Results for 'Paul E. Walker'

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  1.  23
    Review: A Guide to Conclusive Proofs for the Principles of Belief * Imam Al-Haramayn Al-Juwayni Trans. Paul E. Walker: A Guide to Conclusive Proofs for the Principles of Belief. [REVIEW]M. E. Marmura - 2004 - Journal of Islamic Studies 15 (1):76-78.
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  2.  27
    Sciences of the Soul and Intellect, Part I: An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistles 32–36 Edited and Translated by Paul E. Walker, Ismail K. Poonawala, David Simonowitz and Godefroid de Callataÿ. [REVIEW]Anthony F. Shaker - 2018 - Journal of Islamic Studies 29 (1):84-87.
    © The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.comThis handsomely produced volume is the ninth of the OUP-IIS series titled Epistles of the Brethren of Purity. Inaugurated in 2008, the series is designed in part to replace several older Arabic editions of Rasāʾil Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ that have been published over the decades but which failed to identify their manuscript sources. Nineteen manuscripts in all were (...)
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  3.  30
    A Code of Conduct: A Treatise on the Etiquette of the Fatimid Ismaili Mission: A Critical Edition of the Arabic Text and English Translation of Ahmad B. Ibr H M Al-Nays B R 's Al-Ris la Al-M Jaza Al-K Fiya F D B Al-du T Edited and Translated by Verena Klemm and Paul E. Walker.W. M. Amin - 2014 - Journal of Islamic Studies 25 (2):209-212.
  4.  11
    Review of The Iśvarapratvabhijnakarika of Utpaladeva with the Author's Vrtti, by Raffaele Toreha; Jung and Eastern Thought: A Dialogue with the Orient, by John James Clarke ; Abu Yacqub Al-Sijistani: Intellectual Missionary, by Paul E. Walker ; Religious Pluralism and Truth: Essays on Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion, Ed. Thomas Dean ; and The Body, Self-Cultivation, and Ki-Energy, by Yuasa Yasuo, Trans. Shigenori Nagatomo and Monte S. Hull. [REVIEW]Karel Werner, J. Pickering, Oliver Leaman, Michael Levine & Alan Fox - 1996 - Asian Philosophy 6 (3):233-243.
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  5.  3
    Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law.Paul E. Walker, Ignaz Goldziher, Andras Hamori, Ruth Hamori & Bernard Lewis - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (4):761.
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  6.  15
    Al-Dawla Al-Fatimiyya Fi Misr: Tafsir Jadid.Paul E. Walker & Ayman Fuad Sayyid - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (3):659.
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  7. A Byzantine Victory Over the Fatimids at Alexandretta (971).Paul E. Walker - 1972 - Byzantion 42:431-440.
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  8.  12
    A Muslim Philosopher on the Soul and Its Fate: Al-ʿĀmirī's Kitāb Al-Amad ʿalā L-abadA Muslim Philosopher on the Soul and Its Fate: Al-Amiri's Kitab Al-Amad Ala L-Abad.Paul E. Walker & Everett K. Rowson - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (1):157.
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  9.  15
    Abū Tammām and His Kitāb Al-Shajara: A New Ismaili Treatise From Tenth-Century KhurasanAbu Tammam and His Kitab Al-Shajara: A New Ismaili Treatise From Tenth-Century Khurasan.Paul E. Walker - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):343.
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  10.  31
    Islamic Messianism: The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver ShiʿismIslamic Messianism: The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver Shiism.Paul E. Walker & Abdulaziz Abdulhussein Sachedina - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (3):631.
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  11.  14
    Kitab Al-Iftikhar.Paul E. Walker, Abu Yaqub Ishaq B. Ahmad Al-Sijistani & Ismail K. Poonawala - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (3):659.
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  12.  35
    Logic and Aristotle's Rhetoric and Poetics in Medieval Arabic Philosophy.Paul E. Walker - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):600-602.
    A critically important development in the tradition of philosophy, as understood by Arabic authors, was the inclusion of both rhetoric and poetics within logic. While these writers' conception of the logical Organon gave appropriate place to the theory of demonstration as found and defined in Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, they added to it the syllogism not only of dialectic, but of rhetoric and poetry as well. By attaching the latter two arts to logic, the Arabic philosophers created a contextual claim about (...)
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  13.  7
    La Capitale de l'Égypte Jusqu'à l'Époque Fatimide, Al-Qāhira Et Al-Fusṭāṭ: Essai de Reconstitution topographiqueLa Capitale de l'Egypte Jusqu'a l'Epoque Fatimide, Al-Qahira Et Al-Fustat: Essai de Reconstitution Topographique.Paul E. Walker, Ayman Fuʾād Sayyid & Ayman Fuad Sayyid - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (4):689.
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  14.  5
    L'Egypte fatimide: Son art et son histoire.Paul E. Walker & Marianne Barrucand - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (4):719.
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  15.  33
    La Quiétude de l'intellect: Néoplatonisme et gnose ismaélienne dans l'oeuvre de Ḥamīd ad-Dīn al-Kirmānī (Xe/XIe s.)La Quietude de l'intellect: Neoplatonisme et gnose ismaelienne dans l'oeuvre de Hamid ad-Din al-Kirmani.Paul E. Walker & D. de Smet - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (2):386.
  16.  14
    Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and His CirclePhilosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abu Sulayman Al-Sijistani and His Circle.Paul E. Walker & Joel L. Kraemer - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (3):450.
  17.  13
    The Fatimid Armenians: Cultural and Political Interaction in the Near East.Paul E. Walker & Seta B. Dadoyan - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (2):270.
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  18. The Identity of One of the Ismaili Da'is Sent by the Fatimids to Ibn Hafsun.Paul E. Walker - 2000 - Al-Qantara 21 (2):387-388.
     
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  19.  11
    The Ismaʿilis: Their History and DoctrinesThe Ismailis: Their History and Doctrines.Paul E. Walker & Farhad Daftary - 1992 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (1):138.
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  20.  7
    The Mystical Philosophy of Ibn Masarra and His Followers.Paul E. Walker - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (4):761.
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  21.  19
    The Pillars of Islam: Daaim Al-Islam of Al-Qadi Al-Numan Numan.Paul E. Walker, Asaf A. A. Fyzee & Ismail Kurban Husein Poonawala - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (2):467.
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  22.  3
    The Rise of the Fatimids: The World of the Mediterranean and the Middle East in the Tenth Century CE.Paul E. Walker & Michael Brett - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (3):638.
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  23.  27
    NMDA Receptors: Substrates or Modulators of Memory Formation.David L. Walker & Paul E. Gold - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):634-634.
    We agree with Shors & Matzel's general hypothesis that the proposed link between NMDA-dependent LTP and memory is weak. They suggest that NMDA-dependent LTP is important to arousal or attentional processes which influence learning in an anterograde manner. However, current evidence is also consistent with the view that NMDA receptors modulate memory consolidation retroactively, as occurs in several other receptor classes.
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  24.  11
    Early Philosophical Shiism: The Neoplatonism of Abū Yaʿqūb Al-SijistānīEarly Philosophical Shiism: The Neoplatonism of Abu Yaqub Al-Sijistani.Sarah Stroumsa & Paul E. Walker - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (3):498.
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  25.  14
    The Wellsprings of Wisdom: A Study of Abū Yaʿqūb Al-Sijistānī's Kitāb Al-Yanābīʿ Including a Complete English Translation with Commentary and Notes on the Arabic TextThe Wellsprings of Wisdom: A Study of Abu Yaqub Al-Sijistani's Kitab Al-Yanabi Including a Complete English Translation with Commentary and Notes on the Arabic Text.Sarah Stroumsa & Paul E. Walker - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (1):186.
  26.  8
    Abū Yaʿqūb al-Sijistānī: Intellectual MissionaryAbu Yaqub al-Sijistani: Intellectual Missionary.Douglas Crow & Paul E. Walker - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (3):599.
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  27. New Books. [REVIEW]C. D. Broad, W. D. Ross, A. E. Taylor, C. T. Harley Walker, Paul Philip Levertoff, Bernard Bosanquet, G. G., F. C. S. Schiller, L. J. Russell & H. Wildon Carr - 1920 - Mind 29 (114):232-250.
  28.  12
    Daniel P. Walker: Il concetto di spirito o anima in Henry More e Ralph Cudworth. Istituto Italiano per gli Studi Filosofici, Lezioni della Scuola di Studi Superiori in Napoli 5. Napoli 1986. 98 Seiten. [REVIEW]Paul Richard Blum - 1987 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 10 (3):189-190.
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  29.  69
    Stephen Ogden, Carol Poster, Cathleen M. Bauschatz, Geoffrey Galt Harpham, Paul J. Korshin, Harvey L. Hix, William Walker, John Goodliffe, William Flesch, Anthony J. Cascardi, Graham Zanker, Ellen S. Fine, James G. Williams, John D. Cox, Véronique M. Fóti, Robert W. Burch, Susan B. Brill, John Durham Peters, David Gorman, Tony E. Jackson, Dora E. Polachek, Mark Stocker, Eric Dean, David Herman, Virginia A. La Charité, Edward E. Foster, C. W. Spinks, Paul M. Hedeen, Ruth Groenhout, Adriano P. Palma, Roblin Meeks, David Wetsel, Tom Conley, Dan Latimer, Michael Calabrese, Edward Donald Kennedy, Catharine Savage Brosman, Merold Westphal, Patrick Henry. [REVIEW]David Novitz - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2):360.
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  30.  27
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Henrietta Schwartz, Ronald D. Cohen, Shields Jr, Mazoor Ahmed, Albert E. Bender, Paul J. Schafer, Charles S. Ungerleider, Andrew T. Kopan, Joseph Watras, George A. Letchworth, Ronald M. Brown, John H. Walker, Ralph B. Kimbrough, Roy L. Cox & Raymond Martin - unknown
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  31. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.Paul E. Griffiths - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Paul E. Griffiths argues that most research on the emotions has been as misguided as Aristotelian efforts to study "superlunary objects" - objects...
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  32.  93
    Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior.Paul E. Griffiths - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):178-182.
  33. Functional Analysis and Proper Functions.Paul E. Griffiths - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):409-422.
    The etiological approach to ‘proper functions’ in biology can be strengthened by relating it to Robert Cummins' general treatment of function ascription. The proper functions of a biological trait are the functions it is assigned in a Cummins-style functional explanation of the fitness of ancestors. These functions figure in selective explanations of the trait. It is also argued that some recent etiological theories include inaccurate accounts of selective explanation in biology. Finally, a generalization of the notion of selective explanation allows (...)
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  34. Squaring the Circle: Natural Kinds with Historical Essences.Paul E. Griffiths - 1999 - In Robert A. Wilson (ed.), Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. MIT Press. pp. 209-228.
  35. What is Innateness?Paul E. Griffiths - 2001 - The Monist 85 (1):70-85.
    In behavioral ecology some authors regard the innateness concept as irretrievably confused whilst others take it to refer to adaptations. In cognitive psychology, however, whether traits are 'innate' is regarded as a significant question and is often the subject of heated debate. Several philosophers have tried to define innateness with the intention of making sense of its use in cognitive psychology. In contrast, I argue that the concept is irretrievably confused. The vernacular innateness concept represents a key aspect of 'folkbiology', (...)
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  36.  84
    Measuring Causal Specificity.Paul E. Griffiths, Arnaud Pocheville, Brett Calcott, Karola Stotz, Hyunju Kim & Rob Knight - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):529-555.
    Several authors have argued that causes differ in the degree to which they are ‘specific’ to their effects. Woodward has used this idea to enrich his influential interventionist theory of causal explanation. Here we propose a way to measure causal specificity using tools from information theory. We show that the specificity of a causal variable is not well-defined without a probability distribution over the states of that variable. We demonstrate the tractability and interest of our proposed measure by measuring the (...)
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  37. Evolution, Dysfunction, and Disease: A Reappraisal: Table 1.Paul E. Griffiths & John Matthewson - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (2):301-327.
    Some ‘naturalist’ accounts of disease employ a biostatistical account of dysfunction, whilst others use a ‘selected effect’ account. Several recent authors have argued that the biostatistical account offers the best hope for a naturalist account of disease. We show that the selected effect account survives the criticisms levelled by these authors relatively unscathed, and has significant advantages over the BST. Moreover, unlike the BST, it has a strong theoretical rationale and can provide substantive reasons to decide difficult cases. This is (...)
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  38.  64
    The Cultural Evolution of Emergent Group-Level Traits.Paul E. Smaldino - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):243-254.
    Many of the most important properties of human groups – including properties that may give one group an evolutionary advantage over another – are properly defined only at the level of group organization. Yet at present, most work on the evolution of culture has focused solely on the transmission of individual-level traits. I propose a conceptual extension of the theory of cultural evolution, particularly related to the evolutionary competition between cultural groups. The key concept in this extension is the emergent (...)
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  39. On the Logic of the Ontological Argument.Paul E. Oppenheimer & Edward N. Zalta - 1991 - Philosophical Perspectives 5:509-529.
    In this paper, the authors show that there is a reading of St. Anselm's ontological argument in Proslogium II that is logically valid (the premises entail the conclusion). This reading takes Anselm's use of the definite description "that than which nothing greater can be conceived" seriously. Consider a first-order language and logic in which definite descriptions are genuine terms, and in which the quantified sentence "there is an x such that..." does not imply "x exists". Then, using an ordinary logic (...)
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  40.  25
    Diseases Are Not Adaptations and Neither Are Their Causes: A Response to Ardern’s "Dysfunction, Disease, and the Limits of Selection".Paul E. Griffiths & John Matthewson - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (3):136-142.
    In a recent article in this journal, Zachary Ardern criticizes our view that the most promising candidate for a naturalized criterion of disease is the "selected effects" account of biological function and dysfunction. Here we reply to Ardern’s criticisms and, more generally, clarify the relationship between adaptation and dysfunction in the evolution of health and disease.
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  41. Genes in the Postgenomic Era.Paul E. Griffiths & Karola Stotz - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (6):499-521.
    We outline three very different concepts of the gene—instrumental, nominal, and postgenomic. The instrumental gene has a critical role in the construction and interpretation of experiments in which the relationship between genotype and phenotype is explored via hybridization between organisms or directly between nucleic acid molecules. It also plays an important theoretical role in the foundations of disciplines such as quantitative genetics and population genetics. The nominal gene is a critical practical tool, allowing stable communication between bioscientists in a wide (...)
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  42. Function, Homology and Character Individuation.Paul E. Griffiths - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (1):1-25.
    I defend the view that many biological categories are defined by homology against a series of arguments designed to show that all biological categories are defined, at least in part, by selected function. I show that categories of homology are `abnormality inclusive'—something often alleged to be unique to selected function categories. I show that classifications by selected function are logically dependent on classifications by homology, but not vice-versa. Finally, I reject the view that biologists must use considerations of selected function (...)
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  43. Modularity, and the Psychoevolutionary Theory of Emotion.Paul E. Griffiths - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (2):175-196.
    It is unreasonable to assume that our pre-scientific emotion vocabulary embodies all and only those distinctions required for a scientific psychology of emotion. The psychoevolutionary approach to emotion yields an alternative classification of certain emotion phenomena. The new categories are based on a set of evolved adaptive responses, or affect-programs, which are found in all cultures. The triggering of these responses involves a modular system of stimulus appraisal, whose evoluations may conflict with those of higher-level cognitive processes. Whilst the structure (...)
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  44. Emotions as Natural and Normative Kinds.Paul E. Griffiths - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):901-911.
    In earlier work I have claimed that emotion and some emotions are not `natural kinds'. Here I clarify what I mean by `natural kind', suggest a new and more accurate term, and discuss the objection that emotion and emotions are not descriptive categories at all, but fundamentally normative categories.
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  45.  29
    What Kind of Expert Should a System Be?Paul E. Johnson - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (1):77-97.
    Human experts are the source of knowledge required to develop computer systems that perform at an expert level. Human beings are not, however, able to reliably express what they know. As a result, experts often develop non-authentic accounts of their own expertise. These accounts, here termed reconstructed methods of reasoning, lead to computer systems that perform at a high level of proficiency but have the disadvantage that they often do not reflect the heuristics and processing constraints of a system user. (...)
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  46. Theory-Testing in Psychology and Physics: A Methodological Paradox.Paul E. Meehl - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (2):103-115.
    Because physical theories typically predict numerical values, an improvement in experimental precision reduces the tolerance range and hence increases corroborability. In most psychological research, improved power of a statistical design leads to a prior probability approaching 1/2 of finding a significant difference in the theoretically predicted direction. Hence the corroboration yielded by "success" is very weak, and becomes weaker with increased precision. "Statistical significance" plays a logical role in psychology precisely the reverse of its role in physics. This problem is (...)
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  47.  18
    Factor Structure of Character Strengths in Youth: Consistency Across Ages and Measures.Robert E. McGrath & David Ian Walker - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (4):400-418.
    The VIA Classification of Strengths and Virtues attempts to provide a comprehensive model of character based on 24 character strengths. The present study is the largest study to date exploring the structure of the 24 strengths in youth. One sample completed the VIA-Youth, a teen measure of the VIA Classification. Based on a random subsample, it was determined the data were best modeled using four factors. The remainder of the sample was used to demonstrate measurement invariance for the four-factor model (...)
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  48.  71
    The Historical Turn in the Study of Adaptation.Paul E. Griffiths - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):511-532.
    A number of philosophers and ‘evolutionary psychologists’ have argued that attacks on adaptationism in contemporary biology are misguided. These thinkers identify anti-adaptationism with advocacy of non-adaptive modes of explanation. They overlook the influence of anti-adaptationism in the development of more rigorous forms of adaptive explanation. Many biologists who reject adaptationism do not reject Darwinism. Instead, they have pioneered the contemporary historical turn in the study of adaptation. One real issue which remains unresolved amongst these methodological advances is the nature of (...)
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  49. What is the Developmentalist Challenge?Paul E. Griffiths & Robin D. Knight - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):253-258.
  50.  11
    Aquinas: Moral, Political, and Legal Theory.Paul E. Sigmund & John Finnis - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):129.