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Paul Bloom [79]Paul Richard Bloom [1]
  1. Natural Language and Natural Selection.Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):707-27.
    Many people have argued that the evolution of the human language faculty cannot be explained by Darwinian natural selection. Chomsky and Gould have suggested that language may have evolved as the by-product of selection for other abilities or as a consequence of as-yet unknown laws of growth and form. Others have argued that a biological specialization for grammar is incompatible with every tenet of Darwinian theory – that it shows no genetic variation, could not exist in any intermediate forms, confers (...)
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  2. Natural Selection and Natural Language.Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):707-784.
     
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  3.  14
    Anti-Equality: Social Comparison in Young Children.Mark Sheskin, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):152-156.
  4.  41
    Two Reasons to Abandon the False Belief Task as a Test of Theory of Mind.Paul Bloom - 2000 - Cognition 77 (1):25-31.
  5. Intention, History, and Artifact Concepts.Paul Bloom - 1996 - Cognition 60 (1):1-29.
  6.  22
    Conservatives Are More Easily Disgusted Than Liberals.Yoel Inbar, David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (4):714-725.
    The uniquely human emotion of disgust is intimately connected to morality in many, perhaps all, cultures. We report two studies suggesting that a predisposition to feel disgust is associated with more conservative political attitudes, especially for issues related to the moral dimension of purity. In the first study, we document a positive correlation between disgust sensitivity and self-reported conservatism in a broad sample of US adults. In Study 2 we show that while disgust sensitivity is associated with more conservative attitudes (...)
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  7.  88
    Religion is Natural.Paul Bloom - manuscript
    Despite its considerable intellectual interest and great social relevance, religion has been neglected by contemporary develop- mental psychologists. But in the last few years, there has been an emerging body of research exploring children’s grasp of certain universal religious ideas. Some recent findings suggest that two foundational aspects of religious belief – belief in divine agents, and belief in mind–body dualism – come naturally to young children. This research is briefly reviewed, and some future directions..
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  8.  61
    Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil.Paul Bloom - 2013 - Crown.
    A leading cognitive scientist argues that a deep sense of good and evil is bred in the bone. From John Locke to Sigmund Freud, philosophers and psychologists have long believed that we begin life as blank moral slates. Many of us take for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society—and especially parents—to transform them from little sociopaths into civilized beings. In Just Babies, Paul Bloom argues that humans are in fact hardwired with a (...)
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  9.  5
    Generativity Within Language and Other Cognitive Domains.Paul Bloom - 1994 - Cognition 51 (2):177-189.
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  10.  38
    Would Tarzan Believe in God? Conditions for the Emergence of Religious Belief.Konika Banerjee & Paul Bloom - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (1):7-8.
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  11.  12
    Why Did This Happen to Me? Religious Believers’ and Non-Believers’ Teleological Reasoning About Life Events.Konika Banerjee & Paul Bloom - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):277-303.
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  12.  10
    Do 5-Month-Old Infants See Humans as Material Objects?Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn - 2004 - Cognition 94 (1):95-103.
  13.  32
    Three- and Four-Year-Olds Spontaneously Use Others' Past Performance to Guide Their Learning.Paul Bloom - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1018-1034.
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  14.  12
    The Perceived Intentionality of Groups.Paul Bloom & Csaba Veres - 1999 - Cognition 71 (1):B1-B9.
  15. What Does Batman Think About Spongebob? Children's Understanding of the Fantasy/Fantasy Distinction.Deena Skolnick & Paul Bloom - 2006 - Cognition 101 (1):B9-B18.
  16.  10
    Two-Year-Olds Use Artist Intention to Understand Drawings.Melissa Allen Preissler & Paul Bloom - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):512-518.
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  17.  8
    Empathy and Its Discontents.Paul Bloom - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (1):24-31.
  18.  2
    Windows to the Soul: Children and Adults See the Eyes as the Location of the Self.Christina Starmans & Paul Bloom - 2012 - Cognition 123 (2):313-318.
  19.  19
    More Than Words: A Reply to Malt and Sloman.Paul Bloom - 2007 - Cognition 105 (3):649-655.
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  20.  6
    Theories of Artifact Categorization.Paul Bloom - 1998 - Cognition 66 (1):87-93.
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  21.  8
    The Intelligence of the Moral Intuitions: A Comment on Haidt.David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (1):193-196.
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  22.  11
    More Than a Body: Mind Perception and the Nature of Objectification.Kurt Gray, Joshua Knobe, Mark Sheskin, Paul Bloom & Lisa Feldman Barrett - 2011 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 101 (6):1207-1220.
    According to models of objectification, viewing someone as a body induces de-mentalization, stripping away their psychological traits. Here evidence is presented for an alternative account, where a body focus does not diminish the attribution of all mental capacities but, instead, leads perceivers to infer a different kind of mind. Drawing on the distinction in mind perception between agency and experience, it is found that focusing on someone's body reduces perceptions of agency but increases perceptions of experience. These effects were found (...)
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  23. Thinking Through Language.Paul Bloom & Frank C. Keil - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (4):351–367.
    What would it be like to have never learned English, but instead only to know Hopi, Mandarin Chinese, or American Sign Language? Would that change the way you think? Imagine entirely losing your language, as the result of stroke or trauma. You are aphasic, unable to speak or listen, read or write. What would your thoughts now be like? As the most extreme case, imagine having been raised without any language at all, as a wild child. What—if anything—would it be (...)
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  24.  51
    Capacities Underlying Word Learning.Paul Bloom & Lori Markson - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):67-73.
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  25.  4
    The Role of Historical Intuitions in Children's and Adults' Naming of Artifacts.Grant Gutheil, Paul Bloom, Nohemy Valderrama & Rebecca Freedman - 2004 - Cognition 91 (1):23-42.
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  26.  11
    Varieties of Social Cognition.Eric Luis Uhlmann, David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom - 2008 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (3):293-322.
    Recent work within psychology demonstrates that unconscious cognition plays a central role in the judgments and actions of individuals. We distinguish between two basic types unconscious social cognition: unconsciousness of the influences on judgments and actions, and unconscious of the mental states that give rise to judgments and actions. Influence unconsciousness is corroborated by strong empirical evidence, but unconscious states are difficult to verify. We discuss procedures aimed at providing conclusive evidence of state unconsciousness, and apply them to recent empirical (...)
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  27.  40
    Understanding Children's and Adults' Limitations in Mental State Reasoning.Paul Bloom - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):255-260.
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  28.  13
    Do Children Think That Duplicating the Body Also Duplicates the Mind?Bruce Hood, Nathalia L. Gjersoe & Paul Bloom - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):466-474.
  29.  31
    Young Children Are Sensitive to How an Object Was Created When Deciding What to Name It.Paul Bloom - 2000 - Cognition 76 (2):91-103.
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  30.  59
    Mindreading, Communication and the Learning of Names for Things.Paul Bloom - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (1&2):37–54.
    There are two facts about word learning that everyone accepts. The first is that words really do have to be learned. There is controversy over how much conceptual structure and linguistic knowledge is innate, but nobody thinks that this is the case for the specific mappings between sounds (or signs) and meanings. This is because these mappings vary arbitrarily from culture to culture. No matter how intelligent a British baby is, for instance, she still has to learn, by attending to (...)
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  31.  9
    Syntactic Cues in the Acquisition of Collective Nouns.Paul Bloom & Deborah Kelemen - 1995 - Cognition 56 (1):1-30.
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  32. College Students Implicitly Judge Interracial Sex and Gay Sex to Be Morally Wrong.Joshua Knobe, Paul Bloom & David Pizarro - manuscript
    College students implicitly judge interracial sex and gay sex to be morally wrong Some moral intuitions arise from psychological processes that are not fully accessible to consciousness. For instance, most people disapprove of consensual adult incest between siblings, but are unable to articulate why—they just feel that it is wrong (Haidt, 2001). More generally, there is evidence for at least two sources of moral judgment: explicit conscious reasoning and tacit intuitions, which are motivated by emotional responses (Greene et al., 2001) (...)
     
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  33.  26
    Children Prefer Certain Individuals Over Perfect Duplicates.Paul Bloom - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):455-462.
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  34.  28
    Enumeration of Collective Entities by 5-Month-Old Infants.Paul Bloom - 2002 - Cognition 83 (3):55-62.
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  35. Précis of How Children Learn the Meanings of Words.Paul Bloom - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1095-1103.
    Normal children learn tens of thousands of words, and do so quickly and efficiently, often in highly impoverished environments. In How Children Learn the Meanings of Words, I argue that word learning is the product of certain cognitive and linguistic abilities that include the ability to acquire concepts, an appreciation of syntactic cues to meaning, and a rich understanding of the mental states of other people. These capacities are powerful, early emerging, and to some extent uniquely human, but they are (...)
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  36.  2
    Art and Authenticity: The Importance of Originals in Judgments of Value.George E. Newman & Paul Bloom - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):558-569.
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  37.  12
    Empathy, Schmempathy: Response to Zaki.Paul Bloom - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  38.  89
    Psychological Essentialism in Selecting the 14th Dalai Lama.Paul Bloom - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (7):243.
  39.  6
    What Does Language Acquisition Tell Us About Language Evolution?Paul Bloom - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):553-554.
  40.  6
    People V. Objects: A Reply to Rakison and Cicchino.Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Karen Wynn & Paul Bloom - 2004 - Cognition 94 (1):109-112.
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  41.  25
    The Mind on Stage: Why Cognitive Scientists Should Study Acting.Thalia R. Goldstein & Paul Bloom - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):141-142.
  42.  14
    Are There Principles That Apply Only to the Acquisition of Words? A Reply to Waxman and Booth.Paul Bloom & Lori Markson - 2001 - Cognition 78 (1):89-90.
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  43. Different Structures for Concepts of Individuals, Stuffs, and Real Kinds: One Mama, More Milk, and Many Mice.Paul Bloom - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):66-67.
    Although our concepts of “Mama,” “milk,” and “mice” have much in common, the suggestion that they are identical in structure in the mind of the prelinguistic child is mistaken. Even infants think about objects as different from substances and appreciate the distinction between kinds (e.g., mice) and individuals (e.g., Mama). Such cognitive capacities exist in other animals as well, and have important adaptive consequences.
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  44. Water as an Artifact Kind.Paul Bloom - 2007 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Creations of the Mind: Theories of Artifacts and Their Representation. Oxford University Press. pp. 150--156.
     
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  45.  41
    Developmental Changes in the Understanding of Generics.Paul Bloom - 2007 - Cognition 105 (1):166-183.
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  46. Disgust Sensitivity Predicts Intuitive Disapproval of Gays.Yoel Inbar, David A. Pizarro, Joshua Knobe & Paul Bloom - 2009 - Emotion 9 (3): 435– 43.
    Two studies demonstrate that a dispositional proneness to disgust (“disgust sensitivity”) is associated with intuitive disapproval of gay people. Study 1 was based on previous research showing that people are more likely to describe a behavior as intentional when they see it as morally wrong (see Knobe, 2006, for a review). As predicted, the more disgust sensitive participants were, the more likely they were to describe an agent whose behavior had the side effect of causing gay men to kiss in (...)
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  47. The Chomsky of Morality? [REVIEW]Paul Bloom - 2006 - Nature 443 (26):909-10.
    In Moral Minds, Marc Hauser makes an audacious claim about moral thought. He argues that morality is best understood in much the same way as Noam Chomsky described language: as the product of an innate and universal mental faculty. For Hauser, moral intuition is not the product of culture and education, nor is it the result of rational and deliberative thought, nor doesitreduce to the workings of the emotions. Instead, it is human nature to unconsciously and automatically evaluate the moral (...)
     
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  48. Get Smart.Paul Bloom - 2002 - In Robert J. Sternberg & J. Kaufman (eds.), The Evolution of Intelligence. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 359--367.
     
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  49. Language, Logic, and Concepts Essays in Memory of John Macnamara.John Theodore Macnamara, Ray Jackendoff, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn - 1999
     
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  50.  6
    The Origins of Psychological Axioms of Arithmetic and Geometry.Karen Wynn & Paul Bloom - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (4):409-420.
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