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  1.  39
    What kind of expert should a system be?Paul E. Johnson - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (1):77-97.
    Human experts are the source of knowledge required to develop computer systems that perform at an expert level. Human beings are not, however, able to reliably express what they know. As a result, experts often develop non-authentic accounts of their own expertise. These accounts, here termed reconstructed methods of reasoning, lead to computer systems that perform at a high level of proficiency but have the disadvantage that they often do not reflect the heuristics and processing constraints of a system user. (...)
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  2. A History of Christianity.Paul Johnson - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (4):554-555.
  3.  42
    Inclusiveness, Effectiveness and Intrusiveness: Issues in the Developing Uses of DNA Profiling in Support of Criminal Investigations.Robin Williams & Paul Johnson - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):545-558.
    The rapid implementation and continuing expansion of forensic DNA databases around the world has been supported by claims about their effectiveness in criminal investigations and challenged by assertions of the resulting intrusiveness into individual privacy. These two competing perspectives provide the basis for ongoing considerations about the categories of persons who should be subject to non-consensual DNA sampling and profile retention as well as the uses to which such profiles should be put. This paper uses the example of the current (...)
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  4.  17
    Expertise and Error in Diagnostic Reasoning.Paul E. Johnson, Alica S. Duran, Frank Hassebrock, James Moller, Michael Prietula, Paul J. Feltovich & David B. Swanson - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (3):235-283.
    An investigation is presented in which a computer simulation model (DIAGNOSER) is used to develop and test predictions for behavior of subjects in a task of medical diagnosis. The first experiment employed a process‐tracing methodology in order to compare hypothesis generation and evaluation behavior of DIAGNOSER with individuals at different levels of expertise (students, trainees, experts). A second experiment performed with only DIAGNOSER identified conditions under which errors in reasoning in the first experiment could be related to interpretation of specific (...)
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  5.  25
    Inclusiveness, Effectiveness and Intrusiveness: Issues in the Developing Uses of DNA Profiling in Support of Criminal Investigations.Robin Williams & Paul Johnson - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):234-247.
    Current methods of forensic DNA profiling, based on Polymerase Chain Reaction amplifications of a varying number of Short Tandem Repeat loci found at different locations on the human genome, are regularly described as constituting the “gold standard for identification” in contemporary society. At a time when criminal justice systems in Europe and North America increasingly seek to utilize the epistemic authority of a variety of sciences in support of the apprehension and prosecution of suspects and offenders, genetic science and recombinant (...)
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  6. Detecting deception: adversarial problem solving in a low base‐rate world.Paul E. Johnson, Stefano Grazioli, Karim Jamal & R. Glen Berryman - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (3):355-392.
    The work presented here investigates the process by which one group of individuals solves the problem of detecting deceptions created by other agents. A field experiment was conducted in which twenty‐four auditors (partners in international public accounting firms) were asked to review four cases describing real companies that, unknown to the auditors, had perpetrated financial frauds. While many of the auditors failed to detect the manipulations in the cases, a small number of auditors were consistently successful. Since the detection of (...)
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  7.  36
    Detecting deception: adversarial problem solving in a low base‐rate world.Paul E. Johnson, Stefano Grazioli, Karim Jamal & R. Glen Berryman - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (3):355-392.
    The work presented here investigates the process by which one group of individuals solves the problem of detecting deceptions created by other agents. A field experiment was conducted in which twenty-four auditors (partners in international public accounting firms) were asked to review four cases describing real companies that, unknown to the auditors, had perpetrated financial frauds. While many of the auditors failed to detect the manipulations in the cases, a small number of auditors were consistently successful. Since the detection of (...)
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  8.  58
    Feminism as radical humanism.Pauline Johnson - 1994 - Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
    "Sure to be controversial and of interest to a wide audience in feminist history" (Judith Grant, University of Southern California), this book draws on a wide range of political and intellectual traditions to demonstrate that, only by ...
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  9.  12
    Sociology and the critique of neoliberalism: Reflections on Peter Wagner and Axel Honneth.Pauline Johnson - 2014 - European Journal of Social Theory 17 (4):516-533.
    Neoliberalism’s project of making the market the model for all modern freedoms means that critique needs to be able to unmask the distortions and to weigh the costs of its cultural appropriations and resignifications. This diagnostic/evaluative task presents a seeming challenge to the sociologist who is also answerable to scientific purposes that demand objectivity and impartiality. This article investigates two very different attempts to grasp this nettle. It contrasts Peter Wagner’s proposal to reclaim critique as ‘an essential feature of the (...)
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  10.  33
    Measuring perceptions of safety climate in primary care: a cross‐sectional study.Carl de Wet, Paul Johnson, Robert Mash, Alex McConnachie & Paul Bowie - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):135-142.
  11.  61
    Carl Schmitt, Jürgen Habermas, and the crisis of politics.Pauline Johnson - 1998 - The European Legacy 3 (6):15-32.
  12.  35
    Distorted communications: Feminism’s dispute with Habermas.Pauline Johnson - 2001 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (1):39-62.
    The paper reviews the extent to which main formulations in Habermas's recent major work, Between Facts and Norms, make ground against feminist objections to the Habermasian project. Although the later work does not tamper with the core project of Habermas's theory of modernity, the terms in which the procedural norms of democratic interaction are now conceived clarify the sympathetic relevance of Habermas's project to feminism's own vital concerns. There is reason to suppose Habermas's construction of the motivations that prompt and (...)
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  13. Feminism and images of autonomy.Pauline Johnson - 1988 - Radical Philosophy 50:26-30.
     
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  14. Hobbes's Anglican Doctrine of Salvation.Paul J. Johnson - 1974 - In Ralph Gilbert Ross, Herbert Wallace Schneider & Theodore Waldman (eds.), Thomas Hobbes in his time. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 102--125.
  15. Love, heterosexuality and society.Paul Johnson - 2010 - In Ann Brooks (ed.), Social Theory in Contemporary Asia. Routledge.
  16.  17
    An Interview with Bonnie Honig.Pauline Johnson - 2008 - Contemporary Political Theory 7 (4):434-443.
  17.  18
    The Cook's Encyclopedia of Baking.Gy?rgy Markus, John E. Grumley, Paul Crittenden & Pauline Johnson - 2001 - Ashgate Publishing.
    Culture and Enlightenment are the two words that best characterise the essence of György Markus's career, in whose honour this book is published. Markus devoted the last twenty years of research towards a theory of cultural objectivations and their pragmatics, and the great depth of his knowledge of the history of culture and philosophy informs all his teaching and writing. The pursuit of Enlightenment ideals attains reflective self-consciousness in Markus' works; forged in the knowledge of its own historicity, of the (...)
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  18. Nietzsche reception today.Pauline Johnson - 1996 - Radical Philosophy 80:24-33.
  19. What Europe Really Needs.Paul Johnson - 2006 - The Chesterton Review 32 (3-4):519-522.
  20. The Quest for the Self: Feminism's Appropriation of Romanticism.Pauline Johnson - 1995 - Thesis Eleven 41 (1):76-93.
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  21.  10
    Feminism and Humanism.Pauline Johnson - 2015 - In Andrew Copson & A. C. Grayling (eds.), The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Humanism. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 305–324.
    This chapter offers a diagnosis of misconstructions in anti‐humanist feminism and shows how a radical or critical humanism might help to theorize feminism's critical, emancipatory interests. It traces something of the troubled history of modern feminism's relationship with humanism. The chapter suggests that feminism's repudiation has been based on a narrow version; on one that confuses humanism with the rationalist agendas of modern science. It also considers how feminism has rebuilt itself by reinterpreting its critical agendas through the lens provided (...)
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  22.  15
    The Aim and Content of an Introductory Ethics Course: A Symposium by Seven American Professors.A. P. Brogan, Clifford Barrett, Robert Chenault Givler, W. B. Mahan, George Boas, Albert E. Blumberg & Paul E. Johnson - 1931 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (1):1-14.
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  23.  21
    The aim and content of an introductory ethics course: A symposium by seven american professors.A. P. Brogan, Clifford Barrett, Robert Chenault Givler, W. B. Mahan, George Boas, Albert E. Blumberg & Paul E. Johnson - 1931 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (1):1-14.
  24.  14
    Editors' Intro.John Grumley & Pauline Johnson - 2019 - Thesis Eleven 151 (1):3-4.
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  25.  13
    Editors' Intro.John Grumley & Pauline Johnson - 2019 - Thesis Eleven 151 (1):3-4.
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  26.  8
    Tragedy and Philosophy. A Parallel History.John Edward Grumley, David Roberts & Pauline Johnson (eds.) - 2021 - BRILL.
    Completed shortly before her death in 2019, _Tragedy and Philosophy. A Parallel History_ is the sum of Agnes Heller’s reflections on European history and culture, seen through the prism of Europe’s two unique literary creations: tragedy and philosophy.
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  27.  14
    William D. Gean 1936 - 1980.Forest Hansen & Paul Johnson - 1983 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 56 (3):405 -.
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  28.  20
    An experiment in social ethics.Paul E. Johnson - 1931 - International Journal of Ethics 41 (2):204-221.
  29.  6
    An Experiment in Social Ethics.Paul E. Johnson - 1931 - International Journal of Ethics 41 (2):204-221.
  30.  26
    Are Our Utopian Energies Exhausted? Habermas's Radical Reformism.Pauline Johnson - 2004 - European Journal of Political Theory 3 (3):267-291.
    This article starts off by giving Habermas the opportunity to defend the ‘remnants of utopianism’ in his thinking that might seem to fly in the face of grim sociological realities. He wants to cut the ground from under a fashionable scepticism about our capacity to use a description of the unrealized potentials of the present as the basis for orienting ourselves to a desired future. This is to be done by persuading us that we have been looking in the wrong (...)
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  31.  3
    Automatic religion: nearhuman agents of Brazil and France.Paul Christopher Johnson - 2021 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Paul C. Johnson begins his new work, Automatic Religion, with the observation that two of the capacities commonly taken to distinguish humans from nonhumans-free will and religion-are fundamentally opposed. Free will enjoys a central place in our ideas of spontaneity, authorship, and the conscious weighing of alternatives. Meanwhile, religion is less a quest for agency than a series of practices--possession rituals being the most spectacular though by no means the only examples--that temporarily relieve individuals of their will. What, then, is (...)
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  32. A social universe.Paul E. Johnson - 1935 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 16 (4):347.
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  33.  4
    A Tory Philosophy of Law.Paul Johnson & Conservative Political Centre Britain) - 1979
  34. Brightman's Contribution to Personalism.Paul E. Johnson - 1954 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):59.
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  35. Between Platonism And Pragmatism: An Alternative Reading Of Plato's Theaetetus.Paul Johnson - 2006 - Sorites 17:95-103.
    In a letter to his friend Drury, Wittgenstein claims to have been working on the same problems that Plato was working on in the Theaetetus. In this paper I try to say what that problem might have been. In the alternative reading of the dialogue that I construct here, attention is drawn to Socrates' frequent appeal in the course of discussion to the ordinary ways of speaking that he, and Theaetetus, and everyone else in Athens at the time engaged in. (...)
     
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  36.  17
    Critique as ideology critique in a neoliberal age.Pauline Johnson - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (7):810-828.
    Neo-liberalism is not working but carries on regardless. A society and all of its institutions modelled on market logics and imperatives has produced system crisis and has lost widespread popular support. To account for neo-liberalism’s continuing grip, we must submit this project to ideology critique. Max Horkheimer offers some relevant insights into what this requires. Ideology critique needs to come up with a competing measure of progress, it has to demonstrate why this ought to be the standard and it needs (...)
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  37.  41
    Comment about Pope John Paul II's New Encyclical Letter, The Gospel of Life.Paul Johnson - 1995 - The Chesterton Review 21 (3):405-407.
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  38.  36
    Catholicism and the Spanish Civil War.Paul Johnson - 1999 - The Chesterton Review 25 (1/2):173-175.
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  39. Civilizing Mammon: Laws, Morals, and the City in Nineteenth-Century England.Paul Johnson - 2000 - In Peter Burke & Brian Harrison (eds.), Civil Histories: Essays Presented to Sir Keith Thomas. Oxford University Press.
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  40.  35
    Comments on the Peking United Nations Conference on Women.Paul Johnson - 1996 - The Chesterton Review 22 (3):386-388.
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  41.  23
    Chesterton the Journalist.Paul Johnson - 2002 - The Chesterton Review 28 (4):479-483.
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  42.  22
    Deduction and Dialectic in Hobbes's Theory of Civility.Paul J. Johnson - 1991 - Hobbes Studies 4 (1):96-114.
  43.  60
    Death by Fire or, the Well-Mannered Martyr.Paula Johnson - 1964 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 39 (1):75-76.
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  44.  25
    Discourse ethics and the normative justification of tolerance.Pauline Johnson - 2000 - Critical Horizons 1 (2):281-305.
    The following paper considers the extent to which discourse ethics can adequately respond to Habermas' own call for normative justification for the expectation of tolerance. It concludes that discourse ethics is able to lend its services to the flagging fortunes of the idea of toleration, not by seeking to underscore this idea with rationally compelling argumentation,but by offering insights into the possibilities opened up to a life which accepts this principle.
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  45.  41
    Excerpt about a manifestation of the deterioration in the correct use of language.Paul Johnson - 1991 - The Chesterton Review 17 (3/4):543-544.
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  46.  60
    Feminism as Critique in a Neoliberal Age: Debating Nancy Fraser.Pauline Johnson - 2018 - Critical Horizons 19 (1):1-17.
    Neoliberalism, we are told, has “seduced” feminism. What is meant is that the libertarian and democratic hopes that have scoped this radical social movement have been reconfigured and re-energised by neoliberal project that models all our freedoms upon the market. Misgivings about “seductions” and “betrayals” require that feminist theory adopts the role of the arbiter on goals and meanings and this puts strains upon its deep commitment to democratic epistemologies. The following paper finds that the leading theorist of feminism as (...)
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  47. Feminism and the Enlightenment.Pauline Johnson - 1993 - Radical Philosophy 63:3-12.
  48.  6
    George di Giovanni , Essays on Hegel's Logic, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990, pp xi + 218, Pb $19.95.Paul Owen Johnson - 1994 - Hegel Bulletin 15 (2):52-57.
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  49.  9
    G.W.F. Hegel (1770-1831).Paul Johnson - unknown
    God alone is the true agreement of concept [Begriff ] and reality [Realität ]; all finite [endlichen] things involve some untruth [Unwahrheit], they have a concept and an existence [Existenz] which are incommensurable [unangemessen]. For this reason they inevitably go to ruin [zugrunde gehen], that the incommensurability [Unangemessenheit] of their concept and their existence may be evident [manifestiert]. The animal, as an individual, has its concept in the species [Gattung]; and its death [Tod] sets the species free from individuality [Einzelnheit]. (...)
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  50.  42
    Habermas: A reasonable utopian?Pauline Johnson - 2005 - Critical Horizons 6 (1):101-118.
    Already by the mid-1980s, Habermas supposed that our utopian energies had been used up. Today, when a neo-liberal 'realism' seems to be a virtually dominant ideology, the climate appears, if anything, yet more hostile to radical hopes. Even while he recognises the obstacles and is clear that we might never succeed in breaking through the 'Gordian knot', Habermas is not prepared to surrender to a proclaimed 'end of politics'. This paper traces some of the ways in which his recent works (...)
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