Self-Knowledge.Paul A. Boghossian - 1989 - Philosophical Topics 17 (1):5-26.
    This paper argues that, given a certain apparently inevitable thesis about content, we could not know our own minds. The thesis is that the content of a thought is determined by its relational properties.
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  8.  8
    The Doctrine of Double Effect: Philosophers Debate a Controversial Moral Principle.Paul A. Woodward (ed.) - 2003 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Philosophers and ethicists debate this controversial moral principle illustrating its application to current moral dilemmas such as war, suicide, nuclear power, affirmative action, and morphine use for terminal cancer patients.
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  9. The Normativity of Content.Paul A. Boghossian - 2003 - Philosophical Issues 13 (1):31-45.
    It is very common these days to come across the claim that the notions of mental content and linguistic meaning are normative notions. In the work of many philosophers, it plays a pivotal role. Saul Kripke made it the centerpiece of his influential discussion of Wittgenstein’s treatment of rulefollowing and private language; he used it to argue that the notions of meaning and content cannot be understood in naturalistic terms. Kripke’s formulations tend to be in terms of the notion of (...)
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  10.  58
    Economics.Paul A. Samuelson & William D. Nordhaus - 2010 - Mcgraw-Hill Irwin.
    Samuelson's text was first published in 1948, and it immediately became the authority for the principles of economics courses. The book continues to be the standard-bearer for principles courses, and this revision continues to be a clear, accurate, and interesting introduction to modern economics principles. Bill Nordhaus is now the primary author of this text, and he has revised the book to be as current and relevant as ever.
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  11.  14
    Content and Justification: Philosophical Papers.Paul A. Boghossian - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume presents a series of influential essays by Paul Boghossian on the theory of content and on its relation to the phenomenon of a priori knowledge. The essays are organized under four headings: the nature of content; content and self-knowledge; knowledge, content, and the a priori; and colour concepts.
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  12. Epistemic Rules.Paul A. Boghossian - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (9):472-500.
    According to a very natural picture of rational belief, we aim to believe only what is true. However, as Bernard Williams used to say, the world does not just inscribe itself onto our minds. Rather, we have to try to figure out what is true from the evidence available to us. To do this, we rely on a set of epistemic rules that tell us in some general way what it would be most rational to believe under various epistemic circumstances. (...)
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  13. Blind Reasoning.Paul A. Boghossian - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):225–248.
    The paper asks under what conditions deductive reasoning transmits justification from its premises to its conclusion. It argues that both standard externalist and standard internalist accounts of this phenomenon fail. The nature of this failure is taken to indicate the way forward: basic forms of deductive reasoning must justify by being instances of ‘blind but blameless’ reasoning. Finally, the paper explores the suggestion that an inferentialist account of the logical constants can help explain how such reasoning is possible.
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  14. The Status of Content.Paul A. Boghossian - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (2):157-84.
    An irrealist conception of a given region of discourse is the view that no real properties answer to the central predicates of the region in question. Any such conception emerges, invariably, as the result of the interaction of two forces. An account of the meaning of the central predicates, along with a conception of the sorts of property the world may contain, conspire to show that, if the predicates of the region are taken to express properties, their extensions would have (...)
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  15. : A Dual-Process Approach to Cognitive Development: The Case of Children's Understanding of Sunk Cost Decisions.Paul A. Klaczynski & Jennifer M. Cottrell - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):147 – 174.
    Only in recent years have developmental psychologists begun advocating and exploring dual-process theories and their applicability to cognitive development. In this paper, a dual-process model of developments in two processing systems—an “analytic” and an “experiential” system—is discussed. We emphasise the importance of “metacognitive intercession” and developments in this ability to override experiential processing. In each of two studies of sunk cost decisions, age-related developments in normative decisions were observed, as were declines in the use of a “waste not” heuristic. In (...)
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  16.  10
    A History of Anthropological Theory.Paul A. Erickson - 2013 - University of Toronto Press.
    In the latest edition of their popular overview text, Erickson and Murphy continue to provide a comprehensive, affordable, and accessible introduction to anthropological theory from antiquity to the present.
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  17.  71
    Interpreting Structural Equation Modeling Results: A Reply to Martin and Cullen.Paul A. Dion - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):365-368.
    This article briefly review the fundamentals of structural equation modeling for readers unfamiliar with the technique then goes on to offer a review of the Martin and Cullen paper. In summary, a number of fit indices reported by the authors reveal that the data do not fit their theoretical model and thus the conclusion of the authors that the model was “promising” are unwarranted.
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  18.  9
    The Science of Life: The Living System--A System for Living.Paul A. Weiss - 1973 - [Mount Kisco, N.Y.]Futura Pub. Co..
  19. Physicalist Theories of Color.Paul A. Boghossian & J. David Velleman - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (January):67-106.
    The dispute between realists about color and anti-realists is actually a dispute about the nature of color properties. The disputants do not disagree over what material objects are like. Rather, they disagree over whether any of the uncontroversial facts about material objects--their powers to cause visual experiences, their dispositions to reflect incident light, their atomic makeup, and so on--amount to their having colors. The disagreement is thus about which properties colors are and, in particular, whether colors are any of the (...)
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  20. The Transparency of Mental Content.Paul A. Boghossian - 1994 - Philosophical Perspectives 8:33-50.
    I believe that the notion of epistemic transparency does play an important role in our ordinary conception of mental content and I want to say what that role is. Unfortunately, the task is a large one; here I am able only to begin on its outline. I shall proceed somewhat indirectly, beginning with a discussion of externalist conceptions of mental content. I shall show that such conceptions violate epistemic transparency to an extent that has not been fully appreciated. Subsequently, I (...)
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  21.  19
    A Child's Right to Be Well Born: Venereal Disease and the Eugenic Marriage Laws, 1913–1935.Paul A. Lombardo - 2017 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (2):211-232.
    For nearly a century, and until very recently, the majority of U.S. states required a blood test for marriage license applicants. The tests identified people with conditions formerly designated as "venereal diseases," most importantly gonorrhea and syphilis. Those who tested positive were barred from civil marriage. Although the premarital testing requirement is no longer a feature of state law, numerous related enactments are common features of law in most states.The historical literature describing the rise and fall of laws prescribing marriage (...)
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  22. Externalism and Inference.Paul A. Boghossian - 1992 - Philosophical Issues 2:11-28.
    The question I want to look at in this paper is this: To what extent does an externalist conception of mental content threaten our ability to know the contents of our thoughts? I shall argue that, in an important sense, externalism is inconsistent with the thesis that we have authoritative first-person knowledge of thought content: in particular, I shall argue, it is inconsistent with the thesis that our thought contents are epistemically transparent to us. I shall further argue that this (...)
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  23.  29
    Analytic Theology: A Summary, Evaluation, and Defense.Paul A. Macdonald - 2014 - Modern Theology 30 (1):32-65.
    In this article I offer an extended, critical review of the analytic theology project. In the first part of the article, I investigate the origins and rise of analytic theology. I also offer some initial insights into the nature of analytic theology, based on some of what its chief proponents understand analytic theology to be. In the second part of the article, I summarize and evaluate some of the major contributions that already have been made within analytic theology. In the (...)
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  24.  34
    Troubled Bodies: Critical Perspectives on Postmodernism, Medical Ethics, and the Body.Paul A. Komesaroff (ed.) - 1995 - Duke University Press.
    These essays examine the ways in which the consideration of ethical questions is shaped by the structures of knowledge and communication at work in clinical ...
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  25.  27
    Figural Change in Apparent Motion.Paul A. Kolers & James R. Pomerantz - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):99.
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  26.  32
    Essentially Narrative Explanations.Paul A. Roth - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 62:42-50.
  27. The Pasts.Paul A. Roth - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):313-339.
    ABSTRACTThis essay offers a reconfiguration of the possibility‐space of positions regarding the metaphysics and epistemology associated with historical knowledge. A tradition within analytic philosophy from Danto to Dummett attempts to answer questions about the reality of the past on the basis of two shared assumptions. The first takes individual statements as the relevant unit of semantic and philosophical analysis. The second presumes that variants of realism and antirealism about the past exhaust the metaphysical options . This essay argues that both (...)
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  28. Imitating Paul: A Discourse of Power.Elizabeth A. Castelli - 1991
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  29.  35
    Wittgenstein on Meaning. [REVIEW]Paul A. Boghossian - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (1):83.
    Review of Wittgenstein on Meaning by Colin McGinn.
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  30.  12
    "To Meditate a Saving Strategy": Denise Levertov's Religious Poetry.Paul A. Lacey - 1997 - Renascence 50 (1-2):17-32.
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  31.  47
    Maximum Principles in Analytical Economics.Paul A. Samuelson - 1975 - Synthese 31 (2):323 - 344.
  32.  15
    Heart Rate During Conditioning in Humans: Effects of UCS Intensity, Vagal Blockade, and Adrenergic Block of Vasomotor Activity.Paul A. Obrist, Donald M. Wood & Mario Perez-Reyes - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (1):32.
  33.  69
    Quine's Naturalism: Language, Theory and the Knowing Subject.Paul A. Gregory - 2008 - London: Continuum.
    W. V. Quine was the most important naturalistic philosopher of the twentieth century and a major impetus for the recent resurgence of the view that empirical science is our best avenue to knowledge. His views, however, have not been well understood. Critics charge that Quine’s naturalized epistemology is circular and that it cannot be normative. Yet, such criticisms stem from a cluster of fundamental traditional assumptions regarding language, theory, and the knowing subject – the very presuppositions that Quine is at (...)
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  34.  23
    The Limitations of Physics as a Chemical Reducing Agent.Paul A. Bogaard - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:345 - 356.
  35.  4
    "To Meditate a Saving Strategy": Denise Levertov's Religious Poetry.Paul A. Lacey - 1997 - Renascence 50 (1/2):17-32.
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  36.  36
    The Epistemology and Ethics of Journal Reviewing: A Second Look. [REVIEW]Paul A. Komesaroff, Ian Kerridge & Wendy Lipworth - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (1):3-6.
  37.  17
    Interaction of Rhodopsin with the G‐Protein, Transducin.Paul A. Hargrave, Heidi E. Hamm & K. P. Hofmann - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (1):43-50.
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  38. A Realist Epistemology Of Faith.Paul A. Macdonald - 2005 - Religious Studies 41 (4):373-393.
    In this paper, I analyse and interpret Thomas Aquinas's account of faith in order to show how Thomistic faith is a veridical cognitive state that directs the mind to God, and consequently constitutes a distinct form of knowledge of God. By assenting to the revealed propositions of faith, and thereby forming true beliefs about God under the authority and guidance of God's grace, the possessor of faith comes to know or apprehend truly something about God, even if she fails to (...)
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  39.  25
    Joseph Butler on Forgiveness: A Presupposed Theory of Emotion.Paul A. Newberry - 2001 - Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (2):233-244.
  40. The Living System: Determinism Stratified.Paul A. Weiss - 1969 - In Arthur Koestler & John R. Smythies (eds.), Beyond Reductionism: New Perspectives in the Life Sciences. London: Hutchinson. pp. 3--55.
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  41.  12
    Cross-Cultural Issues in Ethics: Context Is Everything: Commentary on “The Dilemma of Revealing Sensitive Information on Paternity Status in Arabian Social and Cultural Contexts” by Abdallah A. Adlan and Henk A. M. J. Ten Have. [REVIEW]Paul A. Komesaroff - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (4):417-418.
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  42.  14
    Hayden White in Philosophical Perspective: Review Essay of Herman Paul’s Hayden White: The Historical Imagination.Paul A. Roth - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (1):102-111.
    For almost half a century, the person most responsible for fomenting brouhahas regarding degrees of plasticity in the writing of histories has been Hayden White. Yet, despite the voluminous responses provoked by White’s work, almost no effort has been made to treat White’s writings in a systematic yet sympathetic way as a philosophy of history. Herman Paul’s book begins to remedy that lack and does so in a carefully considered and extremely scholarly fashion. In his relatively brief six chapters, (...)
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  43.  3
    Critical Response I. Playing with the Dead: A Response to Jonathan Lear.Paul A. Kottman - 2019 - Critical Inquiry 46 (1):212-224.
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  44.  34
    Causation: A User’s Guide.L. A. Paul & Ned Hall - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Causation is at once familiar and mysterious. Neither common sense nor extensive philosophical debate has led us to anything like agreement on the correct analysis of the concept of causation, or an account of the metaphysical nature of the causal relation. Causation: A User's Guide cuts a clear path through this confusing but vital landscape. L. A. Paul and Ned Hall guide the reader through the most important philosophical treatments of causation, negotiating the terrain by taking a set of (...)
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  45.  15
    Acknowledging Animal Rights: A Thomistic Perspective.Paul A. Macdonald - 2021 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 95 (1):95-116.
    In this article, I show how it is possible, working from a Thomistic perspective, to affirm the existence of animal rights. To start, I show how it is possible to ascribe indirect rights to animals—in particular, the indirect right to not be treated cruelly by us. Then, I show how it is possible to ascribe some direct rights to animals using the same reasoning that Aquinas offers in defending the claim that animals have indirect rights. Next, I draw on elements (...)
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  46. Response—The Multiple Understandings in the Clinic Do Not Always Need to be Resolved.Paul A. Komesaroff - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (1):97-100.
    This article reflects on the assumption underlying the argument of Little et al. that "contested understandings" in the clinic are susceptible to reconciliation within a liberal framework described as "pragmatic pluralism". It is argued that no such reconciliation is possible or desirable because it is of the nature of the clinic that it provides a forum for multiple voices, ethical and cultural perspectives, and conceptual frameworks, and this is the source of its fecundity and creativity. Medicine itself cannot be represented (...)
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  47.  47
    Towards a Philosophy of Radical Disagreement: A MacIntyrean Approach.Paul A. Chambers - 2012 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 22 (1):74-101.
    Following Oliver Ramsbotham’s observation that conflict resolution and analysis have not taken radical disagreement seriously enough, and in light of his lament that he has not yet found an adequate philosophy of radical disagreement, this article claims that the philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre provides some coreelements of any adequate philosophy of radical disagreement. MacIntyre’s theory suggests that the problem of radical disagreement is in fact more radical thanRamsbotham affirms. Ramsbotham’s account of the strategic engagement of discourses approach is critiqued in (...)
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  48.  25
    Blind Rule-Following.Paul A. Boghossian - 2012 - In Crispin Wright & Annalisa Coliva (eds.), Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes From the Philosophy of Crispin Wright. Oxford University Press. pp. 27-48.
    In this chapter a new problem about rule-following is outlined, one that is distinct both from Kripke’s and Wright’s versions of the problem. This new problem cannot be correctly responsed to, as Kripke’s can, by invoking Wright’s Intentional Account of rule-following. The upshot might be called, following Kant, an antinomy of pure reason: we both must — and cannot — make sense of someone’s following a rule. The chapter explores various ways out of this antinomy without here endorsing any of (...)
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  49. The Universe is One: Towards a Theory of Knowledge and Life.Paul A. Olivier - 1999 - Upa.
    The Universe is One places the ancient synthesis of Stoicism, Platonism, Judaism, and Christianity in active dialogue with modern process science in order to conjoin science, philosophy, and theology into the human quest for meaning. Paul A. Olivier proposes a comprehensive theory of knowledge, which he expands into a theory of life, correlating modern process science and the western-Judeo-Christian heritage into a grand theory of the Universe. He brings together the ideas of influential thinkers from the world of science (...)
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  50.  51
    A Class Act: Persuasion and the Lingering Death of the Aristocracy.Paul A. Cantor - 1999 - Philosophy and Literature 23 (1):127-137.
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