Results for 'Paul Badcock'

982 found
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  1.  12
    Steady viewing dissipates global structure.Paul V. McGraw, David R. Badcock & Sieu Khuu - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 33--1.
  2.  19
    After phrenology: Time for a paradigm shift in cognitive science.Paul Benjamin Badcock, Annemie Ploeger & Nicholas Brian Allen - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  3.  35
    Adaptive social reasoning in depressed mood and depressive vulnerability.Paul Badcock & Nicholas Allen - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (4):647-670.
  4.  24
    Tinkering with cognitive gadgets: Cultural evolutionary psychology meets active inference.Paul Benjamin Badcock, Axel Constant & Maxwell James Désormeau Ramstead - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Cognitive Gadgetsoffers a new, convincing perspective on the origins of our distinctive cognitive faculties, coupled with a clear, innovative research program. Although we broadly endorse Heyes’ ideas, we raise some concerns about her characterisation of evolutionary psychology and the relationship between biology and culture, before discussing the potential fruits of examining cognitive gadgets through the lens of active inference.
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  5. A World Unto Itself: Human Communication as Active Inference.Jared Vasil, Paul B. Badcock, Axel Constant, Karl Friston & Maxwell J. D. Ramstead - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  6. A Multi-scale View of the Emergent Complexity of Life: A Free-energy Proposal.Casper Hesp, Maxwell Ramstead, Axel Constant, Paul Badcock, Michael David Kirchhoff & Karl Friston - forthcoming - In Michael Price & John Campbell (eds.), Evolution, Development, and Complexity: Multiscale Models in Complex Adaptive Systems.
    We review some of the main implications of the free-energy principle (FEP) for the study of the self-organization of living systems – and how the FEP can help us to understand (and model) biotic self-organization across the many temporal and spatial scales over which life exists. In order to maintain its integrity as a bounded system, any biological system - from single cells to complex organisms and societies - has to limit the disorder or dispersion (i.e., the long-run entropy) of (...)
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  7.  67
    Genes for susceptibility to mental disorder are not mental disorder: Clarifying the target of evolutionary analysis and the role of the environment.Nicholas B. Allen & Paul B. T. Badcock - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):405-406.
    In this commentary, we critique the appropriate behavioural features for evolutionary genetic analysis, the role of the environment, and the viability of a general evolutionary genetic model for all common mental disorders. In light of these issues, we suggest that the authors may have prematurely discounted the role of some of the mechanisms they review, particularly balancing selection. (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  8. Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1979 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
  9.  25
    Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Paul M. Churchland (ed.) - 1979 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    A study in the philosophy of science, proposing a strong form of the doctrine of scientific realism' and developing its implications for issues in the philosophy of mind.
  10.  61
    Knowledge on Trust.Paul Faulkner - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Paul Faulkner presents a new theory of testimony - the basis of much of what we know. He addresses the questions of what makes it reasonable to accept a piece of testimony, and what warrants belief formed on that basis. He rejects rival theories and argues that testimonial knowledge and testimonially warranted belief are based on trust.
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  11.  20
    The patient as person.Paul Ramsey - 1970 - New Haven,: Yale University Press.
    A Christian ethicist discusses such problems as organ transplants, caring for the terminally ill, and defining death.
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  12.  95
    The logic of education.Paul Heywood Hirst - 1970 - London,: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Edited by R. S. Peters.
  13.  49
    In Defense of Anarchism.Robert Paul Wolff (ed.) - 1970 - University of California Press.
    _In Defense of Anarchism_ is a 1970 book by the philosopher Robert Paul Wolff, in which the author defends individualist anarchism. He argues that individual autonomy and state authority are mutually exclusive and that, as individual autonomy is inalienable, the moral legitimacy of the state collapses.
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  14.  60
    Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn.Paul Weithman - 2010 - , US: Oxford University Press.
    In this work, Paul Weithman offers a fresh, rigorous and compelling interpretation of John Rawls' reasons for taking his so-called 'political turn'.
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  15.  20
    Letters from Ludwig Wittgenstein.Paul Engelmann & Ludwig Wittgenstein - 1967 - Oxford,: Blackwell. Edited by Ludwig Wittgenstein.
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  16. Knowledge-First Theories of Justification.Paul Silva - 2020 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Knowledge-first theories of justification are theories of justification that give knowledge priority when it comes to explaining when and why someone has justification for an attitude or an action. The emphasis of this article is on knowledge-first theories of justification for belief. As it turns out, there are a number of ways of giving knowledge priority when theorizing about justification, and what follows is a survey of more than a dozen existing options that have emerged in the early 21st century (...)
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  17. Free Agency and Self-Worth.Paul Benson - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (12):650-668.
  18. Modularity, and the psychoevolutionary theory of emotion.Paul E. Griffiths - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (2):175-196.
    It is unreasonable to assume that our pre-scientific emotion vocabulary embodies all and only those distinctions required for a scientific psychology of emotion. The psychoevolutionary approach to emotion yields an alternative classification of certain emotion phenomena. The new categories are based on a set of evolved adaptive responses, or affect-programs, which are found in all cultures. The triggering of these responses involves a modular system of stimulus appraisal, whose evoluations may conflict with those of higher-level cognitive processes. Whilst the structure (...)
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  19.  16
    Reverence: Renewing a Forgotten Virtue.Paul Woodruff - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Reverence is an ancient virtue that survives among us in half-forgotten patterns of civility and moments of inarticulate awe. Reverence gives meaning to much that we do, yet the word has almost passed out of our vocabulary.Reverence, says philosopher and classicist Paul Woodruff, begins in an understanding of human limitations. From this grows the capacity to be in awe of whatever we believe lies outside our control -- God, truth, justice, nature, even death. It is a quality of character (...)
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  20. Free agency and self-worth.Paul Benson - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (12):650-58.
  21.  16
    Rawls, Political Liberalism and Reasonable Faith.Paul J. Weithman - 2016 - Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    For over twenty years, Paul Weithman has explored the thought of John Rawls to ask how liberalism can secure the principled allegiance of those people whom Rawls called 'citizens of faith'. This volume brings together ten of his major essays, which reflect on the task and political character of political philosophy, the ways in which liberalism does and does not privatize religion, the role of liberal legitimacy in Rawls's theory, and the requirements of public reason. The essays reveal Rawls (...)
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  22.  13
    Philosophy and Kafka.Paul Alberts, Ronald Bogue, Chris Danta, Paul Haacke, Rainer Nagele, Brian O'Connor, Andrew R. Russ, Peter Schwenger, Kevin W. Sweeney, Dimitris Vardoulakis & Isak Winkel Holm - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Philosophy and Kafka is a collection of original essays interrogating the relationship of literature and philosophy. The essays either discuss specific philosophical commentaries on Kafka’s work, consider the possible relevance of certain philosophical outlooks for examining Kafka’s writings, or examine Kafka’s writings in terms of a specific philosophical theme, such as communication and subjectivity, language and meaning, knowledge and truth, the human/animal divide, justice, and freedom.
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  23.  78
    Altruism and reality: studies in the philosophy of the Bodhicaryavatara.Paul Williams - 1998 - Surrey: Curzon Press.
    This volume brings together Paul Williams's previously published papers on the Indian and Tibetan interpretations of selected verses from the eighth and ninth chapters of the Bodhicaryavatara. In addition, there is a much longer version of the paper 'Identifying the Object of Negation', and nearly half the book consists of a wholly new essay, 'The Absence of Self and the Removal of Pain', subtitled 'How Santideva Destroyed the Bodhisattva Path'. This book will be of interest to those concerned with (...)
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  24.  67
    Normative discourse.Paul W. Taylor - 1973 - Westport, Conn.,: Greenwood Press.
  25.  79
    Aspects of emergence.Paul Humphreys - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (1):53-71.
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  26.  64
    Conceptual Similarity across Sensory and Neural Diversity: The Fodor/Lepore Challenge Answered.Paul M. Churchland - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (1):5.
  27.  22
    Aspects of Emergence.Paul Humphreys - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (1):53-70.
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  28. Conceptual similarity across sensory and neural diversity: The Fodor/Lepore challenge answered.Paul M. Churchland - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (1):5-32.
  29.  36
    Realism and the Historicity of Knowledge.Paul Feyerabend - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (8):393.
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  30. Basic Emotions, Complex Emotions, Machiavellian Emotions.Paul E. Griffiths - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:39-67.
    The current state of knowledge in psychology, cognitive neuroscience and behavioral ecology allows a fairly robust characterization of at least some, so-called ?basic emotions? - short-lived emotional responses with homologues in other vertebrates. Philosophers, however are understandably more focused on the complex emotion episodes that figure in folk-psychological narratives about mental life, episodes such as the evolving jealousy and anger of a person in an unraveling sexual relationship. One of the most pressing issues for the philosophy of emotion is the (...)
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  31. Papers, Please and the systemic approach to engaging ethical expertise in videogames.Formosa Paul, Ryan Malcolm & Staines Dan - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (3):211-225.
    Papers, Please, by Lucas Pope (2013), explores the story of a customs inspector in the fictional political regime of Arstotzka. In this paper we explore the stories, systems and moral themes of Papers, Please in order to illustrate the systemic approach to designing videogames for moral engagement. Next, drawing on the Four Component model of ethical expertise from moral psychology, we contrast this systemic approach with the more common scripted approach. We conclude by demonstrating the different strengths and weaknesses that (...)
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  32.  8
    Methodisches Denken.Paul Lorenzen - 1968 - [Frankfurt am Main]: Suhrkamp.
  33. Realism and the historicity of knowledge.Paul Feyerabend - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (8):393-406.
  34.  65
    The Necessity of Theater: The Art of Watching and Being Watched.Paul Woodruff - 2008 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    What is unique and essential about theatre? What separates it from other arts? Do we need 'theatre' in some fundamental way? The art of theatre, as Paul Woodruff says in this elegant and unique book, is as necessary-and as powerful-as language itself. Defining theatre broadly, including sporting events and social rituals, he treats traditional theatre as only one possibility in an art that-at its most powerful-can change lives and bring a divine presence to earth. The Necessity of Theater analyzes (...)
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  35. Desires are not propositional attitudes.Paul Thagard - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (1):151-156.
  36.  17
    Introduction (FOCUS: THE EMOTIONAL ECONOMY OF SCIENCE).Paul White - 2009 - Isis 100:792-797.
  37.  60
    Hilbert Space dimensions 3, 4, 5.Paul Merriam, Daniel Huber & Bob Hanlon - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:6.
    This is a pdf of a Mathematica calculation that supplements the paper "Presentist Fragmentalism and Quantum Mechanics" forthcoming in Foundations of Physics. In that paper the Born rule (or at least a progenitor) is derived from experimental conditions on the mutual observations of two fragments. In this pdf the experimental conditions are applied to Hilbert space dimensions 3, 4, and 5. It turns out each of these have a 1-dimensional solution space which, it is hoped, can be interpretated as the (...)
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  38. The physics of downward causation.Paul Davies - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  39.  86
    The composition of meanings.Paul Horwich - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (4):503-532.
    Let me start with an example. Presumably our understanding of the sentence ‘dogs bark’ arises somehow from our understanding of its components and our appreciation of how they are combined. That is to say, ‘dogs bark’ somehow gets its meaning from the meanings of the two words ‘dog’ and ‘bark’, from the meaning of the generalization schema ‘ns v’, and from the fact that the sentence results from placing those words in that schema in a certain order. However, as Davidson (...)
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  40.  89
    Rethinking medical ethics: A view from below.Paul Farmer - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):17–41.
    In this paper, we argue that lack of access to the fruits of modern medicine and the science that informs it is an important and neglected topic within bioethics and medical ethics. This is especially clear to those working in what are now termed 'resource-poor settings'- to those working, in plain language, among populations living in dire poverty. We draw on our experience with infectious diseases in some of the poorest communities in the world to interrogate the central imperatives of (...)
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  41.  37
    How to Improve your Impact Factor: Questioning the Quantification of Academic Quality.Paul Smeyers & Nicholas C. Burbules - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (1):1-17.
    A broad-scale quantification of the measure of quality for scholarship is under way. This trend has fundamental implications for the future of academic publishing and employment. In this essay we want to raise questions about these burgeoning practices, particularly how they affect philosophy of education and similar sub-disciplines. First, details are given of how an ‘impact factor’ is calculated. The various meanings that can be attached to it are scrutinised. Second, we examine how impact factors are used to make various (...)
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  42.  14
    Data Return: The Sense of the Given in Educational Research.Paul Standish - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 35 (3):497-518.
    Educational research is dominated by a particular model: data is gathered and analysed. Much literature on methods concerns either ways of processing data, or ethical issues regarding its collection and handling. The present paper looks beyond these matters to the taken-for-granted idea of data itself. What can be meant by ‘data’? How does this connect with ideas of the given? What is the place of giving in education—in teaching and learning, in research itself? These issues are explored in the light (...)
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  43. The physics of downward causation.Paul Davies - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
  44.  50
    Philosophical underpinnings of the integrated conception of competence.Paul Hager & David Beckett - 1995 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 27 (1):1–24.
  45.  34
    Desires Are Not Propositional Attitudes.Paul Thagard - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (1):151-156.
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  46.  6
    Rethinking Medical Ethics: A View From Below.Paul Farmer - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):17-41.
    In this paper, we argue that lack of access to the fruits of modern medicine and the science that informs it is an important and neglected topic within bioethics and medical ethics. This is especially clear to those working in what are now termed ‘resource‐poor settings’– to those working, in plain language, among populations living in dire poverty. We draw on our experience with infectious diseases in some of the poorest communities in the world to interrogate the central imperatives of (...)
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  47.  34
    On Explaining That.Paul M. Pietroski - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (12):655.
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  48. Aristotle and Women: Household And Political Roles.Paul Schollmeier - 2003 - Polis 20 (1-2):22-42.
    A survey of recent literature would suggest that Aristotle has become a whipping boy for philosophers who would advocate equality between the sexes. What I hope to show is that we can actually advance the cause of sexual equality by treating him more judiciously. Aristotle does argue that men and women by nature have different psychologies, and even that men are psychologically superior to women. But contrary to what many today think he himself does not conclude from this proposition that (...)
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  49.  94
    The degeneration of the cognitive theory of emotions.Paul E. Griffiths - 1989 - Philosophical Psychology 2 (3):297-313.
    The type of cognitive theory of emotion traditionally espoused by philosophers of mind makes two central claims. First, that the occurrence of propositional attitudes is essential to the occurrence of emotions. Second, that the identity of a particular emotional state depends upon the propositional attitudes that it involves. In this paper I try to show that there is little hope of developing a theory of emotion which makes these claims true. I examine the underlying defects of the programme, and show (...)
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  50.  24
    Problems of moral philosophy.Paul W. Taylor - 1967 - Encino, Calif.,: Dickenson Pub. Co..
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