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Paul Bartha [23]Paul F. A. Bartha [2]Paul Frank Andrew Bartha [1]
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Profile: Paul Bartha (University of British Columbia)
  1.  69
    By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments.Paul F. A. Bartha - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Analogical arguments -- Philosophical theories -- Computational theories -- The articulation model -- Analogies in mathematics -- Similarity and patterns of generalization -- Analogy and epistemic values -- Analogy and symmetry -- A wider role for analogies.
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  2. Countable Additivity and the de Finetti Lottery.Paul Bartha - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (2):301-321.
    De Finetti would claim that we can make sense of a draw in which each positive integer has equal probability of winning. This requires a uniform probability distribution over the natural numbers, violating countable additivity. Countable additivity thus appears not to be a fundamental constraint on subjective probability. It does, however, seem mandated by Dutch Book arguments similar to those that support the other axioms of the probability calculus as compulsory for subjective interpretations. These two lines of reasoning can be (...)
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  3. Taking Stock of Infinite Value: Pascal's Wager and Relative Utilities.Paul Bartha - 2007 - Synthese 154 (1):5 - 52.
    Among recent objections to Pascal’s Wager, two are especially compelling. The first is that decision theory, and specifically the requirement of maximizing expected utility, is incompatible with infinite utility values. The second is that even if infinite utility values are admitted, the argument of the Wager is invalid provided that we allow mixed strategies. Furthermore, Hájek (Philosophical Review 112, 2003) has shown that reformulations of Pascal’s Wager that address these criticisms inevitably lead to arguments that are philosophically unsatisfying and historically (...)
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  4.  48
    Satan, Saint Peter and Saint Petersburg.Paul Bartha, John Barker & Alan Hájek - 2014 - Synthese 191 (4):629-660.
    We examine a distinctive kind of problem for decision theory, involving what we call discontinuity at infinity. Roughly, it arises when an infinite sequence of choices, each apparently sanctioned by plausible principles, converges to a ‘limit choice’ whose utility is much lower than the limit approached by the utilities of the choices in the sequence. We give examples of this phenomenon, focusing on Arntzenius et al.’s Satan’s apple, and give a general characterization of it. In these examples, repeated dominance reasoning (...)
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  5.  78
    The Shooting-Room Paradox and Conditionalizing on Measurably Challenged Sets.Paul Bartha & Christopher Hitchcock - 1999 - Synthese 118 (3):403-437.
    We provide a solution to the well-known “Shooting-Room” paradox, developed by John Leslie in connection with his Doomsday Argument. In the “Shooting-Room” paradox, the death of an individual is contingent upon an event that has a 1/36 chance of occurring, yet the relative frequency of death in the relevant population is 0.9. There are two intuitively plausible arguments, one concluding that the appropriate subjective probability of death is 1/36, the other that this probability is 0.9. How are these two values (...)
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  6. No One Knows the Date or the Hour: An Unorthodox Application of Rev. Bayes's Theorem.Paul Bartha & Christopher Hitchcock - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):353.
    Carter and Leslie (1996) have argued, using Bayes's theorem, that our being alive now supports the hypothesis of an early 'Doomsday'. Unlike some critics (Eckhardt 1997), we accept their argument in part: given that we exist, our existence now indeed favors 'Doom sooner' over 'Doom later'. The very fact of our existence, however, favors 'Doom later'. In simple cases, a hypothetical approach to the problem of 'old evidence' shows that these two effects cancel out: our existence now yields no information (...)
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  7.  37
    Probability and Symmetry.Paul Bartha & Richard Johns - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S109-S122.
    The Principle of Indifference, which dictates that we ought to assign two outcomes equal probability in the absence of known reasons to do otherwise, is vulnerable to well-known objections. Nevertheless, the appeal of the principle, and of symmetry-based assignments of equal probability, persists. We show that, relative to a given class of symmetries satisfying certain properties, we are justified in calling certain outcomes equally probable, and more generally, in defining what we call relative probabilities. Relative probabilities are useful in providing (...)
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  8.  18
    The Relatively Infinite Value of the Environment.Paul Bartha & C. Tyler DesRoches - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):328-353.
    Some environmental ethicists and economists argue that attributing infinite value to the environment is a good way to represent an absolute obligation to protect it. Others argue against modelling the value of the environment in this way: the assignment of infinite value leads to immense technical and philosophical difficulties that undermine the environmentalist project. First, there is a problem of discrimination: saving a large region of habitat is better than saving a small region; yet if both outcomes have infinite value, (...)
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  9.  58
    Probability and Symmetry.Paul Bartha & Richard Johns - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S109-.
    The Principle of Indifference, which dictates that we ought to assign two outcomes equal probability in the absence of known reasons to do otherwise, is vulnerable to well-known objections. Nevertheless, the appeal of the principle, and of symmetry-based assignments of equal probability, persists. We show that, relative to a given class of symmetries satisfying certain properties, we are justified in calling certain outcomes equally probable, and more generally, in defining what we call relative probabilities. Relative probabilities are useful in providing (...)
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  10. By Parallel Reasoning.Paul Bartha - 2009 - Oxford University Press USA.
    By Parallel Reasoning is the first comprehensive philosophical examination of analogical reasoning in more than forty years designed to formulate and justify standards for the critical evaluation of analogical arguments. It proposes a normative theory with special focus on the use of analogies in mathematics and science. In recent decades, research on analogy has been dominated by computational theories whose objective has been to model analogical reasoning as a psychological process. These theories have devoted little attention to normative questions. In (...)
     
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  11.  83
    Second-Guessing Second Nature.Paul Bartha & Steven F. Savitt - 1998 - Analysis 58 (4):252–263.
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  12.  7
    Making Do Without Expectations.Paul F. A. Bartha - 2016 - Mind 125 (499):799-827.
    The Pasadena game invented by Nover and Hájek raises a number of challenges for decision theory. The basic problem is how the game should be evaluated: it has no expectation and hence no well-defined value. Easwaran has shown that the Pasadena game does have a weak expectation, raising the possibility that we can eliminate the value gap by requiring agents to value gambles at their weak expectations. In this paper, I first prove a negative result: there are gambles like the (...)
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  13. Review: Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God – Jeff Jordan. [REVIEW]Paul Bartha - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):571–574.
  14.  38
    Pascal's Wager Meets the Replicator Dynamics.Paul Bartha - 2012 - In Jake Chandler Victoria S. Harrison (ed.), Probability in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 187.
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  15.  65
    How to Put Self-Locating Information in its Place.Paul Bartha - unknown
    How can self-locating propositions be integrated into normal patterns of belief revision? Puzzles such as Sleeping Beauty seem to show that such propositions lead to violation of ordinary principles for reasoning with subjective probability, such as Conditionalization and Reflection. I show that sophisticated forms of Conditionalization and Reflection are not only compatible with self-locating propositions, but also indispensable in understanding how they can function as evidence in Sleeping Beauty and similar cases.
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  16.  12
    Monstrous Neighbors or Curious Coincidence: Aristotle on Boundaries and Contact.Paul Bartha - 2001 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 18 (1):1 - 16.
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  17. Domenico Costantini and Maria Carla Galavotti, Eds., Probability, Dynamics and Causality: Essays in Honour of Richard C. Jeffrey Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Paul Bartha - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18 (5):321-323.
     
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  18.  11
    Book Review:Visual Analogy: Consciousness as the Art of Connecting Barbara Maria Stafford. [REVIEW]Paul Bartha - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):580-.
  19.  4
    Analogical Arguments in Mathematics.Paul Bartha - 2013 - In Andrew Aberdein & Ian J. Dove (eds.), The Argument of Mathematics. Springer. pp. 199--237.
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  20.  9
    Review of John F. Horty, Agency and Deontic Logic[REVIEW]Paul Bartha - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (2).
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  21.  1
    9. The de Finetti Lottery and Equiprobability.Paul Bartha - 2005 - In Kent A. Peacock & Andrew D. Irvine (eds.), Mistakes of Reason: Essays in Honour of John Woods. University of Toronto Press. pp. 158-172.
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  22.  6
    Review of Brown. [REVIEW]Paul Bartha - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):610-614.
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  23. Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God – Jeff Jordan.Paul Bartha - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):571-574.
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  24. Substantial Form and the Nature of Individual Substance.Paul Bartha - 1993 - Studia Leibnitiana 25 (1):43-54.
    Qu'est-ce qui explique l'unité d'une substance leibnizienne, au-dessus des attributs compris dans sa notion individuelle complète? C'est une question commune dans la littérature sur la notion de la substance chez Leibniz. Cet article soutient qu'elle n'admette pas de réponse consistante dans le système leibnizien. Premièrement, je discute la manière dans laquelle Leibniz a essayé de répondre à la question en „rehabillitant" a les formes substantielles des scholastiques. Puis je cherche à montrer que ça lui a ammené à une conception composée (...)
     
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  25. Theodore L. Brown: Making Truth: Metaphor in Science. [REVIEW]Paul Bartha - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):610-614.
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