Results for 'Paul H. Edelman'

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  1.  73
    Fair division of indivisible items.Steven J. Brams, Paul H. Edelman & Peter C. Fishburn - 2003 - Theory and Decision 55 (2):147-180.
    This paper analyzes criteria of fair division of a set of indivisible items among people whose revealed preferences are limited to rankings of the items and for whom no side payments are allowed. The criteria include refinements of Pareto optimality and envy-freeness as well as dominance-freeness, evenness of shares, and two criteria based on equally-spaced surrogate utilities, referred to as maxsum and equimax. Maxsum maximizes a measure of aggregate utility or welfare, whereas equimax lexicographically maximizes persons' utilities from smallest to (...)
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  2.  66
    Paradoxes of Fair Division.Steven J. Brams, Paul H. Edelman & Peter C. Fishburn - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (6):300.
  3.  15
    The Liminal Body: Comment on “Privacy in the Context of ‘Re-emergent’ Infectious Diseases” by Justin T. Denholm and Ian H. Kerridge.Paul H. Mason - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (4):565-566.
    If James has a latent tuberculosis infection , he is at risk of developing active tuberculosis disease but he is not yet sick. LTBI is a liminal space between health and illness. Diagnosed with LTBI, James could be conceptualised as having a liminal body. Treatments for LTBI are available, but why would a person seek treatment for a disease he does not yet have? One thing is definite: James needs to be educated about the symptoms and severity of active tuberculosis (...)
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  4.  2
    Using self-affirmation to increase intellectual humility in debate.Paul H. P. Hanel, Deborah Roy, Sam Taylor, Michael Franjieh, Christopher Heffer, Alessandra Tanesini & Gregory R. Maio - manuscript
    Intellectual humility, which entails openness to other views and a willingness to listen and engage with them, is crucial for facilitating civil dialogue and progress in debate between opposing sides. In the present research, we tested whether intellectual humility can be reliably detected in discourse and experimentally increased by a prior self-affirmation task. Three-hundred and three participants took part in 116 audio and video-recorded group discussions. Blind to condition, linguists coded participants’ discourse to create an intellectual humility score. As expected, (...)
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  5. The Moral Instruction of Children.Paul H. Hanus - 1893 - International Journal of Ethics 3 (2):251-254.
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  6.  84
    Formal Semantics - the Essential Readings.Paul H. Portner & Barbara H. Partee (eds.) - 2002 - Blackwell.
    This is a collection of papers that helped shape the field of formal semantics in linguistics.
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  7.  24
    Degeneracy at Multiple Levels of Complexity.Paul H. Mason - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (3):277-288.
    Degeneracy is a poorly understood process, essential to natural selection. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the concept of degeneracy was commandeered by the colonial imagination. A rigid understanding of species, race, and culture grew to dominate the normative thinking that persisted well into the burgeoning new industrial age. A 20th-century reconfiguration of the concept by George Gamow highlighted a form of intraorganismic variation that is still underexplored. Degeneracy exists in a population of variants where structurally different components perform a (...)
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  8.  32
    Philosophy and the Teacher Edited by D. I. Lloyd Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1976, viii + 137 pp., £3.20, £1.60 paper. [REVIEW]Paul H. Hirst - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (201):366-.
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  9.  32
    What is Meaning: Fundamentals of Formal Semantics.Paul H. Portner - 2005 - Blackwell.
    What is Meaning? Fundamentals of Formal Semantics is a concise introduction to the field of semantics as it is actually practiced. Through simple examples, pictures, and metaphors, Paul Portner presents the field’s key ideas about how language works. Explains the fundamental ideas and some of the most significant results of modern semantic theory Combines foundational discussion with simplified analyses of complex phenomena to provide readers with a sense of the fascination to be found in the details of the human (...)
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  10.  12
    Francis Bacon on the Science of Jurisprudence.Paul H. Kocher - 1957 - Journal of the History of Ideas 18 (1/4):3.
  11.  10
    Book Review:The International Labor Organization. Paul Perigord. [REVIEW]Paul H. Douglas - 1927 - International Journal of Ethics 37 (2):210.
  12.  13
    Degeneracy: Demystifying and destigmatizing a core concept in systems biology.Paul H. Mason - 2015 - Complexity 20 (3):12-21.
  13.  68
    Secondary emotions in non-primate species? Behavioural reports and subjective claims by animal owners.Paul H. Morris, Christine Doe & Emma Godsell - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (1):3-20.
    (2008). Secondary emotions in non-primate species? Behavioural reports and subjective claims by animal owners. Cognition & Emotion: Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 3-20.
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  14.  37
    What is climate change doing to us and for us?Paul H. Carr - 2018 - Zygon 53 (2):443-461.
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  15.  4
    Language and Thought.Paul H. Hirst - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 1 (1):63-75.
  16.  11
    Innate constituents of complex responses in primates.Paul H. Schiller - 1952 - Psychological Review 59 (3):177-191.
  17.  14
    Structure and Function in Criminal Law.Paul H. Robinson - 1997 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Professor Robinson provides a new critique of the often neglected problem of classification within the criminal law. He presents a discussion of the present conceptual framework of the law, and offers explanations of how and why formal structures do not match the operation of law in practice. In this scholarly exposition of applied criminal theory, Robinson argues that the current operational structure of the criminal law fails to take account of its different functions. He goes on to suggest new sample (...)
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  18. William Empson: Prophet Against Sacrifice.Paul H. Fry - 1991 - Routledge.
    William Empson: Prophet Against Sacrifice provides the most coherent account of Empson's diverse career to date. While exploring the richness of Empson's comic genius, Paul H. Fry serves to discredit the appropriation of his name in recent polemic by the conflicting parties of deconstruction and politicized cultural criticism. He argues that Empson is a larger, more important figure than the orthodox in either camp can acknowledge, deserving to be considered alongside such versatile critics as Walter Benjamin, Kenneth Burke and (...)
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  19. William Empson: Prophet Against Sacrifice.Paul H. Fry - 1991 - Routledge.
    _William Empson: Prophet Against Sacrifice_ provides the most coherent account of Empson's diverse career to date. While exploring the richness of Empson's comic genius, Paul H. Fry serves to discredit the appropriation of his name in recent polemic by the conflicting parties of deconstruction and politicized cultural criticism. He argues that Empson is a larger, more important figure than the orthodox in either camp can acknowledge, deserving to be considered alongside such versatile critics as Walter Benjamin, Kenneth Burke and (...)
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  20. William Empson: Prophet Against Sacrifice.Paul H. Fry - 1991 - Routledge.
    _William Empson: Prophet Against Sacrifice_ provides the most coherent account of Empson's diverse career to date. While exploring the richness of Empson's comic genius, Paul H. Fry serves to discredit the appropriation of his name in recent polemic by the conflicting parties of deconstruction and politicized cultural criticism. He argues that Empson is a larger, more important figure than the orthodox in either camp can acknowledge, deserving to be considered alongside such versatile critics as Walter Benjamin, Kenneth Burke and (...)
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  21. Structure and Function in Criminal Law.Paul H. Robinson - 1997 - Law and Philosophy 18 (1):85-104.
    Professor Robinson provides a new critique of the often neglected problem of classification within the criminal law. He presents a discussion of the present conceptual framework of the law, and offers explanations of how and why formal structures do not match the operation of law in practice. In this scholarly exposition of applied criminal theory, Robinson argues that the current operational structure of the criminal law fails to take account of its different functions. He goes on to suggest new sample (...)
     
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  22.  21
    More Than One Way to Be Global: Globalization of Research and the Contest of Ideas.Paul H. Mason, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):48-49.
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  23.  13
    Beyond Biomedicine: Relationships and Care in Tuberculosis Prevention.Paul H. Mason & Chris Degeling - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (1):31-34.
    With attention to the experiences, agency, and rights of tuberculosis patients, this symposium on TB and ethics brings together a range of different voices from the social sciences and humanities. To develop fresh insights and new approaches to TB care and prevention, it is important to incorporate diverse perspectives from outside the strictly biomedical model. In the articles presented in this issue of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, clinical experience is married with historical and cultural context, ethical concerns are brought (...)
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  24.  20
    Concordance & Conflict in Intuitions of Justice.Paul H. Robinson & Robert O. Kurzban - unknown
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  25.  34
    The Incompleteness of the Economy and Business: A Forceful Reminder. [REVIEW]Paul H. Dembinski - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (S1):29-40.
    Many different but related arguments developed in the Caritas in Veritate converge on one central, yet not clearly stated, conclusion or thesis: economic and business activities are ‘incomplete’. This article will explore the above-mentioned ‘incompleteness’ thesis or argument from three different perspectives: the role, the practice and the purpose of economic and business activities in contemporary societies. In doing so, the paper will heavily draw on questions and, still not fully learned, lessons derived from the present financial and economic crisis. (...)
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  26.  5
    Non-foundational criticality? On the need for a process ontology of the psychosocial.Paul H. D. Stenner - 2007 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 9 (2):44-55.
    The articulation of critical dialects of psychology has typically involved a questioning of the foundational assumptions of the so-called mainstream. This has included critiques in the name of more adequate scientific foundations, but more recently these have been accompanied by critiques in the name of an absence of foundations altogether, and critiques that suggest a rethinking of the concept of foundation. These latter versions are usually influenced by the great 20 th Century non-foundational philosophies of figures such as Bergson, Whitehead, (...)
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  27.  14
    Stockholders as Grassroots Activists.Paul H. Sutherland - 1990 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 4 (5):15-16.
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  28.  13
    Stockholders as Grassroots Activists.Paul H. Sutherland - 1990 - Business Ethics 4 (5):15-16.
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  29. The anomalous extension problem in default reasoning.Paul H. Morris - 1988 - Artificial Intelligence 35 (3):383-399.
  30.  17
    Metaphorical Accounting: How Framing the Federal Budget Like a Household's Affects Voting Intentions.Paul H. Thibodeau & Stephen J. Flusberg - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S5):1168-1182.
    Political discourse is saturated with metaphor, but evidence for the persuasive power of this language has been hard to come by. We addressed this issue by investigating whether voting intentions were affected by implicit mappings suggested by a metaphorically framed message, drawing on a real-world example of political rhetoric about the federal budget. In the first experiment, the federal budget was framed as similar to or different from a household budget, though the information participants received was identical in both conditions. (...)
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  31. Education, knowledge and practices.Paul H. Hirst - 1993 - In Paul Heywood Hirst, Robin Barrow & Patricia White (eds.), Beyond Liberal Education: Essays in Honour of Paul H. Hirst. Routledge. pp. 184--99.
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  32.  17
    Does Criminal Law Deter? A Behavioural Science Investigation.Paul H. Robinson & John M. Darley - 2004 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 24 (2):173-205.
    Having a criminal justice system that imposes sanctions no doubt does deter criminal conduct. But available social science research suggests that manipulating criminal law rules within that system to achieve heightened deterrence effects generally will be ineffective. Potential offenders often do not know of the legal rules. Even if they do, they frequently are unable to bring this knowledge to bear in guiding their conduct, due to a variety of situational, social, or chemical factors. Even if they can, a rational (...)
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  33.  28
    Philosophy and educational theory.Paul H. Hirst - 1963 - British Journal of Educational Studies 12 (1):51-64.
  34. Does God play dice? insights from the fractal geometry of nature.Paul H. Carr - 2004 - Zygon 39 (4):933-940.
  35.  24
    Altruism and Self Interest in Medical Decision Making.Paul H. Rubin - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):401-409.
    We seem to prefer that medicine and medical care be provided through altruistic motives. Even the pharmaceutical industry justifies its behavior in terms of altruistic purposes. But economists have known since Adam Smith that self-interested behavior can create large and growing social benefits. This is true for medical care as well as for other goods. First, I consider specifically the case of pharmaceutical promotion, both to physicians and to consumers. I argue that such promotion is highly beneficial to patients and (...)
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  36.  22
    The Ethical Foundations of Responsible Investment.Paul H. Dembinski, Jean-Michel Bonvin, Edouard Dommen & François-Marie Monnet - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (2):203 - 213.
    In the area of investment, responsibility may be expressed via four types of ethical concern: value-based ethics resulting in the exclusion of so-called "vicious" companies from the investment portfolio; fructification-oriented ethics with a view to long-term investment; consequence-based ethics aimed at initiating a behavioural change in the investment target; and ethics envisaged as a discriminating criterion in the search of the best financial performance. No single formula of responsible investment is available, and the "responsible" approach necessarily implies the active involvement (...)
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  37.  24
    Deficits in the ability to recognize one’s own affects and those of others: Associations with neurocognition, symptoms and sexual trauma among persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.Paul H. Lysaker, Andrew Gumley, Martin Brüne, Stijn Vanheule, Kelly D. Buck & Giancarlo Dimaggio - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1183-1192.
    While many with schizophrenia experience deficits in metacognition it is unclear whether those deficits are related to other features of illness. To explore this issue, the current study classified participants with schizophrenia as possessing a deficit in both awareness of their own emotions and those of others , aware of their own emotions but unaware of the emotions of others and aware of their own emotions and of other’s emotions . Groups were compared on assessments of neurocognitive function, symptoms, and (...)
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  38.  7
    Extended Metaphors are the Home Runs of Persuasion: Don’t Fumble the Phrase.Paul H. Thibodeau - 2016 - Metaphor and Symbol 31 (2):53-72.
    ABSTRACTMetaphors pervade discussions of critical issues and influence how people reason about these domains. For instance, when crime is a beast people are more likely to suggest enforcement-oriented approaches to crime-reduction ; reading that crime is a virus, on the other hand, leads people to suggest systemic reforms for the affected community. In the current study, we find that extending metaphoric language into the descriptions of policy interventions bolstered the persuasive influence of metaphoric frames for important issues. That is, in (...)
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  39.  12
    Cross-Cultural Differences and Similarities in Human Value Instantiation.Paul H. P. Hanel, Gregory R. Maio, Ana K. S. Soares, Katia C. Vione, Gabriel L. de Holanda Coelho, Valdiney V. Gouveia, Appasaheb C. Patil, Shanmukh V. Kamble & Antony S. R. Manstead - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  40. Philosophy and Educational Theory.Paul H. Hirst - 1963 - British Journal of Educational Studies 12 (1):51 - 64.
  41.  26
    Book Reviews Section 2.Paul H. Mattingly, Paul C. Violas, Joseph N. Rathnau, Philip Reed Rulon, Robert Gallacher, Michael B. Campbell, Clara P. Mcmahon, Gerald L. Caplan, Arthur Brown, Nathaniel L. Champlin, Carlton H. Bowyer & William A. Proefriedt - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (3):155-163.
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  42.  9
    Big Democracy.Paul H. Appleby - 1945 - Ethics 56 (1):73-74.
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  43. Pirates, prisoners, and lepers: lessons from life outside the law.Paul H. Robinson - 2015 - [Lincoln, Nebraska]: Potomac Books, an imprint of the University of Nebraska Press.
    It has long been held that humans need government to impose social order on a chaotic, dangerous world. How, then, did early humans survive on the Serengeti Plain, surrounded by faster, stronger, and bigger predators in a harsh and forbidding environment? Pirates, Prisoners, and Lepers examines an array of natural experiments and accidents of human history to explore the fundamental nature of how human beings act when beyond the scope of the law. Pirates of the 1700s, the leper colony on (...)
     
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  44.  22
    Narrative accounts of illness in schizophrenia: Association of different forms of awareness with neurocognition and social function over time.Paul H. Lysaker, Jack Tsai, Alyssa M. Maulucci & Giovanni Stanghellini - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1143-1151.
    Awareness of illness in schizophrenia reflects complex storied understanding of the impact of the disorder upon one’s life. Individuals may be aware of their illness in different ways and this may be related to their functioning. A total of 76 adults with schizophrenia were assessed for their awareness of illness, neurocognition, social cognition, and social function concurrently and social function was also assessed at three later time points. A cluster analysis revealed 3 groups: generally full awareness, generally limited awareness, and (...)
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  45. Citizens as Sovereigns.Paul H. Appleby, W. Averell Harriman, C. W. Cassinelli, James M. Buchanan & Gordon Tullock - 1963 - Ethics 74 (1):65-68.
  46. Collective Responsibility: A Pragmatic Approach to Large-Scale Moral Problems.Paul H. Arthur - 1998 - Dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder
    There are many cases of conduct for which responsibility can plausibly be ascribed to a group, in addition to any responsibility ascribable to the group's constituent members. It is important to be able to make such ascriptions because without them we are unable to assign responsibilities for many sorts of humanly-caused harms for which responsibility cannot reasonably be ascribed to individuals alone. Two recent theories of collective responsibility advance our understanding of why it is important to be able to hold (...)
     
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  47.  9
    Altruism and Self Interest in Medical Decision Making.Paul H. Rubin - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):401-409.
    It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest.Adam Smith, Wealth of NationsAs the quote above indicates, economists generally are more comfortable with self interest as a motivating force for social benefit than with altruism. This is because in most instances in a market economy, self interest will lead agents to provide benefits for others. Ultimately this is because the butcher or baker (...)
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  48.  21
    Morals, religion and the maintained school.Paul H. Hirst - 1965 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (1):5-18.
  49. The case against direct realism.Paul H. Griffiths - manuscript
    Analytic philosophy took a wrong turn when it rehabilitated direct realism. From the perspective of cognitive science, it seems that we can have the directness-claim or the realism-claim but not both together. Up until the mid-1900s the vast majority of philosophers dismissed direct realism as hopelessly naïve, but by the close of the century it had become the orthodoxy within analytic philosophy. In contrast, mainstream cognitive science has remained constant in its opposition to the directness-claim, and when the directness-claim is (...)
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  50. Truth and tension in science and religion. By Varadaraja V. Raman.Paul H. Carr - 2010 - Zygon 45 (2):527-528.
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